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The remedy is obvious-continue the restraints on France. If they are to be removed wheti a certain sum of money is paid to the allies, that money will soon be produced. The jacobins will be found wonderfully prompt in their contributious; and the royalists, with whom the Buonapartists will presently and artfully coalesce, will be ashamed of being outdone, and hasten to find their quota. Hate of the government, and love of it, will have similar effects; and in process of time the allies will feel acutely the folly of that culpable weakness, which some people have chosen to call magnanimity.Louis the 1sth's reign will never be undisturbed': bis throne will be secure only so long as the allies shall remain to guard it. Were they now to consider the affairs of France so well composed as to admit of their secalling the whole of their forces, in one year we should witness the fatal catastrophe of the King—in spite of all that his newly modelled army could possibly achieve.

One would inagine, that mankind must have been so completely sickened' of revolutionary movements, that the British public would be appalled at the very idea of another condict between the governors and governed of any civilized country, And yet the tidings that lately reached us on the subject of the opposition made to the Spanish government by Porlier, excited no disquietude throaghout the comtry. To what is this quies cence of mind ascribable? Not to indifference about Spain for there is no country to which we still turn our attention with more alacrity; none for which we have breathed more good wishes; none on which we have lavished more of our means.We have purchased it with the blood, and nourished it with the bread, of our children. After all, we can, it seems, look on with composure, and see it in danger of being torn to pieces by intestine violence. No ordinary cause cau account for so «. traordinary an effect. Yet the cause is readily comprehended by all wo have marked the occurrences of the last twetre months at Madrid. When the people of France rebel, wre jom our neighbours in trying to reclaim them, for we have an inmediate interest in doing so.

But now that Napoleon's entpire has come to a close, a conflict in Spain might not be

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cellule the other despicable for its fanaticisni and proneness to slavery,

thought likely to affect us, and therefore it is highly probable,

that, were such to take place, the Prince Regent's ministers 1.o de protests would take nò part in it. They could not oppose the Spanish

people ; and to support them, would be to menace the stability the Boxsperti of the power of a prince whom we had, but the other day, framed of being a ? striven, with the eyes of the whole world upon us, to replace on

his throne. We trust that the vast numbers of jacobins who brand in proces van de have lately flown across the Pyrennees to offer their assistance, hat culpet e pestes i will not succeed in causing their principles to predominate.

Omitling, for a while, the consideration of both France and bedi bis dereits Spain-the one odious for its intidelity and anomalous freedom,

prompt in the

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We beg leave to glance, in our usual way, at some of our own

dominiony. Of these, the most extensive, the most populous, e fize-sets and most important, as well in a political and military, as in a

commercial point of view, is India--respecting which, we shall

enter into no particulars now, meaning to deliver our sentiments serta med at length, in a series of papers in subsequent numbers. To

thems we refer without hesitation, believing that they will be found to be no indifferent exposition of the institutions, of the administration civil and judicial, and of the general interests, of our vast oriental empire-an empire, the resources of which bear a greater proportion to throse of Great Britain, than the resources of Brazil do to those of Portugal.

Ireland, it seems, again engrosses the cares of both its own government and ours, by the lawless conduct of considerable odies of its inhabitants. The diversity of human character in it island is extreme-one set of men excelling alike in the arts thumanise and the sciences that ennoble, while another, and ppily the more numerous one, really is no better than a race bbers and cut-throats. None of the ages denominated dark rbarous, ever exhibited more lamentable proofs of gross ce, and contempt of the laws of both God and man, es the present age in the instance of the Irish malcons Vould to heaven that the learned leaders of them, at least, » their Father the Pope, or with general Buonaparte, , here but where tliey are. The union was intended

and was well calculated, to impart sounder principles and better manners to the mass of the Irish; but, while designing, mercenary demagogues are consulted-while there exists a religion which flourishes most in the midst of ignorance, and which permits one half the crimes which a man can commit, and grants hiin absolution for all the rest, no considerable improvement of any kind is to be expected. Rigorous discipline may do some good among the dissatisfied of the sister island, just as it does among soldiers and sailors. For five years, it seems, the allied armies are to prompt the French banditti to something like moderation and common honesty: for seven years, at least, the demeanour of the seditious Irish ought to be regulated solely by the wise provisions of the Mutiny Act; and during that period the Neys, and the Fouchés, and the Carnots of Ireland, ough! to have full justice done them.

What can be the meann.g of those rumours so frequently cir. culated at Vienna (some of them semi-officially) of the 'Turks for. ing certain points on the Danube, and of the great apprehensions of danger to his states felt by the emperor? The Serviens alone are nearly a match for the l'urks, who desire nothing of their neighbours but peace: and if so, what can the Austrias have to fear, especially since they must be assured that, in any contest with the Porte, they shall be supported not only by the Servians, but by the Russians. Still both the imperial courts affect alarm, and powerful bodies of their troops are pressing on to the southward. Of the views of those courts, it will be impossible to form a rational and satisfactory conjecture, till the terms of the new treaty with France be made public. It us obvious, however, that a storm is brooding, and that some of the Ottoman provinces are destined to pass into new hands. The recent aggrandisement of Prussia will enable that power to wew, without concern, the spoliation of Turkey by its rivals.

1

MONTHLY REGISTER

OF

ARTS, SCIENCES, AND LITERATURE.

The Conductors of the AUGUSTAN REVIEW request scientific and literary men, and also Editors and Publishers, to favor them with authentic information relative to inventions, discoveries, and improvements in Arts and Sciences; Notices of works preparing for publication, and of those recently published; which will be thankfully received and communicated to the public in the subsequent Number, if sent to the publisher (post puid) before the 20th of the month.

I.

INVENTIONS, DISCOVERIES, AND IMPROVEMENTS, IN

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

M. DE SAUSSURE communi- shall extract the principal recated, in 1812, a curious and sults, referring to either of the important paper to the Geneva above valuable works for an acSociety, on the Absorption of the count of the experiments and Gases by different Bodies. This processes by which they were obpaper was published in “ Gil tained. bert's Annalen des Pliysick,” in

M. de Saussure arranges his July, 1814; from which it has experiments under three heads, been translated by Dr. Thom or sections; the first contains his son, and a part of it published in experiments on the condensation the 34th number of his “ Annals' of pure and unmixed gases by of Philosophy.As these 06- solid bodies; the second, those servations” possess much import on the absorption of mixed gases ance, in a chemical point of view, by solid bodies ; and the third and our best information on the consists of observations on the subject is still very deficient, we absorption of gases by liquiils.

Aug. Rev. VOL. I. 3 D

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the temperature of 599: rit.

Section 1.

the air-pump, absorbed, at the Oxy-carbureted hydrogen 035

2. Ligniform Asbestus from

the Tryol and Rock Cork, wher on this condensation. When the deprived of their air by nieans at

nearly as great as wben heat **

employed for that purpose. Absorption of pure Gases.

The property of condensing

gases is common to other porous The experiments which gave bodies besides charcoal; though the following results, were made

not in so high a degree. M. de between the temperatures of 52° Saussure also made experiments and 56°; and under a barome with the Spanish stone de nomitrical pressure of 284 inches of nated Meerschauin, which afordmercury; and the numbers, ed the following results, at ibe which refer to the volume of

temperature of 59°, and under a charcoal, considered as unity, pressure of 28-74 inches : viz. were almost always means of se the absorption was, of veral experiments.

Volumes Charcoal of box-wood, after a Ammoniacal gas

........15 contact of 24 or 26 hours, ab Sulphureted hydrogen.....17 sorbs of

Carbonic acid gas

5.76 Volumes. Nitrous oxide .. Ammoniacal gas orr..90

37 Muriatic acid S5

16 Sulphurous acid

65

Oxygen gas: Sulphureted hydrogen....55 Carbonic oxide

1:17 Nitrous oxide

•40

Oxy-carbureted hydrogen 0-85
Carbonic acid

35 Hydrogen ....
35

The same author also made
Carbonic oxide

9:42

experiments with the following Oxygen

9:25

substances. A volume of adhe Azote

7.5 sive slate of Menilmontant, wher Oxy-carbureted hydrogen 5

deprived of its air by means Hydrogen .... ....1:75

The charcoal from which the same temperature, above results were obtain-d was (dry; but when it is moiste:.ed Ammoniacal gas with water, the absorption of all Carbonic acid

l's those gases which have not a Olefiant strong affinity for water is die Azotic minished; and the time of satu

Oxygen ration is also greatly increased, Carbonic oxide llcat is disengaged by the condensation of gases by means of Hydrogen charcoal; and barometrical pressure has likewise great inquence

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