Come, Desdemona ; 'tis the soldiers' life, vice in her goodness, not to do more than sbe To have their balmy'slumbers wak’d with strife. is requested: This broken joint, between you

[Exeunt all but lago and Cassio. and her husband, entreat her to splinter; and, lago. What, are you hurt, lieutenant ? my fortunes against any lay* worth namiog, Cas. Ay, past all surgery.

this crack of your love shall grow stronger tban Jago. Marry, heaven forbid !

it was before. Cas. Reputation, reputation, reputation! 0, Cas. You advise me well. I have lost my reputation! I have lost the im. lago. ! protest in the sincerity of love, and mortal part, Sir, of myself; and what reinains honest kindness. is bestial.-My reputation, lago, my reputa- Cas. I think it freely; and, betimes in the tion.

morning, I will beseech the virtuous Desde. lago. As I am an honest man, I thought you mona to undertake for me: I am desperate of had received some bodily wouod; there is my fortunes, if they check me here. more offence in that, than in reputation. Re- Tago. You are in the right. Good night, putation is an idle and most false imposition; lieutenant; I must to the watch. oft got without merit, and lost without deserv- Cas. Good night, honest lago. (Exit Cassio. ing: You have lost no reputation at all, unless lago. And what's he then, that says,-1 play you repute yourself such a loser. What, man!

the villain ? there are ways to recover the general agaip: When this advice is free, I give, and honest, You are but now cast in his mood,* a punish. Probal to thinking, and (indeed) the course ment more in policy than in malice; even so To win the Moor again? For, 'tis most easy as one would beat his offenceless dog, to af. The inclining Desdemona to subdue fright an imperious lion: sue to him again, In any honest suit; she's fram'd as fruitfult and he's yours.

As the free elements. And then for her Cas. I will rather sue to be despis’d, than To win the Moor,-were't to rebounce his to deceive so good a commander, with so slight, baptism, so drunken, and so indiscreet an officer. Drunk? All seals and symbols of redeemed sin, and speak parrot ?t and squabble? swagger? | His soul is so enfetter'd to her love, swear? and discourse fustian with one's own That she may make, unmake, do what she list, shadow ?–0 thou invisible spirit of wine, if Even as her appetite shall play the god thou hast no name to be known by, let us call With his weak function. 'How am I then a thee--devil !

villain, lago. What was he that you followed with To counsel Cassio to this parallelt course, your sword? What had he done to you? Directly to his good? Divinity of hell! Cas. I know not.

When devils will their blackest sins put on, Iago. Is it possible?

They do suggestø at first with heavenly shows, Cas. I remember a mass of things, but As I do now: For while this honest fool nothing distinctly; a quarrel, but nothing Plies Desdemona to repair his fortuges, wherefore.—0, that men should put an enemy And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, in their mouths, to steal away their brains! I'll pour this pestilence into his ear,that we should, with joy, revel, pleasure, and That she repealsıl him for her body's Just; applause, transform ourselves into beasts'! And, by how much she strives to do him good,

Jago. Why, but you are now well enough: She shall undo her credit with the Moor. How came you thus recovered ?

So will I turn her virtue into pitch; Cas. It bath pleased the devil, drunkenness, Add out of her own goodness make the net, to give place to the devil, wrath: one unper- That shall enmesh them all.—How pow, Rofectness shows me another, to make me frankly

derigo ? despise myself. lago. Come, you are too severe a moraler:

Enter RODERIGO. As the time, the place, and the condition of this Rod. I do follow here in the chase, not like country stands, I could heartily wish this had a hound that hunts, but one that fills up the not befallen; but, since it is as it is, mend it cry. My money is almost spent; I have been for your own good,

to-night exceedingly well cudgelled; and, Cas. I will ask him for my place again; he think, the issue will be-I shall have so much shall tell me, I am a drunkard! Had I as experience for my pains: and so, with no many mouths as Hydra, such an answer would money at all, and a little more wit, return to stop them all. To be now a sensible man, by Venice. and by a fool, and presently a beast! O straoge! lugo. How poor are they, that have pot pa. -Every inordinale cup is unblessed, and the

tience! ingredient is a devil.

What wound did ever heal, but by degrees? lago. Come, come, good wine is a good fa- Thou know'st we work by wit, and not by miliar creature, if it be well used; exclaim no

witchcraft; more against it. And, good lieutenant, I think, And wit depends on dilatory time. you think I love you.

Does't not go well? Cassio hath beaten thee,, Cas. I have well approved it, Sir.-I drunk ! And thou, by that small hurt, hath cashier'a lago. You, or any man living, may be druck

Cassio : at some time, man. I'll tell you what you shall Though other things grow fair against the sun, do. Our general's wife is now the general; Yet fruits, that blossom first, will first be ripe : I may say so in this respect, for that he hath Content thyself awhile.-By the mass, 'tis devoted and given up himself to the contem

morning; plation, mark, and denotement of her parts and Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem graces:-confess yourself freely to her; im

short. portune her; she'll help to put you in your Retire thee; go where thou art billeted: place again: she is of so free, so kind, so apt, Away, 1 say; thou shalt know more hereafter: so blessed a disposition, that she holds ii a

* Bet, or wager. + Liberal, bountiful. Dismissed in his anger. + Talk idly.


0 Recalle

t Eveil.

953 Nay, get thee gone. (Exit Rod.) Two things For your displeasure;* but all will soon be well. are to be done,

The general, and his wife, are talking of it, My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress; And she speaks for you stoutly: The Moor re. I'll set her on;

plies, Myself, the while, to draw the Moor apart, That he, you hurt, is of great fame in Cyprus, And bring him jump* when he may Cassio And great afinity; and that, in wholesome find

wisdom, Soliciting his wife:-Ay, that's the way; He might not but refuse you: but, ne protests, Dull not device by coldness and delay. (Exit.

he loves you;

And needs no other suitor, but his likings, ACT III.

To take the saf'st occasion by the front,

To bring you in again.
SCENE I.-Before the Castle.

Cas. Yet, I beseech you,-
Enter Cassio, und some Musicians. If you think fit, or that it may be done,
Cas. Masters, play here, I will content your With Desdemona alone.

Give me advantage of some brief discourse pains,

Emil. Pray you, come in ; Something that's brief; and bid-good-mor- I will bestow you where you shall have time row, general.

[Music. To speak your bosom freely.

Cas. I am much bound to you.
Enter CLOWN.

[Exeunt. Clo. Why, masters, have your instruments

SCENE II.-A Room in the Castle. been at Naples, that they speak i'the nose thus ?

Enter Othello, Iago, and Gentlemen. 1 Mus. How, Sir, how!

Clo. Are these, I pray you, called wind in- Oth. These letters give, lago, to the pilot; struments?

And, by him, do my duties to the state: 1 Mus. Ay, marry, are they, Sir.

That done, I will be walking on the works, Clo. O, thereby hangs a tail.

Repair there to me. 1 Mus. Whereby hangs a tale, Sir?

lugo. Well, my good lord, I'll do't. Clo. Marry, Sir, by many a wind instrument oth. This fortification, gentlemen,--shall we that I know. But, masters, here's money for

see't ? you : and the general so likes your music, that Gent. We'll wait upon your lordship. he desires you, of all loves, to make no more

[Ereunt noise with it. 1 Mus. Well, Sir, we will not.

SCENE III.-Before the Castle. Clo. If you have any music that may not be heard, to't agaio: but, as they say, to hear Enter DESDEMONA, Cassio, and EMILIA. music, the general does not greatly care. I Mus. We have none such, Sir.

Des. Be thou assur'd, good Cassio, I will do Clo. Then put up your pipes in your bag, for All my abilities in thy behalf. I'll away: Go; vanish into air; away.

Emil. Good madam, do; I know it grieves [Exeunt Musicians.

my husband, Cas. Dost thou hear, my honest friend?

As if the case were his. Clo. No, I hear not your honest friend. I Des, O, that's an honest fellow.-Do not

doubt, Cassio, Cas. Pr’ythee, keep up thy quillets. There's But I will have my lord and you again a poor piece of gold for thee: if the gentlewo- As friendly as you were. man that attends the general's wife, be stir

Cas. Bounteous madam, ring, tell her, there's one Cassio entreats her a Whatever shall become of Michael Cassio, little favour of speech: Wilt thou do this ? He's never any thing but your true servant.

Clo. She is stirring, Sir; if she will stir hi- Des. O, Sir, I thank you: You do love my ther, I shall seem to notify unto her. (Exit.


You have known him long; and be you well Enter Iago,


He shall in strangeness stand no further off
Cus. Do, good my friend.-In happy time, Than in a politic distance.

Cas. Ay, but, lady,
lago. You have not been a-bed then? That policy may either last so long,
Cas. Why, do; the day had broke

Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,
Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago,

Or breed itself so out of circumstance,
To send in to your wife: My suit to her That, I being absent, and my place supplied,
Is, that she will to virtuous Desdemona My general will forget my love and service.
Procure me some access.

Des. Do not doubt that; before Emilia here,
lago. I'll send her to you presently; I give thee warrant of thy place: assure thee,
And I'll devise a mean to draw the Moor If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it
Out of the way,
that your converse and busi. To the last article: my lord shall never rest;

I'll watch him tame,t and talk bim out of paMay be more free.


tience; Cas. I humbly thank you for't. I never knew His bed shall seem a school, his board a sbrift; 4 Florentine more kind and honest.

I'll intermingle every thing he does

With Cassio's suit: Therefore be merry, Cas-
Enter Emilia.

For thy solicitor shall rather die, (sio;
Emil. Good morrow, good lieutenant: I am Than give thy cause away.

* The displeasure you have incurred from Othello. Just at the time,

† Hawks are tamed by keeping them from sleep. † Nice distinctions.

hear you.


6 D

teach you;

Enter OTHELLO, and Jago, at a distance. It shall be full of poize" and difficulty, *Emil. Madam, here comes

And fearsul to be granted.

Oth. I will deny thee nothing :
My lord.
Cus. Madam, I'll take my leave.

Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me this, Des. Why, stay,

To leave me but a little to myself. And hear me speak.

Des. Shall I deny you? no: Farewell, my Cas. Madain, not now; I am very ill at ease,

lord. Unfit for nine own purposes.

Oth. Farewell, my Desdemona: I will come Des. Well, well,

to thee straight. Do your discretion.

[Erit Cassio.

Des. Emilia, come:-Be it as your fancies lago. Ha! I like not that. Oth. What dost thou say?

Whate'er you be, I am obedient. lago. Nothing, my lord : or if, I know not

[Erit, with EMILIA. what.

Oth. Excellent wretch! Perdition catch my Oth. Was not that Cassio, parted from my But I do love thee! and when I love thee pot,

soul, wife?

Chaos is come again. Iago. Cassio, my lord ? No, sure, I cannot think it,

Iago. My noble lord,That he would steal away so guilty-like,

Oih. What dost thou say, lago? Seeing you coming.

lago. Did Michael Cassio, when you woo'd Oth, I do believe 'twas he.

my lady, Des. How now, my lord ?

Know of your love? I have been talking with a suitor here,

Oth. He did, from first to last: Why dost

thou ask? A man that languishes in your displeasure. Oth. Who is't you mean?

Iago. But for a satisfaction of my thought; Des. Why, your lieutenant Cassio. Good No further harm. my lord,

Oth. Why of thy thought, lago? If I have any grace, or power to move you,

lago. I did not ihink, he had been acquaintHis present reconciliation take;

ed with her. For, if he be not one that truly loves you,

Oth. O, yes; and went between us very oft. That errs in ignorance, and not in cunning

logo. Indeed ? I have no judgement in an honest face:

Oth. Indeed! ay, indeed:-Discern'st thou I pr’ythee, call him back.

anght in that?

Is he not honest?
Oth. Went he hence now?
Des. Ay, sooth; so humbled,

lago. Honest, my lord ? That he hath left part of his grief with me;

Oth. Ay, honest. I suffer with him.' Good love, call him back.

lago. My lord, for aught I know.

Oth. What dost thou think? Oth. Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other time.

lago. Think, my lord ? Des. But shall't be shortly?

Oth. Think, my lord! Oth. The sooner, sweet, for you.

By heaven, he echoes me, Des. Shall't be to-night at supper?

As if there were some monster in his thought Oth. No, not to-night.

Too hideous to be shown.-Thou dost mean Des. To-morrow dinner then?


(thai, Oth. I shall not dine at home;

I heard thee say but now,- Thou lik'dst not I meet the captains at the citadel.

When Cassio left my wife; What didst bot

like? Des. Why then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday morn;

[morn ;

And, when I told thee-he was of my counsel Or Tuesday noon, or night; or wednesday In my whole course of wooing, thou criedsi,

Indeed? I pray thee, name the time; but let it not

(ther, Exceed three days: in faith, he's penitent;

And didst contract and purse thy brow togeAnd yet his trespass, in our common reason,

As if thou then had'st shut up in thy brain (Save that, they say, the wars must make ex

Some horrible conceit: If thou dost love me, amples

Show me thy thought. Out of their best,t) is not almost a fault

lago. My lord, you know I love you. To incur a private check: When shall he coine?

Oth. I think, thou dost;

(honesty, Tell me, Othello. I wonder in my soul,

And,--for I know thou art full of love and What you could ask me, that I should deny,

And weigh'st thy words before thou giv'st Or stand so mammerington. What! Michael Therefore these stops of thine fright me the

them breath,

[more: Cassio,

[time, That came a wooing with you; and many a

For such things in a false disloyal knave, When I have spoke of you dispraisingly,

Are tricks of custom; but, in a man that's just, Hath ta’en your part; to have so much to do They are close denotements, working from the

[heart, To bring him in! Trust me, I could do that passion cannot rule. much,

lago. For Michael Cassio, Oth. Pr’ythee, no more: let bim come when I dare be sworn, I think that he is honest.

Oth. I think so too. he will; I will deny thee nothing.

Iago. Men should be what they seem; Des. Why, this is not a boon;

Or, those that be not, 'would they might seem

none ! 'Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves, Or feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you

Oth. Certain, men should be what they seem. Or sue to you to do peculiar profit (warm;

lago. Why, then, To your own person: Nay, when I have a suit, I think that Cassio is an honest man. Wherein I mean to tauch your love indeed,

Oth. Nay, yet there's more in this:

I pray thee, speak to me as to ihy thipkings, * Knowledge.

+ Best men, Hesitating

• Weight


sio ;

As thou dost ruminate; and give thy worst | Where virtue is, these are more virtuous :* of thoughts

Nor from mine own weak merits will I draw The worst of words.

The smallest fear, or doubt of her revolt; Tago. Good my lord, pardon me;

For she had eyes, and chose me: No, lago; Though I am bound to every act of duty, I'll see, before I doubt; when I doubt, prove; I am not bound to that all slaves are free to. And, on the proof, there is no more but Utter my thoughts? Why, say, they are vile Away at once with love, or jealousy. [this,and false,

lago. I anı glad of this, for now I shall have As where's that palace, whereinto foul things Sometimes intrude oot? who has a breast so To show the love and duty that I bear you But some uncleanly apprehensions (pure, With franker spirit: therefore, as I am bound, Keep leets,* and law-days, and in session sit Receive it from me:-I speak not yet of proof. With meditations lawful?

Look to your wife; observe her well with CasOth. Thou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago,

Wear your eye-thus, not jealous, nor secure: If thou but think'st him wrong’d, and mak’st I would not have your free and noble nature, his ear

Out of self-bounty, be abus'd; look to't: A stranger to thy thoughts.

I know our country disposition well; lago. I do beseech you,

In Venice they do let heaven see the pranks Though I, perchance, am vicious in my guess, They dare not show their husbands; their best As, I consess, it is my nature's plague

conscience To spy into abuses; and, oft, my jealousy, Is-not to leave undone, but keep unknown. Shapes faults that are not,-I entreat you then, Oth. Dost thou say so? From one that so imperfectly conjects,t

Iugo. She did deceive her father, marrying You'd take no notice; nor build yourself a

you ; trouble

And, when she seem'd to shake, and fear Out of his scattering and unsure observance:

your looks, It were not for your quiet, nor your good,

She lov'd them most. Nor for my manhood, honesty, or wisdom, Oth. And so she did. To let you know my thoughts.

lago. Why, go to, then; • Oth. What dost thou mean?

She that, so young, could give out sucb a lugo. Good name, in man, and woman, dear

seeming,t my lord,

To seelt ber father's eyes up, close as oak,Is the immediaté jewel of their souls : He thought, 'twas witchcraft :-But I ark Who steals my purse, steals trash; 'tis some

much to blame; thing, nothing;

I humbly do beseech you of your pardon, "Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to For too much loving you. thousands;

Oth. I am bound to thee for ever. But he, that filches from me my good name, Iago. I see, this hath a little dash'd your Robs me of that, which not enriches him,

spirits. And makes me poor indeed.

Oth. Not a jot, not a jot.
Oth. By heaven, I'll know thy thought. lago. Trust me, I fear it has.
Iago. You cannot, if my heart were in your I hope, you will consider, what is spoke

Comes from my love ;-But, I do see you are Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody.

mov'd:Oth. Ha!

I am to pray you, not to strain my speech Iago. O, beware, my lord, of jealousy; To grosser issues, $ nor to larger reach, It is the green-ey'd monster, which doth mock Than to suspicion. The meat it feeds on: That cuckold lives in Oth. I will not. bliss,

[er; lago. Should you do so, my lord, Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wrong. My speech should fall into such vile success But, 0, what damned minutes tells he o'er, As my thoughts aim not at. Cassio's my worthy Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly

friend :loves!

My lord, I see you are mov'd. Oth. O misery!

Oth. No, not much mov'd :lago. Poor, and content, is rich, and rich I do not think but Desdemona's honest. enough;

lago. Long live she so! and long live you to But riches, fiveless,f is as poor as winter,

think so! To him that ever fears he shall be poor:

Oth. And yet, how nature erring from Good heaven, the souls of all my tribe defend

itself,From jealousy!

lago. Ay, there's the point:-As-to be bold Oth. Why? why is this? Think'st thou, I'd make a life of jealousy, Not to affect many proposed matches, To follow still the changes of the moon Of her own clime, complexion, and degree; With fresh suspicions ? No: to be once in Whereto, we see, in all things nature tends: doubt,

Igoat, Foh! one may smell, in such, a will must Is-once to be resolv'd: Exchange me for a

rank, When I shall turn the business of my soul Foul disproportion, thoughts unnatural.To such exsufflicate and blown surmises, But pardon me; I do not, in position, Matching thy inference. "Tis not to make me Distinctly speak of her: though may fear, jealous,

(pany, Her will, recoiling to her better judgement, To say-my wife is fair, feeds well, loves com- May fall to match you with her country forms, Is free of speech, sings, plays, and dances And (happily) repent. well;

*" Which makes fair gifts fairer." + Appearance * Courts of Enquiry. + Conjectures

* An expression from laxconry: to seel a hawk is to rew 1 Endless, unbounded.

up his eye lids.


with you,

me DOW

Oth. Farewell, farewell:

(For he conjur'd her, she would ever keep it,) If more thou dost perceive, let me know more; That she reserves it evermore about her, Set on thy wife to observe: Leave me, Iago. To kiss, and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en Iago. My lord, I take my leave. [Going. And give it Iago:

(out, Oth. Why did I marry ?- This honest crea- What he'll do with it, heaven knows, not l; ture, doubtless,

[upfolds. I nothing, but to please bis fantasy. Sees and knows more, much more, than he

Enter Iago. lugo. My lord, I would, I might entreat your honour

Jago. How now! what do you here alone! To scan this thing no further; leave it to time:

Emil. Do not you chide; I have a thing for And though it be fit that Cassio have his place,

you. (For, sure, he fills it up with great ability,)

Iago. A thing for me?-It is a common thing,

Emil. Ha!
Yet, if you please to hold him off awhile,
You shall by that perceive bim and his means:

lugo. To have a foolish wife. Note, if your lady strain his entertainment*

Emil, O, is that all? What will you give With any strong or vehement opportunity; Much will be seen in that. In the meantime,

For that same handkerchief? Let me be thought too busy in iny fears,

lago. What handkerchief?

Emil. What handkerchief? (As worthy cause I have, to fear--I am,) And hold her free, I do beseech your honour.

Why, that the Moor first gave to Desdemona; Oth. Fear not my government.

Tbat which so often you did bid me steal. lago. I once more take my leave. [Erit.

lago. Hast stolen it from her! oth. This fellow's of exceeding honesty,

Emil. No, faith ; she let it drop by negli. And knows all qualities, with a learned spirit,

gence; Of human dealings: If I do prove her hag? And, to the advantage, I being here, took't op. gard,


Look, here it is. Though that her jesses were my dear heart

Jago, A good wench: give it me. I'd whistle her off, and let'her down the wind,

Emil. What will you do with it, that you

have been so earnest
To prey at fortune. Haply, for I am black;
And have not those soft parts of conversation to have me filch it?
That chamberers have :-Or, for I am de.

lugo. Why, what's that to you?

(Snatching it. Into the vale of years ;-yet that's not much;

Emil. If it be not for some purpose of imShe's gone; I am abus’d; and my relief

port, Must be to loathe her. () curse of marriage,

Give it me again: Poor lady! she'll run mad,

When she shall lack it.
That we can call these delicate creatures ours,
And not their appetites! I had rather be a

Iago. Be not you known of’t;* I have use

for it. toad,

Go, leave me. And live upon the vapour of a dungeon,

(Exit EMILIA. Than keep a corner in the thing I love, (ones; And let himn find it: Iritles, light as air,

I will in Cassio's lodging lose this napkin, For others' uses. Yet, 'tis the plague of great | Are, to the jealous, confirmation strong Prerogativ'd are they less than the base; "Tis destiny upshunnable, like death;

As proofs of holy writ. This may do someEven then this forked plague is fated to us,

thing. When we do quicken.|| Desdemona comes :

The Moor already changes with my poison :

Dangerous conceits are, in their natures, pois Enter DESDEMONA, and EMILIA.


(taste; If she be false, 0, then heaven mocks itself!- Which, at the first, are scarce found to disI'll not believe it.

But, with a little act upon the blood, (50% Des. How now, my dear Othello?

Burn like the mines of sulphur.--I did say Your dinner, and the generous islanders,

(Enter OTHELLO. By you invited, do attend your presence. Oth. I am to blame.

Look where he comes! Not poppy, nor manDes. Why is your speech so faint? are you Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world,

dragora,t not well? Oth. I have a pain upon my forehead here.

Sball ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep Des. Faith, that's with watching ; 'twill Which thou ow’dst; yesterday,

Oth. Ha! ha! false to me?
away again :

To me ?
Let me but bind it hard, within this hour
It will be well.

lago. Why, how now, general ? no more of

that. Oth. Your napkins is too little; (He puts thé Handkerchief from him, and it

Oth. Avaunt! begone! thou hast set me on

the rack: drops. Let it alone. - Come, I'll go in with you.

I swear, 'tis better to be much abus’d,

Than but to know't a little. Des. I am very sorry that you are not well.

Iago. How now, my lord ? [Exeunt OTH. and Des. Emil. I am glad I have found this napkin;

oth. What sense had I of her stolen hours

of lust? This was ber first remembrance from the Moor: My wayward husband hath a hundred times

saw it not, thought it not, it harm'd oot me: Woo'd me to steal it: but she so loves the I slept the next night well, was free and token,


I found not Cassio's kisses on her lips : * Press hard his re-admission to his say and office. He that is robb’d, not wanting what is stolen. + A species of hawk, also a term of reproach applied to a Let him not know it, and he's not robb'd at all.

wanton. Straps of leather by which a hawk is beld on the fist.

lago. I am sorry to hear this. Men of intrigue. I When we begin to live.

Seem as if you knew nothing of the matter. I In the north of England and in Scotland this term for a

+ The mandrake has a soporific quality. handkerchief is still used.

* Possessed'st,

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