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I have preached to others," I myself should be a * castaway.12
CHAP. X. 1 The sacraments of the Jews 6 are types of our's, 7 and their punish
ments 11 examples for us : 14 we must flee from idolatry : 21 we must not make the Lord's table the table of devils : 24 and in things indifferent we must have regard of our brethren.
MOREOVER, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea ;
1 though I preach to others. Pu. 12 reprovable. Wi. JER. vi. 30: Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD hath rejected them. 2 Cor. xii. 5, 6: Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates ? But I trust that ye shall know that we are not reprobates.
CHAP. X. a Exod. xiii. 21 : And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way ; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night. do. xl. 34: A cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD, filled the tabernacle. NUMB. ix. 18: As long as the cloud abode upon the tabernacle they rested in their tents. do. xiv. 14: And they will tell it to the inbabitants of this land : for they have heard that thou Lord art among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and that thy cloud standeth over them, and that thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night. Deut. i. 33 : Who went in the way before you-in fire by night-and in a cloud by day. Neh, ix. 12, 19: Thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar. The pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day. Ps. lxxviii. 14: In the daytime also he led them with a cloud. do. cv. 39: He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.
Exod. xiv. 22 : The children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground : and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. NUMB. xxxiji. 8: And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah. Jos. iv, 23: The LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed
2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat ;
4 And did all drink the same a spiritual drink : for they drank of that spiritual Rock that efollowed them :' and that Rock was Christ.
5 But with many of them ? God was not well pleased : for they were 'overthrown 3 in the wilderness.
2 with the most
I went with them. Deut. ix. 21 ; Ps. cv. 41. A. V. of thein. We. 3 destroyed. Han.
over, as the LORD your God did to the Red sea, which he dried from before us, until we were gone over.
Ps. Ixxviii. 13: He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through ; and he made the waters to stand as an heap.
• Exod. xvi. 4, 15, 35: Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. Then said one to another, It is manna. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. Neh. ix. 15, 20: And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them. Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. Ps. Ixxviii. 24: And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn of heaven.
d Exod. xvii. 6: Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. NUMB. xx. 11: And Moses lifted up his band, and with his rod he smote the rock twice : and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also. Ps. Ixxviii. 15: He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.
• Devt. ix. 21 : I cast the dust thereof (of the molten calf] into the brook that descended out of the mount. Ps. cy. 41: He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places like a river.
NUMB. xiv. 23, 29, 32, 35, 37: Surely they shall not see the
6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as & they also lusted.
7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them ; as it is written, i The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some
* Gr. our figures. A. V.
land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it. Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness. But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. I the Lord have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die. Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the Lord. do. xxvi. 64, 65: Among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. Ps. cvi. 26 : Therefore he lifted up his hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness. Heb. iii. 17-19 : With whom was he grieved forty years?. was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? So we see that they conld not enter in because of unbelief. JUDE, 5: The Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.
8 NUMB. xi. 4, 33, 34 : The mixt multitude that was among them fell a lusting : and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? While the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of the LORD was kindled against the people, and the Lord smote the people with a very great plague. And he called the name of that place Kibroth-hattaavah : because there they buried the people that lusted. Ps. cvi. 14: But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert. h Ver. 14.
Exod. xxxii. 6: They rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people, &c. as here.
kl Cor. vi. 18 : Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication
of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. 9 Neither let us 'tempt Christ, as
some of them also tempted, and were "destroyed of serpents.
10 Neither murmur ye, ás some of them also murmured, and were p destroyed of the destroyer.
sinneth against his own body. Rev. ii. 14: But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
Numb. xxv. 1,9: The people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. Those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand. Ps. cvi. 29: Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions : and the plague brake in upon them.
m Exod. xvii. ii. 7: Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD? He called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not? NUMB. xxi. 5: The people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness ? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul lotheth this light bread. Deut. vi. 16 : Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ýe tempted him in Massah. . Ps. Ixxviii. 18, 56 : They tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust. Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies. do. xcv. 9: When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. do. cvi. 14: But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.
- NUMB. xxi. 6: The Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
• Exod. xvi. 2 : The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. do. xvii. 2: Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water, that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD? NUMB. xiv. 2, 29 : All the children of Israel murmured and said-Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness ! Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; all-which have mur
11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples :' and they are 9 written for our admonition, upon whom the 'ends of the world are come.
12 Wherefore * let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.
13. There hath no temptation’ taken you but such as is common to man :' but God is faithful,
for types, A. V. ages. Ham. 7 trial. Pu. 8 human. Rh, Ham. moderate. A. V. mured against me.
do. xvi. 41, 49 : All the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses, and against Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the people of the LORD.
Now they that died in the plague were fourteen thousand and seven hundred, beside them that died about the matter of Korah. Phi. ii. 14: Do all things without murmurings and disputings. 1 Pet. iv. 9 : Use hospitality one to another without grudging. JUDE, 16: These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts.
e Exod. xii. 23 : The LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. NumB. xiv. 37. See on ver. 5. 2 SAM. xxiv, 16: And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough ; stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araumah the Jebusite. 1 CHR. xxi. 15: And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. 119 See on Rom. iv. 23.
+ 1 Cor. vii. 29 : But this I say, brethren, the time is short : it remaineth, that both they that have wives be as though they had none. Phi. iv. 5: The Lord is at hand. Heb. x. 25, 37; Exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. For yet a little while, and he that shall coine will come, and will not tarry. 1 John, ii. 18: Little children, it is the last time:, and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. 6. PRO. xxviii. 14: Happy is the man that feareth alway : but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief, ROM. xi. 20Because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear. ..See on 1. Cor. i. 9,