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26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness : k that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
27 Where is ' boasting then? It is excluded. By what law ? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
28 Therefore we conclude that a man is "justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
29 "Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:
30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
31 PDo we then make void the law through faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law.
CHAP. IV. 1 Abraham's faith was imputed to him for righteousness, 10 before he
was circumcised : 13 by faith only he and his seed received the promise : 16 Abraham is the father of all that believe : 24 our faith also shall be imputed to us for righteousness.
WHAT shall we then say that * Abraham, our father as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
k See Acts, xiii. 28, 39.
"Rom.ii. 17, 23. do. iv. 2. 1 Cor. i. 29, 31 : That no flesh should glory in his presence. He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. Eph. ii. 9: Not of works, lest any man should boast.
m Ver. 20-22. See on Acts, xiii. 38, 39. n See on Acts, x. 35.
•GAL. iii. 8, 20: And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. See on Acts, x. 35.
P HEB. X. 16 : This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.
CHAP. IV. a Isa. li. 2: Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you. Mat. iii. 9: And think not to say within your
2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
3 For what saith the Scripture ? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
4 Now to him that I worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace,' but of debt.
5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth ethe ungodly, his 'faith is counted for righteousness.
6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
7 Saying, 6 Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
1 favour. Co. Ma. Cr. Gen. 2 without works of the law. Wi. selves, We have Abraham to our father : for I you,
that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. John, viii. 33, 39: They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. 2 Cor. xi. 22: Are they Hebrews ? so am I. Are they Israelites ? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham ? so am I.
• Rom. iii. 20, 27, 28.
c Gen. xv. 6: He believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. Gal. iii. 6: Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. JAMES, ii. 23 : The Scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness. d Rom. xi. 6: If by grace, then is it no more of works : otheris no more grace.
But if it be of works, then is it no more grace : otherwise work is no more work.
e Jos. xxiv. 2 : And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor : and they served other gods.
* Hab. ii. 4: Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him : but the just shall live by his faith.
& Ps. xxxii. 1,2 : Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity.
and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose "praise is not of men, 15 but of God.
CHAP. III. 1 The Jews' prerogative : 3 which they have not lost : 9 howbeit the
law convinceth them also of sin: 20 therefore no flesh is justified by the law, 28 but all, without difference, by faith only : 31 and yet the law is not abolished.
WHAT advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision ? 2 Much every way : chiefly,
chiefly, because that A unto them were committed the oracles of God.
3 For what if some did not believe ? C shall their unbelief make the faith' of God, without effect?
15 from men. Ham. Pu. the faitbfulness. We.
" the promise. Co. Ma. Cr. the truth. Br.
s See on Acts, vji, 51.
* Rom. vii. 6: That we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. 2 Cor.iii. 6: Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
u 1 Cor. iv.5: Then [when the Lord shall come to judgment] shall every man have praise of God. 2 Cor. x. 18: Not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth. 1 Thes. ii. 4: As we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the Gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.
CHAP. III., a Deut. iv. 8: What nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day? Ps. lxxviii. 5: He established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children. do. cxlvii. 19, 20: He showeth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Rom. ii. 18. do. ix. 4: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth-the giving of the law.
b Rom. x. 16: But they have not all obeyed the Gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? Heb. iv. 2:
4 God forbid : yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be 'justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome? when thou art judged.
5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (R I speak as a man 3
6 God forbid : for then how shall God judge the world?
7 For if the truth of God hath more abounded
Unto us was the Gospel preached, as well as unto them; but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
NUMB. xxiii. 19: God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good ? Rom. ix. 6: Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel. do. xi. 29 : The gifts and calling of God are without repentance. 2 Tim. ii. 13 : If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful; he cannot deny himself.
d John, iii. 33 : He that hath received his Christ's] testimony hath set to his seal that God is true.
e Ps. lxii. 9: Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men, of high degree are a lie. do. cxvi. 11 : I said in my haste, All men are liars.
f Job, xl. 8 : Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous ? Ps. li. 4: That thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
8 Rom. vi. 19: I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your meinbers servants to righteousness unto holiness. Gal.iii. 15: Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
b Gen. xviii. 25: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? Job, viii. 3: Doth God pervert judgment ? or doth the Almighty pervert justice ? do. xxxiv. 17 : Wilt thou condemn him that is most just?
through my lie“ unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
8 And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) 'Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnations is just.
9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise : for we have before proved 6 both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all kunder sin ;
10 As it is written, 'There is none righteous, no, not one:
11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
13 Their'm throat is an open sepulchre ; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips :
* in my falsehood. Pu. 5 condemnation. We. Gr. charged. chap. i. 28, &c. ii. 1, &c. A. V.
Rom. v. 20: Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound. do. vi. 1, 15: What shall we say then ? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
GAL. ïïi. 22. See on ver. 23. Ps. xiv. 1-3: The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good. The LORD looked down from hearen upon
the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one. do, lin. 1: The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good.
*Ps. r. 9: There is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part is very wickedness ; their throat is an open sepulchre: they datter with their tongue. Jer. v. 16: Their quiver is as an open sepulchre, they are all mighty men.
*Ps al. 3: They have sharpened their tongues like a ser