« 上一页继续 »
While Philomela sits and sings, I sit and mark,
For she doth welcome day-light with her ditty,
Sorrow chang'd to solace, solace mix'd with sorrow;
Were I with her, the night would post too soon;
Pack night, peep day, good day, of night now borrow :
Her fancy fell a turning. 7
Long was the combat doubtful,
3 — each minute seems A MOON ;) In both the old editions it stands “ each minute seems an hour;" but the rhyme shows that there must have been a misprint, and Steevens' emendation of “a moon " seems to set all right.
4 It was a lording's daughter,] This is the first piece in the division of “ The Passionate Pilgrim,” 1599, called “ Sonnets to sundry Notes of Music.” As the signatures of the pages run on throughout the small volume, we have continued to mark the poems by numerals, in the order in which they were printed.
Or kill the gallant knight :
Unto the silly damsel.
But one must be refused,
Alas! she could not help it.
Thus art with arms contending
For now my song is ended.
XVII. On a day (alack the days!) Love, whose month was ever May, Spied a blossom passing fair, Playing in the wanton air : Through the velvet leaves the wind, All unseen, 'gan passage find; That the lover (sick to death) Wish'd himself the heaven's breath, Air (quoth he) thy cheeks may blow ; Air, would I might triumph so ! But, alas ! my hand hath sworn Ne'er to pluck thee from thy thorn : Vow, alack! for youth unmeet: Youth, so apt to pluck a sweet.
5 On a day (alack the day !)] This poem, in a more complete state, and with the addition of two lines only found there, may be seen in “ Love's Labour's Lost,” Vol. ii. p. 335. The poem is also printed in “ England's Helicon,” (sign. H) a miscellany of poetry, first published in 1600, where “ W. Shakespeare” is appended to it. It is not necessary for us here to point out the more minute variations.
Thou for whom Jove would swear
XVIII. My flocks feed not', My ewes breed not, My rams speed not,
All is amiss :
Causer of this.
O frowning Fortune, cursed, fickle dame!
More in women than in men remain.
In black mourn I,
Living in thrall :
6 My flocks feed not,] In “ England's 'Helicon," 1600, this poem immediately follows “On a day (alack the day !)” but it is there entitled “The unknown Shepherd's Complaint,” and it is subscribed Ignoto. Hence we may suppose that the compiler of that collection knew that it was not by Shakespeare, although it had been attributed to him in “ The Passionate Pilgrim” of the year preceding. It had appeared anonymously, with the music, in 1597, in a collection of Madrigals by Thomas Weelkes.
7 Love is dying,] “ Love's denying” in “ England's Helicon.”
My shepherd's pipe can sound no deal',
In howling-wise, to see my doleful plight.
Like a thousand vanquish'd men in bloody fight!
Clear wells spring not,
Forth their dye”;
9 My shepherd's pipe can sound no DEAL,) “Deal” is part, and “no deal” is therefore no part.-“ My shepherd's pipe cannot sound.”
My sighs so deep,] Both editions of “ The Passionate Pilgrim” have With for “ My," which last not only is necessary for the sense, but is confirmed as the true reading by Weelkes' Madrigals, 1597. 2 Green plants bring not
Forth their dye ;) So both editions of the “ Passionate Pilgrim” and “ England's Helicon." Malone preferred the passage as it stands in Weelkes' Madrigals :
“ Loud bells ring not
Cheerfully.” But the variation was, perhaps, arbitrarily introduced for the sake of the music. Malone says, by mistake, that “ The Passionate Pilgrim” reads “ Forth : they die,” and modern editors have followed him in this error, not having consulted the old copies.
3 Farewell, sweet lass,] “The Passionate Pilgrim” and “ England's Helicon" both have love for “lass,” which the rhyme shows to be the true reading, as it stands in Weelkes' Madrigals, 1597.
For a sweet content, the cause of all my moan
Other help for him I see that there is none.
Take counsel of some wiser head,
And when thou com’st thy tale to tell,
But plainly say thou lovost her well,
What though her frowning brows be bent,
4 – the cause of all my woaN :) So “ England's Helicon” and Weelkes' Madrigals : “ The Passionate Pilgrim,” 1599, has woe for “ moan.”
5 When as thine eye hath chose the dame,] In some modern editions, the stanzas of this poem have been given in an order different to that in which they stand in “ The Passionate Pilgrim," 1599 : to that order we restore them, and that text we follow, excepting where it is evidently corrupt. The line,
“ As well as partial fancy like," we have corrected by a manuscript of the time. The edition of 1599 reads,
“ As well as fancy party all might,” which is decidedly wrong. Malone substituted
“ As well as fancy, partial tike." The manuscript by which we have corrected the fourth line of the stanza also gives the two last lines of it thus :
“ Ask counsel of some other head,
Neither unwise nor yet unwed.” But no change from the old printed copy is here necessary. In the manuscript the whole has the initials of Shakespeare's names at the end.
And set thy person forth to sell.] So the manuscript in our possession, and another that Malone used : the old copies read, with obvious corruption,
“ And set her person forth to sale."