網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

1263. AN. barrere, OF. bar

riere. barnage, n., childhood, 517. barne, n., child, 378, 1085, 1709 :

barn, 1333; pl. -Z, 329, 502; -s,

1248. OE. bearn. baronage, n., baronage, 1424. OF.

baronage. baroun, n., baron, 1372, 1640: pl.

-es, 1398, 1706; -ez, 82; -2, 1715,

1796. AN. barun, OF. baron. barre, n., bar, 884; barrier, 963: pl.

-2, 884, 963. OF. barre. barst, see berst. base, n.: pl. -S, 1278; -2, 1480. OF.

base. bassyn, n., basin, vessel, 1145: pl.

-es, 1278, 1456. OF. bacin. bastele, n., tower on wheels: gen.

sg. -S, 1187. OF. bastille. * batayled, part. adj., fortified with

battlements, 1183. OF. batail

lier. bate, v. intr., abate, cease: pret.

3 sg. batede, 440. Cf. OF.

abatre. batelment, n.,

battlement, 1459. OF. *bataillement. bater, v. intr., beat: pret. 3 sg. 1416.

bat- (cf. OF. battre) + freq.

suffix -er. babe, v. tr., bathe: pret. 3 pl. 1248.

OE. badian. bausen, n., badger: pl. -ez, 392.

OF. bausen. bawelyne, n., bowline, 417. Cf.

ON. böglina, Sw. boglina. bay, n., space between columns, re

cess, 1392. OF. ba(i)ee. Bayard, n., 886 (see note). OF.

baiard. bayn, adv., readily, willingly, 1511.

Cf. ON. beinn, straight, direct.

bayt, v. tr., bait, feed: pp. (= fat

tened), 55. ON. beita. be, v. intr.: inf., 43, 45, 47, etc.;

by, 212, 356, 1610; 1 sg. am, 736, 747, 1663; 2 sg. art, 142, 145, 345, 728, 923; 3 sg. is, 5, 17, 19, etc.; I pl. ar, ; 2 pl. ar, 864; arn, 352; 3 pl. ar. 15, 168, 864, etc. (11 times); arn, 8, 55, 162, etc. (14 times); pres. subj. I sg. be, 148; 2 sg., 173, 547, 878, 1113, 1133; 3 sg., 83, 234, 474, etc.; by, 104; bi, 1330; 2 pl. be, 943; 3 pl., 12, 101, 102, etc.; ben, 103, 165, 353, etc.; pret. ind. 2 sg. watz, 143; were, 1623; 3 s. watz, 92, 120, 134, etc. (781 used as plural); was, 126, 257, 373, 1395; 3 pl. wern, 84, 89, 119, etc.;

wer, 115, 721, 789, 815, 1551; were, 118, 274, 1401, etc.; weren, 112; pret. subj. 2 sg. were, 1110; 3 sg. were 22, 37, 49, 72 (see note on 1084); wer, 1029, 1527; wore, 928; 3 pl. were, 82, 1074; wer, 360, 607, 618; wern, 113; imper. sg. be, 474, 733, 746, 1061; bes, 904; pp. ben, 328, 424, 517, etc.; *bene, 659 (see note); (=ne was), 727, 983, 1226, 1312; nere (= ne

OE.

. bēon. becom, v. intr., become: inf. 1128.

OE. becuman. bed, n., bed, 1787: bedd, 1765;

bedde, 834. OE. bedd. bede, v. tr., offer, 1640; bid, com

mand (often by confusion w. bidde, q. v.), 130, 440, 500, 630, 1223, 1246, 1507, 1551, *1559, 1610, 1746: 1 sg. 1640; pret. 3 sg. bede, 130, 500, 1223, 1246,

nas

were),

21.

1507, 1551, 1559, 1610; bed, 440,

630, 1746. OE. bēodan. beden, see bidde. beke, n., beak, 487. OF. bec. bekyr, n., beaker, goblet, 1474. ON.

bikarr. Belfagor, prop. n., Baalpeor, 1526

(Num. 25. 3, etc.). Lat. Beel

phagor. Belssabub, prop.

n., Beelzebub, 1526 (2 Kings 1. 2, etc.). Lat.

Beelzebub. Belyal, prop. n., Belial, 1526 (Deut.

13. 13, etc.). Lat. Belial. bem, n., beam, ray, 603. OE. bēam. bench, n., 130, 854, 1395; benche,

1499, 1640. OE. benc. bent, n., field, heath, 1675. OE.

Beonet- in place-names. berde, n., beard, 1693. OE. beard. berdles, adj., beardless, 789. OE.

beardlēas. bere, v. tr., carry, 1405, 1412; bring

forth, produce, 584, 649, 1042, 1073; support, hold, 1273, 1480; possess, in phrase “bere lyf,' 333, 1023; refl. behave, 582: inf. 649; 3 sg., -2, 333, 1023; 3 pl. -S, 1042; pres. subj. 2 sg. bere, 582; pret. 3 sg. ber, 1273; 3 pl. bere, 1412;

ber, 1480; pres. part. berande, 1405; pp. bore,

584; borne, 1073. OE. beran. berfray, n., a movable tower used

to besiege a castle, 1187. OF.

berfrai. berst, v. tr., burst, break, 963, 1263;

intr. 1783: 3 sg. brestes, 1263 ; 3 pl. brestes, 1783; pret. 3 sg. barst, 963. OE. berstan, ON.

bresta. beryl, n., 554, 1132. OF. beril, Lat.

beryllus.

beryng, vbl. n., bearing, behavior,

1060, 1228. best, n., beast, 288, 333, 528, 539,

1488, 1675, 1682: beste, 532; pl. -ez, 351, 358, 490, 509; -es, 468, 1000; besttes, 1409; gen. pl. -en,

1446. OF. beste. best, see god. bete', v. tr., beat: 3 sg. -S, 1263;

pret. 3 sg. bet, 1292; pp. beten,

1787. OE. bēatan. bete', v. tr., replenish, kindle: im

per. sg. bete, 627; pp. bet, 1012.

OE. bētan. better, see god, well. Bebelen, prop. n., Bethlehem, 1073.

Lat. Bethlehem. beverage, n., 1433, 1717. OF. bev

rage. bi, adv., by, 985. See by, prep. bibbe, v. intr., bib, drink: 3 sg. -S,

1499. Probably Lat. bibere. bicnowe, v. tr., acknowledge (as

true): pret. 3 sg. bicnu, 1327.

OE. becnāwan. bidde, v. tr., bid, command, request

(often confused w. bede, q. v.): 3 sg. biddez, 154, 843; byddez, 482; pret. 3 pl. beden, 942; pp. beden, 95; bedene, 351. OE.

biddan. biden, see byde. bifalle, v. intr. happen: pret. 3 sg.

bifel, 1529; pp. bifallen, 1563; byfallen, 1629. OE. befeallan,

-fallan. bifore, adv., of place, 114, 918; of

time, 659, 1152, 1229, 1445: byfore, 114, 659, 1152. OE. be

foran. bifore, prep., of place, 903, 978,

997, 1418, etc.: byfore, 602, 644. OE. beforan.

bigge, adj., big, great, large: 1190, blame, v. tr.: inf. 887, 1661. OF.

1377; bygge, 43, 1183; byge, bla(s) mer. 229; superl. bigest, 276; biggest, blande, n., in phrase 'in bland,' 1335. Etym. uncertain.

together, 885. Cf. ON. i bland. bigge', v. tr., buy: pp. bozt, 63, 67. blasfemy, n.,

n., blasphemy, 1661: OE. bycgan.

blasfamye, 1712. OF. blasfemie. bigge', v. tr., build: pp. 1666. ON. blast, n., blast (of trumpet): pl. byggya.

-es, 1783. OE. blæst. bikenne, v. tr., deliver: 3 sg. -S, ble, n., color, complexion, 791, 1126, 1296. Cf. OE. cennan; OHG.

1759. OE. blēo. bichennan.

blemyss, v. tr., dull: pret. 3 sg. bilde, part. adj., built: 1392; bulde, blemyst, 1421. OF. blemiss-, 1190. OE. byldan.

from blemir. bileve, v. intr., remain: pret. 3 pl. blench, n., trick, strategem, 1202. 1549. OE. belæfan.

Cf. OE. blencan, deceive. bilooghe, adv., below, 116. See blend, v. tr., mingle: pret. 3 pl. log.

blende, 1788. ON. blanda birle, v. tr., pour drink, 1715; abs., (blend, blendr in pres. sg.).

1511: 3 pl. -n, 1511; pp. byrled, blende, see blynne. 1715. OE. byrelian.

blesse, v. tr., bless: 3 sg. -Z, 528; birolle, v. tr., drench: pret. 3 sg. pp. blessed, 1445; blest, 1718. 959. See role.

OE. blēdsian, blētsian. bischop, n., bishop: gen. pl. -es,

blessed, part. adj., 470, 686, 733. 1445, 1718. OE. bisceop.

blo, adj., livid, 1017. ON. blār. bisege, v. tr., besiege: pret. 3 sg. blod, n., blood, 1248, 1446, 1788; 1180. Cf. OF. sege, siege.

child, 686. OE. blöd. biteche, v. tr., deliver, commit: inf. blom, n., flower, blossom: pl. -ez,

871; pret. 3 sg. bytazt, 528. OE. 1042; -es, 1467. ON. blóm. betēc(e)an.

blonk, n., horse: pl. -ez, 87; bitter, adj., 1022. OE. biter.

blonkkes, 1392; gen. pl. blonkbityde, v. intr. and impers., happen, ken, 1412. OE. blonca.

befall: 3 sg. -S, 1804; pres. blowe, v. intr., blow, 437; tr. 885: subj. 3 sg. bytyde, 522; pret. inf. 437; pret. 3 pl. blwe, 885. 3 sg. bitide, 1657; bityde, 1647. OE. blāwan. OE. betidan.

blubrande, pres.

part., boiling, blade, n., blade (of a knife): pl. surging, 1017.

Imitative; cf. -S, 1105. OE. blæd.

Germ. dial. blubbern. blake, adj., black, 221, 747, 1449; as blusch, v. intr., glance, look: inf.

noun, 1009: blak, 1017. OE. 904; pret. 3 sg. 980, 998, 1537; blæc.

bluschet, 982. OE, blyscan; cf. blame, n., blame, 260; rebuke, 43. MLG. bloschen. OF. bla(s) me.

blusnande, pres. part., gleaming,

shining, 1404.

Based on Gmc. *blus (cf. OE. āblysian). bluster, stray about: pret. 3 pl. 886.

Cf. LG. blustern. blyken, v. intr., become pale, 1759;

shine, gleam, 1467: pret. 3 sg. blykned, 1759; pres. part. as adj.

blyknande, 1467. ON. blikna. blykke, v. intr., shine: pret. 3 sg.

603. OE. blican. blynde, adj., blind, 103, 584, 886;

as noun, 1094. OE. blind. blynde, v. intr., become dim: 3 sg.

-S, 1126. Cf. OE. āblindian. blynne, v. intr., cease, 440: pres.

3 sg. -S, 1661; -Z, 1812; pp.

blende, 967. OE. blinnan. blysful, adj., joyful, 1075. blysse, n., bliss, joy, 237, 260, 473,

1765; especially the joy of Paradise, 177, 546. OE. bliss

blībs. blybe, adj., gentle, kind, 1085, 1228;

joyful, 1706. OE. blīde. blypely, adv., gladly, kindly, 1718:

blybly, 82. OE. blīðlice. bobaunce, n., boasting, pride, 179,

1712. OF. bobance. bode, n., command, 979. OE. bod. bod(e), see byde. bodworde, n., message, 473. body, n., 32, 1061; w. reference to

the Eucharist, II; any one, a person, 260: bodi, 260. OE.

bodig. boffet, n., blow, 43; figurative, 885.

OF. buffet. boze, n., bough, 616: pl. -S, 1467,

1481. OE. bög. boz(ed), see bowe. bozt, see bigge.? boke, n., book, 197, 966. OE. böc. bok-lered, part. adj., learned in

books, 1551. OE. böc + læred.

bol, n., bull, 1682: pl. boles, 55;

bulez, 392. ?ON. boli; perhaps

OE. *bulla (cf. bulluc). bolde, adj., bold, daring, brave, 904,

1372; as epithet with attenuated meaning, noble, fine, 789, 1333, 1357, 1424, 1450, 1537, 1558, 1610, 1709, 1746; absol. 811. OE.

beald, bāld. bole, n., bole (of tree), trunk, 622.

ON. bolr. bolle, n., bowl, 1145, *1474: pl. -2,

1511. OE. bolla. bolled, part. adj., embossed, 1464.

ME. bolle, variant of bolne

(q. v.). bolne, v. intr., swell: pret. 3 sg.

363; pres. part. as adj. bolnande,

179. ON. bölgna. bonde, n., bondman, serf, 88. OE.

bonda<ON. bondi. bone', n., command, 826. ON. bon. bone’, n., bone: pl. -S, 1040. OE.

bān. bone, adj., good, in phrase 'bone

chere,' 28. OF. bon. boner, adj., kind, compassionate,

733. OF. bonnaire. bonk, n., hill, ridge, 379, 392, 482;

bank, 86, 363, 383: pl. -ez, 86, 363, 383, 482; bonkkez, 392.

OScand. *banke, ON. bakki. bor, n., boar: pl. -ez, 55. OE. bār. borde, n., board, 1190; table, 1433,

1717; ship, side of a ship, in phrases: upon borde, 470; bynne borde, within board, 452,

467. OE. bord. borgoun, v. intr., bud: 3 pl. -ez,

1042. OF. borjoner. bor3, n., city, 45, 82, etc.; estate,

63: bor3, 63, 834, 878, 1183, 1242, 1377; burz, 1239, 1292, 1335,

1666; borze, 45, 82, 1061, 1750; bougoun, n., a beating instrument: burze, 982. OE. burh.

gen. pl. -Z, 1416 (see note). OF. borlych, adj., noble, 1488. ?OE. boujon.

*būrlic (see Skeat, Academy, bounden, part. adj., fastened, built, Mar. 24, 1894).

322. OE. bunden, pp. of bindan. borne, n., water, flood, 482. OE. bounet, v. intr., betake oneself to, burna.

go: pret. 3 pl. bounet, 1398. Cf. borne, see bere.

ON. būinn, pp. of būa, to get bornyst, see burnyst.

ready. bos, n., cow-stall, 1075. ON. bāss; bounte, n., munificence, 1436. AN. cf. ONth. bõsig.

bunte, OF. bonte. bos, see byhove.

bour, n., bower, lady's chamber, bosk, n., bush: pl. -ez, 322. Cf. private room, 129, 1075, 1126; Sw. buske, Dan. busk.

stall, 322: pl. -ez, 322. OE. būr. bosk(ed), see busk.

boute, prep., without, 260; obj. unbost, n., boast, boasting, 179, 1450, expressed, 824. OE. būtan. 1712. Etym. obscure.

bowe, v. intr., betake oneself, go, boster, n., boaster, 1499.

walk, flee, 45, etc.;

bow, be bot, n., remedy, help, 1616; bi bot, obedient, 1746: inf. 45, 67, 482,

to advantage, 944: bote, 1616. 944, 1746; boz, 1551, 1750; 3 sg. OE. bot.

-Z, 129, 854; pret. 3 pl. 379, 502, bot, v. tr., announce, proclaim: inf.

1373, 1796; bozed, 1242, 1706; 473 (see note). OE. bodian.

imper. pl. -Z, 944. OE. būgan. bot, adv., only, merely, 335, 747, boweles, n., in pl., bowels, 1250. 803, 833, 1145.

OF. bo(u)el, sg. bot, conj., 13, 133, 136, 165 etc.; bot

boy, n., 878. Cf. E. Fris, boi. if, unless, 1110, 1360; bot þat, boyle, v. intr., boil: 3 sg. -S, 1011.

were it not that, 881. OE, būtan. OF. boillir. bot, prep., except, 209, 374, 992, braken, n., bracken, fern, 1675. Cf. 1056, 1119, 1399, 1535, 1668. OE.

Sw. bräken. būtan.

brasse, n., brass, 1443, 1480; as bote, n., shoe, 1581. OF. bote.

noun, brass trumpets, 1783: bras, bope, adj., 242, 789, 978, 1035, 1222; 1271. OE. bræs.

absol, as pron., 824; bobe two, brath, n., violence, fierceness, 916. 155. ON. bāþir.

Cf. ON. brāðr, adj. bobe, conj. correl.: bobe

braunches, see bronch. and, 20, 80, 103, 121, 308, 322, 502, brayd, n., sudden movement; in 658, 1086, 1259, 1390, 1788; and

phrase 'in a brayd,' suddenly, at bobe, 11, 57, 187, 794, 832,

once, 1507; at a brayde, 539.

Cf. OE. gebregd, and ON. bobem, n., bottom, 1030; valley, bragð.

383, 450: bobom, 383; pl. -ez, brayden, see browden. 450. Cf. OE. botm.

brayn, n., brain, brains, 1248, 1421, bobemlez, adj., bottomless, 1022. 1788. OE. bræg(e)n.

I 102.

« 上一頁繼續 »