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bred, n., bread, 620, 636, 1105. OE.

bread. brede, n., breadth, width, 316. OE.

brædu. brede, n., roast meat: pl. -S, 1405.

OE. bræde, brēde. brede, v. tr., beget, 257; intr., grow,

1482; become, 1558: pret. 3 sg. bred, 257, 1558; pres. part.

bredande, 1482. OE. brēdan. breke, v. tr., break: pret. 3 sg. brek,

1105, 1239; pp. broken, 1047.

OE. brecan. brem, adj., fierce, raging, 229.

?OE. brēme. bremly, fiercely, 509. brende, part. adj., refined by fire,

burnished, 1456, 1488. See

brenne. brenne, v. tr., burn, 916, 959, 1292; intr., 509, 1012:

3 sg. -Z, 916; pret. 3 sg. 959; brend, 1292; 3 pl. brened, 509; pres. part. bren

nande, 1012. ON. brenna. brent, adj., steep, high: superl. brentest, 379.

OE. brant; cf. Mod. Sc. brent. brere, n., briar: pl. -S, 1694. OE.

brēr. brere-flour, n., briar-rose, 791. brese, v. intr., bristle: pret. 3 pl.

1694 (see note). brest, n., breast, 1693. OE. brēost. brest, n., disruption, destruction,

229. ON. brestr. brestes, see berst. breth, n., breath, 916; savor, smell,

509, 967: brethe, 967; brebe,

509. OE. bræð. breve, v. tr., write down, tell: pp.

breved, 197. ON. brēfa. breybe, v. intr., rush: pret. 3 sg.

1421. ON. bregða.

brode, adj., broad, wide, 129, etc.;

of time, long, 659; great, 584: brode, 129, 603, 622, 854, 1404, 1405, 1694; brod, 584, 659, 1022,

1377, 1392. OE. brād. bronch, n., branch, 487: pl. braunches, 1464, 1482.

OF. branche. bronde, n., brand, 1012; sword,

1246: pl. -Z, 1012. OE. brond. brobe, adj., angry, wrathful, 149,

1409. ON. brāðr. brobely, adj., vile, bad, 848, 1030:

bropelych, 848. bropely, adv., basely, 1256. brober, n., brother, 772. OE.

brögor. brow, n., eye brow: pl. -es, 1694.

OE. brū. browden, part. adj., woven, inter

twined, 1132; brayden, 1481. .

OE. bregdan, pp. brogden. brugge, n., bridge, drawbridge,

1187. OE. brycg. brurd, n., edge, border: pl. -es,

1474. OE. brerd, breord. brurdful, adv., brimful, 383. OE.

brerdful. bruse, v. tr., bruise: pp. 1047. OE.

brysan. brutage, n., temporary parapet,

1190. AN. brutesche, OF. bre

tesche. brych, n., transgression, sin, 848.

OE. bryce. bryd, n., bird: pl. bryddez, 288;

bryddes, 1482. OE. brid. brydale, n., wedding-feast, 142.

OE. brýdealo. brygt, adj., bright, 20, 1278, 1400,

1439, 1441, 1456, 1481, 1511, 1638, 1759, 1783; as noun, 470: comp. brygter, 1132. OE. beorht, berht, breht.

brygt, adv., brightly, 218, 603, 1012:

*brygte, 1506; superl. brygtest,

114. OE. beorhte. brymme, n.,

bank (bordering water), 365. Cf. Sw. bräm,

MHG. brem. brynge, v. tr., bring, 82, etc.; bryng

to resoun, show the meaning of, explain, 1633: inf. 620; 2 sg. -S, 1633; 3 sg. -Z, 470, 629, 636, 811; pret. 3 sg. brozt, 487, 1429; 3 pl. brozten, 86, 1375; imper. sg. bryng, 473, 1433; pl. -2, 82; pp. brozt, 95, 1223, 1256, 1439,

1620, 1715, 1717. OE. bringan. brynk, n., brink, edge: pl. -ez, 384.

Cf. ON. brekka, MLG. brinc. brynston, n., brimstone, 967. Cf.

ON. brennistein. bukke, n., buck: pl. -Z, 392. OE.

bucca. bulde, see bilde. bule, see bol. burde, n., woman, lady, 378, 653,

979: pl. -s, 868, 1247, 1260, 1515;

-2, 80. Etym. uncertain. bur3(e), see borz. burne, n., man, *32, 142, 149, 288,

452, 467, 502, 633, 686, 733, 826, 878, 1223, 1242, 1436, 1620; person, 824; servant, 616: pl. -2, 80, 789; -S, 1202, 1373, 1405,

1551. OE. beorn. burnyst, part. adj., burnished, 1085: bornyst, 554.

OF. burniss-, from burnir. burben, n., burden, 1439. OE.

byrden. * bus (MS. vus), v. intr., drink:

Cf. MDu. buizen, ModE. booze. busch, n., ?beating, striking, 1416.

Cf. OF. buschier, v.

busily, adv., carefully, 1446. Cf.

OE. bysig, busy. busk, v. tr., make ready, prepare,

333, 351; dress, 142; conduct, 1395; refl., betake oneself, go, 633; intr., 834: 3 sg. -ez, 633; pret. 3 pl. bosked, 834; imper. sg. busk, 333; bosk, 351; pp. busked, 142, 1395. ON. būa-sk,

prepare oneself. busmar, n., scorn, mockery, 653.

OE. bismer. butter, n., butter, 636. OE. butere. by, prep., by, near, along, 86, 622,

636, 767, 974, 1039, 1041, 1403, 1424, 1442, 1590, 1761; expressing means, agent, cause, manner, 62, 104, 117, 600, 608, 712, etc.; with distributive meaning, payre by payre, 338; in phrases: bi bot, 944; bi cause of, 1519; by kynde, 865, 1128; bi be laste, 1327; by ryzt, 2, 1633; by his trawbe, 63, 667; by bat, as con. and adv., 397, 967, 1211, 1687; by, elliptically, as conj., by the time that, 403; bi, 985, 1327, etc.

(19 times). OE. be, bi. byddez, see bidde. byde, v. intr., abide, wait, remain,

449, etc.; tr., await, 622; endure, 32: inf. 32, 449; 3 sg. bidez, 604; i pl. byde, 622; pret. 3 sg. bod, 467, 982; 3 pl. byden, 1243; pret. subj. 3 sg. bode, 1030; pp.

biden, 616. OE. bidan. byfallen, see bifalle. byfore, see bifore. bygge, see bigge, adj. byggyng, n., dwelling, home, 378,

811. ON. bygging. bygynne, v. intr., begin: 3 sg. -2,

280, 359, 947; -S, 1401; pret.

inf. 1507.

532, 1675: inf. 1675; 3 sg. -S, 532; pp. byten, 1047, biten, 1243.

OE. bitan. bytterly, adv., bitterly, 468. OE.

biterlice. bytwene, adv., here and there, 637,

951: bitwene, 1383, 1410, 1463,

1472. OE. betwēonan. bytwene, prep., between, 703, 707.

OE, betwēonan. bytyde, see bityde. byþenk, v. refl., consider, reflect,

582; take into one's head, resolve, 125, 1357: 3 sg. bibenkkes, 1357; pret. 3 sg. bibozt, 125; imper. sg. byþenk, 582. OE. bibencan.

C.

3 sg. bigan, 1337; 3 pl. bigonne, 123; pp. bygonnen, 749. OE.

beginnan. byze, n., necklace, ring, 1638. OE.

bēah. byholde, v. tr., behold, look at: inf.

64; beholde, 607; 3 sg. -S, 1423; biholdez, 150; pret. 3 sg., byhelde, 452; pres. part. biholdand,

1544. OE. behaldan, -hāldan. byhove, v. impers., behoves, is

necessary: 3 sg. -2, 68, 554; bos (contracted form), 687; pret.

3 sg. 398. OE. behõfian. byhynde, adv., behind, 155: bi

hynde, 904, 918. OE. behindan. byhynde, prep., behind, 653, 858:

bihynde, 998; byhynden, 980.

OE. behindan. bylyve, adv., quickly, at once, 156, etc.; soon, 365; as bylyve, as

as possible, immediately, 1239: bylyve, 156, 180, 353, 365, 598, 610, 632, 811, 829, 962, 991, 1239, 1615, 1650; bylive, 626;

bilyve, 688, 1212. OE. be life. bynde, v. tr., bind, tie: imper. pl.

-Z, 155. OE. bindan. bynne, prep., within, only in phrase

“bynne borde,' 452, 467. OE.

binna(n). byrled, see birle. byseche, v. tr., beseech: I sg. 799;

biseche, 614. OE. besēcean. bysulp, v. tr., defile, befoul: 3 sg.

-ez, 575. See sulp. bysyde, adv., hard by, near, after

her, ber : 673; bisyde, 926. OE.

be sidan. bytazt, see biteche. byte, v. tr., bite, 1047 ;

sharp pain, 1243: intr. with ‘on,'

soon

cache, v. tr., catch, capture, seize,

take, 898, 1215, 1252, 1296, 1514,
1612, 1789, 1800; with 'away,'
snatch, 1275; conceive, 1426;
receive, 1619; drive, 16; ? fasten,
1254; intr., run, hasten, 629;
?knock, strike, 1541: inf. 1514;
cach, 898, 1252; 3 pl. -n, 16;
cachches, 1541; pret. 3 sg. cazt,
1426; cached, 629; 3 pl. 1275;
pp. kazt, 1215, 1254, 1789; cazt,
1296, 1612; cached, 1619, 1800.

NF. cachier. cagge, v. tr., fasten, bind: pp. 1254.

Etym. uncertain. cal, n., invitation, 61. Caldee, prop. n., Chaldea: Caldee,

1339, 1362; Caldye, 1575; Calde,
*1231, 1747. Lat. Chaldæa, OF.

Caldee.
Caldee, prop. n., Chaldean:
Caldeez, 1774;

as adj. 1316; Calde, 1215, 1562, 1631.

pl.

cause

a

W.

W.

calf, n., 629. OE. cealf, cælf. calle, v. tr., proclaim, 1564; sum

mon, call away, 162, 948, 1231, 1562; name, call, address as, 8, 258, 1352, 1370, 1583; weakened meaning, be called, almost = be, 1015, 1119;

ask (for), 1522; w. after 1345; invoke, 1343; w. on, 1097 ; upon, address, 1427: inf. 1370; 3 sg. -Z, 948, 1345; -5, 1427; callz, 1343; 3 pl. -S, 1522; pret. 3 sg. calde, 1583; 3 pl. called, 1097; imper. sg. calle, 1562, 1564; pp. called, 8, 162, 258, 1015, 1119, 1352; calde, 1231. ON.

kalla. callyng, n., proclamation, 1362. Cam, prop. n., Ham, 299. Lat.

Cham; OE., OF. C(h)am. campe, adj., shaggy, like whiskers,

1695. ON. ka pr, beard. candelstik, n., candlestick, chande

lier, 1478, 1532: condelstik, 1275.

OE. candelsticca. capel, n., horse: pl. -es, 1254. ON.

kapall. capstan, n., capstan, 418. Cf. Prov.

cabestan. captyvide, n., captivity (of Jews),

1612. OF. *captivite. carayne, n., carrion, 459. NF.

caroine. care, n., sorrow, affliction, 234, 393, 777, terror, 1550 :

kare, 234. OE. cearu, caru. careful, adj., sorrowful, 770. OE.

cearful. carfully, adv., sorrowfully, 1252,

1679. carle, see karle.

carnel, n., battlement, embrasure:

pl. -es, 1382. OF. carnel, var.

of crenel. carp, v. intr., speak, talk: 3 sg. -ez,

74; -es, 1591. ON. karpa. carp, n., discourse, speech, 23, 1327. carping, vbl. n., speech, 1550. carye, v. tr., carry: Pp. 1765. NF.

carier. cast, see kest, n. castel, n., castle: pl. -es, 1458. NF.

castel. casydoyne, n., chalcedony: pl. -S,

1471. OF. cassidoine. catel, n., property, 1296. NF. catel. cause, n., cause, reason, 65, 1119,

1587; bi cause of, 1519: cawse,

65. OF. cause. cayre, v. intr., go, 85, 901; return,

945; pull, 1259; tr. pull, drag (perhaps confused W. carie), 1478: inf. 945, 1259; pret. 3 pl. 85; imper. sg. cayre, 901; pp.

1478. ON. keyra. cayser, n., emperor, 1322: kayser,

1593; pl. -es, 1374. ON. keisari. caytif, adj., base, wicked, wretched,

1426: caytyf, 1605. NF. caitif. certez, adv., certainly, 105. OF.

certes. cerve, see kerve. cete, cety, see cite. chambre, n., chamber, 1586. OF.

chambre. charge, v. tr., load, 1295; charge,

464, 1258; pp. heavy, hard, 1154; charged with, laden with, bearing, 1272: pret. 3 sg. 464; pp. 1154, 1258, 1272, 1295.

OF. chargier. chariot, n., cart, wagon: pl. -es,

1295. OF. chariot.

chast, v. tr., restrain: inf. 860. OF.

chastier. chastyse, v. tr., punish: pret. 3 sg.

543. ?OF. *chastiser. chaufen, v. tr., warm, increase: inf.

128. OF. chaufer. chaunce, n., chance, fortune, 1125,

1129, 1154, 1588. OF. cheance. chaundeler, n., stand or support

for a candlestick, 1272. AN.

chandeler, OF. -ier. chaunge, v. tr., change, 1258; intr.,

713; chaungande, varying, rapidly shifting, 1588: pret. 3 sg.

*713; pp. 1258. OF. changer. chayer, n.,

throne, 1218. OF. chaere. chef, adj., chief, main, 1272, 1586,

1588; first, in phrase "chef

fader,' 684. chef, n., head, commander, 1238.

OF. chef. cheftayn, n., ruler, 1295: cheve

tayn, 464. OF. chevetaine. cheke, n., cheek: pl. -S, 1694. OE.

cēace. chekke, n., attack: pl. -S, 1238. OF.

eschec. chere, n., countenance, appearance,

139, 1539; entertainment, 128; with a bone chere, joyfully, 28; make god chere, make merry, be cheerful, 641: cher, 128. OF.

ch(i) ere. cherisch, v. tr., hold dear, take care

of, 543, 1154, 1644; entertain, 128: inf. 128; cherych, 1154; pret. 3 sg. cheryched, 1644; pp. cherisched, 543. OF. cheriss-,

from cherir. chese, v. tr., choose: pp. chosen,

684. OE. cēosan.

chevalrye, coll. n., knights, 1238.

OF. chevalerie. cheve, v. intr., happen: pres. subj.

3 sg. cheve, 1125. OF. chever. chorl, n., serf, 1258; as term of

contempt, villain, 1583: pl. -es,

1258, 1583. OE, ceorl. chosen, see chese. chyde, v. intr., rail, scold: inf. 1586.

OE. cidan. chylde, n., child, 1303; descendant,

684; in phrase 'moder chylde,' 1303: pl. childer, 1300; gen. pl.

chyldryn, 684. OE. cild. chyn, n., chin: pl. chynnez, 789.

OE. cinn. chysly, adv., carefully, 543. Cf.

OE. cis, fastidious. cience, see syence. cite, n., city: cite, 673, 926; cete,

78, 1185, 1559, 1615, 1795; cety, 679, 722; pl. citees, 968, 1015;

cities, 940; ceteis, 958. OF. cite. clam, see climme. clanly, adv., purely, chastely, 264,

1089; neatly, 310; courteously, 1621; wholly, 1327 : clanlych, 310.

OE. clãnlic. clannes, n., purity, 12, 1087, 1809 :

clannesse, 1, 26. OE. clõnness. claryoun, n., clarion, 1210. Late

Lat. clarionem, perhaps OF.

*clarion (regularly clairon). clat, v. intr., beat: 3 pl. clatz, 839.

Cf. clatter, and Mod. Dial. clat. clater, v. intr., rattle, echo, 972;

crash, be shattered, 912: inf. 912; pret. 3 pl. 972. OE.

clatrian. clatering, vbl. n., clattering, 1515. clawre, n., claw: pl. -S, 1696. Cf.

OE. clawu.

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