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The lust of kingdom knows no sacred faith,
No rule of reason, no regard of right,
No kindly love, no fear of Heaven's wrath:
But with contempt of God's and man's despight,

Through bloody slaughter doth prepare the ways
To fatal sceptre, and accursed reign:
The son so loathes the father's lingering days.
Nor dreads his hand in brother's blood to stain 1

0 wretched prince! nor dost thou yet record
The yet fresh murders done within the land
Of thy forefathers, when the cruel sword
Bereft Morgain his life with cousin's hand!

Thus fatal plagues pursue the guilty race,
Whose murderous hand imbrued with guiltless blood,
Asks vengeance still before the Heaven's face,
With endless mischief on the cursed brood.

The wicked child thus brings to woful sire
The mournful plaints, to waste his weary life:
Thus do the cruel flames of civil fire
Destroy the parted reign with hateful strife:
And hence doth spring the well, from which doth flow
The dead black streams of mourning, plaint, and woo.

But the poem by which Sackville is best known, is entitled «The Mirror for Magistrates." In it, most of the illustrious but unfortunate characters of English history, from the Conquest to the end of the fourteenth century, aro made to pass in review before the poet, who, conducted by Sorrow, descends, like Dante, into the infernal regions. Each character recites his own misfortunes in a separate soliloquy. But Sackville finished only the preface called the "Induction," and one legend, the Life of the Duke of Buckingham. He left the completion of the whole to Bichard Baldwyno and George Ferrers. These called in others to aid them, and the whole collection or set of poems was published in 1559, with this title, "A Mirror for Magistrates, wherein may be seen, by example of others, with how grievous plagues vices are punished, and how frail and how unstable worldly prosperity is found, even of those whom fortune seemeth most highly to favor."

The whole poem is one of a very remarkable kind for the age, and the part executed by Sackville exhibits a strength of description and a power of drawing allegorical characters scarcely inferior to Spenser, and had he completed the whole, and with the same power as that exhibited in the commencement, he would have ranked among die first poets of England.

ALLEGORICAL CHARACTERS IN HELL.

And first, within the porch and jaws ol hell,
Sat deep Remorse Of Conscience, all besprent
With tears; and to herself oft would she tell
Her wretchedness, and, cursing, never stent
To sob and sigh, but over thus lament
With thoughtful care; as she that, all in vain,
Would wear and waste continually in pain:

Her eyes unsteadfast, rolling here and there,

Whirl'd on each place, as place that vengeance brought,

So was her mind continually in fear,

Tost and tormented with the tedious thought

Of those detested crimes which she had wrought;

With dreadful cheer, and looks thrown to the sky,

Wishing for death, and yet she could not die.

Next, saw we Dread, all trembling how he shook,
With foot uncertain, profferd here and thero;
Benumb'd with speech; and with a ghastly look,
Seareh'd every place, all pale and dead for fear,
His cap borne up with staring of his hair;
'Stoin'd and amazed at his own shade for dread,
And fearing greater dangers than was need.

And, next, within the entry of this lake,

Sat fell Reverse, gnashing her teeth for ire:

Devising means how she may vengeance take;

Never in rest, till she have her desire;

But frets within so far forth with the fire

Of wreaking flames, that now determines she

To die by death, or 'veng'd by death to be.

When fell Revekoe, with bloody foul pretence,
Had show'd herself, as next in order set,
With trembling limbs we softly parted thence,
Till in our eyes another sight we met;
When fro my heart a sigh forthwith I fet,
Rueing, alas, upon the woful plight
Of Misebt, that next appear'd in sight:

His face was lean, and some-deal pined away,
And eke his hands consumed to the bone j
But, what his body was, I cannot say,
For, on his carcase raiment had he none,
Save clouts and patches pieced one by one;
With staff in hand, and scrip on shoulders cast,
His chief defence against the winter's blast:

His food, for most, was wild fruits of the tree,
Unless sometime some crumbs fell to his share,
Which in his wallet long, God wot, kept he,
As on the wliich full daint'ly would he fare;
His drink, the running stream; his cup, the bare
Of his palm closed; his bed, the hard cold ground
To this poor life was Miskut ybound.

Whose wretched state when we had well beheld,

With tender ruth on him, and on his fears,

In thoughtful cares forth then our pace we held;

And, by and by, another shape appears

(>f greedy Care, still brushing up the briers;

His knuckles knobb'd, his flesh deep dinted in,

With tawed hands, and hard ytanned skin:

The morrow gray no sooner hath begun
To spread his light e'en peeping in our eyes,
But he is up, and to his work yrun;

But let the night's black misty mantles rise,
And with foul dark never so much disguise
The fair bright day, yet ceaseth he no while,
But hath his candles to prolong his toil.

By him lay heavy Sleep, the cousin of Death.
Flat on the ground, and still as any stone,
A very corpse, save yielding forth a breath;
Small keep took he, whom fortune frowned or.,
Or whom she lifted up into the throne
Of high renown; but as a living death,
So dead alive, of life he drew the breath:

And next in order sad, Old-age we found:
His beard all hoar, his eyes hollow and blind;
With drooping cheer still poring on the ground,
As on the place where nature him assign'd
To rest, when that the sisters had untwined
His vital thread, and ended with their knife
The fleeting course of fast declining life:

There heard we him with broke and hollow plaint
Rue with himself his end approaching fast,
And all for nought his wretched mind torment
With sweet remembrance of his pleasures past,
And fresh delights of lusty youth forewaste;
Recounting which, how would he sob and shriek,
And to be young again of Jove beseek 1

Crook-back'd he was, tooth-shaken, and blear-eyed;
Went on Uiree feet, and sometime crept on four;
With old lame bones, that rattled by his side;
His scalp all piled, and he with eld forelore,
His wither'd fist still knocking at death's door;
Fumbling, and drivelling, as he draws his breath;
For brief, the shape and messenger of Death.

And fast by him pale Malabt was placed:
Sore sick in bed, her color all foregone;
Bereft of stomach, savor, and of taste,
Ne could she brook no meat but broths alone;
Her breath corrupt; her keepers every one
Abhorring her; her sickness past recure,
Detesting physic, and all physic's cure.

But, oh, the doleful sight that then wo see 1

We turn'd our look, and on the other side

A grisly shape of Famine mought we see:

With greedy looks, and gaping mouth, that cried

And roar'd for meat, as she should there have died;

Her body thin and bare as any tone,

Whereto was left nought but the case alone.

And that, alas, was gnawen every where,
All full of holes; that I me mought refrain
From tears, to see how she her arms could tear,
And with her teeth gnash on the tones in vain,
When, all for nought, she fain would so sustain
Her starven corpse, that rather seem'il a shade
Than any substance of a creature made:

Great was her force, whom stone-wall could not stay:

Her tearing nails snatching at all she saw;

With gaping jaws, that by no means yniay

Be satisfied from hunger of her maw,

But eats herself as she that hath no law;

Gnawing, alas, her carcase all in .vain,

Where you may count each sinew, bone, and vein.

Lastly, stood War, in glittering arms yclad,
With visage grim, stern look, and blackly hucd:
In his right hand n naked sword ho had,
That to the hilts was all with blood imbrued;
And in his left (that kings and kingdoms rued)
Famine and fire he held, and dierewithal
He razed towns and threw down towers and all:

Cities he sack'd, and realms (that whilom flower'd
In honour, glory, and rule, above the rest)
He overwhelm'd, and all their fame devour'd,
Consumed, destroy'd, wasted, and never ceased,
Till he their wealth, their name, and all oppress'd;
His face forehow'd with wounds; and by his side
There hung his targe, with gashes deep and wide.

SIR THOMAS OVERBURY. 1581—1613.

Sir Tuoxxs Ovxrbcrt, a miscellaneous writer, and "one of the most finished gentlemen about the court'' of James I., is well known by the tragic circumstances of his death. Born of an ancient family in Gloucestershire, after taking his degiee at the University of Oxford, he entered the Middle Temple as a law student. But his inclinations turning more to polite literature, he made an effort to advance his fortune at the court, and was successful. But opposing the infamous Countess of Essex in one of her criminal schemes, he was, by her influence, thrown into the Tower, and was scon after taken off by poison administered to him by her means, with the knowledge of her husband. The murder, though committed on the 13th of September, 1613, was not discovered till two years after, when all was brought to light, and four of the parties concerned were executed. But James, to his lasting disgrace, pardoned the two principals, the Countess ol Essex and her husband, that base favorite of James, the Earl of Somerset.

The murder of this accomplished man is one of the most disgraceful passages in the history of England, and the sympadiy which his fate excited is demonstrated by the many elegies and tributes of grief which were poured forth from all quarters "on the untimely death of Sir Thomas Overbury, poysoned in the Tower." Sir Thomas is known in letters, both as a poet and prose writer. In the former character, his chief productions are his once famous poem called "The Wife," and a smaller one called "The Choice of a Wife." The "Wife" is didactic in its nature, and though containing many good precepts, has little grace, iancy, or ornament. Two verses will suffice to give an idea of his manner:—

Give me, next good, an understanding wife,

By nature wise, not learned by much art;
Some knowledge on her part will, all her life

More scope of conversation impart,
Besides her inborn virtue fortify;
They are most firmly good that best know why.

Woman's behavior is a surer bar

Than is their no; that fairly doth deny
Without denying; thereby kept they are

Safe ev'n from hope:—in part to blame is she,
Which hath without consent been only tried;
He comes too near, who conies to be denied.

But as a prose writer, Sir Thomas Overbury takes higher rank. His « Characters or Witty Descriptions of the Properties of Sundry Persons," display the fertile and ingenious character of his mind. Of the following beautiful picture of "A Fair and Happy Milkmaid," a judicious critic remarks: ■ We hardly know any passage in English prose which inspires the mind of the reader with so many pleasing recollections, and which spreads so calm and purifying a delight over the spirit, as it broods over the idea of the innocent girl whose image Sir Thomas has here bodied forth:—1 It will scent all the Tear long of June, like a new-made hay-cock.'"

A FAIR AND HAPPY MILKMAID

Is a country wench, that is so far from making herself beautiful by art, that one look of hers is able to put all face-physic out of countenance. She knows a fair look is but a dumb orator to commend virtue, therefore minds it not. All her excellencies stand in her so silently, "as if they had stolen upon her without her knowledge. The lining of her apparel, which is herself, is far better than outsides of tissue; for though she be not arrayed in the spoil of the silkworm, she is decked in innocence, a far better wearing. She doth not, with lying long in bed, spoil both her complexion and conditions: nature hath taught her too, immoderate sleep is rust to the soul; she rises therefore with Chanticlere, her dame's cock, and at night makes the lamb her curfew. In milking a cow, and straining the teats through her fingers, it seems that so sweet a milk-press makes the milk whiter or sweeter; for never came almond-glore or aromatic ointment on her palm to taint it. The golden ears of corn fall and kiss her feet when she reaps them, as if they wished to be bound and led prisoners by the same hand that felled them. Her breath is her own, which scents all the year long of June, like a new-made haycock. She makes her hand hard with labor, and her heart soft with pity; and when winter evenings fall early, sitting at her

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