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object of serious attention, not only to military men, but to all who know the value of national character and national independence. The account before us is judiciously given. It represents the movements and manoeuvres of the memorable 18th of June, as we are assured, very justly; and it enumerates several sanguinary acts committed without necessity, by the French, over fallen enemies; and some committed, in the way of retaliation, by the forces of the allies. Had we been led to look for no other deseription than this of the feats of that most memorable of achievements, we should now have entered into a particular discussion of its contents and merits. But several poets of distinguished name are busy in pourtraying the tragic scene of which we speak, and we reserve our observations and comments for their delineations,
ART. XIII. Porte-fcuille de Buonaparte, pris a Charleroi le 18
Juin, 1815. ler cahier. Le 2ème ou le 3ème cakier contiendra un fac-simile d'une lettre de Buonaparte. La Haye.
Libraire Belgique. The substance of this work of only forty-eight pages has al ready been given to the world through the medium of the Times newspaper, and has afforded a satisfactory illustration of the real temper of the people of France in the department of the Rhone, of Bourdeaux, Nice, Marseilles, and of the Swiss cantons. Impatience of the iron rule of Buonaparte is clearly ascertained to have been the predominant feeling of the inhabitants of every part of the country, whence dispatches are dated from officers in his confidence. Authentic documents as to facts which have changed the destiny of a great and powerful nation, must always he highly interesting, not only to the local and temporary politician, but to the cosmopolite and moral philosopher who delights to weigh probabilities in the scales of experience, and to trace the re-action of the moral sense in those seasons of tumult and revolt, which the short-sighted vulgar impute to the operation of the blind deity whom fools worship by the name of Chance.
« Even-handed justice” has returned the « chalice” to the lips of Napoleon Buonaparte, not drugged by the hand of malice, but deeply embittered by the remembrance of former sweets. Great have been his crimes, numerous his vices, and fatal his
usurpations : yet, would it be more easy to find a parallel for almost every outrage he has committed against the rights of individuals, or even of civil governments, and for every erring judg. ment of his privilege to oppress ; than for that quick decision, that towering ambition which his origin so little justified, and that character of indepressible energy amid scenes where hope could hardly enter, which have combined to render him the most extraordinary being of this or any other age.
We return to the pamphlet, the authenticity and purport of which will be best explained by quoting the preface, which we do under its title of Avis des Editeurs.
“Un de nos offi iers, Mr. Van Uchelen, fait prisonnier le 17 Juin et conduit à Charleroi, y fut oublié par les Français, lors de leur déroute après la bataille de La Belle Alliance. Il profita du moment, se déclara. Commandant de la Ville, et au moyen de quelques hommes armés qu'il parvint à réunir, il arrêta le pillage des caissons et des voitures, et mit en sûreté une d uzame de canons et beaucoup d'autres objets de pris.
“Un grand porte-feuille qu'il envoya à Bruxelles se trouva être celui du Baron Fain, premier secretaire du cabinet de Buonaparte. Toutes les pièces y contenues sont d'une date fort récente; et comme elles jettent un grand jour sur l'état de l'intérieur de la France, notre gouvernement a trouvé bon de permettre qu'elles fussent publiées.
"Nous n'userons cependant de cette perniission, ni pour imprimer les addresses presentées à Buonapurte par les autorités qu'il a trouvées sur są tonte, depuis Paris jusqu'à la frontière, ni pour faire connaître les pétitions ridicules dont l'accabièrent ceux qui d'avance voyaient en lui le conquérant de la Belgique. Qu'importe en effet au public de savoir que Mr. M Til ne se félicite sur la prochaine délivrance des Belges que pour demander au libérateur la place de Conservateur des Eaux et Forêts à Bruxelles? Lirait-on avec intérêt la requête de M -- qui a l'honneur d'etre Dauphinois et aspire à l'honneur d'etre Commandant de place en Flundres ? Ou celle du Citoyen Mullarmé, sous-préfet d'Avernes, qui rappelle ses titres de Republicain et de conventionnel et tous les services qu'il a rendus jusqu'à l'odieuse restauration, pour réclamer la croix de la legion d'honneur?
" En revanche, nous croyons que la curiosité sera vivement peignée par
“ Les Rapports des officiers d'ordonnance en inission dans les départements du Midi, pour observer les progrès de l'armement et l'esprit public;
" Les Rapports du Préfet de Police Réal, remarquables surtout en ce qui concerne la Chambre des Représentans, placée sous la surveillance de cet agent;
“ Entia par les Lettres de Buonaparte à plusieurs Ministres et Généraux depuis le 11 Jun, veille de son départ de Paris, jusqu'au 18, jour de sa mémorable détaite.
“Nous donnons ici les rapports littéralement conformes aux ori. ginaux; les lettres de Buonaparte sont copiées avec la plus scrupuleuse exactitude sur les minutes trouvées dans le porte-feuille du Baron Fain, Les minutes sont ordinairement de la main de ce secretaire écrivant sous la dictée de Buonapurte : quelques uges sont de la main de Napoléon lui
même. Nous abandonnons à nos lecteurs le soin de faire les observations auxquelles toutes ces pièces peuvent donger lieu.
“Le bénélice provenant de cetie édition est consacré au soulagement des blessés.
“ Nous poursuivrons, conformément aux lois, les contrefacteurs et débitans d'éditions contrefaites.
“Les exemplaires reconnus pas nous portent la signature ordinaire des ouvrages sortis de nos presses.” La Haye 25 Juin, 1815.
In a return made to Buonaparte by M. Planat, one of his staffofficers (officieur d'ordonnance) dated from Montauban, June 3, 1815, we find the following expressions.
"On annonce ici presque hautement l'entrée prochaine des ennemis sur le territoire Français, le retour des Bourbons et les vengeances qu'ils exerceront contre tous ceux qui serviroient la cause de Puere Mzjesé. Ces nouvelles absurdes, jointe à celle de l'insurrection de la Vendée, jettent la crainte dans l'âme des bons citoyens et encouragent la désobéissance chez les autres.
“Il n'y a point de dépôt à Montauban ; la garnison se compose d'un détachement du 790 de ligne dont le dépôt est à Toulouse, où je le verrai demain. Ce détachement, fort de 262 sous-officiers ei soldats bieu armés, habillés et équipés, est indispensable à lontauban, pour contenir la population. Il serait à destrer qu'il fût por é au double pour av sir les moyens de rechercher les militaires rejriciaires dans tout le depario ment," p. 17.
The writers of such letters, however much devoted to the general who had created, and the conqueror who had dignified them, and however largely gifted with that mixture of animal spirits and vanity which makes up the sanguine temper of a Frenchman, must have perceived that the game was up. The notes copied from the hand-writing of Napoleon are very few, and as brief as possible. The editor pointedly notices the discrimination made between the Marshals Massena and Ney, in Napoleon's manner of naming them. It does not, however, appear to us so striking as to be indictive of the different estimation in which they were held by him. We cannot suppose that he would have continued to employ Ney if he had suspected his abominable treacheries ; nor are we aware of any other reason why he should treat him slightingly, or indeed why « faites appeller" should be less gracious than “ faites venir. To us the latter seems the more imperious form of summons, as leaving less to the option of the party summoned.
We are presented with a list of the travelling suite and staff of Napoleon, where we find the name of colonel La Bedoyere, the man who lately expiated his crime by a public execution, and one of the house of Montesquiou-a name which the annals of France record as inimical to royalty. A catalogue of part of Napoleon's travelling library fills up three pages. The books
named have been selected from the complete list which spe. cified eight hundred volumes. Ainong those mentioned, we find the Life of Charles the Twelfth by Voltaire, which must, one would think, have been rather grating to the ravager of Moscow. But he who was at once the glory and the scourge of Sweden, although he wasied, like Napoleon, the blood of his subjects to gratify his mad ambition, did not like him desert his followers at their « utmost need," and from time to time stand indebted for his life to shameful flight.
We intend to present to our readers in our next number, some observations on the succeeding divisions of this work, which the editor announces his intention to communicate from the Belgic press, at La Haye ; and we hope that the sale will be commensurate with the benevolent purpose to which he assigns
ART. XIV.--The Amatory Works of Tom SHUFFLETON, of the
Middle Temple. London : Jennings, 1814, small 8vo.
TOM SHUFFLETON is a name that has been in most people's mouths at one time or another; and after being associated with almost every thing light in fashion, it is brought forward to recommend a tolerable quantity of light poetry. These effusions are quite after the manner of Moore's, which is no small recommendation of them; and like his, some of them are very indelicate. They consist, as the title imports, of amorous Odes and Sonnets; but there are among them a good many of a different description--such as, lines on seeing Kean in Richard the Third, a long Address to Lord Byron, of whom the author is a great admirer, and a very short one to Walter Scott, &c. &c. The following is a specimen of the poetry, which is, in general, good.
To Miss ROSABELLA Dp
Where luve's devoted spirit lingers;
Their beauty with those cruel fingers!
If they inusi ceasc again to charm me,
And, Rosa, they will never harin thee;
And been entrusted to that treasure
Which made my every nerve to melt,
Aud turn'd my every thought to pleasuro.
ART. XV.-An Easy Introduction to the Mathematics ; in
which the Theory and Practice are laid down and familiurly explained. To each subject are prefired, a brief popular History of its Rise and Progress, concise Memoirs of noted Mathematical Authors, Ancient and Modern, and some Account of their Works. The whole forming a complete and easy System of Elementary Instruction in the
leading Branches of Mathematics. By CHARLES BUTLER. In Two Vols. 8vo.
pp. li. 470 and 508. Price ll. lls. 6d. Longman and Co. London: Parker, Oxford, &c. 1814. The increased number of elementary works now before the public, is generally regarded as characteristic of an advanced state of science; and, as evidences of greater attention being paid to the subjects on which those works treat, their testimony cannot be doubted. As science advances, the discoveries of one age become elements in another, not merely by being, as it were, surpassed by fresh discoveries, but by being re-considered by men whose minds embrace the range of accumulated knowledge: the processes by which they were first discovered being rendered more simple-they become only the steps to further discoveries, and consequently rank among elementary principles. An increased attention to works of science also occasions an augmented demand for them; and that demand will necessarily be met, either by the productions of those who are excited by the prospect of emolument and reputation ; or of those whose combined talents and experience are exerted in promoting those sciences with which they are familiar, Hence it is not originality of invention, or display of abstruse reasoning, but accuracy of principles, perspicuity of arrangement, and simplicity of expression, which at once constitute the value of an elementary work, and furnish the criteria by which that value can be ascertained. It is by this test alone, that we propose to examine the work before us.
Those who have read the works which Mr. Butler has previously published, (and of which we think a notice might have been given at the end of the present publication, with at least as much propriety as the Catalogue of Messrs. Longman and Co. could be placed in front of it) will readily give him credit for variety of information ; but they will hardly fail of concluding,