The Wild Girl, Natural Man, and the Monster: Dangerous Experiments in the Age of Enlightenment
This study looks at the lives of the most famous "wild children" of eighteenth-century Europe, showing how they open a window onto European ideas about the potential and perfectibility of mankind. Julia V. Douthwaite recounts reports of feral children such as the wild girl of Champagne (captured in 1731 and baptized as Marie-Angélique Leblanc), offering a fascinating glimpse into beliefs about the difference between man and beast and the means once used to civilize the uncivilized.
A variety of educational experiments failed to tame these feral children by the standards of the day. After telling their stories, Douthwaite turns to literature that reflects on similar experiments to perfect human subjects. Her examples range from utopian schemes for progressive childrearing to philosophical tales of animated statues, from revolutionary theories of regenerated men to Gothic tales of scientists run amok. Encompassing thinkers such as Rousseau, Sade, Defoe, and Mary Shelley, Douthwaite shows how the Enlightenment conceived of mankind as an infinitely malleable entity, first with optimism, then with apprehension. Exposing the darker side of eighteenth-century thought, she demonstrates how advances in science gave rise to troubling ethical concerns, as parents, scientists, and politicians tried to perfect mankind with disastrous results.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
Wild Children ESTABLISHING THE BOUNDARIES OF NATURE AND SCIENCE
Defining the Human
Idiot or Idol?
The Last Natural Man
The Animated Statue and the Plasticity of Mankind
Sensibility and Animated Statues
Defoe Kirkby Beaurieu and Dulaurens
Raising the Rational Child REALLIFE EXPERIMENTS AND ALTERNATIVES TO ROUSSEAU
Three Famous Cases
Alternative Schemes for Raising the Rational Child
Perfectibility in the Revolutionary Era UTOPIAN POLITICS AND DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS
The Revolutionary Homme Régénéré
Edgeworth and Fenwick
Bévéroni SaintCyr and Sade
Adele et Theodore animals argued Automathes Beaurieu Belinda body Bonnet Buffon Cambridge century Chicago child cited claims Condillac Condorcet creature Crusoe d'une declared discourse edition eighteenth eighteenth-century Emile English Enlightenment experimental experiments female fiction France Frankenstein French Genlis Genlis's Histoire hommes human I'Aveyron I'homme Ibid Imirce Itard Jean-Jacques Rousseau Joseph Priestley language learning Leblanc letters literary literature Locke London Louis Racine Lunar Society Madame de Genlis Madame Roland mankind Marcel Raymond Maria Edgeworth Marie-Angelique Mary Mary Shelley Memoirs methods monsters moral nation natural history naturelle novel Paris Pauliska pedagogy perfectibility Peter Peter of Hanover philosophes physical political Practical Education qu'elle qu'il readers regeneration Reveroni Revolution revolutionary rhetoric Richard Lovell Edgeworth Roland Rousseauian Sade Sade's savage scientific scientists Secresy sense sexual siecle social society statue theories Thomas Day tion tout University Press Victor vision wild children wild girl woman women writes young