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E'er bred, or all which into Noah's ark came;
A thing which would have posed Adam to name.
Stranger than seven antiquaries' studies—
Than Afric monsters—Guianaes rarities—
Stranger than strangers. One who for a Dane
In the Danes' massacre had sure been slain,
If he had lived then; and without help dies
When next the 'prentices 'gainst strangers rise.
One whom the watch at noon scarce lets go by;
One to whom th' examining justice sure would cry,
'Sir, by your priesthood, tell me what you are V
His clothes were strange, tho' coarse—and black, tho' bare;
Sleeveless his jerkin was, and it had been
Velvet, but 'twas now (so much ground was seen)
Become tuff-taffety; and our children shall
See it plain rash a while, then not at all.
The thing hath travell'd, and saith, speaks all tongues;
And only knoweth what to all states belongs.
Made of the accents and best phrase of these,
He speaks one language. If strange meats displease,
Art can deceive, or hunger force my taste;
But pedants' motley tongue, soldiers' bombast,
Mountebanks' drug-tongue, nor the terms of law,
Are strong enough preparatives to draw
Me to bear this. Yet I must be content
With his tongue, in his tongue called compliment.
• • • • •
He names me, and comes to me. I whisper, God!
How have I sinn'd, that thy wrath's furious rod,
(This fellow) chuseth me? He saith, 'Sir,
I love your judgement—whom do you prefer
For the best linguist V And I sillily
Said, that I thought, Calepine's Dictionary.
'Nay, but of men, most sweet sir V—Beza then,
Some Jesuits, and two reverend men
Of our two academies, I named. Here
He stopt me, and said—' Nay, your apostles were
Pretty good linguists, and so Panurge was,
Yet a poor gentleman. All these may pass
By travel.' Then, as if he would have sold <
His tongue, he prais'd it, and such wonders told,
That I was fain to say—' If you had lived, sir,
Time enough to have been interpreter
To Babel's bricklayers, sure the tower had stood.'
He adds, ' If of court-life you knew the good,
You would leave loneness.' I said, 'Not alone
He knows what lady is not painted."
• • • » •
We had intended to close this paper with a few examples of the most glaring faults of Donne's style; but the reader will probably think that we have made better use of our space. We have endeavoured to describe those faults, and the causes of them; and not a few of them—or of those parts which should perhaps be regarded as characteristics, rather than absolute faults—will be found among the extracts now given. Those who wish for more may find them in almost every page of the writer's works. They may find the most far-fetched and fantastical allusions and illustrations brought to bear upon the thought or feeling in question, sometimes by the most quickeyed and subtle ingenuity, but oftener in a manner altogether forced and arbitrary; turns of thought that are utterly at variance with the sentiment and with each other; philosophical and scholastic differences and distinctions, that no sentiment could have suggested, and that nothing but searching for could have found; and, above all, paradoxical plays of words, antitheses of thought and expression, and purposed involutions of phrase, that nothing but the most painful attention can untwist. All this they may find, and more. But, in the midst of all, they not only may, but must find an unceasing activity and an overflowing fullness of mind, which seem never to fail or flag, and which would more than half redeem the worst faults (of mere style) that could be allied to them.
Aet. III.—Neio England's Prospect. A true, lively, and experimental description of that part of America, commonly called New England: discovering the state, of that Country, both as it stands to our new-come English Planters, and to the old native Inhabitants. Laying down that which may both enrich the knowledge of the mind-travelling Reader, or benefit the future Voyager. By William Wood. Printed at London, by Thomas Cotes, for John Bellamie, and are to be sold at his shop, at the Three Golden Lions in Comhill, near the Royal Exchange, sm. 4lo. 1634.
We have never looked upon the humorous picture of the dispersal of the ambitious builders of Babel, which is intended to ornament the title page of Verstegan's " Restitution of decayed intelligence," without musing upon the advantages and necessity of migration. The manifest cheerfulness of those lightlyequipped early colonists suggests so agreeable an issue to the embarrassments which before perplexed them, that the troubles usually attendant upon similar expeditions do not obtrude themselves on the imagination. Great as their confusion was, in consequence of the sudden multiplying of unknown tongues, the remedy was simple to those before whom the earth lay unoccupied. Many stories of antiquity may be remembered,
equally full of interesting associations, incident to the removal of their " stuff and their little ones" by the patriarchs of the world. In modern history the subject has been too often mixed up with military conquests; and bears too little the character of pastoral migration, to partake of the comparative innocence and ease of similar expeditions in earlier days. The occupied condition of the world has long rendered it difficult to put an end to " strife," by having recourse to Abraham's appeal:—
"Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right: or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left."*
There has been, however, enough of enterprise performed in modern times to furnish important details, which ought to be collected for the guidance of individuals and of governments from error, in their future and better regulated attempts to fulfil the divine injunction to man, "to be fruitful and to multiply, and replenish the earth and subdue it." Vast regions remain to be peopled, which will be best accomplished by a consideration of the dangerous mistakes which heretofore have been committed; and although few parts of the world are now to be found without inhabitants, still are the scattered possessors of many countries^ ready to receive more civilized visitors with cordiality and welcome. It is the interest of the Indian to admit his more cultivated brother to his cabin, when
* Genesis, 13 ch. 9 verse.
t We were struck with Lord Byron's remarks upon this subject, in a letter recently published; from which it appears, that the importance of an accession of industry and skill, is duly appreciated by the less civilized nations of Europe itself. We know how wisely our own ancestors acted, in receiving kindly the refugees of Brabant, and the Hugonots of France, in the 16th and 17th centuries. Upon which occasions, self-interest, without doubt, concurred with humane feelings. Lord Byron's words are; "The resources even for an emigrant population in the Greek Islands alone, are rarely to be paralleled; and the cheapness of every kind of not only necessaries, but luxuries, (that is to say, luxuries of nature, fruit, wine, oil, &c.,) in a state of peace, are far beyond those of the Cape and Van Diemen's Land, and the other places of refuge which the English population are searching for over the waters."—Genoa, May 12, 1823. We cannot add another better illustration of our text than the very remarkable invitation given by the Prince of Persia to Europeans to settle near Tabriz, published in the newspapers as this sheet is passing through the press. With reference, however, to British colonization, although Persia and the Greek islands undoubtedly abound in physical resources, it deserves grave consideration whether the people of Great Britain, as a mass, and particularly the women, will not find British colonies more suited to their habits.
ever the latter brings with him the sound principles of justice, which are the true and permanent marks of pre-eminence in civil society. The unceasing departure also every year, of thousands of families from the res angusta domi, renders the subject one of national concern. Nothing in the power of government can dam the stream, and doubts may reasonably be entertained, whether it should be suffered to find its own way forth, as it now does; or whether it ought not to be so directed, as to fertilize the regions in which we are chiefly interested; and be so conducted thither, that it may be exposed the least that is possible to injury and waste. To aid the emigrant to settle where his establishment will equally benefit himself and his ancient home, cannot be an instance of that sort of meddling in political arrangements which sound opinions condemn.
The character of emigration has, indeed, essentially changed with other things in modern times. Masses of all ranks do not quit their homes now, in the manner which was not unusual with some of the nations of antiquity. The golden dreams also which-, in the 16th century, carried men of the highest consideration across the Atlantic, have passed away; and religious persecution no longer drives whole congregations into the wilderness for an asylum. Nothing, therefore, remains directly to induce the rich to encourage emigration, but the wish to be relieved from a disproportionate population, or the desire to give a British character to ceded colonies, which, like the Cape of Good Hope, may protect the remote parts of the empire; or, like Canada, may by some persons be thought useful only to curb a rival. These motives do not, however, appear to be sufficiently strong, to overrule the objections which are felt against the emigration of great masses of the people. Rents at home are increased by competitors, and the competition arising from the number of tenants will continue long after many of the ordinary comforts of life have fallen away from the rack-rent occupier of the soil;—taking a series of years together, little rent is lost, until after very great suffering on the part of the tenantry. It may happen, as in Ireland, that the only inconvenience which the rich can suffer, from the privations of a population disproportioned to the accessible means of subsistence, is the risk of personal violence to themselves. But if it happen, as the fact is there, that personally the great land owners may be out of contact with the people, there is less danger apprehended from their violence, than there is advantage derived from the high rents which they will continue to pay.
Undoubtedly, therefore, it is to benefit the people chiefly, that emigration should be encouraged. Wages would be raised to them and rent lowered, in consequence of the removal of a