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In ragges as she was to-tore
He set her on his horse to-fore, and riding through all the lanes and by-ways, that no one might see him, ho arrives, by design, at the castle by night. He then calls one or two of his trusty friends, and tells them that he was obliged
This beste wedde to his wife,
For elles he had lost his life.
Her ragges they anon off draw,
And was arrayed to the best,
But when she was fully array'd
f chances, and came to the r long; and that while she
é know brow proposed. She then tells and of him his answer to
U her will: and if she bo she « lievest have," that says he shall save himace, where he shall find
to the castle. A large er. He named several
Finally, he gives the the true one, and he
But poor Florent must take her for better for worse, though the worse seemed
His body mighté well be there;
His hearté was in Purgatoire.
And sayth, that for to win or lose
For he shall not have bothé two.
I n'ot what answer I shall give,
Right as ye willé, so will I.
ist return according to ing in the same place,
s of agreement, and
women most desire," to be sovereign of man's love :-in short-to have their own way. The bride then thus answers the happy groom:
“My lord,” she saide, “grand-merci'
JAMES I. OF SCOTLAND. 1395_1437. To an incident which happened in the reign of Henry IV. of England, we are indebted for the most elegant poem that was produced during the early part of the fifteenth century—“The King's Quair,"3 by James I. of Scotland.
This prince was the second son of Robert III., and was born in 1395. His elder brother died, and the king determined to send his surviving son, James, to be educated at the court of his ally, Charles VI., of France; and he embarked for that country with a numerous train of attendants in 1405. But the ship was stopped by an English squadron, and the passengers were, by order of Henry IV., sent to London. It was, of course, an outrageous violation of all right, for Henry to make James a prisoner; but the accident that placed him in his power was ultimately advantageous to the prince as well as to the nation he was born to govern. He was at that time only ten years of age, but Henry, though he kept him closely confined, took great pains to have him educated in the most thorough manner, and so rapid was the progress that he made in his studies that he soon became a prodigy of erudition, and excelled in every branch of polite accomplishments.
During fifteen years of his captivity, he seemed forgotten or at least neg. lected by his subjects. The admiration of strangers and the consciousness of his own talents only rendered his situation more irksome, and he had begun to abandon himself to despair, when he was fortunately consoled for his seclusion at Windsor Castle by a passion of which sovereigns in quie! possession of a throne have seldom the good fortune to feel the influence The object of his admiration was the lady Jane Beaufort, (daughter of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset,) whom he afterwards married, and in whose commendation he composed his principal poetical work, « The King's Quair." In 1423 he was released, and, taking possession of the throne of his ancestors, lie did very niuch to improve the civilization of his country, by repressing many disorders, and enacting many salutary laws. But his stringent measures
1 Many thanks.
2 Lessened. 8 "Quair," quire, pamphlet, or book; hence the "King's Quair" means the King's Book. Ste Enis'“Specimens," 1.299, Warton's "History of English Poetry," 11. 437, and Park's edition of Walpole's “Noyal and Noble Authors.'
n short-to bave their om:
of reform were very offensive to a lawless nobility; a conspiracy was fouined against him, and he was murdered at Perth, in 1437,
The chief poem of James I., as mentioned above, consists of one hundred and ninety-seven stanzas. It contains various particulars of his own life; is full of simplicity and feeling, and, as has been correctly said, is superior to any poetry besides that of Chaucer produced in England before the reign of Elizabeth,as will be testified by the following stanzas.
or at least neg. ne consciousness ne, and he had tely consoled for ereigns in quie 1 the influence aughter of John
and in whose : King's Quair." of his ancestors, , by repressing igent measures
" Worshippe ye that lovers bene this May,
For of your bliss the calends are begun;
! Haste. The gardens of this period seem to have been very small. In Chaucer's "Troitus and Crenseiden *e and the same place indifferently called a garden and a yard; and this, at Windsor, fast Sy the Tours perill, was probably either in the yard or on the terrace.
• Probably an arbour, though the word is also very frequently used for an herbary, or garden of simples.
6 Living person.
KIngs Book. xe
Come, summer, come! the sweet season and sun!
Awake, for shame! that have your heavens won!! And amorously lift up your headis all; Thank Love, that list you to his mercy call!'”
When they this song had sung a little throw,
They stents awhile, and, therewith unafraid As I beheld, and cast mine eyen a-lowe,
From bough to bough they hipped and they play'd,
And freshly, in their birdis kind, array'd Their feathers new, and frets them in the sun, And thanked Love that had their makis6 won.
And therewith cast I down mine eye again,
Whereas I saw, walking under the Tower Full secretly, new comyn her to pleyne,7
The fairest, or the freshest younge flower
That ever I saw, methought, before that hour;
And though I stood abased tho a lyte, 9
No wonder was; for why? my wittis all Were so o'ercome with pleasance and delight
Only through letting of mine eyen fall,
That suddenly my heart become her thrall
And in my head I drew right hastily;
And eft-soones I lent it forth again: And saw her walk that very womanly:
With no wight molo but only women twain.
Then gan I study in myself, and says, « Ah sweet, are ye a worldly créature, Or heavenly thing in likeness of natúre ?
" Or are ye god Cupidis own princess,
And comen are to loose me out of band ? Or are ye very Nature the goddess,
That have depainted with your heavenly hand
This garden full of flouris as they stand? What shall I think, alas! what reverence Shall I mester!! (un) to your excellence ?
“Gifr12 ye a goddess be, and that ye like
To do me pain, I may it not astert:
I Mr. Tytler explalns this as follows: "Ye that have attained your highest bliss, by winning your mates.”_See the last Kne of the next stanza.
9 A little time.
8 Stopped 4 Hopped.
6 Mates. • This seems to mean compkrin; int should it not rather be playen, to play or sport!
Started back. 9 Then a uttle. 10 More. 11 Administer! 12 11. 18 Make me sigh.
Why lest! God make you so, my dearest heart,
To do a silly prisoner thus smart,
1 Pleased : that is, "I thou art a goddess, I cannot resist thy power; but ll only a mortal cicalure, God surely cannot lest or Incline you to grieve or give pain to a poor creature that loves you."-Tyller. 2 Inlald like fret-work. 8 A sort of precious stone.
Shining. 6 Spangles.
6 - Made in the form of a love-knot or garland." Tytler. 1 A kind of lly. It is conjectured that the royal poet may here allude covertly to the name of his mistress, which, in the diminutive, was Janet or Jonet.-Thomson's Edition of King's Quhair. Ayr, 1824. $ The repetition of this word is apparently a mistake of the original transcriber. Qu. Is this an error for fair emzik, l.e. enamel! 10 Gold-work
11 Fire, face. 13 Before. 18 A little.
y winning your Stopped Mates.
1 Make me stgh