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those of a Roman Catholic family ; Nunnery of Littlemore, near Sand. and when he was inveighing against ford : “ I refer to Leland's Itinerary, Prelacy and Papal tyranny, it is quite for what I have said about the nunnery absurd to suppose that he would be of Littlemore or Sandford; but I skall come so closely allied to such an ope; observe in this place, that the Minif he had, doubtless bis enemies would sbery, Minchery, or Minchion Ree, not have failed to have published this belongs to the Powells of Sandford, circumstapce to the world.
being purchased by an ancestor of II. Parish Register of Sandford. theirs in the third year of King Ed.
This Register, which has been kept ward VI. of Sir John Williams (afterwith a very commendable neatness, bas wards Lord Williams) of Thame. Ex been most carefully examined. Mil cod. MS. penès amicissimum virum ton, according to Phillips, was mar- Joannem Powell de Sandford, armigeried in Oxfordshire ; and it is reasona rum.” (Hist. Glaston. pref. p. 16.) ble to suppose, some notice might A. D. 1661. June 29, “A. W. was bave been traced from this source. at Sandford, near Oxon, in the house The entries of the Powell family com of John Powell, gent, which was a mence in the middle of the 16th cen house and preceptory sometime betury, very shortly after they becaine longing to the Knights Templars. He seated at Sandford, and are brought took a note of some arms in a bay down to the death of the last posses window in a low room there." (Art. sor, viz. “ John P. esq. Lord of the à Wood's Diary.) Manor of Sandford, was buried Aug.
These celebrated Antiquaries passed 15, 1730 ;" and althougb these entries their lives at Oxford, within three are numerous, yet no such marriage miles of Sandford, and must surely is noticed.
have been acquainted with the cirIII. Incidental Notices from the writ cumstance of Milton being connected ings of Anthony Wood and Hearne. with this family, and knowing it,
At Sandford "" there is nothing ex would not have failed to have alluded traordinary to be seen in the Church, to it. Hearne, indeed, appears to have besides some monuments of tbe Pow lived on very friendly terms with the ells, Lords of the Manor here. The last possessor of the estate, whom he chief of these monuments is one in terms vir amicissimus. Wood made the South wall of Chancel*,” (Le- large collections relating to 'Oxfordland's Itin. vol. II. p. 119.)
shire families, now in the Ashmolean Antient Crosses : Trees in orchards Museum, from which some extracts were often planted in the shape of respecting this family, about the time them. “There was formerly such an of Milton's first marriage, are printed orchard at the great Ivy-house at in Guillim's Heraldry (edit. 1724, p. Sandford, near Oxford; the present 273); yet not the most distant bint trees in it are much later, though occurs of any such marriage. there is now (1924) in it a very old From what has been written we holly tree, the oldest, I think, I ever may fairly conclude, that the antient saw, round wbich there was formerly family of Powell of Sandford was in a bench, where, in summer time, the no way connected with the fainily into present Mr. Powell's great grandfa- which Milton married, as related by ther used to entertain his friends." Mr. Todd, in bis Life of the Poet. Of (Hearne's Rob. of Glou. p. 638.) what fanıily Mr. Richard Powell, Jus
Erected to the memory of Sir William Powell of Tutbury and Rolleston Park, co. Stafford, second son of Edmond, and grandson of Edmond P. to whom the manor was originally granted in 1542. He died Dec. 15, 1656, æt. 83. Hearne bas printed the inscription, by which it appears that he left his estates to the Powells of Sandford, in whose possession they continued till the death of the last John Powell in 1730, when, on a division between his two daughters and coheirs, Rolleston Park was assigned to Catharine, his youngest daughter, married to Henry Roper, Lord Teynham. The present Lord T. grandson of the said Catharine P. is now the owner of them.
TUTBURY. In this parish, about a mile South of the town, is Rulleston Park. Sir Simon Degge says, “ at Rolleston Park, a mile South of Tutbury, is the seat of (John) Powell, that was [great nepbew] to Sir William P: Knight, and courtier in the time of King James; of whose son, as I take it, be purchased this Park, and made the Lodge his seat. (Shaw's History of Staffordshire, vol. I. p. 58. MS addit. to Erdeswlek.)
tice of the Peace, of Forrest-hill,was, feet. The aperture through which the writer is unable to say. The for this awful Cataract falls in one column mer appears to have maintained a to its basin, is about 120 feet from considerable degree of splendour dur- the ground, being rather more than ing two centuries, and to have been 30 feet less than the celebrated Falls connected with several noble families, of Niagara. The first idea which the latter was not perhaps of any note suggested itself to the Travellers, was or standing in the couply.
to explore a passage through the figYours, &c.
sure from whence the Cataract issued; but, on more accurate observation, it
was ascertained that the column of Narrative of an Expedition to explore water completely filled the whole dia. the Territory beyond the Blue Moun
meter of the opening; so that no altains; by an Officer of the 101st Reg. ternative remained but to scale the THE
HE Territory beyond the Blue awful wall of rocks.
Mountains has long been an object After indumerable attempts, they of considerable anxiety & conjecture; at length adopted a plan used many not only among the inhabitants of years since in repairing the great New Holland itself, but even among Tower of the Monastery at Raucoux the learned men of almost every civi- in Westphalia -- by making a hole in lized Country in the World.
the rock at about two feet from the iely not springing from idle curiosity, ground, and driving the end of a but deriving its origin from that laud strong stake into the opening, and so able thirst of knowledge, to which continuing to make fresh holes (each may be attributed almost every great two feet above the former, not in a and useful discovery, of which the straight, but in a slanting direction modern world so justly boasts. The of ascent), and to introduce as many investigation of this hitherto un stakes, they were enabled to construct known Country presents an object in a firm fight of steps, connected by all respects worthy the speculation coarse basket-work, about the texand research of the Philosopher and ture of common burdles, the matethe Merchant. With this impression, rials being furnished in abundance a party of spirited individuals, residing from the neighbouring woods. This at Sydoey-Town, having obtained the was a task requiring of necessity sanction of the Governor, undertook much labour and considerable time, to pass the mountain-boundary which so that it was not until the 27th the had so often baffled the labours of workmen attained an elevation par. previous Adventurers; and the result allel with the upper part of the openof this last effort of perseverance has ing through which the Cataract rushpot only justified the undertaking, ed; they were, however, most agreebut realized the calculations of those ably surprized to find that here the who have accomplished the extraor rock ended, the immense continuation dinary task.
of the precipice consisling of a kind On the 9th of April 1814, the party, of bituminous Coblon earth, firm, but consisting of 27 persons, (of whom 19 very yielding to the spade. By the were workmen, the rest being Gen- following day was hollowed out a tiemen well acquainted with Geo space sufficient for the workmen 10 logy, Botany, &c.) set out from Syd move at will with their wheelbarrows, bey; and having by the 13th reached &c. and the noble undertaking was the celebrated Cataract (which sup now determined on of excavating a plies the River emptying itself into flight of steps to the summit! Within Shark's Bay), where all prior attempts about thirty feet of the top, the lahad ceased, they immediately com bourers discovered the petrified skemenced active operations. The Ca letos of an unknown animal, the bear! taract issues from a large circular and body resembling those of a bear, opening in the immense ridge of with a tail similar to that of a crocorocks composing the front lin of the dile, only not so long. It is a Blue Mountains, the terrific barrier markable fact, that when about 140 which runs from one end of the Coun- fect from the ground, the thermometry to the other, preserving almost ter (Farenheit) fell to 37, and conti. the whole way the regular perpendi- med so till the party had ascended cular height of about three hundred within fifty feet of the surface, GENT. MAG. January, 1815,
when the mercury as suddenly rose enabled to lead up the wicker steps : to 72!
these animals were of the greatest use On the 28th of May, the Adven- in conveying the provisions and tents turers had the inexpressible satisfac- from day to day, as the party adtion of landing on the surface of the vanced ; for the second ridge of terrific clevation over which their in- mountains was passed in two days, defatigable exertions had triumphed; with comparatively very little labour exertions (independently of that sweet in excavation. Several most extragratification which always accompa- ordinary trees, of species before tonies successful, and not dishonourable, tally unknown, presented themselves. perseverance) amply repaid by the Of one kind there were some that scene which presented itself to their measured the wonderful extent of 45 view. At the distance of about three feet round the trunk ; another very miles a second ridge of rocks bounded curious geous exhibited an immense their view; but į the intermediate number of spikes or thorns, nearly a country, on either side, displayed a foot long and as hard as iron, dislevel and beautiful tract of land, at persed all over the trunk. It was once exhibiting the boldest figures remarkable that at the feet of these and the softest beauties of Nature : last-mentioned trees were invariably stupendous columns of basalt, studded seen considerable quantities of bones, with a silvery copper ore, shooting which, there was little doubt, were out from the soil in all directions, the remains of unfortụnate animals, afforded a wonderful and most pleas- that, either in the ardour of pursuit, ing contrast to trees and sbrubs of the or the darkness of night, had been finest growth and most luxuriant at different times transfixed by the richness, boasting a variety of species terrific spikes in question. and an extent of beauty hitherto un
(To be continued.) witnessed even in that country, so celebrated in the annals of Botany. Nature must have been in her most
Jan. 6. spot was Y , ore being thrown into such fantastic shapes, communications (Part II. of your last that on a cursory view they had the Volume, pp. 22. 209.) have strengthappearance of a herd of gigantic ened the conjecture which I ventured copper-coloured cattle, attended by to offer respecting Psalm 109, (Part I. colossal shepherds of variegated silver. p. 551): but, as I happen to be a
On inspecting the smaller ridge of “poor unlettered woman,” to use the rocks, which formed the next barrier expression of your Correspondent W. opposed to them, it was discovered in your last volume, p. 535, I must that the River supplying the Cataract beg bis excuse for declining to hazard before alluded to, found a rapid de
an opinion whether or not“ such pas. scent through a tolerably wide open- sages ought to be rendered” in a difing in the rocks, and by its own force ferent manner. Indeed, Mr. Urban, at once excavated a passage in the it was scarcely a fair challenge, after soft soil on which it fell, to the depth haviug professed that my supposition of about 170 feet, when, meeting the
was founded on the authorized transsolid rock, it continues its course for lation," and that I was unable to as. three miles under ground, and finally certain how far it might be agreeable issues from the iminense aperture de
to the original. scribed at the commencement of the
Your Correspondent W. need not undertaking. This fully explained be reminded that many prophetical the mystery of the Cataract issuing passages have a double signification, more than half way down the Blue referring equally to the present and Mountaios, instead of flowing over future ; but in submitting an intertheir 10p
pretation of Psalm 109, I considered The Travellers having sent a Re it merely with a view to its gramma. port of their progress to Syducy- tical construction, and as a part of Town, received a considerable supply our Church service, very liable to of necessaries, particularly of the be misunderstood by the unlearned, famous New Holland ponies, which and perhaps among others, by with very little dificulty they were Youis, &c.
Fragments of Literature.
“ An Explanation of the Words of Art IN one of the letters of Dr. Samuel
contained in this Booke. Knight, Canon of Ely, dated Bluntsham, near St. Ives, March 24, 1733,
Bathing, is when you set your Hawke is the following passage relating to
to the water, to wash or bathe her selfe,
either abroad or in the house, Strype, the Antiquary:
Batting, or to bat is when a Hawke “I made a visit to old father Strype, Auttereth with her wings either from when in town last: he is turned of
the pearch or the mans fist, striuing as ninety, yet very brisk and well, only a it were to fie away, or get libertie. decay of sight and memory. He would Bousing, is when a Hawke drinketh fain bave induced me to undertake often, and seemes to be continually Arehbishop Bancroft's Life; but I bave thirstie. no stomach to it, having no great opi Creance, is a fine small long line of nion of him on more accounts than one. strong and even twound packthreed, He had a greater inveteracy against the which is fastened to the Hawks leash, Puritans than any of his predecessors. when she is first lured.
“Mr. Strype told me that he had Ceasing, is when a Hawke taketh any large materials towards the Life of old thing into her foot, and gripeth or holdLord Burghley, and Mr. Fox the Mar eth it fast. tyrologist, which he wished he could
Checke, or to kill, Checke is when have finished; but most of his papers Crows, Rooks, Pies, or other birds comare in characters: his grandson is learn ming in the view of the Hawke, she foring to decipher them."
saketh her naturall flight to fie at them.
Casting, is any thing that you giue SECRETARY THURLOE.
your Hawke to cleanse her gorge with, From “The Case of Oliver St. John, whether it be flannell, thrummes, feaesq. concerning his Actions during the thers, or such like. late Troubles," 4to. published July
To Cast a Hawke, is to take her in 30, 1660, it should seem that Thurloe, your hands before the pinions of her who was afterwards Cromwell's Se- wings, and to hold her from bating or cretary, was originally Mr. St. John's striuing, when you administer any thing
vnto her. servant. This was in 1648. About
Cadge, is taken for that on which 1051 he left Mr. St. John, and in 1653
Faulconers carrie many Hawks together joined Cromwell. At p. 3, Mr. St.
when they bring them to sell. John adds, “ Having bred him from
Dropping, is when a Hawke mutetb a youth in my service, he out of directly downeward, in seuerall drops, respect voce or twice in a quarter of and ierketh it not long-waies from her. a year visited me :" but denies that,
Disclosed, is when young Hawkes are be gave any private advice to Crom- newly batch't, and as it were disclosed well by Mr. Thurloe's means.
from their shels. St. John, as is well known, was Lord Erie, is the nest or place where a Chief Justice of the Cominon Pleas. Hawke buildeth and bringeth vp ber
young ones, whether in woods, rocks, or WYNKYN DE Worde.
any other places. The following extract is from the
Endew, is when a Hawke digesteth
her meat, not onely putting it ouer Certificates of Colleges and Chan
from her gorge, but also cleansing ber tries in the Augmentation Office, l'st
pannell. Edw. VI.
Gorge, is that part of the Hawke “The Paroche of St. Brids in Flete which first receiueth the meat, and is Stret. Wynkyn de Worde deceassed called the craw or crop in other fowles. xij yeres past willed and gave to the Gurgiting, is when a Hawke is stuft or sayd Churche in Money to buy Landes suffocated with any thing, be it meat or with the same, and wth the profittes otherwise. therof to kepe an obite for his Soule for * Inke, whether it be of Partridge,
xxxvjl.” fowle, doues, or any other prey, is the
necke from the head to the body. LATHAM's FAULCONRY,
Intermewed, is from the first exchange 4to. Lond. 1633.
of a Hawkes cuat, or from her first mew. The following may be considered ing, till she come to be a white Hawke. as by far the most curious portion of
Iesses, are those short straps of leathis work.
ther, which are fastned to the Hawks
legges, and so to the lease by varuels, 'coy, or disdainfull to the anlets, or such like.
trary to be reclaimed, Lver, is that whereto Faulconers call Sliming, is when a Hawke muteth their young Hawkes by casting it vp in from her longwaies in one intire subthe aire, being made of feathers and lea stance,and doth not drop any part thereof. ther in such wise that in the motion it Stooping, is when a Hawke being vpon looks not vrilike a fowle.
her wings at the height of her pitch, Lease, or Leash, is a small long thong bendeth violently downe to strike the of leather; by which the Faulconer hold- fowle, or any other prey. eth his Hawke fast, folding it many Summ’d, is when a Hawke hath all times about their fingers.
her feathers, and is fit either to be taken Lice, are a small kinde of white ver from the Crie or Mew. mine, running amongst the feathers of Setting downe, is when a Hawke is the Hawke.
put into the Mew. Mvling, is the excrements or ordure Sore-hawke, is from the first taking which comes from Hawkes, and contain of her from the eiry, till she baue mewed oth both dung and vrine.
her feathers. A Make- Hawke is an old staunch fly Trussing, is when a Hawke raiseth a ing Hawk, which being inured to her fowle aloft, and so descendeth downe flight, will easily instruct a younger
with it to the ground. Hawke to be waining in her prey.
Vnsumm'd, is when a Hawks feathers Managing, is to handle any thing are not come forth, or else not com'd with cunning according to the true home to their full length. nature thereof.
Weathering, is when you set your Mew, is that place, whether it be Hauke abroad to take the aire, either abroad or in the house, where you set by day or nigbt, in the frost, or in the down your Hawke, during the time that Sunne, or at any other season. she raseth her feathers. than Lices and most about the beads A be informed whether the anecdote and nares of Hawks.
Plumming, is when a Hawk ceaseth of Dean Swift's dining with Sir Ro. a fowle, and pulleth the feathers from bert Walpole (afterwards Earl of Orthe body.
ford) at Chelsea, related by the father Plummage, are small downy feathers of the late Barré Charles Roberts in which the Hawke takes, or are giuen a letter to his son (see p. 570 in our her for casting.
Magazine for December last), has apPelt, is the dead body of any fowle peared in any former publication : howsoeuer dismembred.
further than that, the probability of Pill, and pelfe of a fowle, is that the circumstance may be partly inrefuse and broken remains which are left
ferred from Lord Peterborow's let. after the Hawke hath been relieued.
ter to Swift, inserted in the first five Plume, is the generall colour or mix
editions of Dr, Hawkesworth's Coltures of feathers in a Hawke, which sheweth her constitution.
lection, but suppressed in the subsePearch, is any thing whereon you set
quent impressions. In the copy of your Hawke, when she is from your fist.
the 5th edition, 1767, that came into Prey, is any thing that a Hawke the possession of the writer hereof 'killeth, and feedeth her selfe thereupon. many years ago, a manuscript memo
Pannell, is that part of the Hawke randuin, without signature, is attachnext to the fundament, whither the ed to paye 253 of vol. III. as follows: Hawke digesteth her meat from her • Letter CCCLXXXV. Lord Peter. bodie.
borow to Dr. Swift. This letter is Quarrie, is taken for the fowle wbich left out of all the subsequent editions, is Howne at, and staine at any time, in cousequence, there is reason to especially when young Hawks are flowne believe, "of the intercession of Sir thereunto.
Robert Walpole's youngest son (HoRvfter-hood, is the first hood which a
race Walpole of Strawberry Hill), Hawke weareth, being large, wide, and
who was extremely averse to the Reclaiming, is to tame, make gentle, knowledge being handed down to or to bring a Hawk tu familiaritie witả posterity of his father's having ever, the man.
while Prime Minister, proposed, or Raised in flesh, is when a Hawke even consented to an interview with a grows sat, or prospereth in fiesh. man so obnoxious to the Wbig party Ramage, is when a Hawke is wilde, as Dean Swift."