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ON THE ANTIQUITY OF THE UNIVER ported also to have penned a general SITY OF CAMBRIDGE.
Chronicle of England.”. Yet of such
little account was he, that by Bellar. (From Mr. Dyer's History of the
mine, whose business was to chronicle University and Colleges of Cam
such chroniclers, be is not once men. bridge, vol. I.)
tioned ||. But, it appears, he was T should seem that, in describing a Prior of a Monastery of Carmelites
Friars A. D. 1441. for genuine sons to suppress partial As to the Black Book, the little regards. Gratitude is apt to grow credit due to that depends not merely overfond, Curiosity to become super on the assertions or solitary proofs of stitious: and hence men give to an Oxford Antiquaries. They, indeed, tiquity what is due only to truth. have been as violent in opposing its Thus we are told by some, that Cam claim, as some Cantabrigians have bridge was founded in the year of the been rash in its support. Nor can world 4321*; by others in 3588, i.e. we wonder that, when one Cambridge 375 years before Christt. Then it Orator supported the superior antiwas, they say, when Cambridge was quity of his University, by a desperate formed into a seat of literature by appeal to this book of fables, an one Cantaber, a Spaniard, and from Oxford Orator 1, the assertor of the bim called Cantabrigia. Very early superior antiquity of his University, they iotroduce into it Grecian Philo should entrench himself, as it were, sophers, to give it literature: they within this argument. It was a sort people it early with Christian Doc. of stratagem
of war, and a justifiable iors: it is soon destroyed, and soon But Bishop Nicolson speaks revives: and in purifying it from too largely when he affirms, that beresies, and in promoting Astro " the Black Book at Cambridge makes nomy, with tbe other sciences, they as considerable a figure there as our lead us on with a tolerable grace to 'old Statute-books at Oxford.” the year of Christ 529 I.
This book is, indeed, the ground. Then we are surrounded with a work of Caius's idle agsertion for its traiu of sacred testimonies and illus- great antiquity (though even Caius trious Patrons ; with charters from and Codex differ in their dates), and Kings Arthur and Cadwallader, and of the violent Controversy between confirmations by Edward, son of Al Key and T'wine of Oxford, and Caius fred; with bulls and confirmations of Cambridge. It is introduced also from Popes Honorius, Sergius, and into Parker's History of the Antiqui. Jobo: and thus we are brought down ties of the University of Cambridge, to the year of Christ 915, the date of though he decides neither for nor Edward's charteç.
against its authenticity. But the Yet, after all, we are following an opinion of Hare was decided. “This ignis fatuus, a light reflected froin a is said (he is speaking of an Historiola history unsubstantiated by authority, alluded to above) to be taken er and written by a very fabulous writer. Nigro Codice Universitatis, from the For such is the book appealed to, Black Book of the University ; but it called Liber NIGER, or the Black seeins to be no better than idle ficBook, in the archives of the Univer- tion, though the preceding Charters, sity of Cambridge ; and such, io the 1. 3. 5. (viz. the Charters of Kings opinion of all writers, was he to whom Arthur, Cadwallader, and Edward,) this history is ascribed, Nicholas are copied from it.”**. Hare, being Cantalupe.
a Papist, was probably willing to “ Nicholas Cantalupe, (to borrow
the Pope's Bulls for the Bishop Nicolson's words 5,) is re. honour and glory of Alma Mater,
* The History, &c. of Cambridge, as printed in Mr. Hearne and Mr. Parker.
† Hist. Cantab. Lib. l. Authore Joanne Caio Anglo. So Caius states it, after Gildas. Nay the foundation of Cambridge has been placed still bigber, in a time in which, says the Assertor Antiq. Oxon. “Nullos adhuc incolas, nisi forte à giganti. bus occupatam contendant, magno scriptorum consensu constat; viz. A. M. 1829.
I Hist. in Liber Niger.
** Hare's MS Collections, vol. I. '
But Baker*, our honest and learned sent instance, there are peither oriCambridge Antiquary, considered gipals, nor attested copies of orithese Bulls also gross forgeries, for ginals; and as Black Books would be the purpose of fresh impositions. no legal evidence, so can they give Dr. Asbton, too, a learned man, and no authority to History. well acquainted with Cambridge Anti As little can be said in favour of quities, bas prefixed to the Index of Cantaber: no such name is once menthe first Volume of Parris's lodex, tioned either by Gildas or Bede, who his testimony against both Bulls and are our earliest writers of British Charters + : and Dr. Parris appears History; nor, of course, by succeeding from what he says “ of the most use writers, who tread in their steps ; less part of the book," to bave been such as Spelman, in his British Counof the same judgment.
cils, and Camden, in his Britannia. What Carter's opinion of this Black And yet a Spanish Prince, settling in Book was, is clear enough. He says, this island, founding a seat of learnwithout the smallest authority, in- ing, and giving name to a part of the deed, “ that the first original of this country, must have been circumfamous University is said to be about stances of notoriety. Had they been A. D. 536, when one Cantaber, a true, must they not bave been heard Spaniard, was a Governor under Ar- of ? Had they been heard of, must thur, King of the South Britons :"they not have been recorded ? Is it so unaccountably out of order is he probable that neither Cæsar, nor in his chronology, and so at variance Tacitus, should have heard of such both with Caius and. Codex.
au occurrence? There was a Roman To crown all, Mr. Robert Smyth, Camp near Cambridge. Tacitus was when remarking to Mr. William very curious about the Britons, and Bokenham was the author of the prepared to do them justice, as may Historiola, adds, “ being part, as it be fully seen in bis Life of Agricola. is called, of the Black Book of Cam. Indeed, he expressly observes that bridge. Therein is the story of Can some of the Iberi, an Eastern people taber, whose son Grantanus is said to of Spain, passed over to the Western have built Cambridge, called from side of Britain : and had any of the him at first Cairgrant:” but of this Northern inhabitants of Spain, the book, and the Legends, Leland has Cantabri, settled in the Eastero part said too justly, “ there are a hundred of Britain, is it not as likely he would things of the same kind. Truly I bave mentioned also that: I say, the never read any thing in it more vain, Cantabri(so theBiscayans were called); vor at the same time more stupid and for, had there been any foundation for foolish." . If, therefore, our Oxon this report, they should rather have jans pay as much (and no niore) de- been called some Cantabri, a gentile ference (I use Nicolson's words) to name, ihan One Cantaber, a proper their old Statute Books, as our best name of an individual. ivformed Cantabs do to the Black As neither Cæsar, nor Tacitus, nor Book, it is clear they pay no de- Gildas, por Bede, nor any conference to them at all.
temporary writer, mentions the cirAs to the earliest Charters and the cumstance; neither does Richard of Bulls, ther, contained in this book, Cirencester, in his account of the their authority will tell but for little. Province of Flavia, where Canberico In tracing the birth of some Colleges, was, as it occurs, stated by bim, in the I have found, if they bave not in 5th Iter of Antonine's Itinerary). their Chartularies an original Charter But enough of Black Books, and of Foundation, they have at least an Bulls, and dreams of Charters. The eltested copy, which, as it would be truth is, many circumstances have valid in a Court of Law, so would it combined to disturb the repose authenticate history: but, in the pre- University Records, and Public Li
* MS Hist. of St. Jobn's College, in the British Museum.
+ Hæ Chartæ Antiquæ, una cum Bullis, omnino videntur esse fictitiæ.-Dr. Ashton's Note to Dr. Parris's Index to Hare's Collections, Ist vol.
History of Cambridge. s Mr. R. Smyth's MS. in Mr. Nichols's copy of Carter's History, &ć, and Leland in his Notes to Cantio Cygnea. || Ricardus Monachi, &c. de Situ Britanniæ, Cap. vi.
braries. Antient writers speak of the of Kings and Popes; I leave these unDanes as having made a complete certainties for others to shape into desolation of every monument of what forms they please ; as 'also to literature and religion in these parts: Oxford Historians, to manage their tbe Saxons, too, bad been here be- lale of Greek Philosophers, coming fore, and they came at first not as into this Country with King Brutus, re vivers, but as destroyers : and what- and instituting an Academy at Greek ever bonours Popery may claim in land near Oxford *. For I cannot subsequent periods, by ber creations, help observing how pleasantly the yet our alterations from Popery tó Oxford Assertor, after convicting Protestantism introduced much dis- the Cambridge Orator of having triorder and confusion. Eighty years fled, sets about trifling himself. But after the foundation of Duke /um- enough of trifles ; for stultuni est pbrey's Library at Oxford, not a sio- absurdas opiniones refellere; “ It is gle book remained of the old Library*. foolish to aim at too much accuracy Caius, who has preserved the titles of in confuting trifles.” the books left in the two public Li We can lay little stress on any litebraries at Cambridge in 1574, cor rary occurrences in this antient Town fesses they had been pluudered of a till the time of Sigebert, which, accordgreat part; and, though he speaks of ing to the Venerable Bede, was about privileges granted by antient Kings, the year 637. he appeals to none directly, nor could Olim Granta fuit titulis urbs inclyta he to any authentic, higher than multis, Henry Ill. Fuller, in his History of Vicini à fluvii nomine nomen habens: Cambridge, bas given, after Caius, an Saxones hanc belli deturbavere procellis, account of the furious disputes about
Sed nova p sveteri non procul inde
sita est, privileges, that bad subsisted long be
[secutus, foré, between the Townsmen and Artibus illustrem reddidit atq. scholis
Quam Felix Monachus Sigeberti jussa Scholasticks of Cambridge, together with the entire destruction made of Hæc ego perquirens gentis monumenta
Britannæ the University Records by the former;
Asserui in laudem, Granta, diserta, and such Records as the Scholasticks
LELAND. would have been most willing to preserve, the Townsmen would have
Jan. 9. been willing to destroy.
, who repeats therefore, must bave been made up Dr. Priestley, (p. 520.) puts me in of conjectures, traditions, and antient mind of a very ingenious Lady, who histories, accessible to every one; or persists in asuring the publick that of impostures, and fragments of no
Dr. Wilmot was the Author of Juo account.
nius's Letters. But where is the evi. I have included antient histories, dence of the facts ? because, in questions of this kind, it
Any person who considers the great is no uncommon tbing for Writers to
number of quotations, announting to speak of Archives, which, while they some thousands, from the Greek and do reach to later occurrences, do not
Latin Fathers, and many of them of to such as are remote. Here they great length, which Dr. Priestley, bas
antient Authors: but where collected, arranged, and interpreted, are their Archives ? The first public instrument relating with some mistakes; and a very small
mag naturally enough expect to meet to this UNIVERSITY, that can be share of candour might be sufficient spoken of as undoubtedly authentic, to pardou them. The present charge is of the 13th year of Henry III.
of ignorance against this Writer is A. C. 1229. Splendid, therefore, as our History ine meaning of a Greek epithet,
grounded on an alleged mistake of might have appeared, if introduced which has more significations than with a Spanish Prince, brought into
one; and, if the mistake were real, this Island by our King Gurguntius, would scarcely be of the weight of a. and fouuding a British University, feather. Are not all Translators liaaud decorated in front with the games
* Oxon. Historiola, ex Libro Procura* Reliquiæ Bodleianæ. torum,
ble to fall into mistakes; and which who, like William the Conqueror, of them has ever been able to satisfy should have disposed of our lives, and every body in all things ? But the liberties, and property, by his owo mistake, in the present instance, not arbitrary will and pleasure. But our baving been proved, we may be al- glorious Ancestors understood their lowed to suppose that it does not duty better than the Parish Priest; and exist.
to their noble exertionswe owe the ima Let your Correspondent read with portant improvements that have been attention this vast collection of quo inade in our Civil and Religious latations, not with the paltry view to stitutions. May we, and our postefind mistakes, but to examine with rity, have the wisdom, the virtue, and seriousness and impartiality the evi- the fortitude, to improve by, as well dence they contain, and then let himn as to admire, their empient example. conscientiously draw the legitimate The doctrine of the Parish Priest, inference from them : after which, whose instruction, I have the satis. let him lay the result of his diligent faction to hear, is more conformable inquiry before your Readers, and we than your Correspondeut's to that of shall be happy to afford it the consi- the zealous and benevolent Apostle, deration it deserves. Trutb can be who exhorts us to prove all things, to do loser by it.
hold fast that which is good, and to go The sentiments of Ignatius may be on to perfection. And though it be pretty clearly ascertained from what true that absolute perfection is what this venerable sufferer for his religion cannot be attained by any human ensaid, wben he appeared before the deavours, yet it is equally true (as he Emperor Trajan. His words are very has often told us, and I have listened remarkable : You err (says he) in to it with delight,) that it is our duty that you call the evil spirits of the always to aim at it, as the best means heathens, gods: for there is but one of improvement, either in Art, ia God, who made heaven, und earth, Science, or in Morals. and the sea, und all things that are in Accept the thanks of an individual, them; and one Jesus Christ, his only Mr. Urban, for your interesting acbegotten Son, whose kingdom may I count of improvement in the Art of enjoy. Any sentiment in the Epistles, Printing, (p. 341.) which is highly inconsistent with this solemn declara- gratifying to tion, must necessarily be suspected of Yours, &c. A SUSSEX FREEHOLDER. having undergone some alteration, and cannot be implicitly admitted as Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 18. genuine. And, lei me ask, are these Thorki of unquestionable
merit, guage of an Arian, a Trinitarian, or a but I cannot approve of the remarks Unitarian ? Let the Reader judge. in the first volume, under the article
I beg leave, Mr. Urban, to add a of Rythre and Lascels. It was, 1 word or two to a Parish Priest, who admit, Mr. Banks's duty to reject un. (p. 538.) looks upon it as a duty to founded claims to antient descent ; support the antient faith, und esta. but should have been done with blished Inslitutions of vur Country. inore address and civility. Whether Of course, it was once a duty to resist the Ryders and Lascels of the present the introduction of Christianity, as day are of the same lineage as the well as the progress of the Reforma aptient Barons Rythre, and Barons tion, in this country. And had this Lascels, I am not disposed to discuss; resistance, which was actually exeri- and your Readers will not, I suspect, ed, prevailed, we, the inhabitants of feel much intérest on the subject. this highly-favoured Isle, might now But where was the necessity of athave been bigoted Papists, or even tempting to turn into a ridiculous idolatrous Heathens. Also, bad this point of view two noble families of duty been regarded as paramount in the existing Nobility ! one of them former times, we of this day, instead founded by an eminent Judge; and of living under a free Government, the other (whether descended froin in which the people themselves have the Parons Jascels or not) most asa share through their Representa suresily establislied in Yorkshire for lives, might have been groaning - some centuries. Mr. Lascelles, Men:der the tyranny of a single Despol, ber for Northallerlon in the reign of
1815.)'Extinct Peerage.ʼ-Owen's'Epågrams.?- May’s ‘Cookery.' 38 Charles I. " was,” says Noble, in his brokeshire ; and uuder the following Lives of the Regicides," of an antient Epigram, family.” He was seated at Stank in “ An Petrus fuerit Romne sub judice lis Yorksbire (still in the possession of the Harewood family), and married Simonem Romæ nemo fuisse negat," the daughter of Sir William St. Quin- I find, in my late friend's writing, the tin, bart. Mr. Banks seenus to lay note, “ This Epigram cost Owen a too much stress opou "epigrains" and fortune.” “ epitaphs" as deciding points of Fa I had formed an opinion that these mily Antiquity. He talks, too, of the Epigrams were the early productions Kingdom of lreland, though his book of the celebrated Dr. John Owen, the is dated 1807. By Lord Shirebourné, Nonconformist, the friend and favourhe probably means Lord Sherborne.
ite of Cromwell, and who, during the A conslant Reader & Subscriber. time of the Commonwealth, was pre
ferred to the Deanery of Christ. Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 17. Church, Oxford, and was also ViceTHE HE antiquated and now impro- Chancellor of that University ; but I
por style of “Kingdom” of Tre- learn from Middleton's Biographia land occors rather frequently in Mr. Evangelica, that the Doctor was born Banks's Extinct Baronage. In vol.
in the year 1616, and therefore at the 11. p. 109, he speaks of Bligh, Earl of time of the publication in question * Darnley, in Scotland. What be states (which, as we see, was not a first edi. of the Howard Family io p. 276, is a tion), could only have been about fact; but is not the mention intro- twelve years of age, and, of course, duced in a way rather upcourteous, not its Author. when treating of a fainily whose
I shall hold myself greatly obliged claims to respect are founded on a
to any of your Correspondents who basis so much stronger than bare an.
can favour me, through your excel. tiquity? I do not mean to conibat the lent Miseellany, with some account truth of Mr. Bauks's statements I only of ibeir real Author, aud any obobject to the steering way in which it servations that may occur respecting is brought forward." The House of this, or any otber of his works. Howard may yield to inany families
W. in point of inere antiquity ; but few
'Jan. 19. can compare with them in high rank, celebrity, and alliance, for such a
THE following account of a cucontinuance.
, Yours, &c.
be amusing to some of your Readers. G. H. W.
“The Accomplisht Cook, or the Art Mr. URBAN, Lee, Jan. 18.
and Mystery of Cookery. Wherein the
whole Art is revealed in a more easie I of
Joannis Owen Cambro - Brittani, lisht' in any Language. Expert and Oxoniensis, Editio Postrema. Lugd. ready Wayes for the Dressing of all sorts Bat. Ex Officina Elzeviriada, Apno of Flesh, Fowl, and Fish, with variety of 1628," 12mo.
Sauces proper for each of them and The number of Epigrams in this how to raise all manner of Pastes; the work, which is divided into several best Directions for all sorts of Kickbooks; amounts to inore than sixteen shaws; also the tearms of Carving and hundred, some of which have much Sewing. Anexact account of all Dishes of the true epigrammatic point about for all Seasons of the Year, with other
A la mode Curiosities. The Third Ediibem; others, as may well be exa pected from their oumber, little be. tion, with large Auditions throughout
the wbole Work ; besides two hundred sides the forced conceit of the time. The Latinity, as far as I am qualified all manner of bake't Meats (either
Figures (on Wood) of several Forms for to form a judgment, is good; at any Fleshi or Fish), as Pyes, Tarts, Custards, rate, as much so as the quajotness of Chessecakes, and Fiorentines, placed in some of the subjects will allow. The Tables, and directed to the Pages they book came to me, with others, froni appertain to. Approved by the fiftya deceased relation, a member of the five Years Experience and Industry of family of Owen, of Orielton in Pem. Robert May, in his Attendance on seveGENT. MAG. January. 1875.