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sciences, and to offer to the public what he had intended for his private use. The compiler has ventured upon the task of rendering the study of the Greek language at once more easy and more agreeable to the student, by presenting him with short and simple rules of Syntax, illustrated by appropriate examples, and accompanied by exercises, framed on the simple and much approved plan of those found in Levizac's French Grammar."
The use of Latin Exercises has long been familiar in every school; but it was not until our own times that exercises on the Greek language came to be generally used. If, however, the surest method of perfecting a pupil in the study of Latin Syntax, be to furnish him with a series of exercises on the rules which he commits to memory, thus imprinting them more strongly on his mind by uniting practice with theorycertainly the same method must be equally eligible with respect to the Greek syntax.
We have looked over this little volume with some attention, and have reason to think that the compiler has fully accomplished the object he had in view. All the world is acquainted with the exercises of Huntingford, Neilson, &c. but, independently of their high price, the examples in them are not always strictly and exclusively adapted to the rules they are intended to exemplify. So rigorous has the present compiler been in rejecting every thing that did not seem to the purpose, that it may be objected by some, that the exercises are too short. They are short certainly ; but they are long enough to imprint the rules on the mind of the pupil, who, if one be not enough, can, by an indulgent master, be treated with two or three. When these exercises are exhausted, he will be prepared to attempt some of a higher order—not rigorously . adapted to particular rules.
We are happy to observe that the moral improvement of the pupil has not been neglected in the choice of the examples. Mr. Picquot informs us, that they have mostly been selected from the works of the two authors, who are allowed to have written with the greatest purity, elegance, and simplicity: viz. Isocrates, and Xenophon. On the whole, we are not aware that
any collection uniting so many advantages as this does, has yet been laid before the public.
THE DRAMA. A preceding number contained some reflections on the ancient Drama ; and a few remarks on the modern may not be unacceptable in this number.
The proprietors of the London winter theatres have their agents on the Continent, to furnish them with the dramatic novelties which the French and other theatres produce. Is there then such a miserable dearth of British genius, as to render this expedient necessary ? If not necessary, the caterers (i. e. the managers) insult their guests by setting before them unsubstantial foreign dishes-remarkable for nothing but their garnish.
It is notorious that, in this country, not genius, but encouragement is wanting—that British authors could well supply the British stage, if nanagers could but lay aside their prejudices. Having imbibed somewhat of the selfish principle of Colley Cibber, they sometimes return a manuscript unperused, in order to “crush the singing birds ;” and accept only of such pieces as are written expressly
for the performers—though the same performers frequently appear in pieces (particularly that novel species called Melo-drames) which were never intended for the English stage. Thus curbed, neglected and supplanted, our play-wrights are rendered, in appearance at least, inferior to foreign dramatists, which must hurt the feelings of all who are enemies to partiality and innovation.
Every nation boasts of some peculiarities, which are more or less conspicuous in its literary productions. “ Hamlet," on the Parisian boards, is rendered a truly ludicrous play—sans ghost, sans grave-diggers, sans almost every thing characteristic; and no doubt to many Frenchmen, this favorite tragedy appears equally ridiculous in its English dress. Indeed some of our best dramas could not, on account of their peculiarities, be successfully transferred to foreign stages ; and how is it to be supposed that Parisian trifles can always be rendered fit for an English theatre ?
A few years ago German pieces were imported by us, to the exclusion of native merit, and became so much the rage that some of our eminent dramatists condescended to dress them for representation. It will however be allowed that Mr. Sheridan derived more credit from his popular comedy of the “School for Scandal," than from his alteration of “ Pizarro;" and that Mrs. Inchbald stamped her fame by “ Every One has his Fault,” and not by Lovers' Vows." A translator cannot be styled an author any more than a compiler can be deemed a composer. German gravity, it appears, is now succeeded by French levity, of which
the proprietors of Drury Lane and Covent Garden theatres have given ample proof. These winter theatres having closed in the dog-days, REOPENED in weather equally as hot, allowing the short interval of only about seven weeks for the sumine houses; and threatening (by their annual encroachments) the total annihilation of the Haymarket theatre-long the field of genuine wit and humor.
The first novelty produced at Drury Lane, was — a Mag. pie-----imported from France! Unfortunately for the proprietors this Magpie had prated on the Lyceum boards during the previous short season of the English Opera, so that the novelty of the thing was anticipated! The emulation of the managers consisting, in a great measure, in bringing forward these Parisian novelties in the grandest style, the Magpie appeared again on Covent Garden stage. Thus we have had three Magpies, though only one piece, which is not, indeed, an abso. lute death-blow to native genius, but certainly a mortal affront to it. Would not John Bull have been better pleased with three real novelties, two of them the product of his own country? There would have been no harm in one Magpie, in order to show him the summary proceedings of Gallic jurisprudence; and especially after being so liberally treated with dous, horses, and elephants.
The proprietors acted wel in not raising the price of admission to the pit, since they had resolved on bringing forward second-hand entertainments. ' It is not true that they are obliged to have recourse to expensive decorations, in order to insure full houses. Ever since the days of Rich, Covent Garden has been noted for Pantomimes and grand processions; but that house has always been crowded, when pieces of sterling merit, and not mere pageantry, have been represented. Macklin's Comedy of the « Man of the World,” which is formed on the model of the ancient drama, the scene never varying throughout the five acts---has brought, at least, as much money to the theatre as « Timour the Tartar.”
It is to be hoped that the new Committee of Drury Lane theatre will endeavour to raise the British stage to its pristine consequence; as its present deterioration has evidently proceeded from the want of good management, not of native genius, For some time past, show has been substituted for sense : and dialogue (formerly the soul of English Comedy) neglected for the sake of unmeaning meagre bustle, the chief ingredient of the French drama. The motto which Foote chose for his theatre--Quid rides ? De te fabula narratur, would be preposterous if applied to a London audience gazing on the representation of foreign manners.
The grand British problem, Of saving ourselves by our firmness, and other nations by our example, had for its author a man as much wiser than the wisest of antiquity, as these times are more enlightened thau ancient times were; and as much more worthy the veneration of mankind than any of his cotemporaries, as it is evidently more meritorious to have invented, applied, and become a martyr to a grand salutary system, than either to have always opposed it, or at length abandoned it, or even to have been destined ultimately to maintain it. Por a country to have defended itself so long and so successfully as this has done, against a power so gigantic and a spirit so vindictive as those of France, forms a proud distinction in favor of England: and to have effected so much good for our neighbours by a sublime example, is a trait in the national character not less honorable than the efforts by which we have saved ourselves, though it is not perhaps so generally recognised and admired.
But we have done more for our neighbours than merely demonstrate the importance of a high, resolute, unbending spirit. To some we have procured immunity from impending peril; to others we have afforded the means of deliverance from actual bondage. Sicily, through our efforts, scarce ever saw the oppressor or the instruments of his oppression, but at a distance, The Porte owes to our arms Egypt and Syria-perhaps all its dominions. To a series of victories as brilliant as to most people they were unexpected, Portugal and Spain are indebted for all they possess in either hemisphere. Russia was excited to resistance by the fame of our triumphs in the peninsula ; and her resistance became effectual through the diversion occasioned by our operations in that distant quarter. And if Prussia is, or shall presently be constituted a formidable check on the ambitious projects of faithless France, Europe owes the advantages which may 'thence be derived, in a principal degree, to
the depth and comprehensiveness of the British system. What now shall we say of the infant kingdom of the Netherlands? What but that it is the creature of England—the result of her policy in the cabinet, the fruit of her valor in the field ? It is not supposed that the high cares of the Princess Charlotte of Wales, are all about the fortunes and the happiness of the princes of the House of Orange-some of whom are happily blessed with more fortitude than had fallen to the lot of the rejected Duke of Anjou : yet, it is every way credible that but for H. R. Highness, that ancient house had not been by any means so much aggrandized as it has been in the course of the present year. Had there been no unwedded heiress to the crown of England, there would probably have been no king in Belgium. One powerful motive either to the cession of our conquests to France, or to the procuring of boons unexpectedly great for the illustrious family of which we speak, would have been wanting to our cabinet. The object, essential as it is, of raising up a formidable barrier against the periodic violence of the enemy, might have admitted of the diplomacy of England assuming a different complexion.
And what is to be England's reward for services in every good sense so extraordinary ? In Turkey, there will be no partiality towards our government and country. We shall be admitted to the very same degree of trade which we should have enjoyed had we always been neutral, or even sometimes hostile to her : and, in political affairs, we shall have more or less influence, as our minister at the Porte may happen to possess more or less address and management. But far otherwise ought the case to be, between the powers of the peninsula and Great Britain. We have been their earthy saviours. They have often acknowledged their vast obligations to us, and often thanked us; but have not yet seen it meet to manifest their gratitude. The Americans, who are not ambitious of having much of our coinpany, say we are to have the two Floridas--but that only proves that they would rather some other power had them. Spain and Portugal will probably act thus. Our commerce they will favor in every instance in which they can promote