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aid-de-camp ad-de-kâmp' pic-a-roon pik-ā-rôôn'
Colonel Howard. 1 This hero of the Revolution, was born at his father's mansion, near the city of Baltimore, on the 4th of June, A. D. 1752. Bred in the lap of affluence, he received an education suited to the character and condition of a gentleman, allied to the first families on both sides of the Atlantic.
2 At the call of his country, he entered the list of her bold defenders, in the month of June, 1776. He was attached to the army of the south, in which, bearing the rank of colonel, he commanded a regiment of regular troops from his native state.
3 Intelligent and skilful in arms, accomplished iri military tactics, ripe in experience and full of resources, cool and collected in battle, and undismayed at danger, he was one of those choice spirits, to whom freedom, in the flour of her need, glories in committing her cause..
4 In the midst of that splendid galaxy of accomplished and brave patriots which adorned the American camp, the colonel soon became conspicuous, for his valour as a soldier, and his skill as a commander. He displayed, in repeated and well fought battles, a generalship and prowess, which astonished his companions and confounded his foes.
5 But the colonel's brightest laurels were most gallantly gathered at the battle of the Cowpens, under Gen. Morgan. Howard had command of the reserve; his eye pervaded the whole scene of action, and marked the place and time for an effectual blow. Without orders from his commander, and therefore at his own risque, the enemy before him triple his number, and of the flower of Old England's army, he met them with fixed bayonets, broke through their ranks, put them to flight, and captured more than half of the entire force which the enemy brought into the field.
6 His interview with Gen. Morgan, immediately after the battle, is greatly interesting. It shows, at the same time, the extremely precarious tenure by which a soldier holds his repntation and his life. “My dear Howard,” said Morgan, cordially shaking him by the hand as he spoke, "you have given me the victory, and I love you for it; but had you failed in the charge, I would have shot you."
7 At the Eutaw Springs, Col. Howard was severely wounded;--during his recovery, he visited his family at Baltimore. On this occasion, Gen. Green, in a letter to one of his friends in that city, speaks of him in the following language. "This will be handed you by Col. Howard, as good an officer as the world holds. My obligations to him are great, but the public's, still greater. He merits a statue of gold, no less than did the heroes of Greece and Rome.
8 At the close of the war, the colonel married the beauti. tul and accomplished Miss Chew, of Philadelphia, and settled on his paternal estate near the city of Baltimore. Contented and happy in domestic life, and surrounded by a large and respectable family, preeminently affluent, he passed the evening of his days in dignified and felicitous retirement. He dicd in October, 1827, and was followed to his grave by his excellency. John Quincy Adams, then President of the United States.
LESSON 31. Promiscuous exercises in Arithmetic. (1) A has 28cwt of hog's lard, cost $264, and sells it to 3 at 97 mills a lb. on a credit of 9 months. What did he clear, computing interest at 6 per cent. a year?
Ans. $29.01. (2) A case of goods was sold in Philadelphia at 20 per ct. advance on the sterling cost, which was £230.5. To what did it amount in Federal money? Ans. $1227.877.
(3) A sold cloth at $7 a yard, and gained .5625;— what does he gain on a sale of $400?
Ans. 32.143. (4) B purchased $2450 worth of U. S. bank stock, at 105 3-5 per cent. What did he pay? Ans. $2587.20. (5) D has a box.of coins, and he says, 1-2, 1-5, 1-6,
and 1-10 of the whole is 87. What is the true number?
Ans. 90. (6) A's youngest son received $210, which was 2-3 the amount of his elder brother's, and 3 times this brother's portion, equalled half his father's estate; what was it worth?
(7) B left his son a fortune, 5-16 of which he spent in 3 months; 3-4 of 5-6 of the remainder lasted him 9 mo. longer, at which time he had £537 left;—what was his fortune?
Ans. £2082-18-2 (8) The annual Int. of Mary Ann's money, at 6 per cent. equals 1-20 of the principal, and £100 more, and she will marry no man who is not scholar enough to determine the amount of the principal.
(9) D bought cloth for a cloak at $6 a yard, and baize to line it at $1 a yard; the number of yards was 12, and the cost $42; how many yards were there of each?
Ans. 6. (10) A certain box contains a number of dollars, 1-5, 1-6 1-9, and 1-12 of which equal $690. What was the whole?
Ans. $1200. REMARKS, &C.-LESSON 32.
The strength of a sentence, continued. RULE 2. Place the leading words of a sentence, in a situation calculated to produce the best effect.
Example. If, while they profess to please only, they advise and give instruction secretly, they may be esteemed the best and most honorable among authors, with justice, perhaps, now as well as formerly. (Here the leading features of the sentence, are so strangely mixed with minor circumstances, that the whole becomes perplexed and feeble.)
If, while they profess only to please, they secretly advise and instruct, they may now, perhaps, as well as formerly, be esteemed, with justice, the best and most honourable among authors.
OBS. 1. In the English language, the natural order of the parts of a sentence, places the important words at the commencement; but the inverted order, reserves them for the close: the first has the more ease and beauty, the second, the more strength.
Natural order.-Diana of the Ephesians, is great.
Silver and gold have I none, but such as I have give I unto thee. Where are your fathers, and where are the prophets?
Obs. 2. Place the stronger assertion after the weaker, and the strongest still ahead, where it will leave the most durable impression.
We flatter ourselves with the hope that we have forsaker our passions, when they have forsaken us.
Avarice is a passion which wise men are often guilty of.
Obs. 3, If, in the members of a sentence, objects are compared or contrasted, a resemblance in the language and arr'angement should be carefully observed.
A friend exaggerates a man's virtues, but an enemy inflames his faults.
(The contrast would have been more striking, and the sentence more concise and pithy, had they received the following arrangement: A friend exaggerates a man's virtues, an enemy, his faults.)
The wise man is happy when he gains his own esteem; the fool is happy when he excites the applause of those around him.
QUESTIONS ON THE 320 CHAPTER.
Lesson 3. What constitutes the fourth case in allegation ? What the first step in the rule for operating? What the second step? Explain by the examples.
Lesson 11. What is position? How is it divided? To what does single position refer? What is the first step in the rule for operating? What is the second step? What the proof of the operation.
Lesson 15. To what does double position refer? What is the first step in the rule for' operation? What is the second step? What the third step? What if the errors be like? What if unlike? What of the note? Explain by the first example? What the proof.
Lesson 23. What is permutation? What is the rule for opcration? Explain by the first example? What is the proof?
Lesson 27 What is combination? What is the first step in the rule? What the second step? What the third?
Nore. The questions which I have occasionally introduced, are designed merely as indications to the teacher; not however to be used in ordinary recitations, but at general examinations. Every recitation should be accompanied with close and minute questions and explanations. The whole life of a teacher is a life of lectures, and his chief intercourse with his pupils, should be to ask why and wherefore, and to prompt authorities, The page of questions will be discontinued, under the impression ihat enough' has been furnished to afford the teacher sufficient examples.
SPELLING.---LESSON 1. Easy words of four syllables; accent on each in succession. åg'grăn-dize-měnt
în-băb'it-ănt prät ñ-tan-tism
ró-gate těm' pēr-a-türe
ir-rel'ë-vănt ă m-al' gă m-ate
prē- põn'děr-āte ă-năth'è-mă
lăz-ăr-ět to àr-mïp'ō-těnt
měm-ā-ră n'dum dē-pop'u-late
pēd-o-bă p'tist e-möl'ü-měnt
Colonel Otho H. Williams. 1. Otho H. Williams was a native of Maryland;—he was born in Prince George county, A. D. 1749. This champion of the cause of freedom and the rights of man, was formed, both by nature and education, for distinguished eminence in any sphere of life. In his person, he exhibited a rare specimen of stateliness of figure, symmetry of form, and dignity of mien ; and in his manners, an elegance and ease, alike calculated to grace a camp or a court.
2. Mr. Williams was master of that species of warfare which arises from experience; hence, he was rich in resources and expedients; to these qualities, he added those of a correct, systematic, and severe disiplinarian. His skill and brayery in the hour of battle, and his courage in the post of danger, were regarded by his companions, as among his inferior qualities, and, with himself, they were matters of course.
3. Actuated by the principles of true patriotism, and elevated above all vulgar influence, he was prepared for the field when the battle was to be won, but had the prudence to de