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HE Commons, faithful to their system, remained in a wise and masterly inactivity.

Vindicia Gallica.


HENRY LEE. 1756-1818.

the memory of the man, first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his fellow


From the Resolutions presented to the House of Representatives, on the Death of General Washington, December, Marshall's Life of Washington.



MILLIONS for defence, but not one cent for tri

bute. When Ambassador to the French Republic, 1796.

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MADAME ROLAND. 1775-1793.

LIBERTY! liberty! how many crimes are committed in thy name.

*To the memory of the man, first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen.-Eulogy delivered by Gen. Lee, Dec. 25, 1799. Memoirs of Lee.


ROBERT EMMET. 1780-1803.

ET there be no inscription upon my tomb; let no man write.my epitaph; no man can write my


Speech on his Trial and Conviction for High
Treason, September, 1803.


DANIEL WEBSTER. 1782-1852.

INK or swim, live or die, survive or perish, I give my hand and my heart to this vote.*

Eulogy on Adams and Jefferson, Aug. 2, 1826.

Independence now and Independence for ever. †


When my eyes shall be turned to behold for the last time the sun in heaven, may I not see him shining on the broken and dishonoured fragments of a once glorious Union; on States dissevered, discordant, belligerent; on a land rent with civil feuds, or drenched, it may be, in fraternal blood.

Second Speech on Foot's Resolution.

* Mr. Adams, describing a conversation with Jonathan Sewall, in 1774, says, 'I answered, that the die was now cast; I had passed the Rubicon. Swim or sink, live or die, survive or perish with my country, was my unalterable determination.'-Adams' Works, vol. iv.

+ Mr. Webster says of Mr. Adams, 'On the day of his death, hearing the noise of bells and cannon, he asked the occasion. On being reminded that it was "Independent Day," he replied, "Independence for ever."'— Webster's Works, vol. i. p. 150.

Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable. Second Speech on Foot's Resolution.

We wish that this column, rising towards heaven among the pointed spires of so many temples dedicated to God, may contribute also to produce, in all minds, a pious feeling of dependence and gratitude. We wish, finally, that the last object to the sight of him who leaves his native shore, and the first to gladden his who revisits it, may be something which shall remind him of the liberty and the glory of his country. Let it rise! let it rise, till it meet the sun in his coming; let the earliest light of the morning gild it, and the parting day linger and play on its summit.

Address on Laying the Corner-Stone of the
Bunker Hill Monument, 1825.

He smote the rock of the national resources, and abundant streams of revenue gushed forth. He touched the dead corpse of Public Credit, and it sprung upon its feet.*

Speech on Hamilton, March, 1831.

On this question of principle, while actual suffering was yet afar off, they (the Colonies) raised their flag against a power, to which, for purposes of foreign conquest and subjugation, Rome, in the height of her glory, is not to be compared ; a power which has dotted over the surface of the whole globe with her possessions and military posts, whose morning-drum beat, following the sun, and keeping company with the hours,

* He it was that first gave to the law the air of a science. He found it a skeleton, and clothed it with life, colour, and complexion; he enbraced the cold statue, and by his touch it grew into youth, health, and beauty.-BARRY YELVERTON (Lord Avonmore) on Blackstone.

circles the earth with one continuous and unbroken strain of the martial airs of England.*

Speech, May 7, 1834.

Sea of up-turned faces. +

Speech, September 30, 1842.



ET the soldier be abroad if he will, he can do nothing in this age. There is another personage, a personage less imposing in the eyes of some, perhaps insignificant. The school-master is abroad, and I trust to him, armed with his primer against the soldier in full military array. Speech, January 29, 1828.

* Why should the brave Spanish soldier brag the sun never sets in the Spanish dominions, but ever shineth on one part or other we have conquered for our king.-Capt. John Smith, Advertisements for the Unexperienced, etc. Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. 3d Ser. Vol. iii. p. 49.

I am called

The richest monarch in the Christian world;

The sun in my dominions never sets.

Ich heisse

Der reichste Mann in der getauften Welt;

Die Sonne geht in meinem Staat nicht unter.

SCHILLER. Don Karlos. Acti. Sc. 6.

The stake I play for is immense-I will continue in my own dynasty the family system of the Bourbons, and unite Spain for ever to the destinies of France. Remember that the sun never sets on the immense

empire of Charles V. (Napoleon, February 1807).-WALTER SCOTT. Life of Napoleon.

This phrase, commonly supposed to have originated with Mr. Webster, is from Rob Roy, vol. i. ch. xx.



WILLIAM L. MARCY. 1786-1857.


HEY see nothing wrong in the rule that to the victors belong the spoils of the enemy.

Speech in the United States Senate. January, 1832.


RUFUS CHOATE. 1799-1859.

'HERE was a State without king or nobles; there was a church without a bishop; there was a people governed by grave magistrates which it had selected, and equal laws which it had framed.

Speech before the New England Society, New York.
December 22, 1843.

We join ourselves to no party that does not carry the flag and keep step to the music of the Union. Letter to the Whig Convention.

Its constitution the glittering and sounding generalities of natural right which make up the Declaration of Independence. Letter to the Maine Whig Committee.

THOMAS B. MACAULAY. 1800-1859.

HE (the Roman Catholic Church) may still exist


in undiminished vigour, when some traveller from New Zealand shall, in the midst of a vast soli

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