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W hereas, the Congress of the United States has passed an act approved March 3, 1905, and entitled "An act to provide for celebrating the birth of the American nation, the first permanent settlement of English speaking people on the Western Hemisphere, by the holding of an international naval, marine and military celebration in the vicinity of Jamestown, on the waters of Hampton Roads, in the State of Virginia, to provide for the suitable and permanent commemoration of said event and to authorize an appropriation in aid therefor and for other purposes."

And, Whereas, section 3 of the said act reads as follows:

"Section 3. The President of the United States is hereby authorized to make proclamation of said celebration, setting forth the event to be commemorated, inviting foreign nations to participate by the sending of their naval vessels and such representation of their military organizations as may be proper;"

Now, therefore, I, Theodore Roosevelt. President of the United States, by virtue of the authority vested in me by said act, do hereby declare and proclaim that there shall be inaugurated in the year 1907, at and near the waters of Hampton Roads, in the State of Virginia, an international naval, marine and military celebration, beginning May 13 and ending not later than November 1, 1907, for the purpose of commemorating in a fitting and appropriate manner the birth of the American nation; the first permanent settlement of English speaking people on the American Continent made at Jamestown, Virginia, on the 13th day of May, 1607, and in order that the great events of the American history which have resulted therefrom may be accentuated to the present and future generations of American citizens.

And in the name of the government and people of the United States, I do therefore invite all the nations of the earth to take part in the commemoration of the event which has had a far-reaching effect on the course of human history, by sending their naval vessels to the said celebration and by making such representations of their military organizations as may be proper.

In testimony thereof, I have now set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done in the city of Washington this twenty-ninth day of March, one thousand nine hundred and five, and in the independence of the United States the one hundred and twenty-ninth. By the President:


Acting Secretary of State.



T IE civilizations of the world trace back their origin._through the mist of history

to an epoch or an event to which they owe their initial impetus. Many of those

agencies that have served the world in upbuilding arad expanding the influences of human development, have totally disappeared. Others there are that would seem to have reached their zenith and are now powerless to cope with the surging forces of modern advancement. But, while a respectful obeisance will be made to those thait have passed away, and a courteous recognition given to those that remain in a non-progressive state, the youthful, active, virile civilization which was born at James town in the year 1607 will be acclaimed throughout the universe as the noblest type and most potent force that the world has seen thus far.

W HEN the sturly homesceliers, under Captain John Smith, made their settlement at

Jamestown, in what subsequently became the State of Virginia, in the year 1607, they laid the foundation of an edifice, the strong proportions of which are now recog nized throughout the id. That was the beginning of the United States of America of the present day. That wonderful fabric of civilization and government. only as yet passing through the process of evolution, was then and there born. Our country,

in which we all feel so justifiable a pride, owes its birth to those sturdy homeseekers. and the ter-centenary of that event is entitled to a becoming recognition. THE shores of Hampton Roads have been fixed upon as the site of the exposition, which 1 will be opened by the President of the United States on the 26th day of April, 1907, at noon, and will close on the 30th day of November at midnight. Every civilized nation of the world, as is befitting such an event, will participate in the exposition. Every form of civilization which now exercises an influence on the world's destiny will meet and fraternize to pay a cordial greeting to the youngest member of the family. THE forthcoming exposition will be unique among its class on account of this feature.

Ordinarily the feature event of an exposition is mercantile or historic. The James town Exposition will celebrate the birth of a civilization of world wide influence ani



which is still fraught with tremendous possibilities. It will commemorate the crigin of the coalesced races now speaking the English language on this portion of the American Continent. whase power has been so recently acknowledged to be paramount. It will trace back to the acorn the stout oak that now defies every storm. ZAVING, therefore, this ethnologic feature as its central idea the event will be inIT vested with a character which will attract the scholar, the patriot, and the statesman as well as the pleasure-seeker, the gentlemın-of-leisure and the student. THE location is an ideal one. Three miles of water front, two and one-half on Hamp.

iton Roads and one half on Boush's (1.eek, will give it a marine frontage to be ngwibiere else found. An adequate appreciation of this seaside site may be realized when the great navies of the world will assemble in the waters of Hampton Roads for the greatest naval review in history. Then, again, the place is historic. On these

very waters is the identical scene of the confliot between the Monitor and the Merrimac. The first that took place between ironclads. Recent history has proven the destructive power of these floating fortresses. Here is the spot, in full view of the exposition grounds where they received their first test.

THE grounds are within easy reach of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, and Old

Paint Comfort by electric car and by boat. A ride of twenty minutes from any of these places will land you on the grounds. The grounds include an area of 460 acres at present with a possibility of enlargement for the purpose of entertaining large bodies of foreign troops, who will be present as representatives of their respective countries.

POR the first time in the history of the United States armed troops of a foreign 1 country will be permitted to land. The military feature will be an attractive one. A whole division of the United States Army will be in camp under arms, while the great powers of the world, the minor as well, will send their quota of armed soldiery'.

In response to an invitation from the President of the United States, Great Britain, Germany France. Russia, Japan, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, Venezuela, Mexico, Costa Rica. Haiti, Belgium, Argentina, and the Dominican Republic have already given their assurance that they 'will send troops as well as ships of war. Switzerland and the smaller republics of Central and South America will be represented by civic delegations. Other countries are still considering the President's invitation. The military and naval features will be therefore, a striking departure in the history of nations, as well as a most in structive object lesson in the varied uniforms worn.

THE buildings will be in the Colonial style af architecture and of substantial construc1 tion. All of the States' buildings are to be permanent, and many of the exhibit buildings as well. This will necessitate a substantiality that removable proper:y could not demand. Ample room for all exhibits will be vigilantly provided for and there will be an entire absence of cramped quarters. A full view of Hampton Roads will be had from the several States' buildings, while the spaces intervening between them will be neatly laid out in walks and flower plots.

DROJECTING out from the grounds into the waters of Hampton Roads the United

States Government will construct two grand pierswith towens for lighthouses and wireless telegraphy. These piers will be each one two hundred feet in width. They will extend nearly a half of a mile and at their extremities will be connected by a pier of the same width. This latter pier will be arched in the centre so as to permit the ingress and egress of small craft. On the shore line there will be landing stations of handsome design. A million incandescent lights will illuminate the entire length of the pier way, and monster searchlights will surmount the towers. The incinsed harbor will afford a measurement of approximately forty acres. In the basin, within the piers, water sports will be conducted, while the ships of the fleet at anchor in Hampton Roads will be reached by boats from the landing places.

LIMATIC conditions must not be overlooked. Healthful breezes from the ocean are

constantly passing over the grounds so that there is a perpetual relief to the excesses of old Sol. The exposition city which is now growing on the shore will afford the pleasant varieties of educational distraction and seaside repose.

THE Inside Inn, 600 feet front and 400 feet deep, will be the only hotel within the

grounds. Every modern hotel accommodation will be at hand and a full view of Hampton Roads, with its varied shipping, diversified by a vision through the pines, is constantly present. No hotel could be more appreciably situated from the standpoints of historic, romantic, and personal comfort interest. And the prices will be within the limit of moderation.

THE exhibits will be of a character to thrust the main feature of the exposition into

I prominence. Development, intellectual and physical, moral and scientific, has been the predominating characteristic of the three centuries which have passed since the planting of the English idea at Jamestown.

ENGLISH literature was then in its infancy. Physical science was an embryo. Mechan.

ical invention had scarcely received the dawn of light. Government was a mere vornice or force. The wonderful Development and expansion of these respective

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