do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20. For I say unto you, That except yonr righteousness shall

exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. 21. Ye have heard that it was said * by them [or, to them] of old time, Thou fhalt, not m kill: and whosoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the judgment.

22. But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever fhall • say to his brother, (4) Racha, thali be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell-fire. 23. Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the P altar, and there remembrest that thy brother hath ought against thee


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* Exod. 20.


| Mat. 23. 27, 28. Wo unto


Thou you fcribes and pharisees, hypo- fhalt not kill. Repeated Deut. crites; for ye are like unto whited 5. 17. Sepulchres, which indeed appear † 1 Joh. 3. 15. Whosoever beautiful outw

ward, but are with- s hateth his brother is a murderer: ir full of dead mens bones, and of and ye 'know, that no murderall uncleanness. Even so ye also er hath eternal life abiding in outwardly appear rigloteous unto him. men, but within ye are full of by

Jam. 2. 25. But wile thou pocrisie and Iniquity. : Rom.9.31. Il-loknow, o vain man, that Faith rael which followed after the law of without works is dead? righteousness, hath not attained to the

p... Mat. 8.

4. Offer the law of righteousness. :: Rom. 1o. 3. gift that Mofes commanded. They being ignorant of God's righ- Mat. 23. 19. Ye fools and blind, teousness, and going about to esta15for whether is greater, the Gift, blith their own righteousnefs, have or the Altar which fanétifieth the not submitted themfelves to the Gift. righteousness of God.

the moral Law, he shall be deemed unworthy of being a Member of my Kingdom, and have no Place in it, but be excluded from it.

(4) Or, cursed Wretch. It is a Term of Reproach, and signifies a vain, empty, despicable, or witlofs Person. Some think that the words in the foregoing Part of the Verse, without cause, are to be understood here, because our Lord himself calls the Scribes and Pharifees Fools, Blind, whited Sepulclores, Serpents, Generation of Vipers, &c. But it may be justly doubted, whether we may imitate our Lord in fuch Instances, because he came with an extraordinary Commillion from God, and knew to whom such Terms could be true ly applied. Such reproachful words therefore should be but fel dom, if they may at all be used by us.


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know not what to do in the end the guilty out of the kingdom of

24. . Leave there thy gift before the Altar, and go thy Way, first be o reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. 25. · Agree with thine Adversary quickly, d whiles thou art in the way with him: lest at any time the Adverlary deliver thee to the Judge, and the Judge deliver thee to the Officer, and thou be cast into Prison. 26. Verily I say unto thee

, thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou haft paid the uttermost farthing. 27. q Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit e

Adultery. 28. But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her,

hath * + See Job 42.8. -Go to my with her. Lev. 20. 10. He that Beruant Job, and offer up for your committeth adultery with his neighselves a burnt-offering

bours wife, the Adulterer and the b: Mat. 18. 19. - If two of Adulteress shall surely be put to



death Deut. 22. 22. If a man be touching any thing they fhall' found lying with a woman marria ask, it ihall be done for them ed to an husband, then they shall of my Father which is in Hea: both of them die.

Prov. 6, 32. ven. ; 1 Tim. 2. 8. I will that Whoso committeth adultery with a men pray, every where, lifting1oWomam, lacketh underltanding: up holy hands without wrath and he that doth it, destroyeth his doubting. t 1 Pet. 3.7. - That own Soul

That own Soul Mal. 3. 5.- I will be your Prayersbe

not hindred. a swift Witness against the AdulRom. 12. 18. If it be possible, as terers. Mar. 7. 21. From within, mach as lieth in you, live peaceably, sout of the heart of men, proceed

evil thoughts, adulteries, fornica. Luk. 12. 58. When thou tions. Joh. 8.4, 5. Master, this goeft with thine Adversary to the Woiran was taken in Adultery in

as thou art in the way, the very act. Now Moses comgive diligence that thou mayst bezomanded us that such should be stoned: delivered from him.

but what fayst thou ?

Heb. 13. + See Pfal. 32. 6. For this shah

4. Marriage is honourable in all, every one that is godly, pray unto

and the bed undefiled: but whorea thee

, in a time when thou may be mongers and adulterers God will found, &c. Prov. 25. 8 Go nota sjudge Adultery is joined with oforth bafily to Brive

, left thou 'ther enormous crimes which shut thereof, when thy neighbour hath heaven. See on 1 Cor. 6. 9. put thee to shame. # Ifa. 55.6.

+ Job. 31.1. I made a Seek ye the Lord while he may bezovenant with mise eyes ; why then found, call upon him while he is thould I think upon a maid. Prov.

6.25. Lust not after her beauty * * Exod. 20. 14. Thou Thalc in thine heart ; neither let her not commit Adultery. Repeated, take thee with her eyelids.

2 Per. s. 18. Lev. 18.20. Thou 31 14. Having eyes full of Adple abalt not lie carnally with thy3 stery, neighbours Wife so defile thy felf

with all Men.


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hath committed adultery with her already in his 'heart 29. And (5) if thy, right eye * offend thee, [or, cause thee to offend] h pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members fhould perish, and not that thy. whole body should be cast into hell. 30. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable før thee that one of thy Members Tould perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. 31. Ft. hath been said, Whosoever shall i

put away his Wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement. 32. But I say unto you, That wholoever fhall

put away


Mat. 18. 9. If thine eye that by any means when I have offend thee, pluck it out, and cast preached to others, I my self should it from thee: it is better for be a cast-away. + Col. 3. 5. Morse thee to enter into life with one cve, tific therefore your Members which rather than having two eyes to be s are upon the earth ; fornication, cast into Hell Fire. * Mar, 9. 47. uncleanness, dc. If thine eye offend thee, pluck it * Deut. 24. 1. When a Man out : it is better for thee to enter hath taken a Wife and married her, into the kingdom of God with onei oand it come to pass that she find eye, than having two eyes to be no favour in his eyes, because he caft into Hell Fire. Pfal. 119 37. hath found fome Uncleannefs in her: Turn away mine eyes from behold. then let him write her a Bil of dis ing vaniry:

vorcement, and give it in her hand, n + Mat. 19: 12. There areisand send her away. + See Mat. 19. some Euruchs, which were so born 3, 66. The Pharisees also came from their Mothers. Womb; and unto him, tempting him, and saythere are some Eunuchs, which were ing unto him, Is it lawful for a made Eunuchs of Men : and there Man to put away his Wife for every be Euruchs, which have made them- cause, doc. + Mar. 10. 2, &c. The selves Eunuchs for the Kingdom of 2o Pharisees came to him, and asked Heavens fake. He that is able him, Is it lawful for a Man to put to receive it, let him receive it. away his Wife? tempting him, &c. t Rom. 8.13. If ye live after the k: Mat. 19. 9. Our Lord afFlesh, ye shall die: but if ye firms the same thing: Alfo * Luk. through i he spirit do mertifie the. 15. 18. Only this Claule (saying deeds of the body, ye shell live. +25 for the Cause of Fornication) is not Cor. 9. 27 I keep under my body, added. Mal. 2. 142 15.

The and bring it into subjection : left

Lord (5) We are not to understand these. Precepts of our Lord, as if it were our duty in any Cale to pull out our Eyes, or cut off our Hands ; but the Meaning is, that though any sinful Luft should be as dear to us as is a right Eye, or a right hand, we must notwithstanding resolve to part with it, rather than by our indulging it, plunge both Body and Soul in• to Hell. Sin is in Scripture compared to a natural Body ; as therefore the natural Dedy has many Members, to the Body of Sin has many Memo bers too.

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21! his wife, faving for the cause of fornication, causeth her

to commit adultery: and whosoever ihall marry her that is divorced, committeth adultery. 33. | Again ye have heard that it hath' been said by them of old time, Thou shalt m not forswear thy self, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine Oaths. 34. But I say

Swear not at all; neither by Heaven, for it is p Gods throne. 35. Nor by the Earth, for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem, for

for it is the ? City of the great King. 35. Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. 37. But let your " communication be, Yea, yea ; Nay, nay: for whatloever is more than there, corneth of evil. 38. q Ye have heard that it hath been faid, An feye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.

unto you,

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39. But

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of his youth.


Lord hath been witness between thou prophane the Name of thy thee and the wife of thy youth, a God: “I am the Lord. gainst whom thou hast dealt treba n | Deut. 23. 23. That (Vow] sherously, yet is the thy compani. which is gone out of thy lips thou on and the wife of thy covenant. 5 Thalt keep and perform. And did not he make one? yet

0 : Mar. 23. 16. reciced un. had be the residue of the Spirit: der ver. 33. in the following Verand wherefore one that he might ses is condemned Swearing by the seek a godly Seed: therefore take Altar or any created things. t Jam. heed to your Spirit, and let none 5. 12. But above all things, my deal treacheroully against the wiferoBrethren, swear not, neither by Hea

Mar. 10. 11. Who. ven, neither by the Earth, neither soever shall put sway his wife, and by any other oath. marry another, committeth adultery

p † Ifa. 66. See on Mat. against her. i Cor. 7. 10, 11.

23. 22. Unto the married I command, 'yet 15.?! Pl. 48.

9 + Pf. 48. 2. Beautiful for not I, but the Lord, Let not the 'situation, the joy of the whole wife depart from her husband : But earth is mount žión, on the sides and if the depart, let ker remain of the North, the City of the great

or be reconciled to King. her husband: and let not the hus-20,

:: Col. 4. 6. Let your spee:b his wife.

be always wille Grace, seasoned with † Mat. 23.16. Wo unto you, falt, that ye may know how ye ye blind guides, which say, Who- ought to answer every Man. *Jain. soever thail swear by the Temple, it 5.12.

- Let your yen be yea, and is nothing but whosoever fallas your nay, nay; left ye fall into wear by the Gold of the Temple, condemnation.

* Exod. 21. 24. Eye for cye, ** Exod. 20. 7. The 3d Com. tooth for tooth, hand for hand, mandment. Deut. s. 1. the fame. foot fur foot.

Lev. 24. 20. Breach Levit

. 19. 12. Ye thall not fwcar for breach, eye for eye, rooch for by my name falny, neither thales cocth: as he hath caled a bles




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39. But I say unto you, That ye s resist (6) not evil: but whosoever shall u imite thee on thy right cheek, turn



me :


mish in a Man, so shall it be your selves, but rather give place don.e to him again. Deut. 19. unto wrath: for it is written, 21. Thine eye shall not pity, but Vengeance is mine, I will repay, life iholl go for life, eye for faith the Lord. 1 Cor.6.7. There eye, tooth for tooth, hand for 5 is utterly a Fault among you, behand, foot for foot.

Çause ye go to Law one with a† Prov. 24. 29. Say not I nother. Why do ye not rather will do to him as he hath done to take wrong? Why do ye not ra

I will render to the Man ther suffer your selves to be according to his work. Lev. 19.10defrauded ? t i Tlaell.

. 15. 18. Thou shalt not avenge, nor See that none render evil for ebear any grudge against the chile vil unto any Man: but ever fol. dren of thy People. Prov. 20. low that which is good, both a. 22. Say not thou, I will recom mong your selves and to all Men. pence evil: but wait on the Lord, 1 Pet. 2. 23. Who when he was and he hall save thee. Ecclefi- 15 reviled, reviled not again; when afticus 28. 10. Ile that revengeth he suffered, he threatened Shall find vengeance of the Lord, but committed hiinself to him and he will surely keep his Sins that judgeth righteously. t 1 Pet. in remembranee, dc. * Luk. 6. 29. 3.9. Not rendring evil for evil, or Unto him that Imiteth thee onzorail ng for railing: but contrathe one Cheek, offer also the 0 riwise Blessing; knowing that ye ther: and him that taketh away thereunto called, that ye thy cloke, forbid not to take fhould inherit a Blefling. thy coat also. Rom. 12. 17, 19. u : Lam. 3. 30.

He giveth Recompence to no Man evil for 6-25his Check to him that smiteth him, vil. Dearly beloved, avenge not he is filled full with reproach.

(6) This Verse and the following are not to be understood according to the strict Letter, but as spoken proverbially. For we are not required here to turn the other Cheek to the Smiter, nor to give up our poflerions to every unrighteous and illegal invader; nor are we forbidden to make use of the Law in our own Defence, when we are called before Magistrates; for this our Lord did in the Case of him that (mote him in the Presence of the HighPriest, Joh. 18. 22, 23. And St. Paul pleads his Privilege of being a Roman to save himself from Scourging, Aits 22. 5: forbidden in all Cases to bring others before Judges and Magifrates in order to do our selves right. For St. Paul's Behaviour too wards those Magiitrates who had beaten him and Silas uncondemn. td, being Romans, A&. 16. 37, doc. leems to imply that he intended fo to do, had not the Magistrates by their compliance with the Terms proposed by bim prevented it.

But we are here forbidden to go to Law for small and inconfi. derable Losses and Injuries. We are forbid private Revenge, and even pullick Appeals to Courts of Judicature, only to gratifie a malicious Temper of Mind; allo feeking such reparation for Injuries as will make up ng amends, which he would do who fhould require Eye



Nor are


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