ePub 版

ahowing the method of calculating those that were inserted in the French work, as well as those added by the author, as specified in the preface. Two of these last differ considerably from those in common use : and that difference is an improvements In the table of Logarithms of Numbers, the author has inserted the complements of the logarithms in the same line with the logarithms themselves; which renders the working of a propoşition more easy and expeditious than by the common method; for, by taking the complement instead of the logarithm of the first term, the whole operation is reduced to that of adding three numbers together, and omitting 10 in the index. The complements of the sines and cosines in the next table are also attended with the same advantage. The differences inserted for every 10 seconds of a degree, likewise obviate the necessity of making a proportion for the proportional part of a minute ; and reduce the whole operation to that of multiplying by a figure less than 10, and adding or subtracting the result.

On a careful examination of this work, we feel fully justified in warıniy recommending it to public notice. There is much perspicuity and some novelty in the conception, and not a little judgment every where apparent in the execution of it. And we are persuaded, that naval officers of all descriptions will have suifici. nt reason to think themselves much indebted to Mr. My rs for so easy and useful an introduction to the astronomical pic.ples so essential to the knowledge of their profession.


ART. X. Remains o the late John Twoeddell, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ; being a Selection of his Letters, written from various parts of the Continent; together with a republication of his Prolusiones Juveniles. To which is added an Appendix, containing some Account of the Author's Journals, MSS., Collections, Drawings, &c., and of their Extraordinary Disappearance. Prefixed, is a brief Biographical Memoir, by the Editor, The Rev. ROBERT TWEDDELL, A.M. Illustrated with Portraits, Picturesque Views, and Maps. London: Mawman, 1815. 4to. Price 31. 3s.

pp. 660.

JOHN TWEDDELL, the amiable and accomplished youth, whom this volume commemorates, was born on the 1st of June, 1769, at Threepwood, near Hexham, in Northumberland. He was the eldest son of Francis Tweddell, Esq. an able and intelligent magistrate ; and his earliest years were much indebted to the

care of a pious and affectionate mother. At the age of nine, he was sent to school at Hartforth, near Richmond, in the North Riding in Yorkshire, under the Rev. Dr. Raine, who discovered and encouraged the talents of his pupil. Before his commencing residence at the University of Cambridge, he was under the immediate tuition of Dr. S. Parr, and his ensuing academical career was distinguished by great success in his studies. His Prolusiones Juveniles were published in 1793 ; and were ardently commended by a number of eminent characters, who knew the value of the praise they bestowed. In the year 1792, he was elected Fellow of Trinity College ; and soon afterwards, entered himself as Student of the Middle Temple. He manifested a strong partiality for the pursuits connected with diplomacy, in which it was part of his ambition to be employed. Partly with this view, although perhaps much more from the desire of extending his sphere of knowledge, he formed the design of travelling ; and, on the 24th September, 1795, embarked for Hamburg, and proceeded through Germany, Switzerland, the North of Europe, and various parts of the East, till he arrived in Greece. He continued here some timé “exploring with restless ardor, and faithfully delineating, the remains of art and science.” A premature death closed all his mortal prospects on the 25th of July, 1799. He was buried in the Theseum ; but, owing to various obstacles, his grave was not honored either with stone or inscription, until some years after ; when, by “ the exertions of Lord Byron, and another most enterprising traveller, Mr. John Fiott, of St. John's College, Cambridge, a stone was laid, and inscribed with an epitaph, composed by Mr. Walpole, in 1805.”






The personal character of Mr. Tweddell is illustrated in the subsequent passages.

Of the principles and feelings which influenced his private conduct he thus speaks in a letter written about this period to his mother in the fullest spirit of confidence; “ your fears on my account I know to be the result of great affection for me, but I

think you will one day find that there was not very great occasion for them. I may do many inconsiderate things ; indeed I feel that I often do- I know it well—and I may chance to be betrayed into errors, of which it is very possible I may at some future time repent. For true it is what you observe, that my passions are very strong; and that I feel on most subjects that can interest me, most zealously and warmly. You have often desired me to check and tame them; and sometimes to a certain degree I do. But it is not in the power of Man, however plausibly the philosopher may maintain it in his closet, for any one essentially to alter his constitution. The moral complexions of Man are as different as the personal ones; and though a person may be enabled to improve the bent, he cannot change the tone, of his constitution. I feel myself a zeal and earn stness in almost every thing; and these properties, though they may be at times productive of inconvenience, have also their beneficial tendencies; for they will never allow me to engage in any thing which I do not feel to be right; and that will at all times be sufficient for my own conscience. Depend upon it, my life shall never be stained with one dishonorable act. I am as guilty of frailties and indiscretions as any one ; but thus far I know myself thoroughly, that I abhor every thing that is bad and degrading, as well in private sentiment as in public conduct; I believe you know me also well enough to be convinced that this is true. I can say from the bottom of my breast, that I never do persist, and never will, in any thing deliberately, which I do not approve; and that at the same time what I do approve, I will always endeavour to act up to. In this therefore I agree perfectly with you, that rather than be guilty of any outrage against probity, I hope in God that I may be removed from the power of committing it. Time is the great prover of all things; and time may one day chance to show what I am, much better than my own professions.” pp. 7, 8.

Mr. TWEDDELL in his person was of the middle stature, of a handsome and well-proportioned figure. His eye was remarkably soft and intelligent. The profile or frontispiece to the volume gives a correct and lively representation of the original; though it is not in the power of any outline to shadow out the fine expression of his animated and interesting countenance.

His address was polished, affable, and prepossessing in a high degree ; and there was in his whole appearance an air of dignified benevolence, which pourtrayed at once the suavity of his nature and the independence of his mind. In conversation he had a talent so peculiarly his own, as to form a very distinguishing feature of his character. A chastised and ingenious wit which could seize on an incident in the happiest mannera lively fancy which could clothe the choicest ideas in the best language--these, supported by large acquaintance with men and books, together with the farther advantages of a melodious voice and a playfulness of manner singularly sweet and engaging, rendered him the delight of every company : his power

P. 21.

of attracting friendships was indeed remarkable; and in securing them he was equally happy. Accomplished and admired as he was, his modesty was conspicuous, and his whole deportment devoid of affectation or pretension. Qualified eminently to shine in society and actually sharing its applause, he found his chief enjoy. ment in the retired circle of select friends ; in whose literary leisure, and in the amenities of female converse, which for him had the highest charms, he sought the purest and the most refined reereation. Of the purity of Mr. TWEDDELL's principles, and the honorable independence of his character of his elevated integrity, his love of truth, his generous, noble and affectionate spirit, the Editor might with justice say much; but the traces and proofs of these, dispersed throughout the annexed Correspondence, he cheerfully leaves to the notice and sympathy of the intelligent reader.

The Memoir is followed by the Correspondence ; after which, succeeds the Appendix. The greater part of it is occupied by the papers and documents relative to the truly singular appropriation, the secret assignment, and the eventual loss, of Mr. Tweddell's valuable, and in many instances expensive, collections in literature and art. It is entitled to the reader's particular attention. Those who “o set a value on the riches of Greece,” (vide p. 355.) will understand the importance and sterling worth of Mr. Ti's MSS., drawings, and other effects, by the many passages of his Correspondence in which he disa tinctly refers to them; and to which the Editor has very properly called the reader's notice by the Italic character. We sincerely lament, that neither a regard for mankind, nor the fear of retribution and public infamy, could scare the foul and skulking “ robber from his prey.

The work terminates with the Prolusiones. Though not without marks of juvenility, both in judgment and imagination, they are altogether such as to have warranted the highest hopes of his future eminence.

The following reflexions from his speech on the character of William III. are much to his credit.

It is said, that we are never duly sensible of the full value of our blessings, till after we have lost them. If this be true, as experience evinces, it will, also, by consequence happen, that our joy for the preservation of those blessings will always be proportionate to the once apparent danger of losing them. Our sense of obligation, therefore, for the glorious Revolution must continually increase, as we more closely consider the improbability of its having then been effected. We gazed with apathy upon the menacing meteor which enveloped in a portentous blaze the whole face of our political horizon, waiting till it should suddenly

barst upon us, and pour its vengeance on our devoted heads. We surveyed, without attempting to repair, the breach that had long been made, and was increasing daily, in our constitution, like a soldier who sees his parent slaughtered by his side, and from the stagnation of his feelings is unable either to avert the blow, or to revenge it. We continued repeatedly to traverse with a dull monotonous uniformity the same tedious circle of temporary expedient and timid remonstrance. Our senses were apoplexed; and the only melancholy consolation for our abject estate was, that the acuteness of our' injuries seemed to be blunted by the accumulated weight of their pressure, and their number to be lost in their magnitude.

Yet it might be observed, in palliation of that long acquiescence under oppression which our ancestors exhibited, that Charles the Second had the art to clothe his domination in a specious garb, and to give a sort of recommendation to slavery by the trappings and garniture in which he arrayed it. He did

He did not dare to insult the feelings of the nation by requiring their acceptance of an undisguised and unequivocal servitude, presented to their sight in all the nakedness of its genuine deformity. He warily compromised with the understandings of his people, and made a show and display of conferring with them on their own concerns.

And so long, indeed, our ancestors, living under the delusion of freedom, and cajoled by the arts of government into the belief of a rational power over their own actions, were at no pains to investigate the fact

, how far they were blessed with the real substance of liberty, and how far they were mocked with the pageant and the name. They still retained the disposition to be free, but they submitted tu the continual accumulations of their burdens, as being not fully sensible of their increasing enormity. Their spirit was alive, but their senses were benumbed. They were still in their hearts a liberal and a generous people, and if they had not thought they were freemen, they would not have endured to be slaves. Acting under the influence of prejudice, and the dominion of habit, and naturally reluctant to search into the truth of doctrines which they had long imbibed, they did not care to inquire about their original rights, and the various modes by which the exercise of those rights was incessantly abridged.

But, when James the Second succeeded to the throne, he resolved to advance with rampant and gigantic strides to the utmost verge of arbitrary power, and scorned to use any stage or resting place in the progress of his accelerated despotism. Then at last, when the side of the nation was openly pierced with the deadliest arrow of destruction, the shriek of agonizing liberty resounded through the plains and the cities of this affrighted isle. It was then that we indignantly refused to “ let our beards be shook with danger, and to think it pastime." Then it was, that we began to

« 上一頁繼續 »