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have excited compassion in the breasts of thousands, who little wished to see his spiritual power restored. It is not indeed two years since be, or any human being, supposed that it ever would be restored : yet venerable Rome, about to be re-adorned with her stately monuments, sees him again in his palace, and in plenary possession of all his prerogatives spiritual and temporal.
Wherever there are rich possessions and superior power, there will be incentives to the cupidity and the jealous fear of adjoining governments. The Rajah of Napaul, who is already reduced to his sober senses, took up arms against the India Company, because he and some of his neighbours had persuaded themselves, that the time was come when they might co-operate successfully. It is believed that the movements of the Rajah were far from displeasing to the unwarlike sovereign of China; and no doubt is entertained of some of the Princes of Hindostan having agreed to act in concert. Now,
Now, on this subject we are to observe, that if Lord Wellesley's masterly, system had not been exchanged for the pinching, petty proceedings of the government that succeeded his, the recent movements, would not have taken place. Some of the Indian powers would long since have been disabled--the rest deterred—from entering the lists with the Company. But what is it that must be done, after the course that has been taken, to render our eastern possessions secure? Just what Marquis Wellesley proposed doing, and what Lord Moira has, in part, done—the Company's frontiers must be thrown forward in several directions, and some of its most troublesome neighbours fixed in the back ground. All wise governments ain at a safe frontier-one either very strongly fortified--or far removed from the seat of empire. For what else have the Dutch and the English lately agreed to sink so. much money? This was a principal object with the Prussians in the late grand struggle ; and with ourselves in our last petty contest with the Americans. But no where can a well-defined
frontier be of greater importance than in India--where some Princes are apt to be swayed by a European policy not at all British, where all are faithless, and where most of them
possess territories which nature has raised so high above the level of our maritime settlements, that they can descend upon us at pleasure, and, when seriously menaced, steal back through their loopholes-calling upon us to follow them at our peril. It seems, however, that perils do not dismay our troops ; and Lord Moira has taken care that there shall not in fuiure be occasion for their prowess being tried on the side of Napaul.-In adverting to this subject, we must take leave to say, that it is fortunate for the India Company that the Directors were not within a few posts of Calcutta last winter; ''or, unquestionably, they would have insisted upon an immediate accommodation of all differences. In such a case, the public would have had no satisfaction but that of being assured, that gentlemen had been appointed to arrange matters-just as other gentlemen are now arranging matters somewhere on the river St. Croix. Lord Moira's just views of things have led him to employ vigorous, effectual means, not merely for the immediate honour, but for the ultimate security of the Company's possessions; and the Directors have the happiness to know that an enlightened policy has been successfully acted upon, although they had thought it wise to proscribe it. Their Governor-General has, however, manifested no culpable passion for war. As moderate in his political principles, as he is conciliating in his manners, he will be found to have sought, on all proper occasions, for peacenot war—the former of which, however, is sometimes by far the
"In the southern peninsula of Europe, scarcely does any thing now.occur capable of exciting a lively interest. The dead calm that succeeds the storm, resembles and is congenial to the habits of the nations who live there;' they have it, and seem disposed to enjoy it. Portugal, very insignificant, except for its pure air,
its port wine, and the discipline which we have insused into its army, is overlooked in most of our daily conversations: and, but for the unfortunate Porlier, Spain would now have been as little noticed by foreigners as her sister kingdom. The fate of that man, who deemed it better to die like a Roman, than live like a Spaniard, is very affecting his conduct having been marked by great boldness, and his noble enterprise ascribed to motives every way worthy. But if the cause in which he died was good, his management of it was, almost beyond precedent, bad.' He acted most impiuridently: nothing was conceited with a view to friendly and effectual co-operation; nothing provided as the indispetīsable sinews of war. , 'It would appear as if he had judged of the state of other men's minds by his own; and flattered himself that he had only to say. Give'us back our Cortes—to induce all Spain to join in the call. He ought to have known bis countrymew bettero: Murat's descent. on Naples was just as well plamed and as well executed as Porlier's Insurrection. Rasbness will lead to failure, whether it be the offspring of black despair, or of a generous entbusiasm. Whatever our wishes for the success of Parlier's enterprise may have been, we have no desire to hear of any other Spanish patriot soon taking up the common cause. No man ought to presume upon finding a great nation unanimous on any public question; and, where they are not unanimous, or nearly 50, an attempt to innovate must provoke resistance, and resistance lead to civil war. If we speak truth, we cannot speak well of his Catholic Majesty. But he has been but a short time on the throne; and is said to err, not from want of native goodness, but through pernicious counsels. Let us then hope that he will banish - from his prescuce all wicked counsellors. Porlier's project is said to have already disposed him to adopt vigorous, yet conciliatory, measures; and if so, hov fortunate for this country and himself! How much better for any people to bays their rights graciously conceded, than to be abliged to exiqi them by inain force !
ART. II. 1. The Field of Waterloo i By WALTER SCOTT,
8vo. 5s. 2. Waterloo; by EDMUND L. Swift, Barrister at Law. 5s. 3. Waterloo, an Heroic Poem, by the author of "The General
Post Bag," “Rejected Odes,"' &c. &c. 4to. 17. 58." 4. The Heroes of Waterlov, an Ode, By W. S. WALKER, of
Trinity College, Cambridge, 1s. 6d. 5. The Battle of Waterloo, by GEORGE WALKER. Svo. $$ r 6. Wellington's Triumph, or the Battle of Waterloo, by Wil
LAAM THOMAS FITZGERALD, Esq. 8vo. 1s. 7. An Ode on the Victory of Waterloo, by ELIZABETH COB
BOLD. 8vo. 1s. 6d. The difficulty of celebrating contemporary actions and familiar subjects, has been long felt and universally ackuowledged. It arises from an obvious cause. We all know that to enable us to impart any high interest to poetry; a certain degree of ithe, sion is necessary, Objects or events founded on matters of fact, of which many readers have been witnesses, and with whose details all are acquainted, can afford the poet no scope for exercising his powers of invention, and but few opportunities of recurring to the playful sallies and enchanting agency of fancy. If, in describing a recent event, the poet yenture to indulge enthusiasm, he will be in great danger of exaggerating and exaggeration in matters where the cold reality is before the eyes of a reader, will seldom fail to excite ridicule, Great moral, political, or military events may be compared to those ruder productions of art, which on a near inspection appear coarse, rugged, and mis-shapen; but when surveyed at a proper distance, lose their harsher features, and are seen to possess symmetry and just proportion. To be seen to full ad vantage, they must be contemplated through the medium of memory, enriched by various associations: they then become mellowed and softened; the harsher points of the prospect are subdued, and it assumes a tone like that of the landscape illumined by the mild beams of the autumnal moon.
If Addison's "Campaign' could not escape the çensures of an eminent critic, who characterised it as a mere gazette in rhyme, how much have we to fear for the poets of our own day? Portunately, they have no fear for themsclves the reader has but
to glance at the list which heads this article, to see how many have come confidently to the task of celebrating an achievement, as far superior to that commemorated by Addison, as his poem is to any of those which it is our present business to notice.
Of these efforts, the principal in point of interest and merit of execution, are Walter Scott's, Swift's, and that of the Anonymous Author of the Heroic Poem.
Scott's Field of Waterloo possesses the peculiarities of his former productions. It displays the feeling and tenderness, the picturesque and realizing effect, which he knows so well how to impart to his incidents and descriptions. is Mr. Swift is far from being an indifferent poet. His poem is short, and contains but little immediately descriptive of the deeds of Waterloo ; yet that little is full of vigour and interest. We think, however, that the public will have reason to complain of the price at which they must purchase pamphlets of such a thin airy form as those just mentioned. Scott has five and thirty pages, Swift only sixteen, and yet five shillings is the price of each-a sum quite sufficient for both. Had we been consulted on this point we should have exclaimed with Dryden:
"Let old Timotheus yield the prize,
Or both divide the crown.' The Heroic Poem' is characterized by a kind of turgid vehemenice, a confusion of metaphor, a constant endeavour to unite images and things which no laws of association permit to come together; and the author loses himself completely in some of his attempts to attain sublimity-professus grandia, turget. It is right to apprize the reader, that the extracts we have given from this author are among the best parts of his poem.
The two first of the above writers have entered but little into the dreadful pomp and circumstance of war. They have pursued a more pleasing course by dwelling on the softening recollections of the bloody scene; by hailing its present, and anticipating its future beneficial results to Europe and to mankind. On the contrary, the Author of the Heroic poem, though not a minute chronicler of what happened in the field, has descended to a more detailed account of events.
The following extracts will be found to be so arranged, as to give the reader an idea of the merits of these productions, and at the same time to present a tolerably correct view of the principal Features of the ever memorable scene.
Walter Scott's poem opens with a view of the scenery and present appearance of the field of battle. The poet asks;