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blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the "rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness 8 in high places.

13 Wherefore take unto you the whole Warmour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, 10 to stand.

14 Stand therefore, having your y loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;

15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the Gospel of peace ;11 · 16 Above all, 12 taking the b shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.

17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the 6 Gr. blood and flesh. A. V. ' against the rulers of this world of darkness. Ne. 8 the spirit of wickedness. Co. wicked spirits. A. V. heavenly, as chap. i. 3. A. V. 10 having overcome all. A. V. 11 Aud shod upon your feet with the Gospel of peace, that ye may be prepared. Co. and your feet shod with the foundation of the Gospel of peace. Br. 12 Upon all these. Dod.

u Rom. viii, 38, 39 : For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. Eph. i. 21: Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. Col. ii. 15 : And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them.

LUKE, xxii. 53: When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against ine : but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. See on Jonn, xii, 31,

w Ver. 1). See on Rom. xiji. 12.
* Eph. v. 16.
5. See on LUKE, xii. 35.
2 See on Rom. xiii. 12.
a See on Rom. x. 15.

b 1 John, v. 4: This is the victory that overeometh the world, even our faith.

. See on Rom. xii. 12. VOL. 111.

2 B

d sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God :

18 Praying always 13 with all prayer and supplication 14 in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and 5 supplication for all saints ;

19 And 15 b for me, that utterance 16 may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, "7 to make known the mystery of the Gospel,

20 For which I am an ambassador lin bonds : 18

13 at every season. Ham. Hin supplication. Wh. 15 Particularly. Dod. Pu. 16 the word. Ço, speech. Rh. Pu. 17 freels. Cr. Bi. with confideuce. Rh, with authority. Ham. 18 in a chain. A. V.

Isa. xi. 4: He shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of bis lips shall he slay the wicked. do. xlix. 2:. He hath made my mouth like a sharp sword. Hos. vi. 5 : Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets : I have slain them by the words of my mouth. 2 Thes. ïi. 8: Then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth. Heb. iv, 12: The word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Rev. i. 16: Out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword. do. ii. 12, 16: These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges. Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. do, xix. 15, ŽI: Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations. The remnant were slain by the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth. e See on Luke, xviii. 1.

See on Mat. xxiv. 42, and on MAT. xxvi. 41. . 8 Eph. i. 16: [I Paul] cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers. Pai. i.4: Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy. 1 Tim. ii. 1 : I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men.

See on Rom. xv. 30. i See on Acts, iv. 29. See on 2 COR. v. 20. See on Acts, ix. 16.

that therein 19. n I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

*21 But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I do 20 n Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things :

22 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might oknow our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.

23 p Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in 4 sincerity.21 Amen.

Written 22 from Rome unto the Ephesians by Tychicus.

19 thereof. A. V. 20 my affairs, what I do. Ham. A. P. 22 Sent. Co.

21 with incorruption.

m Isa. lviii. 1: Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and show my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins. ACTS, xxviii. 31 : Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him. Phi.i. 20: According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death. 1 Thes. ii. 2: But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully intreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the Gospel of God with much contention

"See on Acts, xx. 4.

• Cor. iv. 7,8: All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you, who is a beloved brother, and a faithful minister and fellowservant in the Lord : whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that he might know your estate, and comfort your hearts.

P 1 Pet. v. 14: Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity, Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.

À Tit. ii, 7 : In doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,


St. Paul founded the Christian Church at Philippi, as we read (Acts, xi. 12-40), about the year of Christ 5t; and we read of his being there again (ACTS, xx. 6). Philippi was a small city of Macedonia, situated near the borders of Thrace. It had formerly been called Crenides, but the famous king Philip had given it his own name, when he enlarged and fortified it against the Thracians. A Roman colony had been carried thither by Julius Cæsar.

The Christians at Philippi were always full of acknowledgement for the faith they had received from God, by the ministry of St. Paul. They assisted him on several occasions (Pai. iv. 16). They sent him money while in Achaia ; and, being informed that he was a prisoner at Rome, they sent a deputa tion to him by Epaphroditus, their bishop, to be serviceable to him (Phi.iv. 12, 18). Epaphroditus fell sick; and St. Paul, in order to deliver the Philippians from their concern at the hearing of bis sickness, sent Epaphroditus to them again, when he was recovered, and by him this epistle. The design of this epistle was to thank the Philippians for the supply they had sent him ; to comfort them under the concern they had expressed for his imprisonment; to check a party spirit that had crept in among them; and to promote, on the contrary, an entire union and harmony of affection; to guard them against being seduced from the purity of the Christian faith by Judaizing teachers; to support them under the trials with which they struggled ; and, above all, to inspire them with a zealous concern to adorn their holy profession, by the most eminent Christian attainments. . As the apostle tells the Philippians that he hoped to see them shorily (Phi. ii. 24), and there are plain intimations (Phi. i. 12 ; ii. 26) in the epistle of his having been some time at Rome, it is probable that it was written in the year 62, towards the end of his confinement.

- CHAP. I. 3 He testifieth his thankfulness to God, and his love toward them, for

the fruits of their faith, and fellowship in his sufferings, 9 daily · praying to him for their increase in grace: 12 he showeth what

good the faith of Christ had received by his troubles at Rome, 21 and how ready he is to glorify Christ either by his life or death, 27 exhorting them lo unity, 28 and to fortitude in persecution.. .

: A. D. 64. PAUL and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at b Philippi, with the Bishops and Deacons : · 2 · Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

3 I 4 thank my God upon every remembrance ? of you,

4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request 2 with joy,

5 For your e fellowship in the Gospel from the first day until now;

6 Being confident of this very thing, that she which hath begun a good work in you 3

mention. A.V. ? making supplication. We. 3 among you. Ham.

CHAP. I. a 1 Cor. i. 2: To them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus.

b Acts, xvi. 12: And from thence to Philipni, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days, &c. c See on Rom. i. 7.

See on Rom. i. 8, 9. e Rom. xi. 13: Distributing to the necessity of saints ; given to hospitality. do. xv. 26 : For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. 2 Cor. viii. 1 : More over, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia. Phi. iv. 14, 15: Notwithstanding ye have well done, that ye did communicate with my affliction. Now, ye Philippians, know also, that in the beginning of the Gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church communicated with me as concerning giving and receiving, but ye only.

'Heb. x. 35: Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.

Ps. cxxxviji. 8: The LORD will perfect that which concerneth me : thy mercy, O LORD, endureth for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.

John, vi. 29: This is the work of God, that ye believe in him whom he hath sent. 1 Thes. i. 3 : Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and pa

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