« 上一頁繼續 »
(of the talents. made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; 13 Watch therefore, for ye know go ye out to meet him.
neither the day nor the hour wherein 7 Then all those virgins arose, and the Son of man cometh. (F) trimmed their lamps.
14 f For the kingdom of heaven is 8 And the foolish said unto the as a man travelling into a far country, wise, Give us of your oil; for our who called his own servants, and delamps are gone out.
livered unto them his goods. 9 But the wise answered, saying, 15 And unto one he gave five taNot so; lest there be not enough for lents, to another two, and to another us and you : but go ye rather to them one; to every man according to his that sell, and buy for yourselves. several ability; and straightway took
10 And while they went to buy, the his journey. bridegroom came; and they that were 16 Then he that had received the five ready went in with him to the mar- talents went and traded with the same, riage : and the door was shut. and made them other five talents.
11 Afterward came also the other 1 7 And likewise he that had virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. received two, he also gained other
12 But he answered and said, two. Verily I say unto you, I know you not. 18 But he that had received one,
them; and there being then no time to pre (F) Ver. 1-13. The parable of the ten pare, the wise virgins only were in circum: virgins. “ Thus our Lord, in different stances to join the procession. “ And parables, compares the dispensation of they that were ready went in with him ta redemption to a marriage feast. Of all the the marriage; and," as is the custom o attendants upon the inarriage procession, these occasions, in order to keep out the he selects ten, five of whom deserved the crowd, “the door was shut." The othe name of wise, and the other five are deno- virgins came afterwards, but were deniet minated foolish. The marriage takes entrance, as persons unknown to the mas place in the night, at the house of the ter of the feast. bride's father, where the bridegroom is « The application of this to the case o expected about midnight. These persons, those who wear a Christian profession, an here called virgins, baving provided their pass for the friends of the Redeemer, is no lamps, wait together at some proper rest difficult; and the pointed and most whole ing place, expecting the arrival of the bride some caution which it contains, to be read groom and his friends, who may be sup for the coming of Christ, at death an posed to be coming from an adjacent town, judgment, has been felt by thousands. D While the bridegroom delayed, all the ten any ask, How may we know what is re virgins lay down to rest. But about mid quisite in our preparation to meet the grea night, the bridegroom is seen at a distance Judge ? we may say, these things ar with his friends, and it is announced, “Be- essential — Repentance towards God, an hold, the bridegroom cometh! go ye out faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, which, when to meet him." Then all those virgins arose ever it is genuine, produces, thirdly, tha and trimmed their lamps; but the foolish holiness without which no mau shall se (then too late) discovered their mistake, the Lord.'" (Acts xx. 21; Heb. xii. 14, that they had forgotten to bring oil with ("Yards Reflections, p. 71, 72.)
NOTES-Chap. XXV. Con. " Alons the streets the new-made brides are led,
Ver. 10. And the door was shut.-The late Mission With turches flaming, to the nuptial bed.”
ary Ward mentions being once present on such a
Iliad, xviii. 569. occasion, when many of the circumstances agree So also the Roman ladies; and a like custom pre with those in the parable, particularly the las vails in Persia and the East Indies to the present After the bridegroom * went into the house, the do time. See Orient. Cust. No. 418. The wicks of the was immediately shut, and guarded by Sepoys. lamps used on these occasions in the Indies, are only (says Mr. W.) and others expostulated with th rags, very tightly pressed into a copper mould, and doorkeepers, but in vain," Orient. Lit. No, 1231.' these are carried in one hand, and a similar vessel Ver. 13. Wherein the son, &c. This last elau with oil in the other hand, with which they fre. of the verse is wanting in many MSS. and version quently wet the rags. Ibid, No. 1214. Also Orient. but the sunse is certainly implied. Lit. 1230.
Ver. 14. For the kingdom, &c.Some words mu Ver. 8. Gone out - Marg. “Going out."
here be necessarily supplied ; instead of those i Ver. 9. Go....to them that sell and buy.See serted by our translators in Italic, Drs. Doddr. a Isa. lv.), &c.
Camp. supply is the Son of man!"
(of the talents. Fent and digged in the earth, and hid one talent came and said, Lord, I his lord's money.
knew thee, that thou art an hard man, 19 After a long time the lord of reaping where thou hast not sown, and those servants cometh, and reckoneth gathering where thou hast not strawed : with them.
25 And I was afraid, and went and 20 And so he that had received five hid thy talent in the earth: lo, there talents came and brought other five thou hast that is thine. talents, saving, Lord, thou deliveredst 2 6 His lord answered and said unto unto me five talents : bebold, I have him, Thou wicked and slothful servant, gained beside them five talents more. thou knewest that I reap where I
21 His lord said unto him, Well sowed not, and gather where I have done, thou good and faithful servant: not strawed : thou hast been faithful over a few 27 Thou oughtest therefore to have things, I will make thee ruler over put my money to the exchangers, and many things : enter thou into the joy then at my coming I should have re. of thy lord.
ceived mine own with usury. 22 He also that had received two 28 Take therefore the talent from talents came and said, Lord, thou de- him, and give it unto him which hath liveredst unto me two talents : bebold, ten talents I have gained two other talents beside 29 For unto every one that hath them.
shall be given, and he shall have 23 His lord said unto him, Well abundance : but from him that hath done, good and faithful servant; thou not, shall be taken away even that hast been faithful over a few things, I which he hath. Fill make thee ruler over many things: 30 And cast ye the unprofitable enter thou into the joy of thy lord. servant into outer darkness : there shall
24 Then he which had received the be weeping and gnashing of teeth.(G)
EXPOSITION. (G) Ver. 14 – 30. The parable of the will not be so much in proportion to talent. This parable, without straining it the talents bestowed as according to to support any peculiar system, clearly the improvement which we are enabled teaches the following important points. to make of them. Every talent improved, 1. That all the talents we possess, how. though it were but one, will be graciously ere natural we may consider them, are rewarded by him, in whom are united the deriral froin God, the author of our characters of our'Redeemer and our Judge. being; and to deny this, is nothing short Lastly, that all pretensions to merit, like of Atheism. 2. That these talents are those of the unprofitable servant, will not bestowed in great variety upon mankind, only be rejected, but be resented as arro. sone possessing ten (i. e. many) times gant and unfounded. This man not only the abilities and advantages of others, both neglected to improve his talent, but made batural and acquired. 3. That these a merit of the care which he had taken to talents, and the improvement of them, must preserve without improving it; and at the be accounted for to bim, from whom they same time reflected upon his Lord as a were received. 4. That no excuse will be hard master, because he expected such imadmitted for the pon-employment even of provement. And thus it is with all the a single talent: much less such an ex- pretenders to human merit. Vain and preeuse as reflects upon the character of sumptuous creatures ! they think to lay the car great Benefactor. 5. That the re- Almighty under obligation by the mere vards which the great Judge bestows, performance of their duties; and not only
NOTES. Ver. 21. Well done.Dr. Doddr. says" the original judgment. See Rom. ix. 14, &c. ved has a peculiar force and energy, far beyond Ver. 26. Thou wicked and slothful servant, what I can express in English. It was used by The word used throughout this chapter for servant, Barton, or spectators, to express the highest ap means primarily a slave, and such were often adplace." It answers to Euge! in Latin, and Bravo! vanced to the office of stewards.
Ver. 27. To the exchangers-Doddr. “ Bankers." Ver. 14, Gathering where thou hast not strawed - With usury - Doddr. " Interest." When that that), ** strewed, or scattered.” The charge implies, interest became oppressive, it became a crime. that God is unreasonable in his demands, unjust in
The day of ]
S. MATTHEW. (judgment foretold. 31 | When the Son of man shall 39 Or when saw we thee sick, or come in his glory, and all the holy in prison, and came unto thee? angels with him, then shall he sit upon 40 And the King shall answer and the throne of his glory :
say unto them, Verily I say unto you, 32 And before him shall be gathered Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one all nations : and he shall separate of the least of these my brethren, ye them one from another, as a shepherd have done it unto me. divideth his sheep from the goats: 41 Then shall he say also unto them
33 And he shall set the sheep on his on the left hand, Depart from me, ye right hand, but the goats on the left. cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared
34 Then shall the King say unto for the devil and his angels. them on his right hand, Come ye 42 For I was an hungred, and ye blessed of my Father, inherit the king- gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and dom prepared for you from the foun- ye gave me no drink: dation of the world.
43 I was a stranger, and ye took 35 For I was an hungred, and ye me not in: naked, and ye clothed me gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye not : sick, and in prison, and ye visited gave me drink: I was a stranger, and me not. ye took me in :
44 Then shall they also answer 36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee was sick, and ye visited me: I was in an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, prison, and ye came unto me.
or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did 37 Then shall the righteous answer not minister unto thee? him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee 4 5 Then shall he answer them, sayan hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, ing, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch and gave thee drink?
as ye did it not to one of the least of 38 When saw we thee a stranger, these, ye did it not to me. and took thee in? or naked, and clothed 46 And these shall go away inte thee?
EXPOSITION-Chap. XXV. Continued. 80, but they think him a hard master if he T he degree of present and future bless do not acknowledge himself their debtor, edness, resulting from the proper improve though, in fact, they bury in the earth the ment of the taleuts with which we are in taleut they ought to have improved. trusted, is altogether incalculable. W
Instead, however, of making a merit of feed the hungry, or give to the thirst our demerits, and openly boasiing, as this clrink; and we therehy save the life of a mau did, of our neglect, let us enquire into individual; that individual, in the cours our improvement of the various talents of time, may be the instrument of givin with which we have severally been in- life to inany; and some of these, probably trusted. Do we possess natural talents, or may be eminent for usefuluess to the bodie the means of improving them; geuius, and souls of others. We clothe the naked learning, or ministerial gifts; how have and visit the prisoner; possibly both ma we employed them to promote the glory of become useful and valuable members o God, or the instruction of our fellow crea- Society, and all the good done by them an tures ? Are we favoured with rank, and their posteriry results from a single act o property, and influence; how do we lay kiudness. When God blesses men, li out these to promote the cause of God, and makes them blessings to others; and thu the happiness of our fellow-creatures ? is happiness propagated, like the flam What do we give to him who gave himself from torch to torch. for us?
NOTES-Chap. XXV. Con. Ver. 31. With his holy angels.-The expression 'want of hospitality; a most heinous crime in ti seems designedly varied from chap xxiv. 31, where eastern countries angels may include human messengers; but those are Ver. 44. Then shall they also answer.- We mu called i holy angels."
not take this too literally, as if sinners should the Ver. 36. Ye visited - Doddr. “ Looked afler me." dare to dispute with their judge; it inust be unde 'Tended," or waited upon, seems to be the exact stood parabolically. idea.
Ver. 45. Not to me.-See Chap. xviii. 6. Ver. 43. Ye took me not in. The cbarge here, is
CHAP. XXVI. [his last passover. everlasting punishment: but the righ- elders of the people, unto the palace of teoas into life eternal. (H)
the High Priest, who was called
4 And consulted that they might AND it came to pass, when Jesus take Jesus by subtilty, and kill him. 1 bad finished all these sayings, he 5 But they said, Not on the feast said unto his disciples,
day, lest there be an uproar among 2 Ye know that after two days is the people. the feast of the Passover, and the 6 Now when Jesus was in Bethany, Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. in the house of Simon the leper,
3 Then assembled together the Chief 7 There came unto him a woman Priests, and the Scribes, and the having an alabaster box of very pre
EXPOSITION. (H) Ver. 31.-46. A solemn description of pared for you from the foundation of the tee last judgment. – This awful subject, world.” On this we may remark, 1. That which bad been repeatedly alluded to in their reward is great-it is a “ kingdom," the preceding chapters, is here solemnly 2. That their kingdom is “ prepared" for described, with the particular view to ena them. And, 3. That it was so prepared courage Christian benevolence, and to “ from the foundation of the world." The warn mese professors against hypocrisy munificence of the king of heaven will not and self deceit. The Son of man now comes, he disputed by any of his children ; but Dot to take possession of his kingdom, but how can this kingdom have been thus early to administer fioal judgment. The office prepared for them, even from the foundaof a jodge is compared to that of a shep- tion of the world?” To this we answer herd, which is also sustained by our Ke (and presume it will not be denied), that deemer : and though his siocere followers the Almighty formed the heavens in which may in this world be mixed with hypocrites himself resides, and where he intends his and false professors, as tares with the people to reside with him, even long be
beat, in a former parable (chap. xiii. 36), fore the foundation of these lower worlds, fet euch is the omniscience of the judge, our planetary system. 2. That all the shat he can separate them from each other plans and designs of God are, like himself, with the same ease and certainty that a eternal; without, therefore, here entering shepherd distinguishes sheep from goats : at all into the doctrine of decrees, we must but the description here given is founded admit, that all the happiness which God on the difference of their qualities and designs his people, he designed them from coadoct; the meek and simple sheep, and eternity. the filthy goat. Both classess evince their B ut truly awful is the reverse of this true character, by their conduct: and the scene; no less than the curse of God, and award is given accordingly. To the for- everlasting fire! Not, indeed, prepared mer class the Judge seems to lay himself for them, but for the devil and his angels, under obligations of which they have in wbose misery they became involved, by Lo conception; the latter, indeed, like listening to his temptations, and uniting the worthless steward in the preceding in his rebellion. But is the future punishFarable, appear to be sensible of no neg. ment of sin eternal? Alas! must we de. lect or wapt of duty, though rejected by monstrate this? Is not the very possibility their jodge on that account.
of such punishment enough to deter from But let us attend carefully to the re sin? Ah, no! Men will speculate upon spettive aud widely different sentences of the mere possibility of escaping it; the the two classes brought before us. To the mere hope of this will encourage them in righteous, who are called his sheep, the crime. But surely our gracious Saviour King, their Shepherd and their Judge, will never designed to set a hope before us, that thos address himself, “ Come, ye blessed should lead us into sin : and God forbid of by Father, inberit the kingdom pre- that we should be self-deceived !
NOTES CHAP. XXVI. Ver. 2. Is belrayed—that is, he is lest the people should raise a tumult, and fall upon About to be betrayed: the treason is already began. themselves.
Ver. Not on the feast day-as the word " day » Ver.6. Simon the leper - probably one of those is elementary. Doddr.and Camp. render it, "not whom Jestis cured, and a friend of Lazarus. See at the last the plan proposed seems to bave been John xii. 247. They had indignation-chiefly esszainatioa: some ohjected, however, not to the Judas; but at first, probably, others joined with bim. Barla, bet to transacting it at a public festival.
(his Master. cious ointment, and poured it on his that this woman hath done, be told head, as he sat at meat.
for a memorial of her. 8 But when his disciples saw it, 14 Then one of the twelve, called they had indignation, saying, To what Judas Iscariot, went unto the Chief purpose is this waste ?
Priests, 9 For this ointment might have been , 15 And said unto them, What will sold for much, and given to the poor. ye give me, and I will deliver him unto
10 When Jesus understood it, he you? And they covenanted with him said unto them, Why trouble ye the for thirty pieces of silver. woman? for she hath wrought a good 16 And from that time he sought work upon me.
opportunity to betray him. (1) 11 For ye liave the poor always with 17 ? Now the first day of the feast you ; but me ye have not always. of unleavened bread the disciples came
12 For in that she hath poured this to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt ointment on my body, she did it for thou that we prepare for thee to eat my burial.
the Passover?" 13 Verily I say unto you, Whereso- 18 And he said, Go into the city ever this Gospel shall be preached in to such a man, and say unto him, The the whole world, there shall also this, Master saith, My time is at hand; I
pears to have been some debate; not as to (1) Ver. 1- 16. The rulers conspire the object itself, but the time, and the against the life of Jesus, and Judas betrays means to be employed. It prohably never him.-Mr. Preb. Townsend unites the two entered into their heads to think of bribing first verses of this with the preceding chap- his disciples, nor that there was une ter, and we think with considerable pro- amougst them base enough to betray him : priety, But the connective particle " then," when, however, Judas made the offer, it which begins ver. 3., probably implies that was readily embraced, though with the the chief priests, &c. assembled on the utmost contempt for the wretch himself; same evening to plot the death of our Sa- for a traitor can never be respected. viour. So Doddridge and other harmo- The character of this man (who should nists. It is not uulikely that the supper at be carefully distinguished from Jude, the Bethany, aud the anointing of our Saviour, author of the Catholic Epistle) is an intemight also take place on the same even- resting subject of inquiry, “The treachery ing; and the reproof that Judas met with, of Judas Iscariot, his reinorse and suicide for his censure upon Mary, the womau here (says Dr. Hales) are occurrences altoge. named, might prepare him for Satan's ther so strange and extraordinary, that the temptation to betray his Master on a prin motives by which he was actuated require ciple of revenge, and induce him to go to be developed (as far as may be done) directly to the council at the high priest's where the evangelists are in a great meapalace, and make the offer.
sure silent concerning them, from the cirWe consider the anointing here men cumstances of the history itself, and from tioned, from the great similarity of circum- the feelings of human nature. Judas, the stances, to be the same more particularly leading trait in whose character was covet. related by the Apostle John, and shall ousness, was probably induced to follow therefore deler our observations thereon Jesus at first, with a view to the riches, till we come to that evangelist's 12th chap- honours, and other temporal advantages, ter, and confine our remarks ou this sec. which he, in common with the rest, extion to the murderous designs of the Jews, pected the Messiah's friends would enjoy. and the treachery of Judas.
The astonishing miracles he saw hini perThe object of the council of priests, we form, left him no room to doubt of the know was, how they might take Jesus by reality of his Master's pretensions, who subtlety, or stratagem, on which there ap- had indeed himself, in private, actually ac.
NOTES-Chap. XXVI. Con. Ver. 10. When Jesus understood it - Doddr, and over, have been raised among commentators, and we Camp. * But Jesus knowing (it)." See John ii. 25. bare slightly noticed one of them; but those who
Ver. 12. She did it for my burial-that is, to have leisure and ability for such discussions, wil embalm me, as it were, before band," for my funeral find a copious statement and examination of theri
Ver. 18. Mu tine is at hand that is, the time of in Mr. Prebend. Townsend's elaborate and learne his death. This message, by the terms of it, was notes to this chapter, in his N. Test. Arr. foli doubtless addressed to a disciple. Several ques., p. 436-448); also a full account of the manner tions as to the tiine and circumstances of this pass. keeping the passover, from the Jewish Rabbini