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As a long parted mother with her child,
SPELLING.--LESSON 17. pa-rish-ion-er păr-ish'ún-ěr po-lyg-a-my po-lig'ga-më pa-ro-chi-al pă-rö'ke-al pon-tif-i-cate põn-tiffé-kāte par-tic-i-pate pàr-tis'se-päte pos-te-ri-or
pos-tē're-ur par-tic-u-lar pàr-tik'ü-lúr pos-ter-i-ty
pos-těr'e-te pe-cu-li-ar pē-kū'le-ur
prac-ti-tion-er prăk-tish'ún-ur pen-in-su-la pěn-in'shū-lă pre-dom-i-nate pré-dóm'mē-nāte pe-nul-ti-mate pē-núllte-mäte pre-em-i-nence prē-ěm'mē-něnse pe-nu-ri-ous pē-nū'rē-ŭs
pre-par-a-tive pre-păr'ra-tiv per-cei-va-ble pěr-se'va-bl pre-pos-ter-ous pré-pos'těr-us per-cep-ti-ble pěr-sép'te-bl pre-rog-a-tive prē-rõgʻgã-tiv per-emp-to-ry pěr-ěmp'tő-rē pre-ser-va-tive prē-zěr'vā-tiv per-en-ni-al
pěr-ěn'nē-ăl pre-sump-tu-ous pré-zŭmpt'yū-ús pe-riph-e-ry pē-riffe-rē
pre-var-i-cate pré-văr'rē-kāte pe-riph-ra-sis pē-rif
frā-sis pri-nor-di-al pri-nor'de-al per-pet-u-al pēr-pět'yūăl pri-or-i-ty pri-or'rē-tē per-pet-u-ate per-pět'yū-āte pro-cras-ti-natepro-krăs'tin-ate per-plex-i-ty pěr-plēks'é-të pro-cu-ra-ble pro-kū'ra-bl per-son-i-fy pěr-sõn'é-fi
pro-fes-sion-al pro-fěsh'shữn-al per-spic-u-ous pēr-spik'kū-ūs pro-fi-cien-cy pro-fish-en-së per-sua-so-ry per-swa'sŭr-ē pro-gen-it-or pro-jěn'it-ŭr phe-nom-c-nonfé-nom'mē-nonprog-nos-ti-kate prog-nos'tē-kāte phil-an-thro-py fil-ăn’thro-pë pro-lix-i-ty pro-lix'e-tē phi-lol-o-gy fe-lol'lo-jē pro-mis-cu-ous pro-mis'kū-ŭs phi-los-o-phy fe-los so fe
pro-pin-qui-ty pro-pingʻkwē-tē phle-bot-o-my flebot'to.mē pro-pit-i-ate pro-pish'è-āte phy-lac-ter-y fe-lakter-ẽ pro-por-tion-ate prô-pör shữn-äte po-et-i-cal po-ět'te kål pro-pri-e-torpro-pri'e-túr
LESSON 18. D. Webster's Address to the survivors of the battle of Bunker
Hill, June 17, 1825. 1. Venerable men! You have come down to us from a former generation. Heaven has bounteously lengthened out your lives, that you might behold this joyous day. You are now where you stood fifty years ago, this very hour, with your
brothers and your neighbours, shoulder to shoulder, in dubious strife for your country.
2. Behold how altered! The same heavens are indeed over your heads;—the same ocean rolls at your feet:--but all else, how changed! You hear now no roar of hostile cannon; you sce no mixed volumes of smoke and flame, rising from burning Charlestown. The ground strewed with the dead and the dyingi-the impetuous charge;—the steady and daring repulse;the loud call to repeated assault;--the summoning of all that is manly to repeated resistance;-a thousand vosoms freely and fearlessly bared in an instant to whatever of terror there may be in war and death;—all these you have witnessed, but you witness them no more.
3. All is peace. The heights of yonder metropolis, its towers and roofs, which you then saw filled with wives, and children, and countrymen, in distress and terror, and looking with unutterable emotions for the issue of the combat, have presented you to-day with the sight of its whole happy population, come out to greet you with a universal jubilee. Yonder proud ships, by a facility of position, appropriately lying at the foot of this mo'ınt, and seeming fondly to cling around it, are not means of annoyance to you,
your country's means of destruction and defence.
4. All is peace;-and God has granted you this sight of your country's happiness, ere you are gathered to your fathers. TIe has allowed you to behold and to partake the reward of your patriotic toils; -and he has allowed us, your sons and countrymen, to meet you here, and, in the name of the present generation, in the name of your country, in the name of liberty, to thank you.
5. Veterans of half a century! when in your youthful days, you put every thing at hazard in your country's cause, sanguine as you were, still, your fondest hopes did not stretch onward to an hour like this. At a period to which you
could not reasonably have expected to arrive;-at a moment of national prosperity, such as you could never have foreseen ;you are now met to enjoy the fellowship of old soldiers, and to receive the overflowings of universal gratitude. Your agitated bosoms show that even this is not an unmixed joy. I see the tumult of contending feelings rush upon you. The images of the dead as well as the persons of the living throng to your embrace. The scene is overwhelming and I turn from it.
6. May the Father of all mercies smile upon your declining years and bless them! And when you shall have exchanged
your embraces; when you shall have pressed the hands which have been so often extended to give succour in adversity, or grasped in exultation of victory, then look abroad into this lovely land, which your young valour defended, and mark the happiness with which it is filled. Yea, look abroad into the whole earth, and see what a name you have given to your country, and what a praise you have added to freedom; and thon rejoice in the sympathy and gratitude which beam upon your last days from the improved condition of mankind.
CIRCLES, &c.--LESSON 19. Case 3. When the diameter of a circle is given, to find the side of a square contained in a circle, work by the following
Rule. Double the square of the semidiameter, and the square root of the sum will be the side sought.
NOTE. The area of a semicircle is half that of a circle, and the area of a quadrant is the half of the area of a semicircle. (Soe Rule 1, Lesson 15, on circles.)
Case 4. When the segment of a circle is given to find the length of the arc line,
RULE. 1. Divide the segment into two equal parts, and measure the chord of the half arc.
2. Multiply this chord by 8; and from the product subtract the chord of the whole segment.
3. Divide the remainder by 3, and the quotient will be the arc line sought. Thus:
In the segment a, b, c, d. the whole chord a, b, or b, c, is 130 feet: what is the arc line a, b, c? Thus:
130 X8=1040-240=800---3=2661 ft. Ans. Case 5. When the arc line is given in degress, then adopt the following
RULE. As 180% is to the given number of degrees in the arc, so is radius or 90° multiplied by 3.14159, to the length of the arc.
Case 6. When the chord and versed sign of a segment are given to find the diameter of the whole circle.
Rule. 1. Divide the chord into two equal parts, and square cither half.
2. Divide that square by the versed sign, and the quotient will be the part of the diameter sought.
3. To this part, add the versed sign, and the sum will be the whole diameter. Thus:-
In the segment A, B, C, D, the chord A, B, is 19.5 feet, and the versed sign
D 6.75 C, D, is 6.75 feet:-what is the diam
19.5 eter of the whole circle ?
19.5;2=9.75 X 9.75=95.0625 6.75=14.083 the part sought, and 14.085 +6.75=20.833 C, E, diameter.
Case 7. When the sector of a circle is given to find ts area; adopt the following
Rule. Multiply half the arc line by the semidiameter, and the product will be the area.
In the sector A, B, C, D, the radius D, C, is 72ft., the chord A, C, is 126 feet, and the chord A, B, 70 feet:what is the area of the sector?
Here the arc line is 144.66, [See Case 4, on circles, 7 and 144.66 ;-2 ==72.33X72=5207.76 area.
Note. A sector of a circle is that part of it which is terminated by two radii, and an arc of the primitive circle. It may be either greater or smaller than a semicircle.
REMARKS, &c.-LESSON 20. Antithesis.—This figure makes the most brilliant display in the delineation of characters, and particularly in historic style.
"If Cato may be censured severely indeed, but justly, for abandoning the cause of liberty, which he would not, however, survive, what shall we say of those who embrace it faintly, pursue it irresolutely, grow tired of it when they have much to hope, and give it up when they have nothing to fear ?"
"The notions of Dryden, were formed by comprehensive speculation; those of Pope, by minute attention. Dryden's knowledge has more dignity, but Pope's more certainty. The style of Dryden is capricious and varied, that of Pope is cautious and uniform.
Dryden's page is a natural field, rising into inequalities, and diversified by the varied exuberances of abundant vegetation;
but Pope's is a velvet lawn, shaven by the scythe, and leveled by the roller."
56 Should such a man, too fond to rule alone,
Ilyperbole.-All most all subjects admit of the use of this figure;-it is the offspring of strong passions, and yet no ways inconsistent with perfect composure of mind. It appears with proper lustre in the higher kinds of poetry and oratory, and may be employed alike to magnify or diminish.
"He had a fever when he was in Spain,
“Could we with ink the ocean fill,