The coming of ]


[the Son of man. for they shall deliver you up tu councils; be affliction, such as was not from the beand in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: ginning of the creation which God created and ye shall be brought before rulers and unto this time, neither shall be. 20 Aud kings for my sake, for a testimony against except that the Lord had shortened those them. 10 And the Gospel must first be days, no flesh should be saved : but for published among all natioos. 11 But the elect's sake, whom be hath chosen, he when they shall lead you, and deliver you bath shortened the days. 21 And then up, take no thought beforehand what ye if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is shall speak, neither du ye premeditate: Christ; or, lo, he is there; believe him but whatsoever shall be given you in that not: 22 For false Christs and false prohour, that speak ye : for it is not ye that phets shall rise, and shall shew signs and speak, but the Holy Ghost. 12 Now wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, the brother shall betray the brother to even the elect. 23 But take ye heed : death, and the father the son ; and chil- behold, I have foretold you all things. dren shall rise up against their parents, 24 But in those days, after that tribuand sball cause them to be put to death. lation, the sun shall be darkened, and the 13 And ye shall be bated of all men for my moon shall not give her light, 25 And name's sake: but he that shall endure unto the stars of heaven shall 'fall, and the the end, the same shall be saved. 14 Lut powers that are in heaven shall be shaken. when ye shall see the abomination of de- 26 And then shall they see the Son of solation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, man coming in the clouds with great standing where it ought not, (let him that power and glory. 27 And then shall be readeth understand, then let them that send his angels, and shall gather together be in Judea Alee to the mountains: his elect from the four winds, from the ut15 And let him that is on the house-top not termost part of the earth to the uttermost go down into the house, neither enter part of heaver). 28 Now learn a parable therein, to take any thing out of his house of the fig tree; When her branch is yet 16 And let him that is in the field not turn tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know back again for to take up his garment. that summer is near: 29 So ye iu like 17 But woe to them that are with child, manner, when ye shall see these things and to them that give suck in those days i come to pass, know that it is nigh, even 18 And pray ye that your flight be not in at the doors. 30 Verily I say unto you, the winter. 19 For in those days shall that this generation shall not pass, till all

called, and's lo which thens, or by the ulther by

NOTES-Chap. XIII. Con. Ver. 9. For a testimony against them.-So Doddr. 2. The more general, and as we think jast i Bat Camp. renders it " to them," referring to Matt. pretation is, that though the human nature of Christ xxiv. 14. Both senses are just. The first preachers was joined to the divine ; yet, as infinite attributes of the gospel were witnesses for Christ to "rulers could not be communicated to a finite mind, so the and kings;''and wben their witness was rejected, then soul of Jesus could be no more omniscient than onthey became witnesses ayainst them. See chap. vi. nipresent; and therefore might not, at this period, ver, 11.

know the precise day and bour here spoken of. This Ver. 11. Take no thought beforehand.-See Note sense is so ably defended by Dr. Pye Smith, that we on Matt. vi. 25. It would be a gross perversion of shall present our readers with a short extract or two Scripture to apply this, as some bave done, to minis- from his valuable work. terinl studies, as an encouragement to idleness in Alter remarking that the intellectual attainpreachers; but when prevented from stady, either by ments of Jesus were partly acquired by diligence in the opposition of their enemies, or by the multiplicity the use of proper means, but chiefly communiof the labours to which they have in providence been cated by the Holy Spirit (Isa. xi. 2,3), be adds, " All called, and still more under circumstances of per the knowledge which his offices required, or to the secution-these words have afforded rational sup Use of which his commission extended, he unquesport and consolation to many, and have been, in some tionably enjoyed on earth); but beyond this spbere, instances, remarkably fulflled.

there is an indefinite field for the acquisition of new Ver.32. Of that day and hour-Camp. "OR hour;": knowledge, as well as of higher felicity in his glori. which be does not hesitate to admit as the true fied state. reading, supported by the most and best MS. and " The Scriptures appear to us, on the one hand, ancient versions. Hour being distinguished from day, to teach the existence of such an Union as produces a marks the precise time.

personal oneness; and on the other, to exclude the Ibid. Neither the Son. This is parallel to Mat- notion of transinutation, or confusion, of the essenthew's expression, " But the Father ONLY;" the only tial properties of eitber nature with respect to the question is, can this be explained in consistency other. It follows that, whatever communication of with the doctrine of Christ's divinity ? Many sola. supernatural qualities, powers, or enjoyments, was tions of this difficulty bave been proposed, but two made by the indwelling divinity to the man Christ only deserve our notice.

Jesus," it was made in various degrees, and on sucFirst, Doctor W. Wotton and others contend, cessive occasions, as the divine wisdom judged fit: that the verb know here corresponds with the and this necessary limitation would apply to times conjugation hiphil in the Hebrew, and should be or seasons which the Father has put in his own power rendered in the sense of revealing, or causing the (Acts i. 7), “as much as to any other conceivable day in question to be knonn: but this interpretation class of objects." Messiah, vol.ii. p. 337-341. has the misfortune to intimate, that men and angels Ver. 35. At eren, or at midnight, or at the cock are ignorant of it only so far as they may not cause croning, or in the morning.-" These are the four it to be known: and even as to the divine Father him. night watches, answering with us to the hours of mell (we speak with reverence), the same might be 9 and 12 at night, and 3 and 6 in the morning." said of him, for he does not cause it to be knonn.


Christ's last]

(Passover, these things be done. 31 Heaven and unleavened bread, when they killed the earth shall pass away: but my words shall Passover, his disciples said unto him, not pass away. 32 But of that day and Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that hour knoweth do man, no, not the that thou mayest eat the Passover ? augels which are in heaven, neither the 13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciSon, but the Father. 33 Take ye heed, ples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the watch and pray: for ye know not when city, and there shall meet you a man the time is. 34 For the Son of man is bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. as a man taking a far journey, who left 14 And wheresoever he shall goin, say ye his bouse, and gave authority to his ser to the goodman of the house, Tlie Master vants, and to every man his work, and com- saith, Where is the guestchamber, where manded the porter to watch. 35 Watch I shall eat the Passover with my disciples ? Fe therefore : for ye know not wben the 15 And he will shew you a large upper baster of the house cometh, at even, or at room furnished and prepared : there make midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the ready for us. 16 And his disciples went morning : 36 Lest coming suddenly he forth, and came into the city, and found as fod you sleeping. 37 And what I say he had said unto them : and they made uuto you I say unto all, Watch.

ready the Passover. 17 And in the even

ing he cometh with the twelve. 18 And CHAP. XIV.

as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily AFTER two days was the feast of the I say unto you, One of you wbich eareth - Passover, and of unleavened bread: with me shall betray me. 19 And they and the Chief Priests and the Scribes began to be sorrowful, and to say unto seragat how they might take him by craft, hiin one by one, Is it I ?' and another said, and pat kim to death. 2 But they said, Is it I ? 20 And he answered and said No en the feast day, lest there be an up. unto them, It is one of the twelve, that Four of the people. 3 And being in dippeth with me in the dish. 21 The Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, Son of mad indeed goeth, as it is written as be sat at meat, there came a woman of him : but woe to that man by whom baving an alabaster box of ointment of the Son of man is betrayed ! good were it spikenard very precious; and she brake the for that man if he had never been born. bos, and poured it on his head. 4 And 22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, ttere were some tbat had indignation and blessed, and brake it, and gave to anbig themselves, and said, Why was this them, and said, Take, eat. this is my Taste of the ointment made? 5 For it body. 23 And he took the cup, and might have been sold for more than three wben he had given thanks, he gave it to bundred pence, and bave been given to them: and they all drank of it. 21 And the poor. And they murmured against he said unto them, This is my blood of the ber. 6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; new testament, which is shed for many. Why trouble ye her? she bath wrought a 25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no good work on me. 7 For ye have the more of the fruit of the vine, until that pilot with you always, and whensvever ye day that I drink it new in the kingdom of will ye may do them good: but me ye have God, Fast always. 8 She bath done what she 26 And when they had sung an hymn, could: she is come aforehand to auoint my they went out into the mount of Olives. Way to the burying. 9 Verily I say unto 27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye au, Wberesoever this Gospel shall be shall be offended because of me this pight: preached throughout the whole world, this for it is written, I will smite the shepherd,

that she hath done shall be spoken of and the sheep shall be scattered. 28 But for a memorial of her. 10 And Judas after that I am risen, I will go before you licariot, one of the twelve, went unto the into Galilee. 29 But Peter said unto Chief Priests, to betray him unto them. him, Although all shall be offended, yet | And when they heard it, they were will not l. 30 And Jesus saith unto glad, and promised to give him money. him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, And be sought bow he might conveniently even in this night, before the cock crow betray him. 12 And the first day of twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. 31 But

NOTES. CAP. XIV. Ver. 1 to 11. After Iwo days.-So Ver. 12-26. And the first day of unleavened bread, Viet Avị,2-16. .

when they killed, &c. -- Marg. « Sacriticed." "The Ver. 3. An alabaster box-50 called, as Parkhurst passage parallel to this section is Matt. xxvi. 17-25: Irom their being made of alabaster stone.

Ver. 23. They all drank of it.-See Expos. Matt. apakmard-Marg. * Pare, or liqoid nard.''- And xxvi. 27. the brake brake-Camp. " Brake open” the box. Pro. Wak

Ver. 26. An hymn--or " Psalm.” See Expos. on bably it was way it was somehow sealed, as bottles often are Matt. xxvi. 30. s, to prevent evaporation. See Harmer.

Ver. 27-42. And Jesus said unto them, &c. See Ver. Three hundred pence-or 91, 78. 6d of our

the parallel text in Matt. xxvi. 26-46. But the

order is somewhat different


Jesus betrayed]


[and arraigned, he spake the more vehemently, If I should servant of the High Priest, and cut off bis die with thee, I will not deny thee in any ear. 48 And Jesus answered and said wise. Likewise also said they all. 32 And unto them, Are ye come out, as against a they came to a place which was named thief, with swords and with staves to take Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, me ? 49 I was daily with you in the Sit ye here, while I shall pray. 33 And temple teaching, and ye took me not : but be taketh with him Peter and James and the Scriptures must be fulfilled. 50 And John, and began to be sore amazed, and they all' forsook him, and fed. 51 And to be very heavy; 34 And saith upto there followed him a certain young mad, them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful having a linen cloth cast about his naked untu death : tarry ye here, and watch. body; and the young men laid hold on him: 35 And he went forward a little, and fell 52 And he left the linen cloth, and filed on the ground, and prayed that, if it were from tbem naked. possible, the hour might pass from him. 53 And they led Jesus away to the High 36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things Priest : and with him were assembled all are possible unto thee; take away this the Chief Priests and the elders and the cup from nie: nevertheless not wbat I will, Scribes. 54 And Peter followed him but what thou wilt. 37 And he cometh, afar off, even into the palace of the High and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Priest : and he sat with the servants, and Peter, Simon, sleepest thou ? couldest not warmed himself at the fire. 55 And the thou watch one hour? 38 Watch ye Chief Priests and all the council sought and pray, lest ye enter into temptation for witness against Jesus to put him to The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is death; and found none. 56* For many weak. 39 And again he went away, bare false witness against him, but their and prayed, and spake the same words. witness agreed not together. 57 And 40 Aud when he returned, he found then there arose certain, and bare false witness asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) against him, saying, 58 We heard bim neither wist they what to answer him say, I will destroy this temple that is 41 And he cometh the third time, and made with hands, and within three days saith upto them, Sleep on now, and take I will build another made without hands. your rest : it is enough, the hour is come; 59 But neither so did their witness agree behold, the Son of man is betrayed into together. 60 And the High Priest stood the hands of sinners. 42 Rise up, let up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand. Answerest thou nothing? what is it which

43 And immediately, while he yet these witness against thee? 61 But he spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, held bis peace, and answered nothing. and with him a great multitude with Again the High Priest asked him, and swords aud staves, from the Chief Priests said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the and the Scribes and the elders. 44 And Son of the Blessed ? 62 And Jesus he that betrayed him had given them a said, I am : and ye shall see the son of token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, man sitting on the right hand of power, that same is he ; take him, and lead him and coming in the clouds of heaven. away safely. 45 And as soon as be 63 Then the High Priest rent his clothes, was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, What need we any further witand saith, Master, master; and kissed nesses ? 64 Ye have heard the blashim.

phemy: what thiok ye? And they all 46 And they laid their hands on him, condemned him to be guilty of death. and took him. 47 And one of them 65 And some began to spit on him, and to that stood by drew a sword, and smote a cover his face, and to buffet him, and to

NOTES-Chap. XIV. Con. Ver. 33, 34. Sore amazed, &c. - “Being seized been sleeping, and ran after them. This is such as with grief and horror, said to them, My soul is over- incident as is very likely to have happened, but most whelmed with a deadly angaish."' Compare Matt. unlikely to have been invented." Xxvi. 39, and Note.

Ver. 54. And warmed himself.See Luke xxii.65. Ver. 43-65. And immediately, &c.—The parallel Ver. 56. Agreed not together - Camp. “ Was in. text in Matthew, is chap. xxvi. 47-58.

sufficient." So ver. 59. See Expos. Matt. XXVI. Ver. 51. A certain young man, &c. -" Though 59, &c. (p. 118.) tliis incident may not appear of great moment (says Ver. 58. Build another without hands. It is ob. Dr. Campbell), it is, in my opinion, one of those cir. servable that Matthew omits the latter clause, and cumstances which we call picturesque; which, in this probably the witnesses disagreed; though, though in a manner unconnected with the story, en had they agreed, it could not have amounted to a livens the narrative, and adds to its credibility. It must capital charge. See reference to ver. 66. have been late in the night, when (as has been very Ver. 61. Son of the Blessed. The high priest used probably conjectured) some young man, whose house probably both noun and adjective. Matthew re. Jay near the garden, being roused out of sleep by the cords one, and Mark the other, but this makes no noise of the soldiers and armed retinue passing by, contradiction. got up, and, stignulated by curiosity, wrapped himself Ver. 65. And to cover his facewbieh Luke calls (as Casaubon supposes) in the cloth in which he had blindfolding. See Note on Matthew xxvi. 68.

Denied and]

[crucified. say unto him, Prophesy : and the servants answered nothing ; so that Pilate marvel. od strike him with the palms of their led. 6 Now at that feast be released hands.

unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they 66 And as Peter was beneath in the desired. 7 And there was one named Ba. palace, there cometh one of the maids rabbas, which lay bound with them that of the High Priest : 67 And wben had made insurrection with him, who bad stie saw Peter warming himself, she look committed murder in the insurrection. ed upon him, and said, And thou also 8 And the multitude crying aloud began Fast with Jesus of Nazareth. 68 But to desire him to do as he had ever done he denied, saying, I know not, neither unto them. 9 But Pilate answered them, understand I what thou sayest. And he saying, Will ve that I release unto yon Weat out into the porch; and the cock the King of the Jews ? 10 For he knew cree, 69 And a maid saw him again, that the Chief Priests had delivered him and began to say to them that stood by, for envy. 11 But the Chief Priests This is one of them. 70 And he denied moved the people, that he should rather I again. And a little after, they that release Barabbas unto them. 12 And stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou Pilate answered and said again upto them, ut one of them : for thou art a Galileao, What will ye then that I shall do into him od tby speech agreeth thereto. 71 But whom ye call the King of the Jews? he began to curse and to swear, saying, 13 And they cried out again, Crucify bim. know not this man of whom ye speak. 14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, 2 And the second time the cock crew. what evil hath be done ? Aud they And Peter called to mind the word that cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify desus said unto him, Before the cock him. erer twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. 15 And so Pilate, willing to content the And when he thought thereon, he wept. people, released Barabbas unto them, and CHAP. XV.

delivered Jesus, when he had scourged

him, to be crucified. 16 And the sol. AND straightway in the morning the diers led him away into the ball, called

Chief Priests held a consultation with Pretorium ; and they call together the the elders and Scribes and the whule whole band. 17 And they clothed him wuncil, and bound Jesus, and carried with purple, and platted a crown of thorus, kam away, and delivered him to Pilate, and put it about his head, 13 And be2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King gan to salute him, Hail, King of the of the Jews? And he answering said unto Jews! 19 And they smote him on the bia, Thou sayest it. 3 And the Chief head with a reed, and did spit upon him, Priests accused him of many things : but and bowing their knees worshipped him. be answered nothing. 4 And Pilate 20 And when they had mocked him, they asked him again, sayiug, Answerest thou took off the purple from him, and put his Dothing? beholú how many things they own clothes on him, and led him out to witness against thee. 5 But Jesus yet crucify him. 21 And they compel one

al curses.

NOTES. Ver. 66-72. And as Peter nas beneath, &c. - The may be seen in Campbell, who, however, returns

el text to this is Matt. xxvi. 69_75. If Peter nearly to the sense of the common version, and ren. E tuperintendance of Mark's gospel, as our ders it, “He thought carefully thereou with tears.

action supposes, it is plain he wished not to Briceal or palliate his guilt, for Mark records the CHAP. XV. Ver. 1-14. And straightway in the tarte denials of his Master the last time with oaths morning. &c.-For the parallel text in Mattbew, see

chap. xxvii, 1, 2, 12-18. 47.68. Into the porch-Doddr. Portico."

Ver.l. The whole council - Doddr. and Camp. Ver 69. And a maid-that is, as Matthew expresses “Sanhedrim.” 1 another maid."

Ver. 5. Yet ansnered nothing that is, to the 16.70. They that stood by.-Several by-standers charges of the Jews. He had only answered to the

to have acensed bim. See Job xviii. 25, 26. high priest and Roman governor. See ver. 2. His speech agreeth thereto. The Galileans were Ver. 15-39. And so Pilate willing, &c. - Mat. earted for their coarse and corrupt pronuncia thew's text corresponding with this is, chap. xxvii. ton. See Orient, Lit. No. 1215.

ver. 26, 31-52 er. il. Began to curse and to sneur-doubtless Ver. 16. The pretorium. - The inner ball, where prove thereby that he was not a disciple. Let all the Roman magistrale, called the Prætor, used to sit. pobase versons consider this!

Ver. 17. And they clothed him with purple.-MatTer. 72. Before the cock crow twice, Peter de. thew says, “ scarlet.” Mr. Wesley says the royal

bis Master before the cock crew the tirst time robes were partly of both colours; but this was proFEE68), but he depied him three times before the bably a single robe. By the frequent allusions of the

apcient poets to the purple colour of blood, it shonld bid. And when he thought thereon, he wept. seem that the ancient purple had in it a predomi9. Nasz, " There are not many words in Scrip. nance of red, which wben worn and soiled, would re

Whiteh bare undergone more interpretations senible such purple: but it is very difficult to ascer than this te

is term (epibalon. Our translators give two tain the shades of difference between the scarlet.

in the margia. 1. “ He wept abundantly." crimson, and purple dyes of the ancients. he began to weep.” 3. Doddr, reads, “ Cover

r, 21. The father of Alexander and Rufus, who * bead) lie went out," &c. and many more afterwards proved eminent Christians. Wesley.

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Christ's burial]


[and resurrection. Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, com- Truly this man was the Son of God. ing out of the country, the father of Alex 40 There were also women looking on ander and Rufus, to bear his cross. afar off : among whom was Mary Magda22 And they bring him unto the place lene, and Mary the mother of James the Golgutha, which is, being interpreted, The less, and of Joses, and Salome; 41 (Who place of a scull. 23 And they gave bim also, when he was in Galilee, followed bim, to drink wine mingled with myrrh : but and ministered unto him ;) and many other he received it not. 24 And when they women which came up with him unto Jes had crucified him, they parted his gar- rusalem. ments, casting lots upon them, what 42 And now when the even was come, every man should take. 25 And it was because it was the preparation, that is, the the third hour, and they crucified him. day before the sabbath, 43 Joseph of 26 And the superscription of his accusation Arimathea, an honourable counsellor, was written over, THE KING OF THE which also waited for the kingdom of God, JEWS. 27 And with him they crucify came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and two thieves; the one on his right hand, craved the body of Jesus. 44 And Pl. and the other on his left. 28 And the late marvelled if he were already dead : Scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And aud he was numbered with the transgressors. asked him whether he had been any while 29 Aud they that passed by railed on bim, dead. 45 Aud when he knew it of the wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. thou that destroyest the temple, and 46 And he bought fine linen, and took buildest it in three days, 30 Save thy- him down, and wrapped him in the self, and come down from the cross. linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which 31 Likewise also the Chief Priests mock was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a ing said among themselves with the stone unto the door of the sepulchre. Scribes, He saved others; himself he can 47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the not save. 32 Let Christ the King of mother of Joses beheld wbere he was Israel descend now from the cross, that laid. we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.

CHAP. XVI. 33 And when the sixth bour was come, AND when the sabbath was past, Mary there was darkness over the whole land Magdalene, and Mary the mother u until the ninth hour. 34 And at the James, and Salome, had bought swee ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, spices, that they might come and anoin saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? him. 2 And very early in the moruin which is, being interpreted, My God, the first day of the week, they came unt my God, why hast thou forsaken me? the sepulchre at the rising of the sur 35 Aud some of them that stoud by, wben 3 And they said among themselves, Wh they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth shall roll us away the stone from the doc Elias. 36 And one ran and filled a of the sepulchre 4 And when the spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a looked, they saw that the stone was rolle reed, and gave bim to drink, saying, Let away : for it was very great. 5 An alone; let us see whether Elias will come entering into the sepulchre, they saw to take hiin down. 37 And Jesus young man sitting on the right sid cried with a loud voice, and gave up the clothed in a long white garment ; ar ghost. 38 And the veil of the temple they were affrighted. 6 And he sail was rent in twain from the top to the unto them, Be not affrighted : Ye see bottom.

Jesus of Nazareth, wbich was crucife 39 And when the centurion, which he is risen; he is not here : beholdt stood over against him, saw that he so place where they laid him. 7 But cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, your way, tell his disciples and Peter th

NOTES. Ver. 25. The third hour that is, nine in the CHAP. XVI. Ver.1-8. And when the sald morning. See Note on John xix. 14.

was past - that is, soon after six on the Satur Ver. 39--47. And when the centurion, &c.-See evening. Mary Magdalen, &c. These vei Matt. xxvii. 54-61, where the same circumstances are parallel with the first eight of the last chapte are recorded.

Matthew Ver. 42. When the even was come.--The Hebrews Ver. 9-20. Now when Jesus was risen, & speak of two evenings. (See Note on Exod. xii. 6.) These twelve verses are wanting in many MSS. The former commenced about three o'clock, the in the canons of Eusebius: but they are in the A latter at six. As the sabbath began soon after this, apdrian MSS; seren of them, at least, in the Co the preparation must have begun soon after three Beza; in the old Syriac, the Arabic, the Vulg (when Jesus died) on tbe Friday afternoon.

and the old Italic, and other ancient versions, Ver. 43. An honourable counsellor-Camp,“ Sena. in the Commentaries of Theophylact. They tor;" i. e. a member of the Saphedrim.

quoted by Ambrose, Augustin, and Leo, styled Ver. 46. And rolled a stone - doubtless by the Great ; and ver, 19 in particular, is so cited by assistance of his servants.

næus in the second century, as giving room to bel

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