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In ragges as she was to-tore

He set her on his horse to-fore, and riding through all the lanes and by-ways, that no one might see him, ho arrives, by design, at the castle by night. He then calls one or two of his trusty friends, and tells them that he was obliged

This beste wedde to his wife,

For elles he had lost his life.
The maids of honor were then sent in;

Her ragges they anon off draw,
And, as it was that timé law,
She haddé bath, she haddé rest,

And was arrayed to the best,
all except her matted and unsightly hair, which she would not allow them to

But when she was fully array'd
And her attire was all assay'd,
Then was she fouler unto see.

f chances, and came to the r long; and that while she

é know brow proposed. She then tells and of him his answer to

U her will: and if she bo she « lievest have," that says he shall save himace, where he shall find

to the castle. A large er. He named several

Finally, he gives the the true one, and he

But poor Florent must take her for better for worse, though the worse seemed
then rather to predominate. The company are all assembled, and the bride
and bridegroom stand up to be united in the holy bonds of matrimony. The
ceremony being over, the ill-fated knight covered up his head in grief.

His body mighté well be there;
But as of thought and of memoire

His hearté was in Purgatoire.
She endeavored to ingratiate herself in his affections, and approached and
took bim softly by the hand. He turned suddenly, and saw one of the most
beautiful beings that ever his eyes beheld. He was about to draw her unto
himself when she stopped him,

And sayth, that for to win or lose
He mote one of two thinges choose,
Wher' he will have her such o' night
Or elles upon daye's light;

For he shall not have bothé two.
Here Florent was utterly at a loss what to say. At last he exclaims,

I n'ot what answer I shall give,
But ever, while that I may live,
I will that ye be my mistress,
For I can naught myselvé guess
Which is the best unto my choice.
Thus grant I you mine wholé voice.
Choose for us bothen, I you pray,
And, what as ever that ye say,

Right as ye willé, so will I.
This is the point-he yields up his will entirely to hers. This is what “alle

ist return according to ing in the same place,

s of agreement, and

1 Whether


women most desire," to be sovereign of man's love :-in short-to have their own way. The bride then thus answers the happy groom:

“My lord,” she saide, “grand-merci'
For of this word that ye now sayn
That ye have made me sovereign,
My destiny is overpass'd;
That ne'er hereafter shall be lass'd 2
My beauty, which that I now have,
Till I betake unto my grave.
Both night and day, as I am now,
I shall alwáy be such to you.
Thus, I am yours for evermó."

JAMES I. OF SCOTLAND. 1395_1437. To an incident which happened in the reign of Henry IV. of England, we are indebted for the most elegant poem that was produced during the early part of the fifteenth century—“The King's Quair,"3 by James I. of Scotland.

This prince was the second son of Robert III., and was born in 1395. His elder brother died, and the king determined to send his surviving son, James, to be educated at the court of his ally, Charles VI., of France; and he embarked for that country with a numerous train of attendants in 1405. But the ship was stopped by an English squadron, and the passengers were, by order of Henry IV., sent to London. It was, of course, an outrageous violation of all right, for Henry to make James a prisoner; but the accident that placed him in his power was ultimately advantageous to the prince as well as to the nation he was born to govern. He was at that time only ten years of age, but Henry, though he kept him closely confined, took great pains to have him educated in the most thorough manner, and so rapid was the progress that he made in his studies that he soon became a prodigy of erudition, and excelled in every branch of polite accomplishments.

During fifteen years of his captivity, he seemed forgotten or at least neg. lected by his subjects. The admiration of strangers and the consciousness of his own talents only rendered his situation more irksome, and he had begun to abandon himself to despair, when he was fortunately consoled for his seclusion at Windsor Castle by a passion of which sovereigns in quie! possession of a throne have seldom the good fortune to feel the influence The object of his admiration was the lady Jane Beaufort, (daughter of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset,) whom he afterwards married, and in whose commendation he composed his principal poetical work, « The King's Quair." In 1423 he was released, and, taking possession of the throne of his ancestors, lie did very niuch to improve the civilization of his country, by repressing many disorders, and enacting many salutary laws. But his stringent measures

1 Many thanks.

2 Lessened. 8 "Quair," quire, pamphlet, or book; hence the "King's Quair" means the King's Book. Ste Enis'“Specimens," 1.299, Warton's "History of English Poetry," 11. 437, and Park's edition of Walpole's “Noyal and Noble Authors.'

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n short-to bave their om:

of reform were very offensive to a lawless nobility; a conspiracy was fouined against him, and he was murdered at Perth, in 1437,

The chief poem of James I., as mentioned above, consists of one hundred and ninety-seven stanzas. It contains various particulars of his own life; is full of simplicity and feeling, and, as has been correctly said, is superior to any poetry besides that of Chaucer produced in England before the reign of Elizabeth,as will be testified by the following stanzas.

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or at least neg. ne consciousness ne, and he had tely consoled for ereigns in quie 1 the influence aughter of John

and in whose : King's Quair." of his ancestors, , by repressing igent measures

" Worshippe ye that lovers bene this May,

For of your bliss the calends are begun;
And sing with us, · Away! winter away!


! Haste. The gardens of this period seem to have been very small. In Chaucer's "Troitus and Crenseiden *e and the same place indifferently called a garden and a yard; and this, at Windsor, fast Sy the Tours perill, was probably either in the yard or on the terrace.

• Probably an arbour, though the word is also very frequently used for an herbary, or garden of simples.

6 Living person.
Mr Tytler imagines that this relates to the paring of the birds; but the word couple scemy here
to be need as a musical term.

KIngs Book. xe
Park's edition of

Come, summer, come! the sweet season and sun!

Awake, for shame! that have your heavens won!! And amorously lift up your headis all; Thank Love, that list you to his mercy call!'”

When they this song had sung a little throw,

They stents awhile, and, therewith unafraid As I beheld, and cast mine eyen a-lowe,

From bough to bough they hipped and they play'd,

And freshly, in their birdis kind, array'd Their feathers new, and frets them in the sun, And thanked Love that had their makis6 won.

And therewith cast I down mine eye again,

Whereas I saw, walking under the Tower Full secretly, new comyn her to pleyne,7

The fairest, or the freshest younge flower

That ever I saw, methought, before that hour;
For which sudden abate anon astert
The blood of all my body to my heart.

And though I stood abased tho a lyte, 9

No wonder was; for why? my wittis all Were so o'ercome with pleasance and delight

Only through letting of mine eyen fall,

That suddenly my heart become her thrall
For ever; of free will; for of menace
There was no token in her sweete face.

And in my head I drew right hastily;

And eft-soones I lent it forth again: And saw her walk that very womanly:

With no wight molo but only women twain.

Then gan I study in myself, and says, « Ah sweet, are ye a worldly créature, Or heavenly thing in likeness of natúre ?

" Or are ye god Cupidis own princess,

And comen are to loose me out of band ? Or are ye very Nature the goddess,

That have depainted with your heavenly hand

This garden full of flouris as they stand? What shall I think, alas! what reverence Shall I mester!! (un) to your excellence ?

“Gifr12 ye a goddess be, and that ye like

To do me pain, I may it not astert:
Giff ye be worldly wight, that doth me sike,13

I Mr. Tytler explalns this as follows: "Ye that have attained your highest bliss, by winning your mates.”_See the last Kne of the next stanza.

9 A little time.

8 Stopped 4 Hopped.

6 Pecked.

6 Mates. • This seems to mean compkrin; int should it not rather be playen, to play or sport!

Started back. 9 Then a uttle. 10 More. 11 Administer! 12 11. 18 Make me sigh.


od sun!

Why lest! God make you so, my dearest heart,

To do a silly prisoner thus smart,
That loves you all, and wote of nought but wo?
And, therefore, mercy sweet! sen it is so.”


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1 Pleased : that is, "I thou art a goddess, I cannot resist thy power; but ll only a mortal cicalure, God surely cannot lest or Incline you to grieve or give pain to a poor creature that loves you."-Tyller. 2 Inlald like fret-work. 8 A sort of precious stone.

Shining. 6 Spangles.

6 - Made in the form of a love-knot or garland." Tytler. 1 A kind of lly. It is conjectured that the royal poet may here allude covertly to the name of his mistress, which, in the diminutive, was Janet or Jonet.-Thomson's Edition of King's Quhair. Ayr, 1824. $ The repetition of this word is apparently a mistake of the original transcriber. Qu. Is this an error for fair emzik, l.e. enamel! 10 Gold-work

11 Fire, face. 13 Before. 18 A little.

14 Hair

y winning your Stopped Mates.

1 Make me stgh

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