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surr

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þurzout, prep., throughout, 1559. uzten, n., early morning, 893. OE. OE. þurhūt.

ūhta. bus, adv., thus, 26, 47, 71, 314, 681, umbe, prep., about, around, 879,

1109, 1349, 1685, 1733, 1797, 1805 : 1569, 1687, 1689, 1744. OE. ymbe. thus, 161. OE. þus.

umbe, adv., 1384, 1474. OE. ymbe. þy, poss. pron., 165, 169, 171, etc. umbebrayde, v. tr., accost: pret.

( 16 times); þi, 95, 148, 348, etc. 3 sg. umbebrayde, 1622. Cf. OE.
(9 times); þyn, 143, 172, 175, bregdan.
etc.; þyn one, 923 (see note). | umbegrouen, part. adj., overgrown,
OE. bin.

covered, 488.
byng, n., thing, matter, 1600: pl. umbekest, v. tr., circle about: 3 sg.
-es, 1281, 1627; þinges, 5, 1355 ;

-ez, 478. þynk, 819; þink, 1359; þinkez, umbelyze, v. tr., rround, 836. 916. OE. þing.

OE. ymblicgan.
bynke', v. tr., think, conceive, 590; umbesweyed, part. adj., encircled,

intend, purpose, 304, 711, 1729; 1380.
determine, 138; consider, 749; umbeþor, adv., thereabout, 1384.
intr. w. on, remember, bear in umbewalt, v. tr., surround: pret.
mind, 819: I sg. þenk, 304, 711, 3 sg. umbewalt, 1181.
1729; 3 sg. þynkez, 749; pret. umbre, n., shade, 524 (see note).
3 sg. þozt, 138; imper. pl. benk- AN. umbre, OF. ombre.
kez, 819; pp. bozt, 590. OE. unblybe, adj., dismal, 1017. OE.
benc(e)an.

unblīde.
þynke', v. impers., seems: pres. unbrosten, part. adj., unbroken, not

subj. 3 sg. þynk, 744; pret. 3 sg. burst, 365. See berste.

bozt, 562, 1504. OE. þync(e)an. uncheryst, adj., uncared for, 1125. byse, see þis,

unclannes, n., uncleanness, impurþyself, see self.

ity, 1800, 1806: unclannesse, 30.

OE. unclænness.

unclene, adj., unclean, evil, 550, 710, U.

1144, 1713. OE. unclæne.
uche, adj., each, 31, 124, 333, 334, unclose, v. tr., disclose, 26: unlock,

etc.; with indef. art. ‘uch(e) a,' 1438: 3 sg. -Z, 26; -S, 1438.
78, 196, 368, 370, etc. (23 times); uncoube, adj., foreign, strange, 414:
in phrase uch on(e), 71, 267, 394, uncowþe, 1600, 1722. OE. uncūð.
497, etc.: uche, 78, 370, 384, etc. under, prep., under, beneath, 226,
(35 times); uch, 31, 124, 196, 483, 602, 605, 616, 626, 1246, 1255,
etc. (30 times; so always when 1459, 1695; in phrases: under
fol. by on); uuche 378. OE. god, 1077, under hach, 409; un-
(Merc.) ylc.

der sunne, 549. OE. under.
ugly, adj., horrible, frightful: undergo, v. tr., understand, per-

superl. uglokest, 892. ON. ceive: pret. 3 sg. under zede, 796 uggligr.

(see note).

un

undergede, see undergo. undo, v. tr., destroy: pret. 3 sg.

undyd, 562. OE. undon. unfayre, adj., unseemly, disgraceful,

1801.. unfolde, v. tr., make known, dis

close, 1563; intr., unfold, open up, 962: pret. 3 sg. 962; imper. sg. unfolde, 1563. OE.

fealdan, -fāldan. unfre, adj., base, shameful, 1129. ungarnyst, part. adj., not properly

adorned or dressed, 137. ungoderly, adj., vile, base, 145, 1092.

?Extension of ME, ungodly (see

note). unhap, n., misfortune, 143, 1150;

calamity, 892. Cf. ON. ühapp. unhappen, adj., wicked, vile, 573.

Cf. ON. heppinn. unhaspe, v. tr., reveal: inf. 688.

See haspe. unhole, adv., unsoundly, insanely,

1682. Cf. OE. unhāl, adj. unhonest, n., impure, vile, 579. unhyle, v. tr., uncover: 2 sg. -S,

1628; pp. unhuled, 451. Cf. OE.

hulu, husk. unknawen, adj., unknown, 1679. unkyndely, adv., ungratefully, 208. unmard, adj., unde filed, virgin, 867. unnevened, adj., unmentioned, i. e.,

unthought of, impossible, 727.

See neven. unrygt, n., wrong, 1142. OE.

unriht. *unsavere, adj., disagreeable, 822. unsmyten, adj., unharmed, 732. unsounde, adj., corrupt, wicked,

575. unsoundely, adv., harshly, fatally,

unstered, adj., undirected, 706. Cf.

OE. stēoran. unswolzed, adj., unharmed, 1253.

See swolze. unto, prep., 9, 1235. Cf. OS. unto. untrwe, adj., untrue, false, 184, 456,

587, 1161. untwyne, v. tr., ? separate: 2 sg. -2,

757. unþewe, n., fault, vice: pl. -Z, 190.

OE. unbēaw. unponk, n., harm, 183. OE. unbanc. unbryvandely, adv., unworthily,

poorly, 135. unþryfte, n., wickedness, folly, 516,

1728. unþryftyly, adv., basely, vilely, 267. unwaschen, adj., unwashed, 34. unwelcum, adj., 49. unworbelych, adj., unworthy,

shameful, 305. up, adv., 2, 211, 323, 439, 460, 506,

671, 897, 963, 1179, 1263, 1480, 1808; aroused, 834; up (from bed), 1001 : upe, 1010; uppe,

1421. OE. ūp. upbrayde, v. tr., raise: 3 pl. -Z,

848. Cf. OE. bregdan. upcaste, v. tr., proclaim: Pp. up

caste, 1574. upfolden, part. adj., folded, 643. uplyfte, part. adj., uplifted, 987. upon, prep., upon, on, 416, 719, 925,

1451, etc.; expressing manner, 902, 912, upon

wyse, 268, 1728, 1805; in phrases: upon bench, 1395; upon borde, 470; upon dayez, 578; upon dece, 1399; upon ende, finally, 1329; upon folde, 251, etc.; upon fote, 88; upon grounde, 1363; upon haste, 902; upon hygt, 458; upon launde, 1207; upon lofte, 206;

201.

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V.

upon longe, at length, 1193; upon molde, 558; upon soyle, 1387; upon throne, 1112; upon urbe, 326; upon uzten, 893. Adv. 141,

1049, 1276, 1427. OE. upon. upon, adj., open, 318, 453, 501, 882.

OE. open. uprere, v. tr., rear up: pret. 3 sg.

uprerde, 561. upryse, v. intr., arise: inf. 896. upwafte, v. intr., rise up: pret. 3 pl.

upwafte, 949. urnment, see ornement. urbe, see erbe. urbly, adj., earthly, 35. OE. eorblic. usage, n., custom, 710. OF. usage. use, v. tr., use, II; practise, 202,

251, 1173, 1359; spend, 295, refl. (of sexual intercourse), 267: inf. 1359; 3 sg. -Z, 295; 3 pl. -n, II; pret. 3 sg. 251, 1173; 3 pl.

267; pp. 202. OF. user. usle, n., ashes, 747 : pl. usellez, 1010.

OE. ysel. utter, adv., outside, without, 42, 927.

OE. útor, uttor. utwyth, adv., outwardly, 14.

venge, v. intr., take vengeance: inf.

*wenge, 201; pret. 3 sg. 199, 559.

OF. venger. venkquysche, tr., vanquish,

destroy: pret. 3 sg. venkquyst, 544; pp. venkkyst, 1071. OF.

vainquiss-, from vainquir. venym, n., evil, 574. OF. venim. verayly, adv., verily, truly, 664,

1548. Cf. OF. verai, adj. vergynyte, n., 1071. OF. virginite. vertuous, adj., precious, 1280. OF.

vertuous. vessel, n., as collective, 1311, 1429,

1451, 1791: vessayl, 1791; pl. vesselles, 1151, 1315; vessayles,

1713. OF. vessel. vesselment, coll. n., vessels: 1280,

1288. OF. vesselement. vesture, n.: pl. -S, 1288. OF.

vesture. vice, n., 199. OF. vice. vilte, n., vileness, 199. OF. vilte. violent, adj., 1013. OF. violent. vouche, v. intr., resolve: inf. 1358.

OF. voucher. voyde, v. tr., w. away, do away

with, 744: lay waste, 1013; intr., disappear, 1548 : inf. 744; pret.

3 sg. 1013, 1548. OF. voider. vycios, adj., vicious, 574. OF.

vicious. vyl, adj., vile, 744. OF. vil. vylanye, n., sin, shameful wicked

ness, 544, 574: vylaynye, 863.

OF. vilanie. vyle, v. refl., defile: 3 pl. -n, 863.

OF. viler. vyole, n., vial, small vessel: pl. -S,

1280. Southern form of ME.

fiole (OF. fiole). vyolence, n., 1071. OF. violence.

V.

vale, n., 673. OF. val. vanysche, v. intr.: pret. 3 sg. van

ist, 1548. Aphetic from OF.

evaniss-, from evanir. vanyte, n., 1713. OF. vanite. vayle, V., be of service, 1151; be

worth, 1311: pret. 3 pl. 1151,

1131. OF. vaill-, fr. valoir. *vayneglorie, n., 1358. OF. vayne

glorie. vengaunce, n., *247, 744, 1013. OF.

vengeance.

W.

wach, n., state of wakefulness, 1003; guard, sentry,

1205 : wache, 1003. OE. wäcce. waft, see weve. wage, v. tr., wave: pp. 1484. Cf.

Sw. vagga. wake, v. tr., guard, watch: pret.

3 pl. 85. OE. wacian. waken, v. tr., arouse, awaken;

rouse up, raise: inf. 323; wakan, 948; pret. 3 sg. wakened, 437, 933; wakned, 1166, 1175; pp.

wakned, 891. OE. wæcnan. wakker, see wok, adj. wale, adj., choice, 1716; noble, 1734.

Cf. ON. val, choice. wale, v. tr., choose, 921; padjudge,

1734: imper. sg. wale, 921; pp. walt, 1734. Cf. ON. val, choice;

velja, choose. walk, v. intr.: inf. 1674; 3 pl. -ez,

503. OE. wealcan. walkyrie, n., witch, sorceress: pl.

-s, 1577. OE. wælcyrie. walle, n.: 1381, 1390; pl. -S, 1181,

1190, 1776. OE. weall, wall. walt, see wale. walte, v. intr., burst forth, over

flow (Vulg. rupti sunt), 364; ?burst, 501 ; bubble forth, 1037 : 3 sg. -2, 1037; -S, 364; pret. 3 sg. walt, 501. Cf. ONth. wältan, roll, appar. infl. in mean

ing by OE. weallan, bubble forth. walter, v. intr., roll; inf. 1027 ;

pret. 3 sg. 415. Frequentative

from OE. wältan. wan, see wynne. wappe, v. tr., w. upon, fling open:

pret. 3 pl. 882. ?ON. vappa. war, adj., watchful, cautious, 292,

589; aware, 606, 970; in phrase

'be by hem war, take warn

ing by them, 712. OE. (ge) wær. war, v. intr., only imper. phrase,

'war þe,' see to it, be careful, beware: 165, 545, 1133, 1143.

OE. warian. warisch, v. tr., protect: inf. 921.

NF. wariss-, from warir, OF.

guarir. warlaze, n., wizard: pl. -S, 1560.

OE. wärloga. warme, v. tr.: pret. 3 sg. 1420. OE.

wearmian. warnyng, n., 1504. OE. wearnung. warp, v. tr., hurl, 444; utter, 152,

213; intr. rush, 284: inf. 152; pret. 3 sg. warp, 213; werp, 284,

3 pl. warpen, 444. ON. varpa. wary, v. tr., curse, condemn: inf.

513. OE. wiergan, wærgan. waryed, part. adj., cursed, 1716. wasch, v. tr., wash, 323, etc.; intr.

1138: inf. 323, 355; wasche, 548, 802; imper. sg. wasch, 1127; pp. waschen, 831, 1133, 1138; wasch

ene, 618. OE. wascan. wassayl, interj. ‘your health!'

1508. AN. wassail. wast, v. tr., destroy, 326, 431, 1178;

waste, 1489: inf. 326, 1489; pret. 3 sg. wast, 1178; pp. wasted,

431. NF. waster, OF. guaster. wasturne, n., wilderness, 1674.

Variant of ME. wastine from

NF. wastine. water, n., water, flood, 323, 371, 375,

387, 422, 428, 437, 472, 496, 548, 617, 1027, 1037, 1133; stream, 1380, 1776: pl. watterez, 437, 496; watteres, 1776; wateres,

1380. OE. wæter. wawe, n., wave: pl. -2, 382; wazez,

404. ON. vāgr.

wax, n., 1487. OE. weax. wax, v. intr., increase, 375, 397, 521;

grow, become, 204, 1123, 1198; befall, 235: pres. subj. 3 sg. wax, 1123; pret. 3 sg. wex, 204, 235; wax, 375; 3 pl. wexen, 1198; waxed, 397; imper. pl.

waxez, 521. OE. weaxan. waxloke, n., waxen lump: pl. -S,

1037. ?OE. locc. way, n.: 777; on be waye, 606; by þe way, 974:

waye, 804: pl. wayez, 282, 767. OE. weg. wayferande, part. adj., wayfaring,

79. OE. weg fērende. waykne, v. intr., weaken: pret.

3 sg. 1422. Cf. ON. veikr, weak. wayne, v. tr., ?give, ?obtain, 1616;

send, 1504; refl. recover, 1701 : inf. 1616; pret. 3 sg. 1504, 1701.

For etym., see note on 1616. wayte, v. intr., be careful, 292:

look, 1423; tr. search, 99; examine, 1552: 3 sg. -2, 1423; imper. pl. -2, 99. NF. waiter,

OF. gaiter. wedde, v. tr.: inf. 934; pp. 69.

OE. weddian. wedded, part. adj., 330. wede, n., dress, 793; in pl. clothes,

garments, -Z, 20, 117, 140, 142, 165, 169, 217, 1353; -S, 1208, 1582.

OE. wæde, wēde. wede, v., go mad: pret. 3 sg. wed,

1585. OE. wēdan. weder, n., storm, wind; air; 444,

475, 847, 948; weather, 1760: pl.

-ez, 948. OE. weder. wege, v. tr., bear, bring, 1420, 1508;

w. upon, bear heavily upon, oppress, 719: inf. weye, 719; pret. 3 pl. 1420; imper. sg. weze, 1508. OE. wegan.

wezt, n.: pl. -es, scales, balance,

1734. Cf. OE. gewiht. wekked, see wykked. wel, adv., well, 113, 165, 320, 322,

etc.; very in 'wel nyze,' 704: comp. better, 234: superl. best.

275, 539, 913, 1060. OE, wel. welawynnely, adv., very joyfully,

831. Cf. OE. wynn, joy. welcom, adj., 813. Cf. OE. wil

cuma, n. welde, v. tr., rule, govern, 17, 195,

644, 1646, 1664; use, possess, 705, 835, 1351 : inf. 705, 835, 1351, 1646; 3 sg. -Z, 17, 195, 644; -S,

1664. OE. wieldan, weldan. wele, n., prosperity, 651. OE. wela. welgest, see wely. welkyn, n., sky, 371.

Cf. OE. wolcen. welle, n., spring, fountain: pl. -2,

439. OE. wielle, welle. welle-hede, n., well-head, spring,

*364: pl. -2, 428. wely, adj., mighty, strong: superl.

welgest, 1244. OE. welig. wen, see when. wench, n., girl, 974, 1250;

cubine, 1423, 1716: pl. -es, 974, 1250, 1423, 1716. Shortened form of ME. wenchel (OE.

wencel). wende, v. intr., go: 3 sg. -Z, 675,

777; pret. 3 sg. went, 415, 857; 3 pl. went, 501; imper. sg. wende, 471; pl. -2, 521.

OE. wendan. wene, v. tr., think: I sg. wene, 821.

OE. wēnan. wenge, see venge. wepe, v. intr., weep: pres. part.

wepande, 777. OE. wēpan.

Con

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