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Public Affairs.

Tue Speech of the 12th instant from the throne is a recapitulation of events big with importance to Europe, and full of triumph to ourselves. Would that we could safely rely on the wisdom of the governments engaged in the struggle now drawing to a close, being such as uniformly and for a long season, to maintain the present lofty march of affairs. The King of France, in particular, had need of an unusual degree of penetration and decision of character. A grand coalition of foreigners has put every thing into his power. But he has tolerated a, criminal coalition in his own capital, nay, in his very cabinet which may, in no great space of time, undo all that has been done for him and his family, and for Europe. Our own good king, it is true, has been known to consent to the formation of a political coalition; and such a coalition, when the influence, of two parties is nearly balanced, and their principles not in direct opposition to each other, is an admissible-a desirable remedy of the ferment which the conflicts of parties occasion in a state. But at Paris, all the power was, the other day, on one side—the principles of the royalists and jacobins were as different as heaven is from hell; and hence no necessity can be pleaded for the umatural union which has there taken place—no good, but an infinity of mischief be expected from its continuance.

On seeing Louis about to be surrounded by persons at once traitors to himself and the relentless murderers of his family, our pity was excited. But if it shall be found that they were placed around his person when they inight have beeu kept at a distance, we shall think that our pity has been just as much misplaced as his clemency, and shall pronounce him totally, unfit and unworthy to rule over any people. In this country, NO. IV. Aug. Rev. VOL. J.

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we employ those to detect and seize offenders against the law, who are themselves well versed in their arts. It may be on this principle that Louis has taken Fouche and Carnot into his service--and that the Allies wink at proceedings so degrading and portentous. If so, all may yet be well—the strong arm of power may be stretched out, and the king's evidence be deprived of every thing save a miserable existence. They deserve nothing more.

- From the continuance of such atrocious characters in high official situations in France, every thing bad is to be expected daily mortification to the sovereign (but that will be his affair) incessant perturbation to his people, and an early war to those nations who have just bled to procure peace and tranquillity. Our Allies, it is well known, have not the means of supporting an annual contest; nor can we either furnish them with such means, or reconcile ourselves to the sacrifice for which another victory of Waterloo would call.' In spite of the high opinion we entertain of the honor of Prince Schwartzenberg and the Duke of Wellington, and of the wisdom of the ministers of the friendly sovereignis, we cannot help wishing that Marshal Blucher had been appointed while in France, AGENT FOR ALL EUROPE. He would have acted as a plain honest man ought to do with a race of designing knaves. Soon and effectually would he have humbled the pride of the military braggarts of that country: he would not have drawn on the Treasuries of the Allies for the subsistence of his armies, but have paid them with good hard Louis and Napoleons. He would have cut very short the infamous career of jacobivism ; and would have laid the hand of justice so heavily on the whole gang of malefactors, as to have caused the recollection of their aggravated guilt to sting them to the heart to the latest hour of their existence.

We talk in England of the propriety of apportioving punishments to crimes. Why not attempt to do so in France? Is it because the thing is impossible?--because no punishment can be adequate to the criminality of those who seek to destroy every thing allowed to be sound in principle or useful in practice ? - Let Britons, at least, avoid partaking of that guilt which will be incurred by all who shall weakly join in exculpating

such men. We wish to see Lord Castlereagh received by the House of Commons next session, with the same cordial applause which he experienced on his return from Paris last year.

When our last number went to press, we had just learnt that hostilities had commenced; one little month has elapsed, and the war is over! We felicitate the public on the event, which is the more gratifying, as it comes so much sooner than was expected by any human being—thereby obviating expenses which the nation cannot well bear, and preventing an incalculable quantity of human wretchedness. All the measures in which Napoleon has taken a principal share, have been remarkable for the celerity of their accomplishment; his decisive victories and vast conquests, his ascent to the various degrees of supreme power, and his degradation, at successive periods, to the level of ordinary life, in which no individual ever can be found at once so distinguished and so execrable as he.

How greatly does fortune delight in frustrating the hopes, aud thwarting the projects of ambitious mortals! Valet ima summis mutare. He who, the other day, was Emperor of the French, King of Italy and Holland, and virtual sovereign of Germany, Spain and Portugal, is now at Plymouth—not as the formidable invader which he had often threatened to become; but, like those wretches who have been found guilty of petty larceny, waiting the orders of our government to sail. And by what chart? Happily not that on which the American continents are laid down. The Stygian lake he might have crossed without the fiat of the British Admiralty ; and, as religion has no hold on his mind, he would have done so the very hour in which Lord Wellington tore both the sword and the sceptre from his hand, had he not been the dastard which Augereau long since pronounced him. If he is to be permitted to live, it will be well that he should be in the custody of our government; not however in the tower of London, but in some such little sequestered spot as that which has been named, St. Helena, which can be cheaply and effectually guarded. If Louis find the money, England will furnish the men. Napoleon has a strong claim upon our justice for support, since the whole world knows that our resources and example have deprived him of every

thing—but his honor. How happy would he now be, were insignificant Elba to be restored to him !

In alluding to the termination of the war, we touch a string which vibrates quickly to every British heart; how sensibly to some, we wish to forget. But such has been the result of the victory obtained at Waterloo, that the havoc with which it was purchased does not, in a general point of view, lessen the joy it has excited throughout the empire. The slaughter was great, but the glory was greater. Much choice fruit was violently torn from the tree; but the tree itself and the far greater part of the fruit are preserved, while the hands of the spoiler are cut off.

“Character is strength:” and of all sorts of national character, that which is military is, in the present age, the most valuable. We add, as a necessary consequence, that of all kinds of desert, that which on the one hand may have tended the most to perfect military discipline; and, on the other, have served the best to direct its application, is the most worthy of praise and reward. Hence the evident propriety both of the highly respectful and flattering terms, in which the conduct of the commander-in-chief was lately noticed in the House of Commons; and of erecting a stately monument in honor of the Duke of Wellington and his companions in arms. In establishing their fame, the country exalts and extends its own. We would, at this moment, as soon justify the subversion of our civil constitution, as the overthrow of our military system; we would, in the present posture of Europe, give up the benefits of the habeas corpus, rather than the use of the cat-o-nine tails. And we add a truth which none would have ventured to assert a century ago, that there can be no freedom for Englishmen, without a well organised powerful standing army.

It was but a few years ago, that Great Britain had to encounter “ an armed doctrine,” and she persevered till she saw it disparaged, despised, and execrated : we have since contended with an armed host, and have seen it chased from the field, and its vaunted leaders humbled in the dust. We have contrived to break the spell of Napoleon's invincibility to the full satisfaction of his imperial guards, which will be a comfort to those

who resort to Paris ; at the same time that the rumour of our unquestionable superiority in arms, will set some bounds to the vapouring of our puny rivals on the other side the Atlantic. They who had never ventured to meet us on equal terms, by sea or by land, without being beaten, can in reality have nothing of which to boast: and as for their vain-glory, it certainly will not now pass current in Europe. They repulsed us at New Orleans ; but the French also who fell or Aed at Waterloo, repulsed us at Badajos, Burgos, St. Sebastian and Bergen-Op-Zoom; nay; a body of East Indians, whose military renown is upon a par with that of the Americans, baffled us the other day and killed one of our best generals. Behind a bush or a rampart, a coward is a match for a hero.

Paris is again taken, and again spared. Will the good folks of France be suitably humble, and grateful for the moderation shewn them? They had better not tempt their neighbours to visit them in arms a third time or with fire and sword their capital may be purged of its guilt, and their country divided into more parts than ever Cæsar's Gaul was. Their recent conduct would justify measures of extreme severity.

The consideration of the future state of France is interesting. “ It will still be great and powerful :"-the allies said so fifteen months ago. But, would it not have been quite as well for adjoining nations, had it not been “great and powerful” a month or two ago ? This however is no business of ours.

- Napoleon is already removed, though not to his final destination. Where that is, or by what means and in what manner he may be removed, we care not, provided that his exit be unattended with honor. We hope the Sovereigns of the continent are not actuated by some lurking particles of that dread with which he once managed to inspire them. The most obnoxious of his accomplices ought forth with to be disposed of-with one single exception, that of General Bertrand, whose fidelity to his Master in every reverse of fortune, points him out as a man deficient in no good quality of head or heart. The rest of them ought, without scruple, to be stripped of their titles, of their en)ployments, and of their property, which ought to be conferred upon the King's trusty adherents. The rebel army too should be completely disbanded ; and the King hereafter be served

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