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Buonaparte, they shall pay for it.He added, that he had to reproach himself with two great faults, the one that he had not burned Vienna, the other that he had not burned Berlin.

Did he think that the burning of these two capitals would have led to the burning of Paris ?-a catastrophe which he regarded as his only resource, the sole chance of safety which remained to him, and one for which he had made ample provision. We may hence judge with what feelings he saw the capital escape the destruction which he had predicted for two months as the fruit of its being conquered; which be prepared at the same time as the inevitable consequence of the resistance he had himself ordered. Not confining himself to the sterile character of a prophet, but assuring by his own efforts the accompiishment of his fatal predictions,

Furious at the magnanimous conduct of the Allied Monarchs, how much more incensed must he have been at the non-execution of the orders he had given for blowing up the powder magazine of Grenelle. This magazine contained two hundred and forty millions of powder in grains, five millions of cartouches for the infantry, twenty-five millions of ball cartridges, three thousand obuses charged, and a great number of other articles. Those who remember the effect produced in 1794, by the explosion of the magazine on the plain of Grenelle, when it contained only eight millions of powder, may easily form to themselves an idea of the horrible effect that must have been produced by the exe plosion of a magazine a hundred times more considerable. The greatest part of the city must have been laid completely in ruins. This was the last catastrophe with which Buonaparte sought to terrify the world,

All Paris shuddered with horror at hearing of the design; it was related after different fashions, so that M. Lescourt, director of the magazine, was required to give an account of it as far as came within his knowledge. Here follows his letter addressed to the Editor of the Journal des Débats, dated the 5th of April, and inserted in that paper on the 7th.

.... I was occupied on the evening of the day that the attack was made on Paris, in collecting at the field of Mars the horses requisite for carrying away the artillery ; this care I shared with the officers of the general direction. About nine o'clock in the evening, a colonel arrived on horseback near the gate of St. Dominique, where I was, and desired to speak to the director of the artillery. I presented myself as the man: Is the powder magazine at Grenelle evacuated, Sir?" said he. No;' I answered, it is not possible that it should have been, we have neither had time or horses sufficient for it.'• Well, then,' said he, it must be blown up immediately.” At these Fords I turned pale, I trembled, nor relected at the moment, that I had no occasion to make myself uneasy about an order not given in writing, and transmitted to me by an officer whom I did not know. • Do you hesitate, Sir,' said he. After a few moments, I recollected myself, and fearing lest he should transmit the same order to another, I answered him with a calm air, that I would occupy myself with it: be then disappeared. Master of this dreadful secret, I did not confide

it to any one ; I did not close the gates of the magazine, as has been said, I had the evacuation, which had been begun in the day, continued.

“ I must add, that this order could not have come from the artilleryoffice, since all the officers there are known to me; that I knew that the Minister at War, and the General in Chief of the Artillery, had quitted Paris some hours before ; and that all the officers of the general direction were assembled at the Field of Mars, where they were occupied with the evacuation which had been ordered.

(Signed) “ MAILLARD DE LESCOURT, Major of Artillery." Thus did Paris escape, as by a miracle, the rain prepared by such horrible means. It is well known with what acclamations the Allied Monarchs were received, and what a contrast their entrance, no less brilliant than pacific, formed with the projects of destruction and conflagration ascribed to them by the only real enemy of Paris. pp. 340343.

Notwithstanding these terrible indications of a merciless character, there are some instances of kindly feeling to be traced in these pages, with which we are pleased in proportion to their fewness. Napoleon appears to have entertained a becoming affection for Josephine, who is represented as a very amiable woman, who had exerted her whole influence to soften the temper of her husband. She pleaded with energy in behalf of several of his victims, and notwithstanding her opposition to his tyranny, he did not part with her without a severe struggle. In general, however, we are appalled by his deadness to the admonitions of remorse, which sometimes alarm the most obdurate. He seems to have been carried along by the tide of success with a rapidity which allowed little or no pause ; and to have pursued his high career, supported all the way by the ceremonies of religion, and the surpassing magnificence which encircled him. The excessive « love of life" of which he is so repeatedly accused in these memoirs, and which is said to have induced him to survive his glory, is sufficienta ly explained by his recent appearance in the Thuilleries. At the very time he abdicated the throne, when he was cajoling some by talking of his indifference about supreme power, and others by affecting an ardent love of science, he was contemplating the issue of his enterprise, and secretly triumphing in his own powers of deceit. No one, we think, can peruse this book without feeling, in the midst of his disgust, a degree of regret, not for the downfall of Napoleon, but for that perversion of taste and that gross misapplication of talents, which have rendered his exercise of power the source of so much disquiet to mankind.

As to the work itself, we must own that with all the interest of its anecdotes we have found it very tiresome. The style is perpe

tually interrupted by interjections and broken by unnecessary apostrophes. It is to be wished that the writer had better known his proper office; and that when engaged to exhibit the imperial eagle, he had contented himself with making the animal go through his tricks, without displaying so much of his own adroitness.

Art. X. The Miscellaneous Works of Edward Gibbon, Esq.

with Memoirs of his Life and Writings, composed by himself : illustrated from his Letters with Occasional Notes and Narrative by the Right Honorable John, Lord Sheffield. A new Edition, with considerable Additions, in 5 Vols. 8vo. £3. 5s. Boards. Murray, 1814. Since the publication of the first Edition of the Miscellaneous Works of the Historian of the Roman Empire, a period has elapsed of eighteen years, and it is observed by the noble Editor that his apprehension of indulging too far his partiality for the compositions of his friend has necessarily been much diminished, by the success of those included in the former collection. The respect due to an admired name has not, we think, been violated by this increase of confidence : and if there be a strong desire in Lord Sheffield to impart to the world the posthumous treasures of his friend, there will also be found in the public an equal readiness to receive them. Though not famed for ductility of mind, or remarkable for countenancing the erroneousness of preconceived opinions, he has shown a disposition to yield to the prejudices of former readers; and we cannot but remark an instance of it exhibited at the Fery threshold of the work : the much reprobated shade of Gibbon is removed, and a portly representation of him, painted by Warton in 1774, substituted in its stead. As further decorations to this edition are added, an engraving of the Pavilion and Terrace at Lausanne, a view of Sheffield Place (which, in enumerating his own possessions, Mr. Gibbon has pleasantly denominated his Palace in Sussex), a representation of Fletching Church, and an outline of a Mausoleum of the Sheffield Family, in which the mortal remains of the Historian are deposited. An Epitaph by Dr. Parr is also giren.

Edvardus Gibbon
Criticus acri ingenio et multiplici doctrina ornatus
idemque historicorum qui fortunam

Imperii Romani
Vel labentis et inclinati vel eversi et funditus deleti

litteris mandaverint

Omnium facile princeps
cujus in moribus erat moderatio animi
cum liberali quadam specie conjuncta

in sermone
Multa gravitati comitas suaviter adspersą

in scriptis
copiosum splendidum
concinnum orbe verborum
et summo artificio distinctum

orationis genus
reconditæ exquisitæque sententiæ
et in monumentis rerum politicarum observandis

acuta et perspicax prudentia
vixit annos LVI mens. VII dies XXVIII
decessit XVII cal. Feb. anno sacro

et in hoc mausoleo sepultus est

ex voluntate Johannis domini Sheffield
qui amico bene merenti et convictori humanissimo

H. Tab, P. C.
If we were called upon to remark the character of English
style prevalent at the present moment, as distinguished from

that adopted by Mr. Gibbon, it might easily, we think, be proved, that a simpler and chaster form of diction is now in use amongst the approyed writers of the time, than that which was most the object of admiration, when the volumes of his miscellaneous works · first issued from the press. It is not, however, to be supposed, that in the space of twenty years, such a reformation in taste can have taken place as to render the Essays and compositions now laid before the public, much less attractive than formerly, and if in the substance of the new materials there be displayed the same Į indefatigable industry,' the same "scrupulous accuracy,' as that exerted by him on other occasions, it cannot justly be made a cause of complaint, that his general cast of sentiment, and the main fabric of his opinions, remain unaltered. We, in the new matter, trace the old man; but we feel ourselves justified in saying, that if the faults attributable to the pictures of this great Historic Master are visible in the subjects now exhibited, so certainly, in proportion to the relative extent of the designs, are discovered his former acknowledged excellencies. In an advertisement prefixed to this edition, the noble Editor states his endeavour to class the several Essays and Compositions under three heads.



3. MISCELLANEOUS Under the first head will be found, in addition to the tracts before published, “ A Memoir upon the Empire of the Medes” —

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« A Discussion upon the chief Epochs in the History of Greece and Egypt, according to the Chronological system of Sir Isaac Newton, compared with the ordinary Chronology.”—A sort of Abstract of the three Memoirs written by the Abbé de la Bleterie, upon the mode of succession, by which the Imperial power passed from one Emperor to another; which the Abbé contends was elective, and at length, after the abolition of the Comitiæ, settled wholly in the Senate."_" Critical Remarks upon the Population of the Sybarites." — And an « Essay upon the feudal Government, particularly with respect to France.” These are written in French, as are also three smaller articles, viz. an account of the nuptials of Charles Duke of Burgundy with the Princess Margaret, sister of Edward the Fourth, King of England — an Introduction to the General History of the Swiss Republic and Remarks upon Horace Walpole's Historic Doubts relative to the life and reign of Richard the Third ; the latter article was written for the « Memoires Litteraires de la Grande Bretagne pour l'an 1768," a periodical work, edited by his friend M. Deyverdun. « Materials for an additional section on the Antiquities of the House of Brunswick," (in English) connected, where Mr. Gibbon's manuscript ceases, with Mr. Butler's very able Succinct History of the Geographical and Political Revolutions of the Empire of Charlemagne, from 814 to 1806,' form the last addition under this head. Under the second Division will be found an Essay on the character of Brutus--a Tract on the Classical Geography of ancient Italy-Remarks upon the works and character of Sallust: of Julius Cæsar: of Cornelius Nepos : and of Livy : Critical Remarks upon a passage in the Poenulus of Plautus, and upon some lines in the Georgics of Virgil. Under the third, or Miscellaneous head, are inserted, Remarks upon Jewish, Assyrian, and Persian Chronology, being a critique on " Les Memoires Posthumes de M. de Cheseaux. Observations on some Prodigies recounted in Suetonius; and on the Sacerdotal Dignities of Julius Cæsar. A Dissertation on the Weight, Monies, and Measures, of the Ancients, &c. of the Lower Empire down to the Capture of Constantinople, &c.; on the Position of the Meridional Line; and an Enquiry into the supposed Circumnavigation of Africa by the Ancients, and its singular coincidence with the opinions of the learned Dr. Vincent, delivered in his Periplus of the Erythræan Sea, is observed with just satisfaction. Mr. Gibbon's MS. upon this subject was communicated to the Dean of Westminster only in October last. An Index Expurgatorius, with copious Selections from Mr. G.'s Extraits Raisonnés de mes Lectures-Recueil de mes Observations et Pieces detachées-and {astly, an Explanatory Supplement, by Mr, Pinkerton, to the

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