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[at his death; temple was rent in twain from the top 53 And came out of the graves to the bottom; and the earth did after his resurrection, and went into quake, and the rocks rent;
the holy city, and appeared unto 52 And the graves were opened; many. and many bodies of the saints which 54 Now when the centurion, and slept arose,
they that were with him, watching
EXPOSITION-Chap. XXVII. Continued. (S) Ver. 45–54. Prodigies attending our this was a good man : this was the Son of Saviour's death.-These were, 1. A preter- God." Here let us briefly consider the pernatural darkness in the middle of the day, sons before us; what they saw and heard; which could not proceed from a solar what they felt, and what they said. eclipse at passover time, because that was The persons were, the Roman centurion always at the time of the full moon : nor and his soldiers ; men accustomed to view could the sun be eclipsed for any such scenes of blood and horror, whose feelings, length of time as is here specified. 2. An whatever they might naturally have been, earthquake, whereby the veil of the temple we may reasonably suppose to have been was rent in twain ; ös the earth did quake, greatly blunted by their profession, and and the rocks rent, and the graves were the last feeling likely to possess them, was opened.” Whether any monument of this that of fear; yet they " feared greatly.". event now remains, or whether the fissure What did they see? They saw a man of in the rock now exhibited in the church of the most unblemished character treated as the sepulchre occurred at this early period, the very cbief of sinners, and that merely we presume not to decide ; nor is it rea- to gratify a few bigoted and cruel priests, sonable to demand ocular demonstration and their blind, infuriated adherents. They of an event which occurred nearly eighteen saw those meu transformed into worse than centuries ago. 3. Many bodies of the saints beasts — into monsters; for none other which slept, arose and came out of their could surely ridicule a man in the article of graves after his (our Lord's) resurrection, death, and jest with his dying agonies. They and went into the holy city (Jerusalem) heard their taunts and their revilings; they and appeared unto many. The expression heard, too, the dying prayers of the illus. “ after his resurrection," demands our trious sufferer : they heard him address the particular notice, as it secures to our Lord Almighty as his father and his friend; the honour of being the first-fruits of the they heard him (so Luke informs us) pray resurrection. Who these individuals were, for mercy to his murderers, and then paor to wbom they appeared, are secrets as tiently resign his soul into the hands of God, impenetrable as the foundations of the But what effect had all these extraordiworld; nor can we guess the object of their nary scenes upon them? " They feared resurrection, unless it were to bear witness greatly," being convinced by what they had to the resurrection of our Lord. Their seen and heard that Jesus could be neither going to show themselves in the holy city, an enthusiast nor an impostor, nor merely seems to imply that they were persons re a wise and good man; they believed him cently deceased, and well known there. to be truly what he declared himself to be, The desigu of providence in all the pre, “the Son of God !". vious circumstances appears to have been “I think (says Dr. Boothroyd) that the to prepare the minds of the spectators for centurion could pot be ignorant of what the acknowledgment which iininediately our Lord had so often said of biinself (tha follows : “ Now when the centurion, and he was the Son of God), and that unde they that were with him, watching Jesus the impression which these awful event (namely, the Romaw guard), saw the had made on his mind, he speaks, not as : earthquake, and those things that were heathen polytheist, but as admiiting th done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly claim which our Lord had made to be just.'
NOTES-Chap. XXVII. Con. that there were two vails; ore in the entrance to the
ntrance to the butions on the Christians, as already mentioned
butions on the Christinne outer temple, and the other between that and the Note on ver.33. The truth, however, generally li most holy. The Greek term here made use of, is between extremes, and it is very possible there ina applied by Flilo to the latter only, whic binay re- have been some foundation of truth to many of the present the way opened to us into heaven by the fables. The rent in the rock chiefly excites sus death of Christ. Heb vi. 19; X. 21.
picion from its being cased with marble. Ibid. The earth did quake and the rocks rent. Ver. 53. The holy city, - "The Orientals per
Maundrell, Sandys and other Christian travellers call Jerusalem by any other name than El-kods, t1 have been much gratified with the sight of a rent, or holy; sometimes adding the epithet El-sheril, il Ossure, in the rock of what is called the Holy Sepul- noble." Volpey, vol.ii. p. 304. chre; but Dr. Richardson, a pious physician, and Ver. 54. Truly this was the Son of God. Fro one of its latest visitants, considers the whole of this the omission of the Greek article to these noor exhibition to be a trick of the monks to raise contri. Campbell chooses to render this text, « The son
[in a new tomb. Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those the door of the sepulchre, and dethings that were done, they feared parted. greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son 61 And there was Mary Magdaof God. (S)
lene, and the other Mary, sitting over 55f And many women were there against the sepulchre. beholding afar off, which followed 62 Now the next day, that folJesus from Galilee, ministering unto lowed the day of the preparation, the im:
chief priests and Pharisees came to56 Among which was Mary Mag. gether unto Pilate, dalene, and Mary the mother of 63 Saying, Sir, we remember that James and Joses, and the mother of that deceiver said, while he was Zebedee's children.
yet alive, After three days I will rise 57 When the even was come, there again came a rich man of Arimathea, named 64 Command therefore that the seJoseph, who also himself was Jesus' pulchre be made sure until the third disciple:
day, lest his disciples come by night, 58 He went to Pilate, and begged and steal him away, and say unto the the body of Jesus. Then Pilate com- people, He is risen from the dead: so the marded the body to be delivered. last error shall be worse than the first.
And when Joseph had taken the 65 Pilate said unto them, Ye have body, be wrapped it in a clean linen a watch: go your way, make it as
sure as ye can. 60 And laid it in his own new 66 So they went, and made the tomb, which he had hewn out in the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and rock: and be rolled a great stone to setting a watch. (T)
EXPOSITION. (T) Ver. 55–66. The burial of our Sa- rally owe and ascribe much of the daily P.-It is much to the honour of the comfort and enjoyment of their lives." lemale sex, that the evangelists have taken Ledyard, the celebrated American traveller,
maeh notice of the attachment and has remarked, that " women, in all counhidelity of those women who attended on tries, are civil, obliging, tender, and huthe ministry of our Lord; and who them. mane. In wandering over the barren seves ministered to his necessities and plains of Denmark; through honest Swecomfort. It was not a woman that be- den, and frozen Lapland; rude and churlish trayed him, or that denied him ; nor is it Finland; unprincipled Russia; and the said of them, “ they all forsook him, and regions of the wandering Tartar; if hungry, hed." Dr. Doddridge, who remarks the cold, wet, or sick, the women have ever pous attachment of these females, is in- been friendly to me, and uniformly so." clined to think that their sex, “in the Mungo Park, the unfortunate African traabbt of God, constitute by far the better veller, bears a like testimony in favour of
of mankiodand to whose care and female benevolence. But when to this tenderness the wisest and best of men gene- natural virtue (if we may so call it) the
NOTES. sal, considering this centurion as a polytheist; ceased friends. See Oriental Literature, p. 360. yet ve canpot bnt think, though he might not well Ver. 62. The day of the preparation-viz. Friday.
erstand the Seripture phrase, he clearly meant Ver. 64. Until the third day-that this, and" alter at Jesus was a most extraordinary character, and three days” (ver. 63), were conversible terms, we
at he pretended to be, when he called himself have here decisive proof, the Jews themselves being ne Son of God." of which it is most likely that he witnesses,
Ver. 65. Ye have a watch. Perhaps referring to Ver. 66. Mary Magdalene that is, Mary of Mag. the Roman guard in the castle of Antonio, which is ca; see Lake viii. 2. Mary the wife of Cleo here offered them. ws, or Alphens, and sister of the Virgin Mary) Ver. 46. Sealing the stone. This was usually done
ber of James and Joses (or Joseph ) called with clay. Norden, in bisTravels in Egypt, Nubin, &c. Techtra, or cousins of our Lord. The mother speaking of sealing a granary, says, “The doors are Lesidee's children was Salome, Mark xvi. 1. shut only with wooden iocks, but the inspectors of the
kranary, after having sbut a door, put on it their seal, 87.61. Sitting orer against the Sepulchre. - on a handful of clay, which they make use of as wax. w the Greeks, as well as the Jews, women Query, Was this the kind of seal used to secure our accastomed to sit at the graves of their de. Lord's sepulchre ?" Fragments to Calmet, No. Ixxx.
Sre Calmet's Diet.
(of Christ. CHAP. XXVIII.
he said. Come, see the place where TN the end of the sabbath, as it the Lord lay.
began to dawn toward the first day 7 And go quickly, and tell his disof the week, came Mary Magdalene ciples that he is risen from the dead; and the other Mary to see the and, behold, he goeth before you into sepulchre.
Galilee; there shall ye see him : lo, 1 2 And, behold, there was a great have told you. earthquake : for the angel of the Lord 8 And they departed quickly from descended from heaven, and came the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and rolled back the stone from the and did run to bring his disciples door, and sat upon it.
word. 3 His countenance was like light- 9 And as they went to tell bis disning, and his raiment white as snow: ciples, behold, Jesus met them, say.
4 And for fear of him the keepers ing, All hail! And they came and did shake, and became as dead men. held him by the feet, and worshipped
5 And the angel answered and said him. unto the women, Fear not ye : for I 1 0 Then said Jesus unto them, Be know that ye seek Jesus, which was not afraid : go tell my brethren that crucified.
they go into Galilee, and there shall 6 He is not here : for he is risen, as they see me.
EXPOSITION—Chap. XXVII. Continued. grace of God is added, to direct and to im- inised to rise again, they beg that the goprove it, it is difficult to speak in too high vernor will make sure the sepulchre, lest terms of the female character.
his disciples should steal the body, and by But the faithful followers of Jesus were the substitution of a living person, pretend not all females; nor were the men always that he had risen from the dead. Pilate, of the lower class. Joseph of Arimathea however, having on his part no apprehenwas a rich man, though his disciple: and sions, leaves this to themselves. « So they seeing bis Master dead, knew not how went, and made the sepulchre sure; sealbetter to show his attachment and respect, ing the stone, and setting a watch." than by begging his body of the governor, These circumstances, fortuitous as they in order to deposit it in a new tomb, which may seem, were doubtless all arranged in he had hewn out for himself in a rock in his providence, not only for the accomplishown garden. Nicodemus, another ruler of ment of our redemption, but also for the the Jews, and secretly a disciple (John fulfilment of divine prophecy. Isaiah had xix. 39), brought also a large quantity of said, “ He made his grave with the wicked," spices, and having obtained leave of Pilate, or, as we render it, “ He was placed with they took down his body from the cross, the wicked in his death; but with the rich and having swathed the body in fine linen, was his sepulcbre.” Upon the cross “ he and covered it with spices (or perfumes), was numbered among transgressors," but they closed the door, and placed a heavy be was honoured in his tomb (see lsa. liii. stone against it. The bypocritical Phari. 9, 12, Expos, and Notes); but he fell only sees were at this time busy with their pass. to conquer; he died to rise and reign, and over, or it is probable they would have thus fulfil another prophecy,“ o death, I tried to prevent this. Next morning, how- will be thy plague; o grave, I will be thy ever, recollecting (what all his disciples destruction !” (Hos. xiii. 14.) seem to have forgotten) that Jesus pro
NOTES. CHAP. XXVIII. Ver. 1. In the end of the sub- make no difference in the sense, the question is of n both.-Camp. Sabbath being over, and the first day importance. - All hail-Camp." Rejoice !" Doddi of the week beginning to dawn." This agrees with however, retains the term “hail," without tbe won Mark xvi. I. The Jewish sabbath began on Friday all, to which there is nothing answerable in the ori evening (when stars of the second magnitude arose), ginal. - Held him by the feet, &c. " Exactly thi and ended at the same time on Saturday evening. kind of reverence may be seen daily among the Hin
Ver. 2. There was (Marg, “ had been") a great doos. A Hindoo disciple, meeting his religiou earthquake-that is, before the women arrived. guide in the public street, prostrates himself befort
Ver. 3. His countenance-not his face oply, but him, and rubs the dust off his feet, on his forebear his whole appearauce.
and breast." Ward's Hindoo, vol.ii. p. 337. Ver. 3. As they went to tell his disciples.--The Ver. 11. Non when they were going - Doddridge ancient versions, and many MSS. omit these words, “ While they were going Camp," When they wer and some critics therefore reject them; but as they gone."
[of the Jews. 11 Now when they were going, nor's ears, we will persuade him, and behold, some of the watch came into secure you. the city, and shewed unto the chief 15 So they took the money, and priests all the things that were done, did as they were taught : and this
12 And when they were assembled saying is commonly reported, among with the elders, and had taken coun- the Jews until this day. (U) bel, they gave large money unto the 16 | Then the eleven disciples went
away into Galilee, into a mountain 13 Saying, Say ye, His disciples where Jesus had appointed them. came by night, and stole him away 17 Aod when they saw him, they
worshipped him : but some doubted. 14 And if this come to the gover 18 And Jesus came and spake
while we slept.
and about the same time, some of the solU) Ver. 1-15. The resurrection of Je diers who had kept watch at the sepulchre, 3-Very "early," that is, about break ran and informed the chief priests of " all d day, on the first day of the week (cor- the things that were done." So that beresponding with our Sunday), Mary Mag tween the women and the soldiers, considercalene, and tbe other Mary, mentioned able agitation must have been excited, Ver. of the preceding chapter, came to among both the friends and enemies of Jes the Sepulchre, with a view of embalming sus: the former elevated to hope and joy; the the body of Jesus, not knowing that the latter alarmed, and justly, lest their malice Stone had been sealed, and a military guard should be defeated, and the Roman goverplaced thereat, or they doubtless would nor excited against them. pat have ventured to come. The guard, The excuse here invented by the guard, borever, had been so terrified by the ap- though a very common one, was not only pearauce of an angel from heaven, and the highly improbable, but very dangerous to Earthquake that took place at the same the guard themselves, to be advanced. If time, that part of them had run into the they slept, how could they tell what becity, to tell wbat had happened, while the came of the body ? and besides, this was Fest lay around the sepulchre, terrified and the confession of a capital offence, and at ilitosible. The angel, who had rolled the same time laid them open to the susaway the stone from the mouth of the picion of treachery and collusion. But it sepulcore, was sitting on it, and had courte- was the only apology they could think of, ously invited the women to look in, and and to this day the Jews have not been able see the place where their Lord had lain, to suggest a better ground for their inwho was bow risen from the dead. At the fidelity. same time they were directed to go and in all this, however, we may see the sell this joyful news to his disciples (espe- hand of Providence. Had no guard, or cially the apostles), and to inform them that only a guard of Levites, been appointed to he would give them all an interview with the sepulchre, such a pretence might have
had the colour of possibility ; but even The women accordingly, with a mixture then it was not likely that men who were
fear and joy, rap to seek the eleven, and themselves so hard to believe, should upite impart to them the joyful tidiogs. By the in a plot to persuade others. Certainly the Way, however, Jesus himself meets them, extreme reluctance of the apostles of Jesiis and after discovering who he was, directs to admit the fact, is a strong presumption them to proceed with their message, and that they were compelled to it by ocular confirm his promise by the angel, that he demonstration, and with Thomas even that would be with his disciples in Galilee. The was scarcely found sufficient. (See John Women of course proceeded to Jerusalem; xx. 25–27.)
him in Galilee.
Orient. lit. No. 1970.
NOTES. a. 12. Gare large money_Doddr.“ A large sam out of his tomb by night; and that the persons who
ty;more literally. To of silver," i.e. shekels. thus fraudulently conveyed him away, took occasion t. 14. And secure you. The Roman (as well as from thence to report that he rose from the dead, and ) punishment for sleeping on duty, was death. ascended into beaven. And this message is spoken
of as baving been sent before the destruction of Jeru17. 15. Uato this day when Matt
salem," See Doddr. Martyr says " that the Jews sent chosen men Ver. 17. But some doubted_ Though some of the
siderable mak over all the world, not only ia company) had (at first) doubted." So Doddr. ex* Peneral to represent Christianity as an impious plaius it. Paley says, “It is to be supposed that y but to assert that the body of Jesus was stolen Christ appeared at first at a distance, when the
Jason Martyt sich
Christ's commission] S. MATTHEW.
[to his apostles. unto them, saying, All power is given 20 Teaching them to observe all unto me in heaven and in earth. things whatsoever I have commanded
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all you : and, lo, I am with you alway, nations, baptizing them in the name even unto the end of the world. of the Father, and of the Son, and of Amen. (X) the Holy Ghost :
EXPOSITION-Chap. XXVIII. Continued. (X) Ver. 16-20 Christ's final exaltation, called, the Missionary enterprise. (Dr. Mor. and last commission to his disciples.-Jesus rison's Parting Memorial, 1826, p. 301.) had, previously to his death, appointed af. The introduction of the Christian voc. terwards to meet his apostles in Galilee, trine of the Trinity into this institution, which was repeatedly fultilled. Doddridge, may suggest to us, that the great point Wesley, and others, thjuk it was on this which concerns us therein, is to render occasion that our Lord appeared to 500 bre equal honour to the Father, the Son, and the thren at once (1 Cor. xv. 6); but this is by Holy Spirit, in their respective offices in no means certain. To us it appears that the economy of buman redemption : a subthis was the last interview which our Lordiect better studied upon our knees than had with his disciples, previous to his re- in the schools. But when it is added, turn to heaven : so Mr. Preb. Townsend, « Teaching them to observe all things Jo our Lord's words we remark the follow. whatsoever I have commanded you," we iog important points.
should never forget to give a prominent 1. The digoity to which Jesus Christ was situation to that peculiar and comprehennow about to be exalted, on his ascension sive precept of our Saviour,“ These things to the Father. “ All power is giveo unto I command you, that ye love one aduther." me in heaven and in earth." This must (John xv. 17.) refer to that delegated autbority conferred The promise annexed to this command is upon the Messiah, which was the reward certainly of the most encouraging nature of his passion, and the ground of bis au. and, so far as it relates to the aids of the thority, as King of the cburch. (Ps.ii. 7-9; Holy Spirit in the conversion of the heart cx. 1, &c. ; Matt. xi. 27 ; John xiii. 3 ; xvii. must no more be limited to any age than 2; Phil. ii. 9-11, &c. &c.) Whether that to any nation : “Lo! I am with you always authorily could be exercised by a mere even to the end of the world." ereature; that is, whether such creature 3. With the propagation of the gospel could be every where present; every where among the heatheo is here intimately con reign, protect, and bless his people; is an- nected the initiatory ordinance of Christian other question, which we leave to be re- Baptism, as a distinguishing mark of sepa solved by those who wish so to degrade the ration from the heathen world. Much Son of God.
more attention has been paid to this part o 2. The commission which Messias gives our Lord's address than to the preceding to his apostles and others, to disciple, to Many volumes have lieen written as to thi proselyte, to Christianize, or as Milton quantity of water necessary to the due ad better expresses it, to evangelize the world. ministration of this ordinance, the manne “I (says the divine Saviour) bave all power of its application, and tbe parties to whom in beaven and on earth; go ye therefore, and it should be administered. These contra proclaim the glad tidings of mercy to every versies we are very far from wishing to re buman creature. This did the first dis- vive. We are fully persuaded that Christ ciples and apostles of our Lord, to the ians, the more they enter into the spirit extent of their means; and this, more or their Master's institutions, the less wi less, have all their true successors done, they be inclined to dispute respecting cit up to the present day; and this is still the cumstantials. doing of what, in common parlance, is
NOTES-Chap. XXVIII. Con. greater part worshipped him; but some doubted, phrase, as too technical; to the verb " disciple"! till Jesus came up, and spoke to them." So Dr. objects, as not found in the English language; but Townson. To us it seems probable that some, when is hard to say this of a word used both by Shakspes they first saw him, supposed it to be his ghost (ns on and Spencer (see Johnson), and among divines, another occasion, Mait. xiv. 25.), till he appproached Bp. Beveridge, Dr. Scott, Mr. Wesley, &c. and spoke to them,
Ver. 20. Unto the end of the world. Some rend Ver. 19. Teach all nations.-'The word teach here, this, " to the end of the age.” meaning the Jewi is quite different from the one used in the next state; but Abp. Newcome understands it of verse. This word signities to " disciple," or make gospel dispensation, which will indeed ron paral disciples (or Christians) of all nations, and is so ren with the duration of the world. "Nothing seel dered in our margin, and to the sampe effect, we be more unreasonable (says Doddr.) than to limit 14 lieve, by all modern translators, Doddr. employs the words to the end of the Jewish state.” term "proselyte;" but Camp. justly objects to this