« 上一頁繼續 »
further object is to encourage the construction of necessary public improvements in all communities as memorials, suitably dedicated to the heroism of the Jersey boys of 1918. As a State we shall want to encourage these practical plans in every possible way, and legislation will probably be submitted to you to give municipalities more power in this connection.
HISTORY OF JERSEYMEN IN THE WAR.
All of us are so proud of the courageous achievements and recognized efficiency of Jerseymen in the war, so deeply appreciative of their noble sacrifices, that we would do more than celebrate, erect memorials and provide opportunity in civil life for those so fortunate as to return to us. We would collect and preserve and hand down to posterity the glorious record of their unselfish dedication and fine patriotism. I most earnestly ask for legislation authorizing and financing the preparation and publication of an official honor roll which will contain a complete historical sketch of every Jersey soldier's participation in the greatest war of all history. In order that this important work may be carried out thoroughly and expeditiously, under some responsible State head and yet without necessitating the creation of any new bureaus or boards when our present policy is to consolidate and co-ordinate governmental machinery, I suggest that in this legislation the State Librarian be charged with the responsibility of successfully completing this task, at a proper additional compensation, in order that the appropriation may be expended under his personal direction and supervision, and conducted in co-operation and collaboration with the State Adjutant General and such Federal departments as may be found necessary.
ENCOURAGEMENT OF EDUCATION IN HEALTH.
Public health as a responsibility of government has taken on new importance as a result of war-taught lessons. The operation of the national selective service regulations disclosed a percentage of physical disability wholly inexcusable in an enlightened age. Practically one-third of those called in the draft were found physically defective. What a travesty on our present policy in this connection, and what an opportunity for a real State investment! Our duty is to correct it by paying more attention to child hygiene, and I recommend not only that you continue to give the State's financial support to the Federal-State campaign of education, but also that you revise the school laws of the State in order that this vital subject of child hygiene be given the relative position among functions of the public school that its importance demands. The war has taught us the value of preventive medicines and given physicians and nurses equal eminence as educators with teachers in our schools and colleges. It has taught us the necessity of a new and more understandable relationship between the home, the school and the factory; that we must employ the powers of government to protect the bodies of our school children and our young workers from impairment, to save their brains and their souls from starvation.
PRACTICAL MEASURES AGAINST VENEREAL DISEASES.
One of the gravest public evils and dangers greatly emphasized, if not entirely disclosed, by the war calls aloud for intelligent, concerted public treatment. I refer to the alarming prevalence of venereal disease. Neither a false sense of the delicacy of the subject nor a natural desire to shift responsibility for a complex problem to the medical profession should influence us against facing this condition very frankly and using the powers of government to improve it in the interests of humanity. An official United States Army report informs us that three per cent. of the million draftees whose examination blanks first reached the Adjutant General's office in Washington had a venereal disease when they reported at camp; that out of every one hundred men reporting from New Jersey in this first class of a million draftees one and fifty-five hundredths per cent. was afflicted. I am informed that over six thousand cases were under treatment at Camp Dix during a period of about six months; that the treatment of such cases at Camp Dix alone cost the Government something like $70,000 per month, not to mention the fact that of course the victims were useless from a military standpoint, and therefore added so much to the average cost per man of equipping the soldier for fighting. Reliable surgeons inform me that all of these cases were contracted prior to enlistment; that the men in many cases labored under the impression that they did not have the disease, owing to the faulty character of the treatment which they had received either from the drug store or from physicians unskilled in the special treatment required. Of course, all this ugly evidence discloses the lack and the vital necessity of some established place in all large.communities where the proper treatment for these diseases may be had. I appreciate that New Jersey has legislation which makes the reporting of venereal disease cases obligatory. Reporting is all right as far as it goes, but the mere reporting of a disease neither prevents nor cures it. What is most needed is an easily accessible place where the right kind of treatment may be given without cost or embarrassment. Under the terms of the Chamberlain-Kahn bill New Jersey has received an appropriation of about $27,000 from the Federal Government for the campaign against venereal diseases, and the Federal Director for New Jersey is established here and doing good work. I understand that hereafter no appropriation will be forthcoming from the Federal Government for this purpose unless the State itself makes an appropriation, in which event the United States will duplicate the State appropriation up to $27,000. I very strongly urge the passage of an act which will not only fix a sum for New Jersey to appropriate in connection with the Federal plan of co-operation, but which will also, in some practicable way and under the Federal Director as a general State supervisor, encourage all larger municipalities and counties where no large cities are located to establish and maintain dispensaries in connection with municipal or other hospitals, or, apart from such institution, where venereal disease may be treated free of charge and under the direction of competent physicians and surgeons responsible to the local governments and to the State. It occurs to me that our State policy toward the effective treatment of tuberculosis could be made to apply in a very practical way to the venereal disease scourge. Some New Jersey cities are voluntarily experimenting with intensive treatment of venereal diseases, but the effort should be uniform throughout the State since the disease is confined to no particular locality.
ADDED POWER FOR HEALTH AUTHORITIES.
I would also call your attention to the necessity of clothing our State Department of Health with added powers in order that it may the more adequately cope with general epidemics; that is, epidemics which are not confined to any one locality, such as occurred recently in endeavoring to carry out a State policy to meet the ravages of influenza. The department should have full power to enforce necessary quarantine regulations anywhere.
I have already recommended that the school laws be changed so that additional means may be found for the re-education of wounded soldiers and sailors, and in order that more attention be given to the physical well-being of our young manhood and womanhood. In addition to this I understand that a comprehensive report will be made to you by the Legislative Committee, which for some time has been investigating the school laws with a view to necessary revision. I recommend laws which will carry out the practical recommendations of this committee.
A NEW VISION FOR THE PUBLIC SCHOOL.
Conditions existing previous to our participation in the world war disclosed the fact that heretofore our devotion to the fundamental principle of an open door to all nationalities asking political and religious freedom has blinded us to the necessity, as a matter of self-preservation, of the prompt Americanization of foreigners voluntarily taking up their residence in America. As a factor in such Americanization the potency and effectiveness of the public school system cannot be overestimated. The language and customs of America, including the political fundamentals upon which this government was erected, and the duties and responsibilities of citizenship, should take on new importance in the public school curriculum. A way must be found to teach them by the same practical and resultful method which has enabled hundreds of thousands of American boys, devoting only a few hours each week to the study of French during the period of military service of only six months in France, to speak French very comfortably and with an average vocabulary of a thousand words. I speak of this because it seems to me to contrast very sharply with the fact that in the past the average student of our school and college has shown considerably less mastery of foreign language after from four to six years of effort. In our revision of the school laws I believe we at all times should give preference to the practical over the purely theoretical; that we should guard our schools no less against the selfish or misguided schemes of the faddists than against the passiveness and idolatry of the past which keeps us in a rut. Legislation tending to further remove the schools from political control and to attract to the teaching profession through adequate salaries and congenial environments men and women of high attainment and ambition to serve commensurate with their ability, will assist us to reach the goal so much sought in public education.
FUTURE MILITARY POLICY OF STATE.
It is much too early to formulate a definite military policy for the State. This, of course, must be wholly contingent on the military policy definitely adopted for the future by the Federal Government. Our National Guard lost its former unit identity in the process of federalization. Will there be a National Guard in the future? Will the National Guard Army be discharged as U. S. N. G. A. Reserves ? Will the status and the national policy be such that the States would be in a position, if they saw fit, to revive National Guard organizations as such ? The answers to these propositions can be merely conjectured. In the meantime, I conceive it to be our duty to continue and encourage in every possible way the present State Militia. Further, I recommend that you provide any additional legislation that may be needed to continue, until we see further, the State Militia Reserves, for like the State Council of Defense, these local organizations will prove helpful in the work of reconstruction and industrial adjust