« 上一頁繼續 »
right-e-ous-ness rīt'ye-us-měs trans-fer-a-ble trăns'fēr-à-bl sal-a-man-der săl'ā inăn dūr trans-i-to-ry trăn'sē-tūr-ē sal-u-ta-ry săllü-tă-rē trib-u-ta-ry
tribʻū-tā-re sanc-ti-mo-ny sănk'tē-mo-nė tris-yl-la-ble tris'sil la-bl sanct-u-a-ry
sänkt'yu-ši rë tri te-la-ry tū tē-lă rē sang-ui-na-ry săng gõ-na-rẽ ul-ti-mate-ly ulte-mate-lẽ sea-son-a-ble sē'zo-ă-bl
un-du-la ry un'jū-là-rē sec-con-da-ry sěk kūn dă -ré ot-ter-a-ble ŭt'tūr-a-bl sed en-ta-ry
sēd'děn-ta-re vac-il-lan-cy văs'sil-lăn-se semn-i-na-ry sem'e-nă rë val-u-a-ble văl'ūă-bl sem-i-qua-ver sẽin'ıné-kwā-vr va-ri-a-ble vā'lē-=-bl sep-ar-a-ble sép på r-i-b1 va-ri-e-gate
vā'rē-a-gãie sept-u-a-gint sépt'yu-ā-jēnt veg-e-ta-ble vějíē-tă -bl ser-vice-a-ble sěr' vis-a-bl veg.e-ta-tive vějíē-tā-tiv sev-en-ti-eth sẽv'v'n-tē éth ve-he-ment-ly vē'hi-měnt-lé slov-en-li-ness slŭv'věn-lê-něs ven-er-a-ble věn'ěr-ă-bl so-ci-a-ble sõ' hē-a-bl vi-bra-to-ry vi'bră-tūr-ē sol-i-ta-ry sol'le-tă-ré vis-ion-a-ry yizh'ún-ā-rē sov-er-eign-ty súv'ēr-in-tē vol-un-ta-ry võlūn-tā-rē spec-u-la-tive spēk'ku-lă liv vul-ner-a-blevūl'nür--bl spec-u-la-tor spēkskū-la-túr war-rant-a-ble wõrírănt-à-bl
LESSON 18. The battle of Bu iker Hill, continued. 7. At the foot of the hill, the British halted, and, from their well stowed knapsacks, made a quiet dinner:- Many of them, however, denied for the last time. The Americans had toiled excessively through the night and the day, fasting; nor would they be relieved. The redoubt which they had raised, they were the best qualifiedto detend;—they had the merit of the labour, and they wanted the honour of the victory:--nor would they dinc until their work was done.
8. As the enemy formed and advanced, the American drums beat to arms: the spade was immediately exchanged for the musket; Gen. Putnam appeared at the head of the troops and led them into action. He bade them hold their fire, until the British came so near as to show the white of their eyes; then to aim below their waists,-o look well to the handsone coats, and reinember that one officer was worth a hundred privates.
9. The invading force, with unwavering step, advanced within five rods of the embankment, when the Americans simultaneously poured upon them an unbroken shert of leaden death, which swept them
away like stubble, and sent a mingled crowd of commanders and commanded, to their long account in another
world. The broken ranks retreated in confusion down the hill, while the huzza of victory re-echoed through the patriot lines, among whom, not a hair had been brought to the ground.
10. Under cover of the hill, the British drew up afresh, and, over the dead bodies of their comrads, returned to the attack.
They were now allowed to approach still nearer to the embankment. Anon the fatal order came, and it was faithfully obeyed. Both officers and men, fell in promiscuous heaps, and the shrieks and groans of the dying and wounded, rent the air, while the survivors retreated again in dismay, and left the Americans to taste a second time, the sweets of victory.
11. But their triumphi was short;--their cause was hopeless,-and they knew it. Their ammunition was expended, their guns were without bayonets, and they had hardly a dozen swords in the field. Yet they fearlessly resolved to defend the works to the last extremity, even with the breech of their muskets, rather than surrender to an enemy, whom they had twice driven in disorder from the summit of the hill.
12. The British, under the direction of general Clinton, who had crossed over to their aid, rallied a third time Stripped of their heavy knapsacks and their outer coats, they advanced to scale the works and fall upon the Americans with fixed bayonets.
13. A few only of the patriot band, had a carıridge of pow. der left. These were reserved for the last effort, at which they were to be sold for all they would teich. When the assaulting host might have been reached from the redoubt with a mace staff, the daring few poured upon them their last deadly fire, which wounded their general, broke their ranks, shook their firmness, and, sor a moment, diverted their purpose.
14. All the means of defence, were now totally exbausted; and American blood, in the estimation of the heroic Purnam, was too precious to be spilt for nought He therefore drew off his men in order, and covered their retreat by adventurously throwing himself, on horseback, between his troops and the exasperated foe, who felt that he had but lean revenge for his heavy loss and deep disgrace.
INVOLUTION.---LESSON 19. Involution implies the raising of a given root to a given power;--this is done by multiplication.
RULE. Multiply the given root, or number by itself, and that produced by the same number, and so on to the required pow er. Thus:-
(1) What is the 6th power of 2?
Ans. 64. 2X2=4, the 2d power; 4X2=8, the 3d power; 8X2=16, the 4th power; 16X2=32, the 5th power, and 32X2=64, the
OBS. The 2d power is called the square, the 3d
power, cube, the 4th power, the biquadrate, &.c. (2) What is the 3d power of 4? Ans. 4 X 4X4=64. 3 What is the 5th power of 4?
Ans. 1024. What is the cube of 36?
Ains. 46656. What is the 4th power of 3?
Ans. 81. What is the 4th power of 5?
Ans. 625. (7) What is the 2d power of 64?
Ans. 4096. (8) What is the 6th power of .06? Ans. .000000046656. (9) What is the 3d power of .025? Ans. 000015525. (10) What is the cube of 3-4?
Ans. 39.304. (11) What is the square of 37.5? Anę. 1406.25.
A table of the powers of the nine digets.
REMARKS, &c.--LESSON 20, 4. Mentonymy.--This is a figure in language founded on the several relations of causes and effects;--Of the sign, and the thing signified;— Of the container, and the thing contained, &c. As, he reads Cowper. (Here the cause is put for the effect. Respect grey hairs. (In this case the effect is put for the cause.) The kettle boils. (Here the container is used for the thing contained.) He ploughs the deep. (He sails on or over the sea.)
Rule. Avoid the use of this figure, in all cases where the relation is any way obscure, or of doubtful or unnatural applica: tion.
ac-cip-i-ent ák-sěp'pe-ěnt al-le-vi-al ăl-lū’vē-ə]
al-ter-na-tive ăl-těr'nā-tiv ac.com-pa-ny ăk-kúm'pă-nê am-bros-i-a åm-brozh -a †
a-me-na-bie ă-mē'nă-bl ac-cou-tre-mentalk-kô?tr-mẽnt a-men-i-ty ă-měn'nē-tē ac-cu-sa-tive ăk-kū'zā-tiy am-phib-i-ous ăm-fiberis a-cer-bi-ty ă-sěr'bē-tē
ă-năl logus a-cid-i-ty å-sid'dē-tē a-nal-lo-gy ă-năllo-je a-cid-u-late ă-şid'dū-lāte a-nal-y-sis ă-năl'lē-ais a-da-gi-o ă-dā'jē-7
an-aph-o-ra ă n-af/fő-ră
an-at-o-my ăn-ặt ô-mẽ ad-min-is-ter ad-min'nis-túr an-ni-hi-late ăn-niohê-late ad-mis-si-ble ăd-mis'sē-bl an-nu-i-ty ăn-nu/ẽ-ẽ a-dor-a-ble ă-dor'ă-bl an-nun-ci-ate ă n-nūn'shē-āte ad-vent-ur-erăd-věnt'yū-rúr a-nom-a-lous ă-nõmsă-lūs $
a-nom-a-ly ă-nóm'ă-lē ad-ver-bi-al ăd-věr bē-al
a-non-y-mus -nănê-mus ad-ver-si-ty ăd-věr'sē-te an-tag-o-nist ăn-tig ô-nist ad-ver-tise-ment ăd-věr'tiz-měnt an-te-ri-our an-tē'rē-ur ac-com-rno-date
Principles of the American Revolution. 1 When we speak of the glory of our fathers, we mean not that vulgar renown attained by physical strength; nor yet that higher fame, acquired by intellectual powers. Both often exist without lofty thought, pure intent, or generous purpose, But the glory which we celebrate, was of a moral cast:Righteous as to its ends; just as to its means.
2 The American Revolution had its origin, neither in ambition, nor in avarice; neither in envy, nor in passion; but in the nature and relation of things, and in the resulting neces. sity of a separation from the parent state:--and its progress was limited by that necessity.
3 During the struggle, our fathers displayed great strength of fortitude, and great moderation of purpose.
in difficult times, they conducted with wisdom;-in doubtíul times, with firmness;-in perilous. times, with courage.
Under oppressive trials, they stood erect; amidst great temptations, unseduced; in the dark hour of danger, fearless and faithful; and in the bright hour of prosperity, temperate and thoughtful. j