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11 But. I certify you, brethren, that the Gospel which was preached of me is not after man.8
12 For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.
13 For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the Church of God, and wasted it :10
14 And profited " in the Jews' religion above many my equals 12 in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.
8 according to man. Rh. Ham. Pu. 9 Judaism. Rh. 10 spoiled it. Co. Ma. Cr. Bi. "proceeded. Pu. 2 Gr. my equals in years. A. V.
our hearts. JAMES, iv. 4: Whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
s 1 Cor. xv. 1: Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the Gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand.
* Ver. 1. 1 Cor. xv. 1-3: Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the Gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand ; by which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received.
* Eph. iii. 3 : By revelation he made known unto me the mystery.
See on Acts, viii. 3. w Acts, xxii. 3: And was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day. do. xxvi. 9: I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. Phi. iii. 6: Concerning zeal, persecuting the Church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.
*Jer. ix. 14: But have walked after the imagination of their own heart-which their fathers taught them. Mat. xv. 2: Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders ? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. MARK, vii. 5 : Then the Pharisees and Scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands ?
15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,
16 To z reveal his Son in 13 me, that I might preach him among the heathen ; immediately I conferred not with b flesh and blood :
17 Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me, but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.
13 by. Ham. to. Whit.
y Isa. xlix. 1, 5: Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far ; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name. And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength. Jer. i.5: Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations. Acts, ix. 15: But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way : for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel. do. xiii. 2: As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. do. xxii. 14, 15: And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest know his will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of his mouth. For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard. Rom. i. 1: Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the Gospel of God.
22 Cor. iv. 6: God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ,
a. See on Acts, ix, 15.
• Mat. xvi. 17: Flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. 1 Cor. xv. 50: Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. 2 COR. v. 16: Wherefore henceforth know we no man afte the flesh : yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now.henceforth know we bim no more. Eph. vi. 12 : We wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities.
18 Then after three years I went up 14 to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days.
19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
20 Now the things which I write unto you, behold, e before God, I lie not.
21 * Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia;
22 And was unknown by 'face 15 unto the churches of Judæa which were in Christ :
23 But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once 16 he destroyed.
24 And they i glorified God in me.!? * returned. A. V. 15 by sight. Rh. 16 before. Ma. Cr. Gen. 12 for me. Pu.
c Acts, ix, 26 : When Saul was come to Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disciples.
MARK, vi. 3: Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses? 1 Cor. ix. 5: And as the brethren of our Lord, and Cephas.
e See on Rom. i. 9.
fActs, ix. 30: They brought him down to Cæsarea, and sent him forth to Tarsus.
& Rom. xvi. 7: Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. 1 Thes. i. 1: Unto the church of the Thessalonians, which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ. do. ij. 14: Ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judæa are in Christ Jesus. Rom. xvi. 7 : Salute Andronicus, and Junia-who also were in Christ before me.
h Acts, ix. 13, 26 : Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem. And when Saul was come to Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disciples : but they were all afraid of him, and believed not that he was a disciple. See 1 Tim. i. 13-16.
* Acts, xxi. 19, 20: And when he had saluted them, he de. clared particularly what things God had wrought among the Gentiles by his ministry. And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord.
CHAP. II. I He showeth when he went up again to Jerusalem, and for what
purpose ; 3 and that Titus was not circumcised; 11 and that he resisted Peter, and told him the reason, 14 why he and others, being Jews, do believe in Christ to be justified by faith, and not by works: 20 and that they live not in sin, who are so justified.
THEN fourteen years after a I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.
2 And I went up by brevelation, and communicated unto them that Gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately' to them which were of reputation, lest by any means "I should run, or had run, in vain.
3 But neither 2 Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised :
4 And that because of e false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy
1 severally. A. V, : not so much as. Ham. 3 insinuating themselves. Ham.
CHAP. II. a Acts, xv. 2: They determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.
Acts, xiii. 2: The Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. do. xvi. 10: After he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the Gospel unto them. do. xix. 21: Paul purposed in the spirit-to go to Jerusalem.
Acts, xv. 12 : Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas aud Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them.
d See on 1 Cor. ix. 24.
e Acts, xv. 1, 24: And certain men which came down from Judæa taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. Forasmuch as we have heard that certain which went out from us. have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, Ye must be circumcised, and keep the law : to whom we gave no such commandment. 2.Cor. xi. 26 : In perils among false brethren.
· out our 'liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, 8 that they might bring us into bondage :
5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour ; that the h truth of the Gospel might continue with you.
But of those who i seemed to be somewhat," whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me : God k accepteth no man's person :6 for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me :
7 But contrariwise, when they sawm that the * submission. Ham. 3 seemed to be great. Co. Ma. Gen. o for God looketh not on the outward appearance of men. ? did communicate, Ham.
Gal. iii. 25. 8 2 Cor. xi. 20 : For ye suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour you, if a man take of you, if a man exalt himself. Gal. iv. 3, 9: Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage ? do. v. 1, 13: Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Brethren, ye have been called unto liberty ; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh. .
h Ver. 14. Gal. iii. 1: do. iv. 16: Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth ? 1 Tim. vi. 21 : Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. 2 Tim. ii. 18: Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is passed already. do. iii. 7: Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. do. iv. 4: They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. Tit. i. 1, 14: Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledging of the truth.—Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. The Gospel is called the truth in divers other places. See on 2 John, 1.
See on 1 Cor. viii. 2. * See on Acts, x. 34.
12 Cor. xii. 11: In nothing am I behind the very chiefest a postles, though I be nothing.
on See on Acts, ix. 15.