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EMIGRATION AND COLONIZATION.

EMIGRATION AND COLONIZATION;

EMBODYING THE RESULTS OF A

MISSION TO GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND,

DURING THE YEARS 1839, 1840, 1841, and 1842 ;

INCLUDING A CORRESPONDENCE WITH MANY DISTINGUISHED NOBLEMEN

AND GENTLEMEN, SEVERAL OF THE GOVERNORS OF CANADA, ETC.;

DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNTS OF VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BRITISH AMERICAN

PROVINCES; WITH OBSERVATIONS, STATISTICAL, POLITICAL, ETC.;

BY

THOMAS ROLPH, Esq.,

LATE EMIGRATION AGENT FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA,

STATISTICAL

AUTHOR OP "A TOUR THROUGH THE WEST INDIES, UNITED STATES, ETC.;"

ACCOUNT OF CANADA ;" AND "THE EMIGRANT'S MANUAL,"

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LONDON:
JOHN MORTIMER, PUBLISHER, ADELAIDE STREET

TRAFALGAR SQUARE.

MDCCCXLIV.

* A work (the Colonization of North America) which we really consider to be for the glory of God and the honour of the nation, from the benefit that is likely to flow from the right prosecution of it."-King Charles First's Letter to the Baronets of Scotland, 15th Aug. 1632.

“I confess, that whatever apprehensions I have had with regard to Lower Canada, I fear much more disastrous consequences from what has occurred in the Upper Province. There are a great number of discontented spirits there; first, the settlers from the United States, who keep up a connexion with it, and whose views are always directed to a connerion with it; and next there are men who have gone from this country with little character, and no means, and who have transferred to Canada the dangerous doctrines they had imbibed at home.”—Lord Wharncliffe, Second Reading of Canada Bill.

“ Every axe driven into a tree in British North America, sets in motion a shuttle in Manchester or Sheffield."-Lord Brougham.

« Extensive plans of pauper Emigration are not much better than penal Emigration. We have no right to cast out among other nations, or on naked shores, either our poverty or our crime. This is not the way in wbich a great and wealthy people, A MOTHER OF NATIONS, ought to colonize.”Times, May 27, 1844.

“ The appointed mission of this nation evidently is to people the boundless regions of America and Australia with a race of men professing the purest religion, inheriting the richest literature and proudest history, and endowed with the largest share of personal energy, perseverance, moral courage, self-command, habits of order and industry, and, in a word, professing the highest degree of aptitude for practical civilization, of any race which the world has yet seen.”—Laing's Essay.

W. LAKE, PRINTER, 170, FLEET STREET, LONDON.

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To the Right Honourable LORD STANLEY, M.P.,

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies,

&c. &c. fc.

My LORD,

Having received a kind permission to dedicate this work to your Lordship, on the express condition that you were not to be regarded as sanctioning any views or opinions which it contains, I now respectfully submit the reasons which have made me desirous of bringing out this compilation under the notice of a Minister of the Crown.

The systematic Colonization of British North America was commenced under the first Monarch of the House of Stuart, who proposed to make it “ a royal work of his own.” The proceedings, however, for that great end, by which he hoped for ever “ to promote the opulence, prosperity, and

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