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Ellen. Is there any other plan, papa, superior to that of Linnæus ?
Papa. The only objection to this method of classifying flowers, is, that it brings into the same class plants which are naturally very dissimilar to each other—thus, in the sixth class, and first order, we have the tulip and the sweet-flag together; and in the second order, of the fifth class, we have the beet and the elm classed together ; but in the natural method this apparent want of resemblance is avoided.
Sarah. Is not the natural method of classifying flowers taken, generally, from the form of the corolla, and are not cruciform flowers so called from the corolla having the form of a cross ? as we find the blossom of the cabbage, the mustard, and the radish.
Papa. This certainly seems to be a more natural arrangement, and some think it will eventually come into general use, but at present botanists disagree in relation to the two systems. Some prefer one, and some the other.
John. Are there not numerous additions made to the number of known flowers, as well as improvements in their culture, by which they hardly resemble their peers, which still grow wild and neglected?
Papa. As to additions in this science, every traveler increases its boundaries. Sixty thousand plants and upward have been classified and examined; and such is the improvement made by culture and budding, that no science can boast of greater usefulness to man than botany,
Mamma. This is a fact that demands our admiration of the invention of men and the goodness of God. The wild crab-apple, that grows naturally, is said to be the original parent stock of that noble and valuable fruit, which every farmer knows how to prize. Our pears, peaches, and plums, have been brought to their present state of perfection by cultivation; and the cabbage and turnip, in their original wild growth, were literally of no value to man till rendered so by art and perseverance.
Papa. If we turn from fruit-trees and vegetables to flowers, the improvements are quite as remarkable. The tulip, which displays such a rich variety of colors, in its wild state is always of a unique
yellow hue. The beautiful, fragrant hyacinth, I have often gathered in its wild state, when it is always single, and of a blue color-hence called the jacinth, or hyacinth; and all the beautiful and splendid roses, which so, richly adorn our gardens and door-yards, are brought to this state by.cultivation and art—their original parent being the little single wild-flower of the same species.
Sarah. Hitherto we have named only the arrangement of flowers into classes-please to give some information about the next division, papa.
Papa. The next division, according to the Linnæan system, iş marked by the number and position of its pistils, and arranges the whole vegetable kingdom into its second department, called orders. They are twenty-one in number, similar to that of the classes. These two prime divisions are subdivided into genera and species. To illustrate this method of arrangement, classes may be compared to states ; orders, to towns; genera, to families; and species, to individuals.
Ellen. I find but little difficulty in ascertaining the class and order of a flower, but I wish to have some further information about the method by which I may ascertain the genera and species.
Papa. The genus comprehends one or more species, having some resemblance, in situation, proportion, and connection of the organs which constitute the flower. The generic names are often derived from particular persons or things—as the Iris, from iris, the rainbow. Species, include such individuals as agree in certain circumstances of the root, stem, leaves, and mode of flowering. Varieties are often increased by strewing the pollen of one species upon the stigma of another. Color, taste, and size are never considered as marks of specific difference.
Two Things to Avoid.-Philip Henry said, “ There are two things we should beware of : that we never be ashamed of the Gospel, and that we never be a shame to it."
The setting of a great hope is like the setting of the sun. The brightness of our life is gone. Shadows of evening fall around us, and the world seems but a dim reflection—itself a broader shadow. We look forward into the coming, lonely night. The soul withdraws into itself. The stars arise and the night is holy.-Hyperion.
NURTURE AND ADMONITION.
BY REV. J. N. DANFORTH
THE very idea of the Family has been dignified and exalted by the fact that God, in his intercourse with men, so often assumes the endearing name of FATHER, even though he has to deal with so strange and rebellious à race as we are.
" Is he not thy Father that bought thee ?" With that profound grief and tenderness to which the parental bosom is no stranger, he says: “I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me." That same heart warms with a holy emotion to those who fear and adore : “Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear Him." Here, then, we have the unchangeable perfection of a Father's character—the perpetual model for all who bear the sacred name of father in that earthly relation, which involves so many imperative obligations, and draws after it a train of such important consequences. After God had made man in his own beautiful image, he blessed the happy pair, and said unto them, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it.” The construction of families was thus commenced under the august benediction of Heaven itself. No promise more cheered the hearts of the patriarchs than that which pledged to them a heaven-blessed posterity. Jacob speaks of his own as the “children whom God hath graciously given thy servant.” All Israel was animated with the promise: “And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee.” Children are pronounced the “heritage of the Lord.” Precious legacy! All the treasures of earth are not to be compared in value with this. Behold, oh! head of a family, under whose eye these remarks may fall—behold those olive-plants of immortality that cluster around your table. You now feel as if you could not let the winds of heaven sweep over them too roughly. Oh, guard with equal care and anxiety against the approach of the poisonous breath of the
tempter. Water those plants with thy tears. Fence them round with thy prayers. Eradicate the first sprouting of those malignant weeds that would choke the growth of the healthful plant, and substitute deformity and barrenness for beauty and fertility. Remember the ductility of the youthful mind; the enduring strength of early impressions ; the undecaying nature of the associations formed in the spring-time of life. Mute nature herself leaves the traces of her power on our memories. Who cannot call to mind the sweet rural walk, the crystal well, the little streamlet that gurgled along, “ kissing each sedge,” and making soft music as it flowed between its green banks; the solemn groves, vocal with the praises of the sweet warblers of the air ; the pure, invig. orating atmosphere of the “ country” which “God made;" the very dew of the morning brushed away by the light and careless footsteps of youth ? Moral recollections, too, are often embalmed with equal freshness and conservativeness in the mind. Your children are now treasuring them, insensibly to yourself, but with a certainty that will hereafter rise to greet you with a grateful re
பனாம் ward, or meet you with painful retribution.
PROTECTION and PROVISION being among the leading elements of parental obligation, we should guard against the danger of limiting these duties to the natural wants of those dependent on us. It is not ordinarily necessary to exhort parents to take care of the body. Most parents live as if this was their chief business. The necessities of time and life seem to exhaust whatever of thought, care, and provision, they spend on their children. They do not rise to the contemplation of the higher wants, the more urgent demands of the soul. Yet what requires more incessant vigilance than the forming mind of a child ? Wherever it is, it is always at school, always learning something. The rich soil beneath our feet is not so rital, so vegetative, so teeming with the activity of seminal life, as the young, tender, opening mind, instinct with the consciousness of immortality. The mind will as certainly find an educator, as the plant in your parlor will seek the light, or as the heliotrope will turn its face toward the sun. And it will more naturally turn toward the lurid light of infidelity than the clear and holy beams of Christianity. Hence it should be protected.