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If, after repeated trials, you have the gratification of finding that you make any improvement, let that stimulate you to further exertion. The race is to him that runs;-but to him undoubtedly who runs successfully.
That you may be successful in the race allow me my young friend to give you a few examples of the mode of preparing and perfecting an effort at composition, agreeably to the foregoing directions.
Suppose the subject selected be GOOD HUMOUR: 1. I first enquire what is meant by the term good humour', -and find that it implies, the habit of being pleased. .2. I then endeavour to form in my mind some idea of its nature and effects; and I arrive at the following conclusion:
Good humour, is a state of mind, between gaiety and unconcern;-it gives a grace to its possessor, and sheds a pleasantness upon its beholder;---and it pleases, principally, by designing no offence.
3. In the third place, I endeavour to adduce such arguments as tend to prove the above conclusion; and add such reflections as naturally arise out of the subject.
4. Good humour naturally associates with sweetness of disposition, easiness of access, and gentleness of manners. It seems to exhibit that state of the mind in which it has just parted with delightful feelings, and entered upon a train of thoughts and emotions which are continued in action by a gentle succession of soft and pleasing impulses.
5. In order to please, it is thought necessary by some to be inerry, and to manifest the gladness of the heart by rare flights of pleasantry or loud bursts of laughter. Although these may impart pleasurable emotions of a low order, yet they are extremely evanescent:-we enjoy them but for a moment, and then return to ease and good humour.
6. Thus the eye gazes awhile upon the summit of a towering hill, glittering in the beams of the sun, but soon tires and turns to the verdure and flowers of the valley, upon which it rests with placid content. Give me good humour and take who will the fits and flights of broad faced merriment.
Sul. Amazement! retract your application'; curb this weak. pity', and accept of our thanks!.
How'd. Restrain my pity'!—and what can I receive in turn for that soft bond which links me to the wretched? while it soothes their sorrow', repays me more than all the gifts an empire can bestow'!--But if it is a virtue repugnant to your plan of government', I apply to you not in the name of pity', but of justice.
Sul. Justice'! How'd. That justice which forbids all', but the worst of criminals', to be denied that wholesome air which the very brute creation freely takes'.
Sul. Consider for whom you plead';--for men', (if not base culprits',) so misled'--so depraved', that they are dangerous to our state', and deserve none of its blessings'.
How'd. If not upon the undeserving';--if not upon the wretched wanderer from the paths of rectitude', where shall the sun diffuse its light', or the clouds distil their dew? Where shall spring breathe its fragrance', or autumn pour its plenty!
Sul. Sir, your sentiments', and still more your character', excite my curiosity ---They tell me that in our camps', you visited each sick man's bed'; administered yourself the healing draught'; encouraged our savages with the hope of life', or pointed out their better hope in death': The widow speaks your charities, the orphan lisps you bounties', and the rough Indian, melts in tears to bless you! I wish to ask why you have done all this? What is it that prompts you thus'to befriend the miserable and forlorn'?
How'd. It is in vain to explain';~-the time it would take to reveal to you'
Sul. Satisfy my curiosity then in writing:
How'd. Nay', if you will read', I will send a book in which is already written why I act thus.
Sul. What book'? What is it called ?
How'd. The Christian doctrine'. There you will find that all I have done was my duty":
Sul. Your words recal reflections that distract me'; nor can I bear the pressure of my mind', without confessing--I am a Christian..
MULTIPLICATION OF DUODECIMALS.---LESSON 19. Rule 1. Place the terms of the multiplier, under the cor responding terms of the multiplicand, and draw a line:
2. Multiply each term in the multiplicand, by the highest term in the multiplier, (beginning also with the highest,) carry one of every twelve, and place the results under their
3. Multiply all the terms in the multiplicand by the next lower term in the multiplier, and write the results one place to the right of the first product.
4. Proceed in the same way through all the terms of the multiplier, and the sum of the products will be the answer. Thus:--(1) Multiplicand 7ft. 3in. 2
Multiplier 2 ng 3
18 9 11 11 6 Ans. Note. Here it appears that
feet multiplied by feet, produce feet,
do. inches do. inches,
do. seconds do, seconds, inches do. inches do. seconds, inches do. seconds do thirds,
seconds do, seconds do. fourths. (2) What are the contents of a door 6ft. 9in. 3" long anů 3ft. 5in. wide?
Ans. 23st. lin. " 3111 (3) A's partition is 81ft. 10in. 4" long, and 14st. 7 in. 51 high:--what are its contents in square yards?
Ans. 132 yds. 11ft. 6in. 4" 11" Obs. In computing solid measure, the given length must be multiplied by the given breadth, and that product by the given height,--the last product will be the answer.
(4) What are the contents of a solid stick of timber, 12 ft. 10in. long, ift. 7in. wide, and ift. 9in. thick?
Anx, 35ft. 6in. 8'' 6'11 (5) A's load of wood, is 9ft. 6in. long, 3ft. 4in. wide, and 3ft. 7in. high :—what does it want of a cord?
Ans. 14ft. 6in. 4". REMARKS, &C.--LESSON 20.
CHARITY. 1. Suppose the subject be Charity; then the enquiry is what is the meaning of the term? Charity has two distinct applications. It meanssalms giving, or relief to the necessitous, and
it also implies a liberal construction of the motives, opinions, and actions of our fellow créatures.
2. The next inquiry is, what are its general characteristics? It is indicative of a virtuous and highly cultivated mind, endowed with every good quality that can adorn human life; and it is tarnished with no vice that can give offence to angelic purity.
3. What are its consequences? They are all of the most pleasing nature; in the bosom of him who is the subject of this Christian grace, and to him who is the object of it, it opens a little Heaven, and diffuses a perpetual sunshine.
4. The argument, going to prove that Charity is of this exalted character, follows in the fourth place. The relie which Charity brings to wretchedness and want, in the distribution of alms, constitutes one of its brightest and most alluring features: for, it blesses alike him that gives and him that receives.
5. The good Samaritan of the New Testament, is a full illustration of this position :-and it undoubtedly meets the mind with the greater force in consequence of the marked contrast which it exhibits between the meek benevolence which he exercised, and the heartless neglect of the Pharisee and Levite.
6. In the bosom of him who regards the motives and opin'ions, and looks upon the actions of his fellow men through no perverted medium, but in the exercise of those feelings which think no evil,-endure long, -and are not easily provoked, preside, in holy peace, the amiable attributes, forbearance, humanity, mercy and truth.
7. The unbending fidelity, the forgiving temper,-the generous affection, and patient suffering of the patriarch Joseph, while in bondage in a foreign land, are so many unanswerable proofs that in his breast the noon tide beams of Charity poured a perpetual serenity, that resembled the peace of the blessed.
SPELLING.--LESSON 21. beau-te-ous bū’tē-us pu-ri-tan pu'rẽ-tan beau-ti-ful bū'tě-fûl pu-ri-ty pū'rē-tě cu-cur-bite kū'kūr-bit pu-tre-fy pū'tre.fi cu-ra-ble kū'rå-bl stu-di-ous stū'dē-us cu-ra-cy
kū’ră-sē stu-pi-fy stū'pe-fi cu-ti-cle kū'tē-kl su-i-cide sū’ē-side