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tions. The first edition, which appear to have printed in Holland, in order to ed in the years 1691 and 1692, although escape the jurisdiction of the Licenser, not printed under the immediate super or the interference of his acquaintance *. intendance of the Author, may be consi-' In his last hours, Wood was advised by dered as entirely proceeding from him. Dr. Charlet to entrust the care of his It is true that some few passages were papers relative to the Athenæ, to Mr. rejected by the Licenser, and a few Thomas Tanner of All Souls' College, afothers, as he himself somewhat pettishly terwards Bishop of St. Asaph. To this he. informs us, were altered by his own consented, and his numerous MS Colfriends ; but, as there can be no doubt lections were, immediately after his that this was the genuine work of the death, delivered to Mr. Tanner for the Author, so must he be regarded as an purpose of publication. There can be swerable for every statement and cha- little doubt but that Wood intended all racter it contains. It has been thought his papers should see the light without the more necessary to insist on this any reserve; and, indeed, he appears to point, since Wood has incurred great have been particularly solicitous on this reproach, because, at the time the pro- point in his last interview with Dr. ceedings against him by Lord Clarendon Charlet. Hearne informs ust, that when were pending, he denied himself to be Tanner 'was recommended to him, he the author of the Second Volume of cried out with much vehemence, Hath Athenæ Oxonienses altogether. This he courage? Will he be honest ? And he charge has been frequently repeated, repeated these words several times with and, in some instances, has been made great energy, nør, until he was thuto throw a doubt on the veracity of all roughly satisfied on this head, would he his statements as an author. But commit his Collections to the guardianWood's answer to the accusation against ship of Mr. Tanner. For what reason him, in the Vice-Chancellor's Court, Tanner neglected to execute his trust, should be considered rather as the an and publish the contents of Wood's swer of his Proctor than of himself; papers, it would now be useless to inand the exceptions and the denial should quire; but it may safely be conjectured, be regarded as those framed for him by that he found too many unfavourable his legal advisers. These persons, well characters of persons then living, or but aware of the strong party spirit at that recently dead, to render such a measure time raging in the University, conceived either gratifying or prudent: add to that the only means of defeating the which, he soon after meditated a liteprosecution would be to compel their rary undertaking, in the execution of opponents to prove Wood the author of which Wood's labours proved of essenthe obnoxious passages, which could tial service : this was his Bibliotheea only be accomplished by entirely disown- Britannico-Hibernica, a volume of which ing the publication. If this be the case, every page owes infinite obligations to all accusations against Wood's veracity, the Athenæ, and in which several lives or against his courage and consistency, are acknowledged to be derived from are refuted; for the denial in the de- the third volume, then in MS. - As fence will then be attributed to the things were thus situated, it is probable right person, namely, the Defendant's that Wond's additional papers would Proctor, who, in the discharge of bis never have appeared before the publick, duty, took every legal means of repel. had not Tooson the bookseller mediling the accusations against his Client, tated a new edition of the whole work.. although without success. - To the two For this purpose, he purchased the copyvolunies already mentioned, it was right of Mr. Wood's executrix, and then Wood's intention to have added a third, applied, through Laurence Echard, to containing the Lives of Writers before Dr. Tanner for the materials comprising accidentally omitted, and of such others the third volume. After some debate as had died after the appearance of his relative to the price, Tanner consented work. This volume, bad he not been to give up 'the papers, and the new prevented by death, it was his intention Lives were either incorporated with, or
* “ Ant. à Wood, as Mr. Hudson told me, consulted with him (knowing that be had great correspondence with the chief men in Holland, how get his third vol. of Athenæ Oxon. printed there. When he was asked the reason why he would not have it printed in England, he answered, that his other books had suffered so much by the liberty that some men took of expunging what they pleased, that he would never suffer any book of his to be committed to an English press again. He moreover added, (to use his own words,) when this volume comes out, l'le make you laugh again. Hearne, MS Collections, vol. v. 140." + “Ibid. vol, xcii. 192.”
appended to, the original work, and the contemptuous; but we have already whole appeared in the year 1721. As a sufficiently seen the estimation in which proof of the genuineness of these addi- it was held by one at least of those per. tional Lives, it is much to be wished sons most competent to judge of its that Dr. Tanner bad deposited the ori- merits or defects. How far Dr. Tanner ginals in the Bodleian Library ; but, as deserved the accusations of partiality to this was never done, it is now impossible his party, and infidelity to his friend, we to judge with what fidelity he executed have not now the means of ascertainings bis trust. It is certain, however, that but it seems pretty evident that more several passages
were omitted, and alterations and omissions were allowed others softened; and Hearne, whose than can be well justified, and although veracity, notwithstanding his prejudices, Tanner disclaimed any part of the mamay always be relied upon, speaks with nagement of the second edition, yet it great asperity of the partiality shewn by is clear, from his own testimony, that Dr. Tanner, or his advisers, throughout he corrected the papers previous to their the publication. He bath,' says he'*, being deposited in Tonson's hands. In altered things so, and made him talk a letter to Mr. Baker, of St. John's Col. in such a manner, as if Mr. Wood had lege, Cambridge, he says, “There were, been a downright villain, and had not I must own to you, several hard words known what even the most ignorant and passages more in the original, which scholar knows. How comes it other. I thought good manners and Christian. wise to pass, that more than once, gen- charity, and a regard to the old Gentletlemen, when they are matriculated, are man's memory, obliged me to strike out." represented to take the oaths of alle. I have deemed it right to say thus giance and supremacy ? Mr. Wood much of the former editions of the could not write so, since nobody knew Athenæ, and of the peculiar circumbetter that the oath of supremacy only, stances attending the second, in order and not the oath of allegiance, is then that I might shew the necessity of a taken. Nor does the statute require an
careful collation of the two, and prove, oath of allegiance at that time. But that had either been followed excluthis was added to bring a slur upon the sively, the present would have been inUniversity, and out of a trimming de- complete. It now therefore remains to sign, as it was also out of design to point out the plan that has been pursued please the trimmers, that the Dr. bath in this publication. The text is printed left out the just characters of Dr. Wallis from the edition of 1721, hut such omis. and Dr. Bathurst, which he ought to sions or alterations as were made from have kept in certainly, as well as that of the first edition are inserted in the marDr. South. But there is a vast multi- gin, so that both readings may be retude of other objections. I do not doubt ferred to at the same time. The addibut Tanner was guided by his crony Dr. tions to the second edition are distinArthur Charlet a great admirer of guished by inverted commas, and those Wallis and Bathurst, and a hater of passages which are entirely new, both in South.' Againt, Mr. Collins of Mag- the text and notes, as well as some few dalen College told me, that Anthony à additional Lives, are enclosed between Wood, if living, would be glad if the brackets. The folios as numbered in University would burn the new edition the edition of 1721, are given on the of Athenæ Oxon. though he was much margin, to render the present copy apdispleased that they burnt the first. In- plicable for reference in the perusal of deed this new edition is so very paltry and former Writers, whose works have been silly a book, that nothing can be worse. published subsequent to that, and preThings are ascribed to Anthony that be
vious to this edition. Evident errors neither would nor could write. I re. have been frequently corrected without member one thing particularly ; viz. the parade of a note, since that minute. that it is said in this new edition that ness must be considered as useless which Mr. Richard Lloyd lest several children, retains the mistakes of au author, one of which was Will Lloyd, first Bishop merely for the sake of bibliographical of St. Asaph, then of Litchfield and Co accuracy. In most instances, where a ventry, and at length of Worcester. Poet's life has been recorded, a speciNow Authony died A° 1695, and Lloyd men from some one of his productions was not made Bishop of Worcester till is added; an insertion which, whilst it 1699, four years after Anthony's death occupies but a small space in the work, Many other passages might be brought will, it is hoped, be acceptable to the forward, in which the second edition is admirers of our early literature. The spoken of in terms equally barsh and same remark applies to the List of en
graved Portraits, at the end of each * “ MS Collections, vol. xii. 192." article. In this it has been my inten+ “Ibid. p. 86.”
tion to notice a few of the best speci
mens of the art, rather than to select of the Athenæ, which was purchased by the scarcest or most expensive. The Craven Ord, esq. The active friendship insertion of the reference in the Bodleian of my worthy kinsman, John Nichols, Catalogues, by which most of the works esq. the Historian of Leicestershire, innoticed may be discovered, whilst it will duced the fortunate possessor of this be peculiarly useful to Readers resident book to dispose of it to the proprietors in Oxford, will also inform literary men of the new edition; and the value and in general whether any book of particu, importance of the notes will be discolar interest or rarity is to be found among vered in every page. - Bishop Tanper's the treasures in our University Library. additions are taken from his own copy It will be remarked that at the end of of the Athenæ, now in the Bodleian.every addition, for which I am indebted Dr. Rawlinson's notes on the printed to MS notes or friendly communications, volumes of the work are preserved, with I have inserted the name of the writer his collections towards a Continuation, on whose authority it is offered : and it in the Bodleian. They are neither numay not be impertinent to state the merous nor interesting. - The correcdifferent sources from which so large a tions and additions by Humfrey Wanley portion of the new Athenæ has been are contained in a copy now preserved derived.
in the library of the Royal Institution. “The notes by White Kennett,'Bishop The same copy also has some notes by of Peterborough, are contained in the Morant, the Historian of Essexo--Peck's margins of an interleaved copy of the note were transmitted to Dr. Rawlinfirst edition. This copy was purchased, son, and are among bis Mss. in the for the sum of five guineas and a half, Bodleian.-The same may be stated of by the late Mr. Gough, from the library two small volumes of notes written by of James West, esg. President of the the Rev. Robert Watts, Fellow of St. Royal Society. Mr. Gough presented John's College, and afterwards Rector of this valuable book to the Rev. Mr. Arch. Great Gidding in Huntingdonsbire, deacon Churton for his life, directing which were transcribed for Dr. Rawlinthat, at Mr. Churton's decease, it might son's use by the Rev. Jubn Jones, of St. be placed with the rest of his noble Jobn's College, from the original MS. in benefaction to the Bodleian Library. the possession of the Rev. Thomas Fer. But Mr. Churton, with an eagerness to rar. -Sir Philip Sydenbam's notes were promote every literary undertaking that transcribed by Dr. Rawlinson from the always distinguisbes him, no sooner un. originals, and are now in the Bodleian.derstood that a new edition of tbe Bishop Humphreys's additions were first Athene was in preparation, than he printed by Hearne, from a copy given most liberally transmitted the volumes him by Mr. Baker, in Tho. Caii Vindiciæ, to the Bodleian, in order that I might Oxon. 1730. They are now faithfully have access to the information they reprinted, and arranged in their respeccontained. This consists chiefly of ex tive places. -Cole's notes are contained tracts from Parish Registers, and from in the same volumes with those of Baker other Ecclesiastical documents, collect- before mentioned. Coningsby's in a ed with extraordinary diligence, during copy in the library of Baliol College. a series of many years. I have endea. Bowles's in a copy in the library of Sion voured, in most instances, to give these College ; for which I am obliged to the notes in Dr. Kennett's own words and Rev. Robert Watts, the present librarian. orthography; but it will be observed, in Whalley's in a copy now in the posses. some few instances, that I have been sion of Mr. Francis Godolphin Waldron, tempted to translate the names of the for whose prompt and friendly commupreferments, in order to render the nar nication I beg to return my sincere rative more connected, and the language acknowledgments. The notes by Jubn uniform *.-Thuse by the Rev. Thomas Loveday, esq. of Caversham, near ReadBaker, of St. John's College, Cambridge, ing, are on the margins of copy in the were transcribed by the late Rev. Wil- library of that family, and for these I am liam Cole, of King's College, for his own again obliged to the kind interference of use, and inserted in a large-paper copy Mr. Churton.
* " Why Tanner should have rejected Kennett's notes, I cannot discover. Mr. D'Israeli bas obligingly transmitted the following extract from an unpublished letter in the British Museum, written by Authony Collins to Mr. Des Maiseaux, on this subject : ‘Jan. 5, 1721. If that you have been informed of Wood's new edition be true, it will render it of little credit. I anú tuld, by a good hand, that Dr. Tanner, the editor, relused to accept of the additions made by Dr. Kennett to Wood, wbich were very large, and which the Doctor offered to have published in the way of notes.'"
“ To Dr. Routh, the President of Mag. Fellow of New College, I am much in. dalen, and Dr. Hodson, the Principal of debted for his very acceptable aid in Brazen-nose College, I am indebted for several parts of the work. the greatest kindness, whenever I have, “The kind, yet laborious office of had occasion to trouble them for in- correcting the errors of the press, was formation relative to the Members of undertaken, in conjunetion with myself, their respective Societies. - To Henry by my friend Charles Mayo, esq. Fellow Ellis, esq. of the British Museum, I owe of St. Jobn’s, whose accuracy, judgment, the most friendly attentions throughout and zeal, have been actively and most the whole of this work. He has spared beneficially exerted. — I know not in no trouble to assist me in transcribing what terms to express my sense of the from the literary stores now under his conduct of my excellent friend the Rev. immediate care, and has devoted much Bulkeley Bandinel throughout the whole time to my assistance, which his own progress of this work. It is to his laborious avocations might have well friendship that I have been indebted for excused. The ready kindness with which access to most of the rarest sources this aid was promised, and the continued whence I have drawn my information : exercise of it, demand my warmest to his judgment I owe several important thanks.~Mr. Gilchrist, of Stamford, bas amendments, and to his active and steady favoured me with several very important friendship I am obliged for favours which communications and suggestions; these I cannot express in words of adequate are rendered the more valuable from the acknowledgement, and shall never be liberal manner in which they were prof- able to repay. His research and assifered, and the friendly expressions which duity and attention are now engaged on aecompanied them.-- To Thomas Park, a work of National importance, and the esq. and his son Mr. John James Park, world will soon be able to judge the exI am obliged for several notes, that will cellence of his communications, though be found of equal interest and curiosity. it can never appreciate the value and I have to thank Mr. Kerrich, the intelli- sincerity of his friendship. gent Keeper of the Publie Library at “I believe I have now performed the Cambridge, for his kind attention to my grateful task of acknowledging my obliletters, and particularly for the trouble gations; yet, although my friends have he imposed upon himself in transcribing been so numerous, and the assistance I for me a long and tedious article. - To have received so great, it will be dismy friend Mr. Conybeare, of Christ covered that I have much new text, and Church, I am indebted for several cor a great number of notes, to answer for rections and hints, by which these vo myself. I cannot but be anxious about lumnes are rendered far more valuable the reception that these will meet with and complete than they could have been from the literary world, yet I hope that without such assistance. For the kind those who discover my errors or omissions and judicious advice of my old friend will reflect that it is no easy task to and schoolfellow Edward Hawkins, esq. steer clear from mistakes among so now of St. John's College, but recently many hundreds of names, and dates, and elected a Fellow of Oriel, I feel highly titles: that they will remember we are grateful; and at the same time that, in not at all seasons equally disposed for the common with the rest of my College, 1 drudgery of research; and that they will shall lament bis loss, I cannot but con give me credit for a desire to be accugratulate the Fellows of Oriel on the ae rate, however I inay have failed in the quisition of so great an ornament to execution of my task. If those who diso: their Society. - Mr. Browne Mostyn, of cover my faults will assist me in amendKiddington, has my best thanks for bising them, I shall be grateful for their very polite attentions to me when I was reproofs, and will take especial care that in search of an original portrait of the every omission or mis-statement that celebrated Cardinal Allan ; and I can may be pointed out to me, shall be ac not, in justice, refrain from noticing the knowledged and corrected in the course liberality with which he allowed me of the work:-I shall conclude with the every access to his house and his curious words of my Author, in his Preface to collection of original paintings. - I am the Antiquities of Oxford, the truth of obliged to Mr. Lawrence, of George which will be readily allowed by those street, Portman-square, for a curious who have engaged in a similar under. article relative to his own family, which taking, and which may somewhat soften I could not have obtained from any the asperity of those who may be inclined other quarter. And to Walter M. Mose
to condemn my portion of the volumes ley, esq. of Wynterdere House, Worces- before them. A painfull work it is I'll tershire, for information of the saine assure you, and more than difficult, description. To the Rev. John Walker, wberein what toyle hath been taken, as
no man thinketh, so no man believeth, In Oxford's precincts, seated near the but he that hath made the triall.'
[fenc'd, Philip Bliss." Of hapless Rosamond, (now strongly The First Volume does Mr. Bliss To guard its crystal charge from touch great credit; and we hope very
impure,) shortly to be able to give some spea
Proudly magnificent (the ponderous work cimens from the Second.
Of Vanburgh, Architect of grand design
And princely structure,) Blenheim rears 14. Poems and Imitations. By Daniel Blenheim, the offering of a grateful land
Cabanel, of Lincoln's Inn, esq. 8vo. To Marlbro's martial deeds, and trophied pp. 192. Bickerstaff.
[Bards, THESE are the effusions of a libe- The British Annals teem with Patriots, ral and enlightened mind. The first Heroes,and Sages vers’d in Wisdom's lore; of them, “British Scenery,” (pub- Distinguish'd names that mock the lished anonymously in 1811,) " is the first in the Patriotic list appears product of a variety of rambles by The name of Chatham; Gallia's sons one who has been a contemplative turn pale wanderer from his youth, and whose For 'tis a name that levelPd with the dust admiration of British landscape con The might of Bourbon-'tis a name retinues undiminished.”
ver'd The learned Author thus describes By every true-born Britontis a name himself, and some of the places of That shall exist, tbough Britain's glories his occasional residence:
(more! « Scarce from Carthusian pupilage re
And Britain's Navy rule the waves no
Numerous her list of Heroes, from the leas'd,
[fam'd Oxonia's cloister'd solitudes receiv'd My willing feet; Oxonia-school of arts, For courage link'd with coolness, to the
Of Blake to Nelson ; and from Marlbro', Por Learning and for Loyalty renown'd.
Chief Hail seats of Alfred! hail sequesterd Whose high exploits on Lusitania's shore shades!
[Aight Have foipa the boasted Captains of the Amid whose placid bounds, with noiseless
[Bards, Years glided on; books, and well-nurtur'd friends
Before uniconquerid; long the line of
From Spenser-Shakspeare. Miltonto
Of Cowper; and the Border Minstrel's
« Of slender nerve
ill suited to the Jones
[times, Imbib'd the lore of India, doom'd to close
A calm retreat in these tempestuous (Far from his natal soil and friends be
Indulgent Heaven affords me; stretch'd loy’d)
[fame. A life of Christian worth, and letter'd
The rural tenements of Sion Hill, Here Heber's stripling Muse portray'd the
And Lansdown’s steep ascent; while, far Of Palestine in energetic strains; [fate
beneath, With early academic laurels crown'd.
Avona rolls ber slowly winding wave, Long is the list, immeasurably long !
Seen partially; and oft at dusky eve, Of Alma Mater's worthies; from the age
The Nymph, with dank and dripping finOf Bacon (deem'd with magic power en
gers, spreads dued
Her misty mantle o'er the silent vale.
E’en to the foot of Sion ;-Oh forbid!
majestic structure, and has more the