« 上一頁繼續 »
all mantle in his cheek,--the fire of conscious virtue shali parkle in his eye, and he shall pronounce the name of Lafay#te.
5. Yet we, too, and our children, in life, and after death, all claim you for our own. You are ours by that more than atriotic self-devotion, with which you flew to the aid of our thers at the crisis of their fate.-Ours, by the long series of cars in which you have cherished us in your regard. --Ours, y that unshaken sentiment of gratitude for your services hich is a portion of our inheritance.--Ours, by that tie of ve, stronger than death, which has linked your name, for the esidue of time, with the name of Washington.
6. At the painful moment of separation, we derive comfort om the reflection, that wherever you may be,-even to the st pulsations of your heart, our country will be ever present » your affections; and a cheering consolation assures us, at we are not called to sorrow most of all, that we shall see our face no more.
7. We shall fondly indulge the pleasing anticipation of beolding you again; and, in the mean time, in the name and chalf of the people of the United States, and at a loss only or language to give utterance to that feeling of attachment -ith which the heart of the nation beats, as the heart of one pan, I bid you a reluctant, but an affectionate farewell.
SOLIDS.-LDSSON 31. Cylinders. A cylinder is a round, solid body, resembling, shape, the joint of a stove-pipe. It is formed by the revoluon of a rectangle round one of its sides;-hence, it has equal nd circular bases. Its solidity may be found by the following
RULE. Multiply the area of either base, by the given length f the cylinder, and the product will be the answer. Thus:
The diameter of a granate pillar is 15 inches, and its length 3 13 ft. 6 inches; what is its cubic contents? .25 X 1.25=1.5625 X.7854=1.2271875, area of the base. Then, 1.2271875 X 13.5=16.56703125, Ans. Ors. 1. The superficial contents of the cylinder may be found y the following
RULE. Multiply the circumference of the base by the length f the cylinder, and, to the product, add the area of both ends. Thus:
What is the superficial measure of a cylinder whose diam ter is 15 inches, and whose axis is 13ft. 6in.?
1.25 X 3.14159=3.9269875, circumference of the base. 3.9269875 X 13.5=53.01433125, the curve surface. Then, 1.25 X 1.25=1.5625X7854=1.2271875X2=2.454375
+53.01433125=55.46870625, Ans. Prisms. prism is a body whose bases are equal, similar triangles, squares, or polygons, and their sides all parallel to their opposites. The solid contents of the prism may be found by the following
Rule. Multiply the area of the base by the length of the prism, the product will be the answer. Thus:
The side of a stick of timber hewed three square, is 12 inches, and its length 10ft.; what is its cubic contents?
ins. 4.31. 12+12=24+12=36 sum of the sides. (See obs. triangles, page 647.) 36-2=18-12=6
--18X6==103 X =648X6=3888, And 73888=62.354 nearly, area of the base. 62.354X10=623.540 - 14454.34, Ans.
Obs. 2. The superficial contents of a prism may be found by the following
Rule. Multiply the length of the sides respectively, and to the sum of the products add tho aror of the ends, the sum will be the answer. Thus:-
What is the superficial contents of a prism, of equal sides. each 12 inches, and 120 inches in length? Ans. 30.86617
12 X 120=1440 in. 1st side.
4320 sum of the 3 sides. Area as above, 62.354 X2=124.708, urea of the ends. And 4320 +-124.708=4444.709-:-144=30.866.
REMARKS.LESSON 32. Rules by which the propriety of speech may be determined.
Language is a species of fashion, founded' by tacit consent.. upon good use;--and good use may be referred to respectable use, national use, and present use.
First. Respectable use is that sanctioned by the practice and opinions of authors whoso tastes and talents are estah
lished. Such as Addison, Johnson, Steele, &c. whose writings, with a few others, constitute the British Classics.
Secondly. National use may be referred to the practice of particular countries, or nations. This use, therefore, stands opposed to foreign usages, provincial usages, and the usages of professional men, with regard to their particular calling.
Note 1. American nationalities are, in the republic of letters in particular, little else than English nationalities; for, whatever is received asexcellent in the language by that nation, is generally acknowledged as such by this nat on.
Thirdly. Present use, with regard to language, does not mean what is used for the time being, but the usages of that portion of duration in which the standard works, which have received the approbation of men of taste and erudition, were produced, and which still continue to be fashionable usage.
Note 2. All living languages are undergoing continual revolutions and changes. Hence, there is a time when certain words and phrases are indisputably fashionable;-another time arrives when they are regarded as stale; --and a subsequent time, when they are laid aside as obsolete.
In the writings of William Shakespeare, many terms which were in fashionable use in his day, are now entirely dropped. 'The invaluable hymns and psalms of the inimitable Dr. Watts have been recently revised, and many words of his particular choice necessarily expunged.
Or like a shooting star. In the third line, Indian, has been displaced and fircher substi. tuted. This, aside from the jaw wrenching alliteration (Archer's arrow) which it produces, seems to favour the prevailing practice of the pious, Christian invaders of the western world, which is to drive, not only the Indian race from the continent, but to blot their name from the page of record.
SPELLING.-LESSON 33. ab-er-ra-tion ăb-ěr-rā'shŭn ap-pro-ba-tion ap-pro-ba'shun ab-o-li-tion ăb-o-lish'ün ar-gil-la-cious àr-jil-lā'shús ac-a-dem-ic àk-ā-děm'ik ar-o-mat-ic mr-0-mat/ik; ac-qui-es-cencoăk-kwe-ěs'sense ar-ti-fi-cial àr-tê-fish-al ac-qui-si-lion ăk-kwē-zish'ün a-the-is-tic ā-t'he-is'lik ad-a-man-tine idẫ-măn tin av-a-ri-cious ay-a-rish'ús ad-ap-ta-tion ădăp-tā'shūn a-ve-na-ry ā-vē-ma're ad-o-les-cence ád-o-lès'sēnse be-a-tif-ic be-à-tiflik
ad-sci-ti-tious ăd-se-tishóūs ben-e-fi-cial běn-e-fish'al ad-van-ta-geous ăd-văn-tā jūs cat e-chu-men kăt-e-kū'měn ad-ven-ti-tious ăd-věn-tish ́ús cir-cu-la-tion sēr-ku-lā'shủn ad-ver-ti-serăd-věr-ti'zăr cir-cum-spec-tion ser-kům-spěk'shăn ad-u-la-tion ăd-yū-lū'shìn cir-cum-stan-tial sér-kŭm-stăn'shă] af-fi-da-vit åf-fé-da'vit cir-cum-val-late sēr-kům-väslate af-fir-ma-tion ăf-fér-mā'shún clim-ac-ter-ic klim-ăk-těr'rik al-a-bas-ter ål-ā-băs'tūr co-ad-ju-tor kõăd-jūʻtūr al-ex-an-drine al-lègzhăn?drin co-a-les-cence kö-a-lès sense al-ien-a-tion al-yễn-ā'shūn co-a-li-tion ko-ā-lish'ün al-i-men-tal ăl-ē-měn'tăl col-os-se-an köl-5s-sẽ ăn al le-gor-ic ăl-le-görʻrik con-de-scen-sion kõn-de-sěn'shin al-ter-ca-tion ăl-tūr-kā'shún con-fi-den-tial kõn-fe-děn'shål am-a-ran-thineăm-ã-rănotohăn con-fir-na-tion kön-fb-mã sau: am-e-thys-tineăm-ē-t'his'tin con-je-la-tion kõn-je-lā'shủn an-i-mal-cule ă n-ê-măľkūle con-gre-ga-tion kong-grē-gă'shủn an-te-ce-dent ăn-tê-sē'děnt con-sci-en-tious kõn-shē-ěn'shús an-ti-feb-rile ăn-te-fều ril con-stel-la-tion kon-stěl-lāʻshún ap-o-plec- ticăp-6-plěk'tik con-sti-tu-tion kõn-ste-tū'shữn ap-os-tol-ic ăp-os-tól’lik con tro-ver-sial kõn-tro-věr'shăi. ap-pa-ra-tus
ăp-pā-rā'tūs con-tu-ma-cious kõn-tă-mă'shūs ap-pa-ri-tion ăp-pa-rish'un con-va-les-cence kön-va-lěs'sěnse ap-pel-la-tion ăp-pěl-lă'shin cor-res-pon-dence kõr-re-spõn'děnse
LESSON 34. Gen. Lafayette's reply to the President's address. 1. Amidst all my obligations to the general government, and particularly to you, sir, its respected chief magistrate, I have most thankfully to acknowledge the opportunity given me, at this solemn and painful moment, to present the people of the United States with a parting tribute of profound and inexpressible gratitude.
2. To have been, in the critical days of these states, adopted as a favourite son; to have participated in the toils and perils of their unspotted struggle for independence, freedom, and equal rights;-and in the foundation of the American crá of a new social order, which has already pervaded this, and must, for the dignity and happiness of mankind, successively pervade every part of the other hemisphere;---to have receiv. ed at every stage of the revolution, and during forty years after that period, from the people of the United States, and from their representatives at home and abroad, continued marks of their confidence and kindness, has been the pride, the encou!! agement, and the support of a long and an eventful life,
3. But where shall I find words to acknowledge that series
4. And how, sir, can I do justice to my deep and lively
5. I shall content myself with proclaiming, before you, sir,
RULE. Every pyramid is equal to one third of its circum-