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Such is the land designed by God for the noblest, most thrilling, and glorious story home of liberty. The people to whom He ever penned on earth. Yet the fact remains has intrusted it have not abused His good- that the great mass of the American people

In the short space of two centuries, are but imperfectly acquainted with it. There the American people have grown from a is a real need that we should know better small handful of hardy adventurers to a than we do what we have done. It is only "mighty continental nation,” increasing with by a thoughtful study of our past that we can a rapidity that is almost marvellous. They safely provide for the perils of the future. have built up their country on a scale of We have triumphed over adversity, and we magnificence of which they are justly proud. are now called upon to bear the test of sucThey have covered it with powerful and free He can be no good citizen who is States, and splendid cities, connected by a ignorant of his country's history. network of railways, telegraphs, navigable In the preparation of this volume, no rivers, and canals, which bind all the scat- authority of importance has been overlooked; tered parts into one solid whole. They have the author has carefully searched every made a commerce and a system of manufac- source of information open to him; and has tures before which the fabled wealth of Tyre availed himself of every fact that could throw sinks into insignificance. They have created new light upon, or impart additional interest a literature which commands the respect of to, the subject under consideration. the world; they have illustrated their history In the narration of military events, he has with deeds of arms not less splendid than preferred to give each campaign as a whole their more peaceful achievements, and have rather than to mingle several by presenting given to the world names in every walk of the events in chronological order. At the life that will never die. They have shown same time he has sought to preserve the that liberty and power can go hand in hand; inter-relation of events in one field of operathey have made themselves a nation in which tions to those in the others. God is feared, and of which Christianity is the The book is offered to the public in the basis, in which ignorance and vice are des- sincere hope that it may induce its readers to pised, and in which the great lesson that lib- take to heart the lessons which our history erty is possible only to an educated and teaches, and to set a higher value upon the virtuous people is being practically demon- precious heritage of constitutional liberty strated.

which our fathers won for us with their blood, This is a grand history-a record of and handed down to us in trust for our chilthe highest achievement of humanity—the | dren's children.

CONTENTS.

Discovery of the Western Continent.

CHAPTER I.

STRANGE PEOPLE IN A STRANGE LAND.

PAGE

ENGLISH AND FRENCH DISCOVERIES.
Discovery of the North American Continent by John

Cabot-Voyages of Sebastian Cabot— The English
Fail to Follow Up these Discoveries-Efforts of the

French to Explore America—Voyage and Discov-

eries of Verrazzani—Cartier Explores the St. Law-
rence-Reaches Montreal-Efforts to Found a Col-
ony on the St. Lawrence-Failure-Roberval's
Colony-Trading Voyages—Explorations of Cham-
plain—Colonization of Nova Scotia—Founding of
Quebec-Discovery of Lake Champlain—Arrival of

the Jesuits in Canada–Death of Champlain . .

CHAPTER IV.

THE SPANIARDS IN AMERICA.

Settlement of the West Indies—Discovery of the Pa-

cific Ocean-Voyage of Magellan-Discovery of

Florida-Ponce de Leon's Search for the Fountain

of Youth-Vasquez de Ayllon Kidnaps a Cargo of

Indians—Effort of Pamphilo de Narvaez to Con-

quer Florida—A Terrible March—The Voyage on

the Gulf of Mexico-Fate of the Fleet-Escape of

Cabeza de Vaca and Ilis Comrades—Discovery of

New Mexico_Ferdinand de Soto-Obtains Leave

to Conquer Florida-Sails from Spain-Arrival in

Cuba—Departure for Florida-Landing at Tampa

Bay-Events of the First Year-De Soto Enters

Georgia-Descends the Alabama-Battle of Ma-

villa—Destruction of Chickasaw–Sufferings of the

Spaniards — Discovery of the Mississippi — The

Spaniards Cross the Great River—De Soto in Ar-

kansas—Reaches the Mississippi Again-Sickness

and Death of De Soto—His Burial—Escape of His

Followers to Mexico— The Huguenot Colony in

Carolina-Its Failure The French Settle in

Florida-Wrath of Philip II.-Melendez Ordered

to Exterminate the Huguenots-Foundation of St.

Augustine-Massacre of the French at Fort Caro-

lina—The Vengeance of De Gourges

CHAPTER V.

THE FIRST ENGLISH COLONY.

The English Claim to America—Voyages of Fro-

bisher—Exploits of Sir Francis Drake—Sir Humph-
rey Gilbert—Intends to found a Colony in America
-Is lost at Sea-Sir Walter Raleigh obtains a Pat-
ent of Colonization-Discoveries of Amidas and

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Emigration of Royalists to Virginia–Virginia and

and the Commonwealth— Treaty with England -

The Assembly Asserts its Independence of the Gov-

ernor- The Restoration--Berkeley Chosen Gover.

nor by the Assembly–His Hypocrisy .

CHAPTER VIII.

VIRGINIA AFTER THE RESTORATION.

Characteristics of the Virginians-Causes of the Suc-

cess of the Royalists-Growth of the Aristocratic

Class—Berkeley decides against the People--The

Aristocratic Assembly Claims the Right to sit Per-
petually-Deprives the Common People of their

Liberties--Revival of the Navigation Act by Charles

II.-- The King bestows Virginia as a Gift upon his

Favorites--Protests of the Assembly-Growing Hos-

tility of the Virginians to the Colonial Government-

The Indian War---The Governor Resuses to allow

the Colonists to Delend themselves--Nathaniel Ba-

con--He Marches against the Indians--Rebellion

of the People against Berkeley and the Assembly-

The Convention-Repeal of the Obnoxious Laws-

Berkeley's Duplicity-- The People take up Arms

-Flight of Berkeley--Destruction of Jamestown-

Death of Bacon-Causes of the Failure of the Rebel-

lion--Berkeley's Triumph-Execution of the Patriot

Leaders--Berkeley's Course Condemned by the

King-Death of Berkeley—The Unjust Laws Re-

enacted--Lord Culpepper Governor --His Extor-

tions--James II. and Virginia—Effects upon Vir-

ginia of the Revolution of 1688—William and Mary
College Founded

CHAPTER IX.

THE COLONIZATION OF MARYLAND.

CHAPTER VII.

PROGRESS OF THE VIRGINIA COLONY.
Introduction of Negro Slavery into Virginia-Efforts of

the Assembly to Restrict Slavery—The Indians At-
tempt the Destruction of the Colony—Terrible Sus-
ferings of the Whites—Aid from England - The
Indian War Begun-King James Revokes the Char-
ter of the London Company_Charles I. Desires a
Monopoly of the Tobacco Trade--Action of the
Assembly-Sir William Berkeley's First Adminis-
tration-Severe Measures against Dissenters—Close
of the Indian War—Death of Opechancanough-

Extent of the Territory of Virginia—Clayborn's Trad-

ing-Posts established—Sir George Calvert, Lord

Baltimore-Becomes interested in American coloni-

zation-Obtains a Grant of Maryland— Terms of

the Charter-A Colony sent out—Arrival in the
Chesapeake-St. Mary's Founded-Charter of the
Colony-Friendly Relations established with the
Indians-First Legislature of Maryland—Trouble
with Clayborne—Rapid Growth of the Colony-
Progress of Popular Liberty-Policy respecting the
Treatment of the Indians-Clayborne's Rebellion-
Law granting Religious toleration enacted—Condi-
tion of Maryland under the Commonwealth—The
People declared Supreme-Lord Baltimore re-
covers his Proprietary Rights—Characteristics of
the Colony-Rapid Increase in Population-Charles
Calvert, Governor-Death of the sacend Lord

PAGE

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III

CHAPTER XIII.

THE UNION OF THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES.

Feeling of the Colonies towards England— Hostility of

the English Government to New England-Efforts

to Introduce Episcopacy-Massachusetts Threatens

Resistance - The Revolution in England-Estab-

lishment of Free Schools in New England--Har-

vard College— The Printing Press—The Long Par-

liament Friendly to New England— The United

Colonies of New England-Rhode Island obtains a

Charter-Maine Annexed to Massachusetts, The

Quakers are Persecuted-Efforts to Christianize the

Indians—John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians . . 157

CHAPTER XIV.

NEW ENGLAND AFTER THE RESTORATION.

Arrival of the News of the Restoration of Charles II.

-The Regicides in New England— They are Pro-

tected-Revival of the Navigation Acts—Effect of

this measure upon the New England Colonies--

Massachusetts delays the Proclamation of the King

-Connecticut obtains a Charter-Union of New

Haven with the Connecticut Colony-Rhode Island

given a new Charter— Massachusetts settles her diffi.

culties with the Crown-Changes in the Govern-

ment-High-handed acts of the Royal Commission-

ers— Troubles with the Indians—Injustice of the

Whites—King Philip's War-A Forest Hero-An

Incident in the Attack upon Hadley-Sufferings of

the Colonies-Destruction of the Narragansetts-

Death of Philip-Close of the War-England asserts

her right to Tax the Colonies—Massachusetts buys

Gorges' claims to Maine-New Hampshire made a

separate Province-James II. Revokes the Charter

Massachusetts—Dudley Randolph in New

England—Andros appointed Governor-General-

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His Tyranny-He demands the Charter of Connect-

icut—It is carried away and Hidden—The Charter
Oak-Fall of James II.— The people of Massachu-
setts take up Arms—Andros arrested-Effects of
the Revolution upon New England .

166

PAGE

CHAPTER XV.

SETTLEMENT OF THE CAROLINAS.

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