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With eyes cast up unto the Maiden's tower,1

And easy sighs, such as folk draw in love.
The stately seats, the ladies bright of hue,

The dances short, long tales of great delight;
With words, and looks, that tigers could but rue,s

Where each of us did plead the other's right
The palme-play,3 where, despoiled* for the game,

With dazed eyes oft we by gleams of love,
Have nuss'd the ball, and got sight of our damo,

To bait' her eyes, which kept the leads above.*
The gravel'd ground,' with sleeves tie.d on the helm,*

On foaming horse with swords and friendly hearts;
With chere,9 as though one should another whelm,

Where we have fought, and chased oft with darts.
The secret groves, which oft we made resound .

Of pleasant plaint, and of our ladies' praise;
Recording soft what grace each one had found,

What hope of speed, what dread of long delays.
The wild forest, the clothed holts with green;10

With reins avail'd," and swift-ybreathed horse,
With cry of hounds, and merry blasts between,

Where we did chase the fearful hart of force.
The void walls12 eke that harbor'd us each night:

Wherewith, alas! revive within my breast
The sweet accord, such sleeps as yet delight;

The pleasant dreams, the rjuiet bed of rest;
The secret thoughts, imparted with such trust;

The wanton talk,13 the divers change of play;
The friendship sworn, each promise kept so just,

Wherewith we past the winter nights a way.
0 place of bliss L renewcr of my woes 1

Give mc account, where is my noble fere ?14
Whom in thy walls thou didst each night enclose;

To other hef;15 but unto me most dear.

1 "Maiden's tower," that part of the entitle where the ladles of Uie court hod their apartment*, s Such look! and entreaties ai might have moved tigers to pity.

i "Palme-ploy/' a game played with a ball and hand, so called because the ball was lilt with the palm: it was also played with the bat, and similar to tennis.

* "Despoiled," stripped for the game. a "To bait," to allure, to attract.

s " Which kept the leads above." The word "lead" Is used by old writers for a flat roof covered with lead, and the plural " leads" Is therefore probably used for the walks or galleries (covered w 1th lead) around the upper stories of the building, where the ladies might sit and sec the game played li*. safety.

""The gravel'd ground," the space enclosed, made level with line gravel.

6 It was a general practice among ancient knights to tie to their helmets a Bleeve or glove, received from their lady-love, which they wore not only In tilts and tournaments, but even In battle.

9 "Chere" la used by all the old poets for the look, the expression or the countenance.

10 " The clothed holts with green," the high hills clothed with verdure.

u "Reins availed," mean slackened, so as to allow the horse to go at full speed.

IS " Void walls," the wails of those chambers now desolate, which were wont each nlglit to receive us. _

ls"Wanton talk," playful conversation. The word "wanton" was used by early writers *a descriptive of the sportlveness and innocence of hiCtncy. H "Fere," companion.

15 "Livt," spelled also Urf and lev*, is an adJecUvc, meaning "dear." The person here nlludcd to by Surrey was probably his sister, the Lady Mar> who was married to the Duke of IUcmnoiid.


Brittle beauty, that Nature made so frail.

Whereof the gift is small, and shorter is the season;
Flow'ring to-day, to-morrow apt to fail;

Tickle1 treasure, abhorred of reason:
Dangerous to deal with, vain, of none avail;

Costly in keeping, past, not worth two peason ;a
Slipperer in sliding than is an eel's tail;

Hard to obtain, once gotten never geason ;3
Jewel of jeopardy,4 that peril doth assail;

False and untrue, enticed oft to treason j
En'my to youth, that most men bewail;

Ah! bitter sweet, infecting as the poison,
Thou farest as the fruit that with the frost is taken;
To-day ready ripe, to-morrow all to shaken.


Give place, ye lovers, here before

That spent your boasts and brags in vain;

My lady's beauty passcth more

The best of yours, I dare well say'n,8

Than doth the sun the candle light,

Or brightest day the darkest night

And thereto hath a troth as just

As had Penelope the fair;
For what she saith ye may it trust,

As it by writing sealed were;
And virtues hath she many mo'
Than I with pen have skill to show.

I could rehearse, if that I would,

The whole effect of Nature's plaint,
When she had lost the perfit mould,

The like to whom she could not paint:'
With wringing hands, how she did cry,
And what she said, I know it, L

I know she swore with raging mind,

Her kingdom only set apart,
There was no loss by law of kind

That could have gone so near her heart;
And this was cluefly all her pain;
"She could not make the like again."

1 "Tickle," having no foundation, liable to sudden downfall. » "Peason," the plural 01 peat.

■ The word "peason," of which the derivation tsnnknown, Is used by the old writers with differ "■at shades of meaning- Spenser employs it hi the sense of "rare and uncommon." Here it seems e» Bean "something worth possessing:" for the sense of the passage is "once gotten not worth pos•^nfc.*

* "Jewel of jeopardy;" thnt is, a Jewel which there Is much danger of losing.

5 Warton says that this ode " possesses almost the ease and gallantry of Waller; the vcrslflcatkm Ii correct, the language polished, and the modulation musical."

* "Sny n" for Ms, often thus used by the old writers.

:io "paint" in Surrey's age meant to mould, to form or fashion as the sculptor due*.

Sith Nature thus gave her the praise
To be the chiefest work she wrought;

In faith, methink! some better ways
On your behalf might well bo sought,

Than to compare, as ye have done,

To match the candle with the sun.


The soote3 season, that bud and bloom forth brings,

With green hath clad the hill, and eke the vale.
The nightingale with feathers new she sings;

The turtle to her make3 hath told her tale.
Summer is come, for every spray now springs;

The hart hath hung his old head on die pale,4
The buck in brake his winter coat he flings;

The fishes fletc5 with new repaired scale;
The adder all her slough away she flings;

The swift swallow pursueth the flies smale f
The busy bee her honey now she mi rigs

Winter is worn that was the flowers' bale.
And thus I see among these pleasant things
Each care decays, and yet my sorrow springs.


Martial, the things that do attain

The happy life, be these, I find;
The riches left, not got with pain;

The fruitful ground, the quiet mind:

The equal friend, no grudge, no strife;

No charge of rule, nor governance;
Without disease, the healthful life;

The household of continuance £

The mean diet, no delicate fare;

True wisdom join'd with simpleness; . The night discharged of all care,

Where wine the wit may not oppress:

The faithful wife, widiout debate;

Such sleeps as may beguile the night.
Content thee with thine own estate;

No wish for Death, no fear his might.

t "Tliis sonnet is perhaps tlie most beautiful specimen of descriptive poetry In our language.'*— nr. KM.

s "Soote" was continued In use long after Its substitute iwttt was Introduced, s "Make," synonymous with mtte.

* The uneasiness experienced by this animal before be sheds bis horns, leads him to rub his forehead niralntt 'he pnllng of the park.

ft "Flete" is not jl tt, to "pass rapidly by," but nearer to our " flout," except that it means what swims through the water as well as on Its surftce.

« This was not only the old wuy of spelling mall, hut also of pronouncing It, with the long a, as in hale. 7 MIliRics.

■ Tills line probably means, a "household" or family that is not of recent establishment, and prontiftss to be or duration.

HUGH LATIMER, 1475—1555.

Hc-d Latimer, bishop of Worcester, was born about the year 1475. Being an only son, and of quick parts, his father, a respectable yeoman, resolved to make him a scholar, and after due preparation he entered Cambridge. He was a zealous papist till the age of thirty, when he was converted by Thomas Bilney,1 and began with great zeal to propagate the opinions of the reformers. During the reign of Edward VI., (1547—1553,) he was pre-eminent among his zealous contemporaries in spreading the doctrines of the Reformation, and, in conjunction with Cranmer, was one of the principal instruments in effecting its establishment But in the persecutions af Mary, he was singled out as one of the most desired victims of popish vengeance. He might have made his escape, and the opportunity which was given him seems to have been designed; but Latimer had the true spirit of a n.artyr, and determined to remain at his post of duty. As he passed through Smithfield on his way to London after his arrest, he exclaimed, » This place lias long groaned for me." After a tedious imprisonment he persisted in refusing to subscribe to certain articles which were submitted to him, and he was led forth to his horrid death, October 10, 1555.

With a staff in his hand, a pair of spectacles hanging at his breast, and a Bible at his girdle, he walked to the place of execution, with his fellow martyr, Nicholas Ridley, bishop of London. On their way Ridley outwent Latimer some way before; but he, looking back, espied Latimer coming after, and said to him, "O be ye there?" "Yea," said Latimer, "have after as fast as I can follow." Ridley first entered the lists, dressed in his clerical habit; and soon after, Latimer, as usual, in his prison garb. Latimer now suffered the keeper to pull off his prison-garb, and then he appeared in a shroud. Being ready, he fervently recommended his soul to God, and then delivered himself to the executioner, saying to Ridley these prophetical words: "Be of good cheer, master Ridley, and play the man; we shall this day kindle such a torch in England as I trust in God shall never be extinguished." Two bags of gunpowder were fastened under his arms, the explosion of which instantaneously deprived him of life. At this moment a quantity of blood « seemed to gush from his heart, as if all the blood in his body had been there collected. But poor Ridley was less fortunate. His extremities were consumed to the trunk before the fire affected his vitals, and he died in lingering anguish*


My father was a yeoman, and had no lands of his own, only lie had a farm of 3/. or 41. by year at the uttermost, and hereupon he tilled so much as kept half a dozen men. He had walk for an

1 At firtl himself also a Romish priest; but he was afterwards burnt for heresy.

I "Sor were the labors ami constancy of our reformers at all Inferior to those of the early propagator* of the Gospel. Whoever has admired the faith and heroic sufferings of Ignatius or Polycarp, arast look with no less lattsmctlon on those of Ridley, Latimer, Cranmer, and Hooper. It Is impos sssse not to venerate their glowing piety, their profound humility, their patience under sufferings, their praises of God under distresses and privations of every kind, their prayers for their perse esters, their exempl&rv and triumphant death."—Ledum on Paganim and CJtriUlanitv conuwrrd, by John Ireland, D. D-—a most admirable work.

hundred sheep, and my mother milked 30 kine. He was able, and did find the king a harness, with himself and his horse, while he came to the place that he should receive the king's wages. I can remember that I buckled his harness when he went to Blackheath field. He kept me to school, or else I had not been able to have preached before the king's majesty now. He married my sisters with 51. or 20 nobles apiece, so that he brought them up in godliness and fear of God. He kept hospitality for his poor neighbours. And some alms he gave to the poor, and all this did he of the said farm. Where he that now hath it, payeth 16/. by the year, or more, and is not able to do any thing for his prince, for himself, nor for his children, or give a cup of drink to the poor.

In my time my poor father was as diligent to teach me to shoot, as to learn me any other thing, and so I think other men did their children: he taught me how to draw, how to lay my body in my bow, and not to draw with strength of arms as divers other nations do, but with strength of the body. I had my bows bought me according to my age and strength; as I increased in them, so my bows were made bigger and bigger, for men shall never shoot well, except they be brought up in it: it is a worthy game, a wholesome kind of exercise, and much commended in physic.


I was once in examination before five or six bishops, where I had much turmoiling; every week thrice I came to examination, and many snares and traps were laid to get something. Now God knoweth, I was ignorant of the law, but that God gave me answer and wisdom what I should speak. It was God indeed, for else I had never escaped them. At the last I was brought forth to be examined, into a chamber hanged with arras, where I was wont to be examined, but now at this time the chamber was somewhat altered. For whereas before there was wont ever to be a fire in the chimney, now the fire was taken away, and an arras hanging hanged over the chimney, and the table stood near the chimney's end: so that I stood between the table and the chimney's end. There was among these bishops that examined me, one with whom I have been very familiar, and took him for my great friend, an aged man, and he sate next the table's end.

Then among all other questions he put forth one, a very subtle and crafty one, and such a one indeed as I could not think so great danger in. And I should make answer: I pray you, master Latimer, saith he, speak out: I am very thick of hearing, and here be many that sit far off". I marvelled at this, that I was bidden speak out, and began to misdeem, and gave an ear to the chimney. And, sir, there I heard a pen walking in the chimney

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