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25 "For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision.
26 Therefore 'if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision ?
27 And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, Pjudge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law ?
28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
29 But he is a Jew, 'which is one inwardly;
n Gal. v. 3: For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
• Acts, x.34, 35: Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons : But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
P MAT. xii. 41, 42: The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. The queen of the south shall rise up
in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemnit: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
9 Mat. iii. 9: Think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. John, viii. 39: They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. Rom. ix. 6, 7: They are not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children. do. xiv. 17: The kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. Gál. vi. 16: As many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God. Rev.ii.9: I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not.
"1 Pet. iii. 4: Let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
and circumcision is that of the heart, in the
spirit, and not in the letter; whose "praise is not of men, 15 but of God.
CHAP. III. 1 The Jews' prerogative : 3 which they have not lost : 9 howbeit the
law convinceth them also of sin: 20 therefore no flesh is justified by the law, 28 but all, without difference, by faith only : 31 and yet the law is not abolished.
WHAT advantage then hath the Jew ? or what profit is there of circumcision?
2 Much every way : chiefly, because that * unto them were committed the oracles of God.
3 For what if some did not believe ? shall their unbelief make the faith' of God, without effect?
15 from men. Ham, Pu. the faitbfulness. We
" the promise. Co. Ma. Cr. the truth. Br.
s See on Acts, vii. 51.
* Rom. vii. 6: That we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. 2 Cor.iii. 6: Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
u 1 Cor. iv.5: Then [when the Lord shall come to judgment] shall every man have praise of God. 2 Cor. x. 18: Not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth. 1 Thes. ii. 4: As we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the Gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing inen, but God, which trieth our hearts.
CHAP. III. a Deut. iv. 8: What nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day? Ps. Ixxviii. 5: He established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children. do. cxlvii. 19, 20: He showeth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Rom. ii. 18. do. ix. 4: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth--the giving of the law.
h Rom. x. 16: But they have not all obeyed the Gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? Heb. iv. 2:
4 God forbid : yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be 'justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome 2 when thou art judged.
5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (SI speak as a man)3
6 God forbid : for then how shall God judge the world?
7 For if the truth of God hath more abounded
Unto us was the Gospel preached, as well as unto them; but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
NUMB. xxiii. 19: God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good ? Rom. ix. 6: Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel. do. xi. 29 : The gifts and calling of God are without repentance. 2 Tim. ii. 13 : If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful; he cannot deny himself.
d Joax, iii. 33 : He that hath received his (Christ's] testimony hath set to his seal that God is true.
e Ps. lxii. 9: Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men, of high degree are a lie. do. cxvi. 11 : I said in my haste, All men are liars.
fJob, xl. 8: Wilt thou also disannul my judgment ? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous ? Ps. li. 4: That thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
& Rom. vi. 19: I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your meinbers servants to righteousness unto holiness. Gal.in. 15: Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
Gen. xviii. 25: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? Job, viii. 3: Doth God pervert judgment ? or doth the Almighty pervert justice ? do. xxxiv. 17: Wilt thou condemn him that is most just?
through my lie4 unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
8 And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) 'Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation
9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise : for we have before proved 6 both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all kunder sin;
10 As it is written, "There is none righteous, no, not one:
11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
13 Their m throat is an open sepulchre ; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of
asps is under their lips : * in my falsehood. Pu. 3 condemnation. We. Gr. charged. chap. i. 28, &c. ii. 1, &c. A.V.
Rom. v. 20: Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound. do. vi. 1, 15: What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid. k GAL. iii. 22. See on ver. 23.
Ps. xiv. 1-3: The fool háth said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good. The LORD looked down from heaven upon
the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy : there is none that doeth good, no, not one. do. liii. 1: The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity : there is none that doeth good.
m Ps. v.9: There is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward
is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue. Jer. v. 16 : Their quiver is as an open sepulchre, they are all mighty men.
n Ps. cxl. 3: They have sharpened their tongues like a ser
14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness :
15 Their feet are swift to shed blood : 16 Destruction and misery are in their ways:
17 And the way of peace have they not known :
18 There is no 9 fear of God before their eyes.
19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law : that every smouth may be stopped, and * all the world may become guilty before God.?
subject to the judgment of God. A. V.
pent; adders' poison is under their lips. JAMES, iii. 8: The tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.
• Ps. x. 7: His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud : under his tongue is mischief and vanity.
P PRO. i. 16: Their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood. Isa. lix. 7, 8: Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood : their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction are in their paths. The way of peace they know not; and there is no judgment in their goings : they have made them crooked paths : whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.
4 Ps. xxxvi. 1: The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his
eyes. John, x. 34: Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law? do. xv. 25: But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.
* Job, v. 16: So the poor hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth. Ps. cvii. 42: The righteous shall see it, and rejoice : and all iniquity shall stop her mouth. Ezek. xvi. 63 : That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord God. Rom. i. 20 : For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. do. ii. 1.
Ver. 9, 23. Rom. ii. 2.