« 上一页继续 »
to him the other also. 40. And if any man will sue thee
at the Law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy El roke also. 41. And whosoever shall 4 compel (7)
thee to go a mile, go with him twain. 42. Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would o borrow of thee, turn not thou away 43. Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt "love thy Neighbour, and d hate thine Enemy. 44. But I say Love your Enemies, bless them that curse
* 4 See Mat. 27. 32. And as they great, and ye shall be called the
came out, they found a man of Children of the Highest; for he Fol Cyrene, Simon by Name: him is kind to the unthankful, and to
they compelled to bear his Cross. the evil. See the Note on Luk. :: Mar. 15. 21. And they compel 6. 30, one Simon a Cyrenian, who pasled 5 Ć | Lev. 19. 18. See on Joh. by, coming out of the Country.
Pr. 41. 10.
But thou, O fhalt open thine hand wide unto Lord, be merciful unto me, and T: him (che posr Man), and shalt surely raise me up, that I may requite
lena him fufficient for his need in othem. that which he wanteth. Thou e * Luk. 6. 27, 28. Love your thalt surely give him, and thine Enemies, do good to them which bart shall not be grieved when hate you Bless them that curse
unto him ; because you, and pray for them which dethat for this thing the Lord thyr sipitefully use you. t Rom. 12 14, God fhall bless thee in all thy 20. Bless them which perfecute works, and in all that thou puttest you, bless, and curse not. If thine
+ Luk. 6. 35. Enemy hunger, feed him; if he ye your enemies, and do thirsi, give him drink: for info 200 gcod, and lend, hoping for nothingzodoing thou shalt heap coals of 19 again: and your reward shall be Fire on his head.
thine hand unto. Love
Eye, dr. had we any such Law amongst us. Turning the Cicek 10 the Smiter is no more than the patient bearing of Injuries. Those who desire farther Satisfaction in this matter may confult Mr. Kettlemel's Discourse of Worthy Communicating, Part 3. Chap. 4. 6) The Word here rendred compel is derived from a Perrian Word, which fignifies such Persons as we in our Language call posts
. These People being employed in carrying Letters and Dispatches from Court, had authority to press Men, Cattle, and Ships, to expedite their Journey. And it is noe unlikely but that this Authority might be sometimes as bufed to the Oppression of their fellow Subjects. It does not follow from what our Lord here fays, that we are obliged to be at the Com. mand of every one that would employ us; but our Lord's Meaning
s to be, that if any small Violence should be offered to us under the Pretext of Authority, we should be willing to do more than our Duty, rather than raise a Contention about it.
you, do good to them that hate
and f them which despitefully use you, and persecute you 45. That ye may be the children of your Father whic. is in Heaven, for he maketh his Sun to rise on the e vil and on the good, and sendeth & Rain on the jut and on the unjust. 46. For if ye love them whic love you, what reward have ye? do not even the Put licans the fame? 47. And if ye falute your brethre only, what do ye more than others? do not even th Publicans fo? 48. Be ye therefore perfe&t, even as you
Father which is in heaven is perfe&t.
CH A P. VI.
AKE heed that ye do not your
k * Alms [or rightcousness] before Men, (8) to be seen of them
other: f* Luk. 23. 34. Then said Je- which hath called you is holy, so fus, Father, forgive them ; for be ye holy in all manner of converthey know not what they do. fation; because it is written, be * A&. 7. 60. And he (Steven] kneelye holy, for I am holy. ed down, and cried with a loud s # Deut. 24. 13. In any cafe voice, Lord, lay not this fin to their thou shalt deliver him the Pledge Charge. t 1 Cor. 4. 12,13. Being again when the sun goech down, reviled, we blefs : being persecu- that he may sleep in his own Raited, we suffer it : being defamed, ment, and bless thee: and it shall we intreat.
t Pet. 2. 23.sobe righteousness unto thee before Who when he was reviled, reviled the Lord thy God. + Pl. 112.9. not again; when he suffered, he He hath difperfed, he hath given threatned not.
ti Pet. 3.9. to the Poor; his righteousness enduNot rendring evil for evil, or rail. reth for ever, his horn shall be ing for railing: but contrariwise 1 sexalted with honour. + Dan. 4. blessing; knowing that ye are here- 27. Wherefore, O King, let my unto called, that ye should inherit counsel be acceptable unto thee, a Blessing
break of thy Sins by righteosiness, 8 See on Afts 14. 17.
and thine Iniquities by shewing h* Luk. 6. 32. For if ye love 20 Mercy to the poor, if it may be a them which love you, what thank lengthning of thy tranquillity. have you ? for Sinners also love + 2 Cor. 9. 9, 10. As it is written, those which love them.
he hath dispersed abroad; he hath i Eph. §. 1. Be ye therefore given to the poor: his right cousness followers of God as dear Childrex.es remaineth for ever. Now he that
Ye shall be holy; for ministrerh Seed to the Sower, both I am holy. Lev. 20. 26. Yë shall minister bread for your food, and be holy unto me: for I the Lord multiply your Seed fown, and in. am holy, and have severed yo Ciease the fruits of your righfrom other People, that ye shouldzoteousness. be mine.
1 Pet. 1, 15, 16. As he (8) Our blessed Saviour does not absolutely forbid the doing Alms or
The Reasons why we hould do good Works are, that we may glorifie
5 otherwise ye have no reward * of [or, with] your Father
which is in Heaven. 2. Therefore when thou dost
thine Alms, * do not found a trumpet [or, cause not * trumpet to be founded] before thee, as the hypocrites do, in the fynågogues, and in the Streets, that they may have glory of Men. Verily, I say unto you, they have their reward. 3. But when thou doft Alms,' let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doth: 4. That shine
Alms may be in secret: and thy Father which feet in Efecret, himself shall m'reward thee openly. 5. And
when thou prayeft, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites 471
, for they love to pray ftanding in the fynagogues, and in the corners of the streets, that they may be feen of Men. Verily, I tay unto you, they have their reward. 6. But thou when thou prayeft, enter into thy Closet, and when thou hast ihut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret, and thy Father which feeth in secret, fhall reward thee openly. 7. But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the Heathen
do: ! Rom. 12. 8. He that giveth, n + 2 Kings 4. 33. He (Elijba] let him do it with Simplicity.
went in therefore and shut ihe door Prov. 20.6, Moft Min will proe upon them twain, and prayed un
one his own Goodness. to the Lord. 10.16. Come with me, 5
o * Ecclesiastic. 7. 14.
Make and see my Zeal for the Lord. not much babbling when thou pray
Luk. 14. 14. And thou eft. Ecclesiastes 5. 2. Be not ran halt be bleffed ;* for they cannot with thy Morth, and let not thine recompençe thee : for thou shalt heart be hafty to utter any thing
at the Resurrection jobefore God : for, God is in Hea. of the juft . Mátt. 25. 34. Come ven, and thou upon
Earth: There se blessed of my Father, inherit fore let thy Words be few. the Kingdoin prepared for you. other good Works before Men, but the doing them openly out of oftentaton , with a design and a defire to be praised and commended by Men for them.
our Neighbour, and promote our own Salvation. But if we do them to gain Applaufe from Men, we cannot expect to receive any Reward from God. We may do them before Men, that they may be excited to glorifie God, and provoked to an Imitation ; for then we obey the Command of our Lord, Mar. 5. 16. letting our Light so daime before men, &c. The Misunderstanding of this Precept has prevail. ed with many good Christians to conceal their Charity and good Works, and chereby deprive the World of the Benefit of their Example.
God, and benefit
do: for they think they shall be p heard for thei much speaking. 8. Be not ye therefore like unto them for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of before ye ask him. 9. After this (y) manner therefor pray ye:
Our Father which art in Heaver
P.: Kings 18. 26, 29. They any to answer, nor any that ri -called on the name of Baal from garded. Morning even until Noon, saying, 4 * Luk. 11. 2, br. The Lora Baal hear us. -And it came to Prayer. pals, when mid-day was past, and s Pf. 11. 4. The Lords. Thra They prophesied until the time of is in Heaven. Ifa. 66. 1. Thus fais the offering Evening Sacrifice ; the Lord, the Heaven is my Thron that there was neither Voice, nor and the earth is my footstool.
(9) Concerning this divine and most excellent Prayer we mi observe,
First, That this which is here recorded, was not delivered at the fan time with that in Luk. 11th. but a considerable Time before it. Ft this being a part of the Sermon on the Mount, was delivered in the Ye of our Lord 31. but that in St. Luke in the beginning of the 33d Yea which accounts for the little Variations between them. The Disciples d not seem to have understood that their Master design'd it for a Forn but only for a Pattern of Prayer, and as some general Heads to whic they were to reduce their Petitions. It is therefore said in St. Lui that our Lord having been at Prayer with his Disciples, one of them fa anto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his Disciples. Wher upor
our Lord gives them the form there set down, when yo pray, la &c. He does not forbid them to use other forms, but he enjoins the to use this.
Secondly, Grotius, Dr. Lightfoot, Drufius, &c. obferve, that this Prayer, er cepting only the following Words, as we forgive them that trespass agai us, is to be found in the Jewish Liturgies or Forms of Prayer. Our F ther which art in Heaven, is in their Seder Tephilloth, or Form of Prayers Let thy great Name be Sanétified, and thy Kingdom reign, in their Form ca ded, Kaddish; Let thy Memory be glorified in Heaven above, and in Earl beneath, in the Sedor Tephilloth; forgive us our Sins, in the fixth of the eighteen daily Prayers. Deliver us not into the Hand of Temptations, and de liver us from the evil Figment, in that and in the Book Mufar. For thin is the power, and the Kingdom for ever and ever, is, faith Drufius, their usua Form of Doxology.
Thirdly, How calie would it have been for our Lord to have composed Prayer consisting entirely of new Matter? But it is plain, he did no affe& novelty, nor disapprove of the use of forms of Prayer; for if h had, we may reasonably suppose he would, on this Occasion, have tok his Disciples as much. But so far was he from this, that when he wa hanging on the Cross, he made use of Forms taken out of the Book of Psalms. Some think he used a great Part of the 22th Pfalm, but that he did of the firft Verse is recorded by St. Mark, Chap. 15.34 My God, my God, why hajt thou forsakın me? Another Prayer our Lord used, when he
Life, as may be observed from the References.
* Hallowed be thy Name. 10. Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. Give us (1) this Day our daily bread. 12. And
* forgive Pf.8.1. O Lord, our Lord, go and say, Come ye, and let us go how exellent is thy Name in all the up to the mountain of the Lord, the Earth. Pl. ill.9.
Ho- to the house of the God of Jacob, ly and reverend is his name. Pf. and he will teach us of his ways, 145, 10, 11. All thy works shall s and we will walk in his paths; praise thee, O Lord, and thy Saints for out of Zion shall go forth the thall bless thee. They shall speak of Law, and the word of the Lord the glory of thy Kingdom, and talk from Jerusalem. of chy Power. Pf. 148. through c Mat. 26. 42. O my Father, cut. Joh. 12. 28. Father, glorifieroif this cup may not pass away from thy name. Then came there a voice me, except I drink it, thy will be from heaven, saying, I have both done. Acts 21.54. When he (Paul) glorified it, and will glorifie it a- would not be perswaded, we ceafgain
. Ifa. 6. 3. Holy, holy, holy, is ed, saying, The will of the Lord be the Lord of Hoffs, the whole earth is done. Pf. 103. 29, 21. Bless the is full of his glory. Ifa. 8. 13. San. Lord, ye his Angels, that excel in dife the Lord of hosts himself, Strength, that do his commandand let him be your fear, and let him ments, bearkening unto the voice of be your dread.
his word. Bless ye the Lord all ye 2. 2; 3. It fhall come tozohis hosts, ye ministers of his that pass in the latt days, that the moun. do his pleasure. tain of the Lord's houfe shall be e
+ See Job 23. 12.
I have ftablished in the top of the Moun. esteemed the words of his mouth tains, and shall be exalted above more than
my necessary food. + Prov. the Hills
, and all Nations shall flow 30. 8. Give me neither Poverty, unto it. And many people shallzs gave up the Ghost, which was taken out of the 31st Psalm, Ver s. is recorded by St. Luke, Chap. 23. 47. Into thy Hands i commend my Spirit.
Fourthly, Had our Lord intended that his Difciples should have used this Prayer only till
they were 'endued with Power from on high, by their receiving the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost, it is probable he would have told them fo, and that they would have told their followers as much, and this Prayer would not have been fo generally used by Christians as it was, especially from the third Century downwards, and
probably long before. Those who think that the Silence in the History 1 of the A&s, an Argument to the contrary, may conlult Dr. Whitby's
Notes on the oth Verle; from which, what is laid on the second Observation is for the most part taken.
(1) The Word Day, in Seripture, often stands forthe whole Time of our Warfare on Earth, as in that place in the 95th Psalm, To Day if you will bear his voice. Exhort one another daily, that is, every Day, Heb. 3. 13; And Bread is put for all Neceffaries, Conveniencies, and Comforts of