Non-Western Colonial Rule and Its Amtermath: Postcolonial State Formation in South Korea
The postcolonial state culture, Ilminjuui, had its own idea of the state in which the state was identified with the nation and was depicted as a family in which the state-society distinction was nullified. It was statist as well as nativist. It was certainly nurtured by ethnic nationalism, but at the same time, it closely resembled the political culture of the colonizer. I identify two mechanisms that made this ironic resemblance possible. One was the simultaneous hegemonic inscription and ideological contestation that characterized ethnic nationalism. The other was the postcolonial political and ideological configuration that reproduced colonial political and ideological configuration, which enabled the politicization of ethnic nationalism that was homologically related to Japanese political culture. If the neotraditionalist colonial state stood negating liberalism and communism, the postcolonial state culture arose as an antithesis of liberalism and communism. The way colonial structure evolved imposed strong structural constraints on postcolonial politics in a way that led to the reproduction of colonial culture in the postcolonial state formation.
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