On collecting]

[ for the saints

him : but conduct him forth in peace, CHAP. XVI.

that he may come unto me: for I look

for him with the brethren. N OW concerning the collection for 12 As touching our brother Apollos,

the saints, as I have given order I greatly desired bim to come unto you to the churches of Galatia, even so with the brethren : but his will was not do ye.

at all to come at this time ; but he will ? Upon the first day of the week come when he shall have convenient let every one of you lay by him in time. store, as God hath prospered him, 13 Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, that there be no gatherings when I quit you like men, be strong. come.

14 Let all your things be done with - 3 And when I come, whomsoever charity. ye shall approve by your letters, then 15 I beseech you, brethren, (ye will I send to bring your liberality unto know the house of Stephanas, that it Jerusalem.

is the firstfruits of Achaia, and that 4 And if it be meet that I gw also, they have addicted themselves to the they shall go with me.

ministry of the saints) 5 Now I will come unto you, when 16 That ye submit yourselves unto I shall pass through Macedonia : for I such, and to every one that helpeth do pass through Macedonia.

with us, and laboureth. 6 And it may be that I will abide, 17 I am glad of the coming of Steyea, and winter with you, that ye may phanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus: bring me on my journey whithersoever for that which was lacking on your I go.

part they have supplied. 7 For I will not see you now by the 18 For they have refreshed my way ; but I trust to tarry a while with spirit and yours: therefore acknowyou, if the Lord permit.

ledge ye them that are sucki. 8 But I will tarry at Ephesus until 19 The churches of Asia salute you. Pentecost.

Aquila and Priscilla salute you much 9 For a great door and effectual is in the Lord, with the church that is in opened unto me, and there are many their house. adversaries.

20 All the brethren greet you. 10 Now if Timotheus come, see Greet ye one another with an holy that he may be with you without fear: kiss. for he worketh the work of the Lord, 21 The salutation of me Paul with as I also do.

mine own hand. 11 Let no man therefore despise 22 If any man love not the Lord


CHAP. XVI. Ver. 2. Lay by him in store.- "hich time Dr. Benson, from chap. v. 7, 8, supposes Doddr. " Lay something by, treasuring it up;" it to have been written. namely, in the common stock. Instead of in store, Ver. 9. For a great door und effectuel.-€ Mackn, reads, " in the treasury;" i. e. the public 2 Cor. ii. 12; Col. ir. 3; Rev. iji. 8. stock of the church.

Ver. 22. Anathena Maran-atha.--"When the Jews Ver. 3. Your liberality.-Gr.gif;' or 'Grace.' lost the power of life and death, they Used, never

Ver. 5. When I pass through Macedonia.-Bytheless, to pronounce an Anathema on persons who, chap. ii. it appears that Paul had been at Corinth, according to the Mosaic law, should have been exeand by this verse, that he was about to visit it a cuted, and such a person became an Anekreta second time. But instead of sailing directly from (Heb. Cherem), or accursed..... Now, to express Ephesus to Corinth, as he had formerly purposed, ibeir Taith that God would, one way or another ... he intended to go round through Macedonia ; aud interpose, to add that efficacy to his own sentence that he did so, appears from Acts xx. 1, 2.

which they could not give it, it is very probable Ver.8. I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost they might use the words Maran-atha; that is, This, compared with verse 6-"And it may be, that Syriac, the Lord cometh, or he will surely and I will winter with you," fixes the time of writing quickly come to put this sentence in execution..." this Epistie-after winter, but before Pentecost, In beautiful allusion to this, when the apostle was which' includes the time of the Passover, about speaking of a secret alienation from Christ, main. NOTES tained under the forms of Christianity (which might states it to have been written from Philippi, is so perhaps be the case among many of the Corinthians), plainly opposed to verse 8, in this chapter, and to as this was not a crime capable of being convicted other parts of this Epistle, that it is almost univerand censured in the Christian church, he reminds sally rejected as spurious and unauthentic ; partithem that the Lord Jesus Christ will come bimself cularls by Doddridge, Macknight, and Paley. The and punish it." Bp. Patrick in Doddr. This is the former says, “I hope it will be remembered, that no passage sapposed to be referred to in the preceding credit is to be given to any of these additions, which verse, as written with his owon hund,

St. Paul's]

[salutations. Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema 24 My love be with you all in Christ Maran-atha.

Jesus. Amen. (X) 23 The grace of our Lord Jesus The first epistle to the Corinthians was writ

ten from Philippi by Stephanas, and ForChrist be with you.

tunatus, and Achaichus, aud Timotheus.


" Let no man despise him;" a charge (X) Ver. 1-24. Divers admonitions and given concerning no other of Paul's mes. salutations to the Church at Corinth.--We sengers; and what danger was there of humbly conceive, that the last verse of the his being despised more than others ? preceding chapter connects more properly “ Turn to 1 Tim. iv. 12 (says Archdeacon with the present. From the consideration Paley), and you will find that Timothy of the resurrection, and judgment to come, was a young man, younger probably than the apostle earnestly exhorts the Corin-. those who were usually employed in the thians to steadfastness and diligence in the Christian ministry; and that St. Paul, apwork of the Lord, and especially in the prehending lest he should on that account duty of Christian benevolence, under the be exposed to contempt, urges upon him consideration that their labour " was not in the caution there inserted, Let no man vain," for great would be their reward in despise thy youth.(Hor. Paul, chap. II. heaven. He then proceeds to urge upon No. 9; see also Notes below on ver. 5 & 8.) them a provision for the poor saints; and After a friendly assurance of his kind particularly, as that was now the usual day wishes and intentions toward the Corinof meeting for devotion, that in the first thians, and a friendly apology on behalf of day of the week, each one should deposit Apollos, the apostle gives them this anisomething in the treasury of the church, mating exhortation-" Watch ye, stand as God had prospered him, for their poor fast in the Lord, quit yourselves like men" brethren at Jerusalem, who were doubt. -all which, as military terms, are highly less much harassed by their infidel coun- appropriate to the Christian soldier, who trymen in that city.

has to watch, as well as fight with princi" The churches of Galatia and Phrygia palities and powers—with the world, the (says Dr. Paley) were the last churches flesh, and the devil.” At the same time, which St. Paul had visited before writing while his utmost energies are to be thus this Epistle. He was now at Ephesus, exerted, the kindest affections are to be and he came thither immediately from exemplified toward his brethren "Let all visiting those churches, Acts xviii. 23; things be done with charity," or Christian xix. 1.And when there, as the Doctor love. He particularly recommends to their remarks, it is very evident that the same attention "s the house of Stephanas," who subject was strongly impressed on his had “addicted themselves to the ministry (or mind; for speaking of the other apostles, service) of the saints.” Then, after cerSt. Pau says, " They would that we tain salutations, he thus solemnly conshould remember the poor : the same cludes :-" If any man love not the Lord which I also was forward to do." This is Jesus Christ, let him be"-he shall beone of many incidents remarked by this “Anathema, Maran-atha"-" accursed ingenious writer, to show the harmony he- when the Lord shall come.” “To contween the book of Acts and the Apostolical clude all (says Doddridge), let us lay up in Epistles, and which clearly prove their our memory, and often review this awful authenticity, as the circumstances are too sentence, this Anathema Maran-atha ; minute and incidental to have occurred to which, to give it the greater weight, the any one wbo had atteinpted forgery. (See apostle records with his own hand. Let Horze Paul. chap. 111. No. 10.) Another it ever be remembered, that professing circumstance of a like nature is found in Christians, who do not sincerely love their verse II of this chapter, where, speaking of Master, lie under the heaviest curse which Timotby, to the Corinthians, Paul says, an apostle can pronounce, or God inflict."

have been very presumptuously made, and, I think, P.S. The superscription to this Epistle, which very imprudently retained."


PAUL the Apostle to the CORINTHIANS.


7 And our hope of you is stedfast,

knowing, that as ye are partakers of PAUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ the sufferings, so shall ye be also of

- by the will of God, and Timothy the consolation. our brother, unto the church of God 8 For we would not, brethren, hare which is at Corinth, with all the saints you ignorant of our trouble which which are in all Achaia :

came to us in Asia, that we were 2 Grace be to you and peace from pressed out of measure, above strength, God our Father, and from the Lord insomuch that we despaired even of Jesus Christ.

life : 3 Blessed be God, even the Father 9 But we had the sentence of death of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father in ourselves, that we should not trust of mercies, and the God of all com- in ourselves, but in God which raiseth fort;

the dead: 4 Who comforteth us in all our tri- 10 Who delivered us from so great bulation, that we may be able to com- a death, and doth deliver : in whom fort them which are in any trouble by we trust that he will yet deliver us; the comfort, wherewith we ourselves 11 Ye also helping together by are comforted of God.

prayer for us, that, for the gift bestowed 5 For as the sufferings of Christ upon us by the means of many persons, abound in us, so our consolation also thanks may be given by many on our aboundeth by Christ.

behalf. 6 And whether we be afflicted, it 12 For our rejoicing is this, the is for your consolation and salvation, testimony of our conscience, that in which is effectual in the enduring of simplicity and godly sincerity, not with the same sufferings which we also fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of suffer: or whether we be comforted, God, we have had our conversation in it is for your consolation and sal- the world, and more abundantly to vation.


NOTES. CHAP. 1. Ver. 1. And Timothy.-By this it p. Dodar. « Working together in prayer."« That pears that Timothy had returned to Paul, in Ma. for the girl bestowed upon tis-Dodur. “That so cedonia, and was now with him.

the favour (obtained) for us by (the importunate] Ver. 5. The sufferings of Christ Mackn. " for prayers of many." Christ." Doddridge explains it; “ sufferings in the Ver. 12. In simplicity and godly sincerity.-Gr. cause of Christ."

“In the simplicity and sincerity of God;" i. e. in Ver. 6. Which is effectual.-Marg. “ Which is the sigòt of God. On the latter word Mr. Leich wrought in," &c.

says, " A fine word! It is a metaphor, either from Ver. 9. The sentence-Marg. “ The answer"

such things as are tried by being held up against the of death-meaning that deaih was fully expected beams of the sun, to see what faults are in them; by them.

or else from such things as are purged and clarified Ver. 10. So great-Mackn. « So terrible," by the heat of the sun from the gross matter that is dealh.

in them. Mel sincerus, is hopev sine cera, or with Ver. 1), Ye also helping together by prayer, out wax.” Critica Sacra, in Eilikrincia,

Paul declares his affection] CHAP. I.

[to the Corinthians. 13 For we write none other things 18 But as God is true, our word unto you, than what ye read or ac- toward you was not yea and nay. knowledge; and I trust ye shall ac- 19 For the Son of God, Jesus knowledge even to the end;

Christ, who was preached among you 14 As also ye have acknowledged by us, even by me and Silvanus and us in part, that we are your rejoicing, Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but even as ye also are ours in the day of in him was yea. the Lord Jesus.

20 For all the promises of God in 15 And in this confidence I was him are yea, and in him Amen, unto minded to come unto you before, that the glory of God by us. ye might have a second benefit;

2] Now he which stablisheth us 16 And to pass by you into with you in Christ, and hath anointed Macedonia, and to come again out us, is God; of Macedonia unto you, and of 22 Who hath also sealed us, and you to be brought on my way tuward given the earnest of the Spirit in our Judea.

hearts. 17 When I therefore was thus 23 Moreover I call God for a record minded, did I use lightness ? or the upon my soul, that to spare you, I came things that I purpose, do I pur- not as yet unto Corinth. pose according to the flesh, that with 24 Not for that we have dominion me there should be yea yea, and nay over your faith, but are helpers of your nay?

joy: for by faith ye stand. (A)


and reproofs in this epistle. But these are (A) Ver. 1-24. Paul, after his usual not all to be considered as addressed to the apostolical benediction, thanks God on be- same individuals; for it is clear that this half of the Corinthian Church, and encou- church was composed of very heteroge. rages them under their trials.-This Epis neous materials-Jews and Gentiles, saints tle, as stated in our Table of Apostolical and hypocrites; and wbile some were enEpistles (p. 469), appears to have been titled to Paul's warmest commendations, Written within a year after the preceding; others merited his severest censures, and probably, as mentioned at the end of Dr. Doddridge remarks, that out of St. it, from Philippi in Macedonia. To un Paul's thirteen Epistles, “ eleven of them derstand this Epistle rigbtly, the reader begin with exclamations of joy, praise, and must be informed, that Titus, who seems to thanksgiving,” which fact sufficiently shows have been the bearer of the first Epistle, his amiable disposition, and the deep inas well as of this (chap. viii. 17, 18), spent terest which the apostle felt in the prossome time in Corinth, in order to obtain a perity and happiness of the churches. The correct knowledge of the state and circum ductrine here insinuated is also highly instances of that church, and of their feelings teresting and important, namely, that mitowards the apostle, which he communi nisters, and even apostles, enjoy and encated to him, when they met in Macedo dure, not only the common lot of joy and nia; and it is evident that upon his informa- suffering in their own persons, but, being tion, are founded both the commendations public characters, both the afflictions

NOTES. Ver. 13. Than what ye read-i. e. in the Scrip. Ver. 22. Earnes: of the Spirit.-See Expos. of tores; but as the word is ambiguous, Doddr. ren. ders it, “ Than what yon know."

Ver. 23. To spare you, I came not as yet unto CoVer. 15. A second benefit. -Gr. " grace," or gift; rinth-i.e. as Doddr. explains it, it was from tenmeaning the advantage of Paul's personal ministry derness towards the Corinthians. So Mackn." To a second time.

avoid punishing you, I have pot as yet come to CoVer. 17. Yea, yea, &c.-That is, honest and plain rinth"_wishing to give you time to repent. dealing. See Note on Matt. v. 37

• Ver. 24. Not that we have dominion over your Ver. 18. Our word.-Marg. “our preaching” - faith.-The apostles were only servants of Christ. meaning the word preached. Not yea and nay and had no authority but what they derived from not wavering, uncertain, or contradictory. So him, and from the teachings of the Holy Spirit. See

Mait. xx, 23.


The Corinthians directed] 2 CORINTHIANS. (to restore the penitent. CHAP. II.

4 For out of much affliction and

anguish of heart, I wrote unto you with RUT J determined this with myself, many tears; not that ye should be

that I would not come again to grieved, but that ye might know the you in heaviness.

love which I have more abundantly 2 For if I make you sorry, who is unto you. he then that maketh me glad, but the 5 But if any have caused grief, he same which is made sorry by me? hath not grieved me, but in part: that

3 And I wrote this same unto you, I may not overcharge you all. lest, when I came, I should have sor. 6 Sufficient to such a man is this row from them of whom I vught to punishment, which was inflicted of rejoice; having confidence in you all, many. that my joy is the joy of you all. 7 So that contrariwise ye ought

EXPOSITION-Chap. I. Continued. which they endure, and the consolations or two.-1. We uote the stability of the which they enjoy, are all intended for the gospel : all the promises of God are in him instruction and consolation of the church Christ), yea, i. e. plainly asserted; and of Christ; that they (ministers) may be in him, amen, or faithfully accomplished, “ able to comfort those who are in any “to the glory of God."-2. By "the earnest trouble.” And the advantage is recipro of the spirit in our hearts," we understand cal: ministers partake (ver. 11) in the those divine influences which our Lord prayers and sympathies of their people. promised to all believers, to guide thein,

As an instance of this, St. Paul appears into truth and righteousness; and which to advert to the opposition he had met may properly be considered as an "ear with in Ephesus, when he was in danger nest" of those higher influences which of being torn to pieces by the mob that sball finally prepare them for heaven and Demetrius had raised (Acts xix. 30, 31); glory. “As we are born again by the Spiwhen his friends, as he acknowledges, in- rit (says Bishor Pearson), and receive terested themselves for him in prayer to from him our regeneration, so we are as God, as well as by their personal exertions sured by the same Spirit of our adoption; on bis behalf.

and because, being i sops,” we are alsa • The consolation of which the apostle « heirs of God, and joint heirs with speaks" so strongly in this chapter, says Christ," by the same Spirit we have the Dr. Macknight very justly, “was derived pledge, or rather“ the earnest of our infrom the presence of Christ with him in beritance." For “ He which establisheth his affliction ; from a sense of the love of us in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God, Cbrist shed abroad in his heart; from the who hath also sealed us, and haih given joy which the success of the gospel gave the earnest of his Spirit in our bearts. him; froin the assured hope of the reward .... The Spirit of God, as given unto os which was prepared for him ; from his in this life (continues that excellent Preknowledge of the influence of his suffer- late), though it have not the proper nature ings to encourage others; and from the of a pledge, as in the gifts received bere enlarged views which he had of the goveru. being no way equivalent to the promised ment of God, whereby all things are made reward, nor given in the stead of any thing to work together for good to them who already due; yet it is to be looked upon love him."

as an earnest, being part of that reward But the concluding verses of this chap- which is promised. (Pearson on the Aposter are of peculiar interest and importance, tles' Creed, Art, viii.) and must not be passed without a remark


NOTES. CHAP. II, Ver. 1. In heaviness.--Doddr. " in Ver. 5. Not grieved me, but in part-in.net

grieved me (only), but in part," or in a degree, all Ver. 2. Who .... but the same that is made sorty of you. Dr. J. Edwards on the Script. vol. ij.99... by me?-Doddr, "grieved by me."

Ver, 6. This punishment.Margin, “ Cepsare.** Ver. 3. The joy of you all-i. e, you all rejoice Doddr. “ rebuke.”_ Inflicted of many, namely, with me.

according to Doddr." by the whole church." Ver. 4. I nrole into you-. e. in his first Epistle,

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