網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

was present at the assault of that city, when General Arnold was wounded, and the lamented Montgomery fell.

4. As Arnold was carried off the field, Morgan threw himself into the breach,-rushed upon the enemy,-passed the first and second barriers,—and shouted the victory which seemed to court his acceptance; but the premature fall of the commander-in-chief, blasted the prospect.

5. Morgan was made a prisoner, and soon after was proffered a Colonel's commission, and its accompaniments, if he would desert the cause of his country, and join the standard of the British king. The devoted son of freedom, spurned the proposal in terms of the most dignified contempt, which relieved him from further importunity.

6. On being exchanged, Morgan rejoned the American army, and was at his post during the tug of war at Stillwater and the surrender of Burguyne. On that occasion, he commanded a select rifle company, the most dangerous and dead. ly foe, in front of the British lines. Much of the glory of that memorable achievement, belonged of right, to the prowess of Morgan and his trusty band. And although this was denied him by Gates, the commanding general, it was honourably awarded by the enemy, who acknowledged they had met him to their cost.

LESSON 19.

Practical exercises in Position. (1) A and B found a bag of money, and disputed which should have it. A said the half, the third, and the fourth of the money equalled $130, and if B would find the amount from these terms, he should have half the money; how much was in the bag?

Ans. $120. (2) What sum at 6 per ct. per ann. will amt, to £860 in12 years?

Ans. £500. (3) B passed 1-3 of his life in England, 1-4 in France, and the remainder, 20 years in the United States of America; to what age did he live?

Ans. 48 years. (4) There is a certain number which, being divided by 12, and the quotient, dividend and divisor added, will make 64; what is the number?

Ans. 43. (5) What number is that, from which, if 5 be subtracted, 2-5 of the remainder will be 40?

Ans. 105.

(6) A has a black horse and a white horse, and a saddle worth $50; when the saddle is on the black horse his value is double that of the white horse, but when it is on the white horse his value is treble that of the black. What was the price of the horses? Black $30. White $40.

(7) A, B and C, buy a horse for $100, but neither is able to pay the sum; the payment required.

The whole of A's with 1-2 of B's; ori
The whole of B's with 1-3 of C's; or
The whole of C's with 1-4 of A's; how
much money had each?

Ans. A had $64, B $72, and C $81. (8) A was asked his age, and answered, if 2-5 of the years I have lived be multiplied by 7, and 5-7 of the product be divided by 3, the quotient will be 20; what was his age?

Ans. 30 years. (9) A bought a chaise, horse, and harness for $270; the horse cost twice the price of the harness, and the chaise twice the price of the horse and harness, what is the price of each?

Ans. hor. $60. har. $30, cha. $180..

REMARKS &c. LESSON. 20.

Construction of sentences. In the arrangement of words into sentences, the attention of the pupil will be directed to four considerations.

1. Clearness in the order and position of the members of sentences.

2. Unity in the relation of the parts of sentences. 3. Strength in the structure and order of the sentences. 4. The nature and use of figures of speech.

1. Clearness in the order and position of the parts of a sentence, stands opposed to obscurity, or. uncertainty of import, and it may arise either from a wrong position of words or of members.

RULE. 1. Avoid long and complex sentences, and the introduction of two or more prepositions in the same sentence: --Let one thing stand for one thing only.

2. Avoid what ever may tend to leave the mind in obscurity or doubt with regard to the true import of the language.

EXAMPLE. A large stone which I happened to find, after a long search by the sea side, served for an anchor.

(It is not clear whether the search was by the sea shore,

and the stone found else where, or that the stone was found by the shore, and the search took place some where else. The members have a faulty location, which may be improved.

Thus:-A large stone which I happened to find by the sea. shore, after a long search, served me for an anchor.)

The Romans understood liberty at least as well as we.

Are these designs which any man, who is born a Briton, in any circumstances, in any situation, need be ashamed or afraid to avow?

OBS. Those words and meinber's which sustain a close relation, should stand near each other, and their mutual reference rendered distinctly obvious.

EXAMPLE. By the pleasures of the imagination, I mean only such pleasures as arise from sight.

(Here the adverb, only, is not in its place;--for it makes the writer to say he means only;-whereas he designed to say he means such pleasures only as arise from sight)

There is not perhaps any real beauty, or deformity more in one piece of matter than in another.

Theism can only be opposed to polythesm or atheism. Note. The relations and dependences of the constituant parts of a sentence, so far as single words and the import of a preposition are concerned, may be generally determined by a careful reference to grammatical relation.

SPELLING.---LESSON 21.

ab-lu-tion al-lū'shăn ex-clu-sion ex-klū'zhun a-cu-men ă-kū’měn ex-clu-sive ěx-klū'siv ad-ju-tor ad-jū'tur fi-du-cial fë-dū'shă] a-muse-ment ă-mūze'měnt ich-neu-mon ik-nữ mối a-mus-ive ă-mū'siy il-lu-mine il-Jū'min as-su-rance ăsh-shū rănse in-clu-sive in-klū’siv bi-tu-men bē-tū'měn in-duce-ment în dūse'měnt cae-su-ra sē-zū'ră in-fu-sion in-fū'zhìn cher-u-bic chě-rū'bik in-u-tile în-ū'til col-lu-sion kol-lū’zhùn ob-tu-sion õb-tū'zhŭn com-mun-ion kom-mūn'yūn pel-lu-cid pěl-lü'sid con-clu-sive kön-klū'siy

pe-ru-sal pē-rū’ză] con-du-cive kõn-du'sív

pol-lu-tion ol-lūshū con-fu-sion kõn-fū'zhŭn pre-lu-sive

pré-lūʼsiy con-tu-sion kõn-tü'zhùn pro-fu-sion pro-fü/zhina de-lu-sion de-lü'zhìn re-cu-sant re-kū'zănt

de-lu-sive dē-lū'siy re-fu-sal re-fu'zal
dif-fuse-ly dif-fūse'lē re-lu-mine rē-lū'min
dif-fu-sive dif-fü'siv re-new-al rē-nūăl
ef-fu-sion ěf-fū'zhủn so-lu-tion so-lūshūn
en-du-rance ēn-dū'rănse suf-fu-sion súf-fū’zhùa
en-su-rance

en-shū'ră nse tra-du-cer tră-dū'sur

LESSON 22. Major General D. Morgan, continued. 17. Gen. Morgan, feeling chagrined at the neglect of bis commander, and impaired in health, sought the retirement of his plantation in the heart of Virginia. Here he was found by Gen. Green, in the bosom of his family, restored to health, and promoted by the National Congress, to the office of Brigadier General. It required no very laboured arguments to induce him to take the field again, and combat the common enemy, invading his fireside, especially as he was to range under the banner of a gallant commander, who ranked in all respects next to his beloved Washington.

8. One of the important trusts committed to general Morgan while under the command of general Green, was the charge of 600 men, on special duty, against the enemy at Ninety Six.

On drawing off from the main army, he was immediately observed and followed by the British, 1000 strong, under the command of the renouned Tarlton. The approach of a force so decidedly superior, caused Morgan to draw off at easy march, but he was followed by the British at full speed. Having reached the Cowpens, Morgan halted and drew up his men in order of battle. The arrangement of his forces was made with the despatch, precision, and skill of a General of the first grade, whose birth place had been a camp.

Tarlton, who affected to despise his foe, bore down at once with his whole force, and was received on the point of the bayonet with a firmness for which he was not prepared.

The conflict, for a moment, was desperate. Morgan, with Herculean strength, hewing his way toward Tarlton dealt death, in its most fearful form to all that opposed him. His reserve, at this moment, bearing up and charging with fixed bayonets, routed the enemy at every point; only one third of the one thousand, with crippled Tarlton at their head, made their escape to the British camp, to report their disaster.

10. Gen. Morgan survived the strife of the revolution, and saw his country, redeemed from British bondage, march in

republican simplicity, toward unparalled greatness and happiness. The prime of his life, and the vigour of his powers were generously devoted to the cause of freedom and the good of mankind; but the evening of his days, was passed in domestic quiet, and a devout preparation for that better coun try, toward which he felt himself approaching. He died in the full belief of the Christian religion, and in communion with the church of God.

PÉRMUTATION OF QUANTITIES-LESSON 23. Permutation shows the method of determining how many different ways any given number of things may be changed in their position.

RULE. Multiply the given series continually from the first to the last inclusive, and the final product will be the true an

1

swer.

(1) How many changes can be made in the position of the three first letters of the alphabet? 1 X2=2X3=6, Ans. 1st, a, b, c; 2d, a, c, b; 3d b, a, c; 4th, b,c, a; 5th, c, b, a; 6th, c, a, b. Proof.

(2) How many changes may there be rung on a chime of 12 bells.

Ans. 479001600 (3) For what length of time can a family of 9 persong vary their position each day at the dinner table?

Ans. 994 years 8 days. (4) Seven men met at an inn, and agreed to tarry witá the host so long as they could, with him, set every day at dinner in a different position; how long must they have tarried to keep their engagement?

Ains. 110170

365 year, (5) How many changes can there be made in the position of the eight notes of music?

Ans. 40320. (6) How many variations may

there be made of the leto ters of the English alphabet?

Ans. 403291461126605635584000000

,REMARKS, &C.--LESSON 24,

Unity in the construction of sentences. Every sentence should contain one distinct preposition, the leading parts of which should be so intimately connected as to produce upon the mind the impression of one object or sontiment.

N

« 上一頁繼續 »