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16 LORD, bow down thine ear, thee, Ye shall eat this year such thee and this city out of the han: and hear; open, LORD, thine eyes, things as grow of themselves, and of the king of Assyria ; and I will and see ; and hear the words of in the second year that which defend this city for mine own sake, Sennacherib, which hath sent him springeth of the same, and in the and for my servant David's sake. to reproach the living God.
third year sow ye, and reap, and 7 And Isaiah said, Take a lump 17 or a truth, LORD, the kings plant vineyards, and eat the fruits of figs : and they took and laid & of Assyria have destroyed the thereof.
on the boil, and he recovered. nations anul their lands,
30 And the remnant that is 8 And Hezekiah said unta 18 And have cast their gols into escaped of the house of Judah shall Isaiah, What shall be the sign that the fire ; for they were no gods, but yet again take root downward, and
the LORD will heal me, and that the work of men's hands, wood bear fruit upward.
shall go up into the house of the ind stone; therefore they have 31 Por out of Jerusalem shall go LORD the third day! destroyed them.
forth a remnant, and they that 9 And Isaiah said, This sign 19 Now therefore, O LORD our escape out of mount Zion: the zeal shalt thou have of the Lord, that God, I beseech thee, save thou us of the LORD of hosts shall do this. the LORD will do the thing that he out of his hand, that all the king- 32 Therefore thus saith the LORD hath spoken ; Shall the shadow go doms of the earth may know that concerning the king of Assyria, He forward ten degrees, or go back ten thou art the LORD God, even thou shall not come into this city, nor degrees only.
shoot an arrow there, nor come 10 And Hezekiah answered, It 20 Then Isaiah the son of belore it with shield, nor cast a is a light thing for the shadow to Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying bank against it.
go down ten degrees: nay, but let Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, 33 By the way that he came, by the shadow return backward ten That which thou hast prayed to me the same shall be return, and shall degrees. against Sennacherib king of Assyria not come into this city, saith the And Isaiah the prophet cried I have heard, LORD.
unto the LORD; and he brought the 21 This is the word that the 34 For I will defend this city, to shadow ten degrees backward, by LORD hath spoken concerning him; save it, for mine own sake, and for which it had gone down in the dial The virgin, the daughter of Zion, my servant David's sake.
of Ahaz. hath despised, thee, and laughed 85 And it came to pass that 19 At that time Berodachthee to scorn; the daughter of night, that the angel of the LORD baladan, the son of Baladan, king Jerusalem bath shaken her head at went out, and smote in the camp of of Babylon, sent letters and a thee.
the Assyrians an hundred fourscore present unto Hezekiah: for he had 22 Whom hast thon reproached and five thousand : and when they heard that Hezekiah had been sick. and blasphemed ? and against whom arose early in the morning, behold, 13 And Hezekiah hearkened unto hast thou exalted thy voice, and they were all dead corpses.
them, and shewed them all the lifted up thine eyes on high ? even 36 So Sennacherib king of As- house of his precious things, tha against the Holy One of Israel. syria departed, and went and silver, and the gold, and the spices,
93 By thy messengers thou hast returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. and the precious ointment, and all reproached the LORD, and hast said, 37 And it came to pass, as he the house of his armour, and all With the multitude of my chariots was worshipping in the house of that was found in his treasures : I am come up to the height of the Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech there was nothing in his house, por mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and Sharezer his sons smote him in all his dominion, that Hesekiah und will cut down the tall cedar- with the sword; and they escaped shewed them not. trees thereof, and the choice fir- into the land of Armenia : and 14 T Then came Isaiah tho trees thereof: and I will enter into Esarhaddon his son reigned in his prophet unto king Hezekiah, and the lodgings of his borders, and stead.
said unto hin, What said these into the forest of his Carmel. 94 I have digged and drunk
men ! and from whence came they
unto thee! And Hezekiah said, strange waters, and with the sole In those days, was. Hezekiah Sick They are come from a far country, up
even from Babylon. rivers of besieged places.
Isaiah the son of Amoz came to 15 And he said, What have they 25 Hast thou not heard long ago him, and said unto him, "Thus saith seen in thine house? And Hezekiah how I have done it, and of ancient the LORD, Set thine house in order ; answered, All the things that are times that I have formed it ? now for thou shalt die, and not live. in mine house have they seen : hare I brought it to pass, that thou Then he turned his face to the there is nothing among my treasures shouldest be to lay waste fenced wall, and prayed unto the LORD, that I have not shewed them. cities into ruinous heaps. saying,
16 And Isaiah said unto lle. 26 Therefore their inhabitants 3 I beseech thee, 0 LORD. zekiah, Hear the word of the were of small power, they were remember now how I have walked LORD: dismayed and confounded they before thee in truth, and with a were as the grass of the field, and perfect heart, and have done that Ver. 8. Judges, vi. 17, 37, 39; as the green herb, as the grass on which is good in thy sight. And Isaiah, vii. 11-14. A distinction the house.tops, and as corn blasted Hezekiah wept sore.
is to be observed between the par. before it be grown up.
4 And it came to pass, afore ticular promises of God, made by 27 But I know thy abode, and Isaiah was gone
out into the the mouth of some special messen. thy going out, and thy coming in, midule court, that the word of the ger, and those general assurances of and thy rage against me. LORD came to him, saying,
mercy, deliverance, and salvation, 28 Because thy rage against me 5 Turu again, and tell Hezekiah which form the substance of revela. and thy tumult is come up into mine the captain of my people. Thus tion to his people at large. In the ears, therefore I will put my hook saith the LORD, the God of David one instance, the individual, to in thy nose, and my bridle in thy thy father, I have heard thy prayer, whom the message was delivered, lips, and I will turn thee back by I have seen thy tears: behold, i might lawfully ask for a sign in the way by which thou camest. will heal thee; on the third day proof of the divine commission of 20 And this shall be a sign unto thou shalt go up unto the house of him who brought it; in the other, the LORD.
faith is the medium through which 19. The prayer of Hezekiah was 6 And I will add unto thy days divine grace acts-is the sirtue breathed from a humble, penitent. Afteen years; and I will deliver directly to be called forth. And to and believing heart. Fear and
ask for a sign, where faith is de sorrow had wrought their work 4.- Ver. 30. 2 Chron, xxxii. 28, manded, and where God speaks upon it, and God's spirit had mer. 29; God's promises, like his de- according to the method he has cifully imbued it with sanctifying crees, stand fast for ever and ever. himself established, and which grace.-Ver. 21. Job, xvi. 4 ; Ps. Generation after generation may method has been developed on the xxii. 7; Lam. ii. 15.- Ver. 29. break bis, laws, and be punished by general principles of divine revela. Is. v. 24; Jerem. li. 5.-Ver. 25. his wrath, but the determination tion, is to doubt the truth of God, The translation in the margin of he hath formed
be and to regard his word as insuffi the authorized version is, " Hast altered the root of his church cient for our security.-Ver. 12. thou not heard bow. I have made it never destroyed. - Ver. 31. Is. ix. This was about the year 718. long ago, and formed it of ancient 7. - Ver. 35. Is. xxxvii. 36. And Berodach-baladan, or Merodach. times? Should I now bring it to when they arose : that is, when the balardan.- Ver. 15. Hezekiah was be laid waste ? and fenced cities to Israelites arose ; or it is said in far from being in a situation to be ruinous heaps ?"- Ver. 26. Ps. the common idiomatical mode of indulge the pride and ostentation exxix, 6.-Ver. 27. Ps. cxxxix. 1.
expression, for," when it was which he had manifested. Humility -Yer 98. Ezek xxix. 4 ; xxxviii. morning." or when men aroso and deep peniteuce were the effects
17 Behold, the days come, that 11 Because Manasseh king of 26 And he was buried in his all that is in thine house, and that Judah hath done these abomina-sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: which thy fathers have laid up in tions, and hath done wickedly and Josiah his son reigned in his store unto this day, shall be carried above all that the Amorites did,
stead. into Babylon : nothing shall be which were before him, and hath left, saith the LORD. made Judah also to sin with his
CHAPTER XXII. 18 And of thy sons that shall idols;
JOSIAH was eight years old Issue from theo, which thou shalt 12 Therefore thus saith the LORD when he began reign; and beget, shall they take away; and God of Israel, Behold, I am bring- he reigned thirty and one years they shall be eunuchs in the palace ing such evil upon Jerusalem and in Jerusalem: and his mother's of the king of Babylon.
Judah, that whosoever heareth of name was Jedidah, the daughter of 19 Then said Hezekiah unto it, both his ears shall tingle.
Adaiah of Boscath. Isaiah, Good is the word of the 13 And I will stretch over Jeru- 2 And he did that which was LORD which thou hast spoken. And salem the line of Samaria, and the right in the sight of the LORD, and he said, Is it not good, if peace plummet of the house of Ahab; and walked in all the way of David his and truth be in my days!
I will wipe Jerusalem as a man father, and turned not aside to the 20 4 And the rest of the acts of wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turn- right hand or to the left. Hezekiah, and all his might, and ing it upside down.
3 And it came to pass, In the how he made a pool, and a conduit, 14 And I will forsake the rem- eighteenth year of king Josiah, and brought water into the city, nant of mine inheritance, and that the king sent Shaphan the son are they not written in the book of deliver them into the hand of their of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, the Chronicles of the kings of enemies; and they shall become a the scribe, to the house of the LORD, Judah ?
prey and a spoil to all their ene- saying, 21 And Hezekiah slept with his mies ;
4 Go up to Hilkiah the high fathers : and Manasseh his son 15 Because they have done that priest, that he may sum the silver reigned in his stead.
tohich was evil in my sight, and which is brought into the house of CHAPTER XXI.
have provoked me to anger, since the LORD, which the keepers of the
the day their fathers came forth out door have gathered of the people; MANASSEH was twelve years of Egypt, even unto this day.
5 And let them deliver it into old when he began to reign, 16 Moreover, Manasseh shed the hand of the doers of the work, and reigned ffty and five years in innocent blood very much, till he that have the oversight of the house Jerusalem : and his mother's name had filled Jerusalem from one end of the LORD: and let them give it to was Hephzi-bah.
to another; besides his sin where. the doers of the work which is in 2 And he did that which was evil with he made Judah to ein, in the house of the LORD, to repair in the sight of the LORD, after the doing that which was evil in the the breaches of the house, abominations of the heathen, whom sight of the LORD.
6 Unto carpenters, and builders, the LORD cast out before the chil- 17 Now the rest of the acts of and niasons, and to buy timber and dren of Israel.
Manasseh, and all that he did, and hewn stone to repair the house. 3 For he built up again the high his sin that he sinned, are they not 7 How beit there was no reckon. places which Hezekiah his father written in the book of the Chro- ing made with them of the money had destroyed; and he reared up nicles of the kings of Judah ?
that was delivered into their hand, altars for Baal, and made a grove, 18 And Manasseh slept with his because they dealt faithfully. as did Ahab king of Israel; and fathers, and was buried in the gar- 8 And Hilkiah the high priest worshipped all the host of heaven, den of his own house, in the gar- said unto Shaphan the scribe, I and served them.
dex of Uzza : and Amon his son hare found the book of the law in 4 And he built altars in the house reigned in his stead.
the house of the LORD: and Hilkiah of the LORD, of which the LORD 19 Amon was twenty and two gare the book to Shaphan, and he said, in Jerusalem will I put my years old when he began to reign: read it. name.
and he reigned two years in Jeru- 9 And Shaphan the scribe came 5 And he built altars for all the salem : and his mother's name was to the king, and brought the king host of heaven in the two courts of Meshullemeth, the daughter of word again, and said, Thy servants the house of the LORD. Harux of Jotbah.
hare gathered the money that was 6 And he made his son pass 20 And he did that rohich was found in the house, and have dethrough the fire, and observed evil in the sight of the LORD, as his
livered it into the hand of them times, and used enchantments, and father Manasseh did.
that do the work, that have the dealt with familiar spirits and 21 And he walked in all the oversight the house of the LORD. wizards : he wrought much wicked- ways that his father walked in, and 10 And Shaphan the scribe ness in the sight of the LORD, to served the idols that his father shewed the king, saying, Hilkiah provoke him to anger.
served, and worshipped them : the priest hath delivered me a 7 And he set a graven image of 22 And he forsook the LORD God took : and Shaphan read it before the grove that he had made in the of his fathers, and walked not in the
the king. house, of which the LORD said to way of the LORD.
D1 And it came to pass, when David, and to Solomon his son, 23 And the servants of Amon In this house, and in Jerusalem, conspired against him, and slew track of Manasseh, The reason of which I have chosen out of all the king in his own house.
this is to be found in the corruption tribes of Israel, will put my name 21 And the people of the land of our hearts. - Ver. 26. Josiah, for ever.
sley all them that had conspired or Josias. Matth. i. 10. 9 Neither will I make the feet against king Amon: and the people
Ver. 2. It is not improbable but of Israel inove any more out of the of the land made Josiah his son that Josiah owed much of his happy land which I gave their fathers; king in his stead.
disposition for piety to the circumonly if they will observe to do 25 Now the rest of the acts of stance of his not being exposed in according to all that I have con- Amon which he did, are they not youth to the contamination of his manded them, and according to all written in the book of the Chro- father's example, - Ver. 4. See the law that my servant Moses nicles of the kings of Judah ? chap. xii. 4-15. It appears from cominanded them.
this, that the relief which the 9 But they hearkened not: and instructed by devout teachers, are priests obtained from the responsiManasseh seduced them to do more generally the most obstinate ene- bility of repairing the temple only evil than did the nations whom the mries of all holiness.- Ver. 11. Jer. applied to the particular period LORD destroyed before the children xv. 4.-Ver. 13. See Isaiah, xxxiv. when it was granted.- Ver. 8. See of Israel.
11; Lam. ii. 8; Amos, vii. 8. The Deut. xxxi. 24; 2 Chron. xxxiv. 30 And the LORD spake by his line of Samaria : that is, it shall 14. Were no other circunstance servants the prophets, saying,
share the snme fate as the tribes of recorded of the state of the Israel.
Israel. - Ver. 16. See chap. xxiv. ites, this would sufficiently indicate which should have followed his late 4.- Ver. 17. 2 Chron. xxxiii. their wretched condition.
The deliverance. --Ver. 17, Jer. xxvii. Il-19.- Ver. 21. How frequently book of the law found! As little 21; lii. 17; Dan. i. 4.- Ver. 20. it is the case, that the son of the might we expect to hear of a free 2 Chron. xxxii. 32 ; Neh. iii. 16. just man refuses to follow the ex- nation finding the statutes on which
Ver. 3. I Kings, xvi. 33. -Ver. 4. ample of his father! How rarely its liberties are established - the ? Sain. vii. 13; Kings, viii. 29. it is the case, that the child of a laws by which its civilization is -Ver. 6. Lev. xvi. 21; xx. 2.- wicked parent pursues the path of supported - as of the Israelites Ver. 7. 2 Sam. vii. 10.-Ver. 9. holiness! Manasseh neglects the inding that book of the law in Those who a postatize from the pattern left him by Hezekiah ; which were described that covenant faith, or who dens God after being Amon forgets not to follow in the by which they became a nation, of men.
the king had heard the words of tites, with all their heart, and all down from thence, and cast the dust the book of the law, that he rent their soul, to perform the words of of them into the brook Kidron. his clothes.
this covenant that were written in 13 And the high places that were 12 And the king commanded this book: and all the people stood before Jerusalem, which were on Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the to the covenant,
the right hand of the mount of Cor. son of Shaphan, and Achbor the 4 And the king commanded Hil. ruption, which Solomon the king son of Michaiah, and Shaphan the kiah the high priest, and the priests of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth scribe, and Asahiah a servant of of the second order, and the keepers the abomination of the Sidoninus, the king's, saying,
of the door, to bring forth out of and for Chemosh the abomination 13 Go se enquire of the Lord the temple of the LORD all the of the Moabites, and for Mileom the for me, and for the people, and for vessels that were made for Baal, abomination of the children of Amall Judah, concerning ihe words of and for the grove, and for all the mon, did the king defile. this book that is found : for great host of heaven; and he burnt them 11 And he brake in pieces the is the wrath of the Lord that is without Jerusalem in the fields of images, and cut down the groves, kindled against us,
because our Kidron, and carried the ashes of and filled their places with the bones fathers have not hearkened unto them unto Beth-el. the words of this book, to do ac- 5 And he put down the idola. 15 Moreover, the altar that cording unto all that which is
trous priests, whom the kings of was at Beth-el, and the high place written concerning us.
Judah had ordained to burn incense which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 14 So Hilkiah the priest, and in the high places in the cities of who made Israel to sin, had made, Ahikam, and Achhor, and Sha- Judah, and in the places round both that altar and the high place phan, and Asahiah, went unto Hul- about Jerusalem : them also that he brake down, and burnt the high dah the prophetess, the wife of burnt incense unto Baal, to the place, and stamped it small to pow. Shallum the son of Tikvah, the sun, and to the moon, and to the der, and burnt the grove. son of Harhas, keeper of the ward- planets, and to all the host of 16 And as Josiah turned himself, robe ; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem heaven.
he spied the sepulchres that were in the college ;) and they communed 6 And he brought out the grove there in the mount, and sent, and with her.
from the house of the Lord, with took the bones out of the sepulchres, 15 And she said unto them, out Jerusalem, unto the brook and burnt them upon the altar, and Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Kidron, and burnt it at the brook polluted it, according to the word Tell the man that sent you to me, Kidron, and stamped it small to of the LORD, which the man of God
16 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, powder, and cast the powder thereof proclaimed, who proclaimed these I will bring evil upon this place, upon the graves of the children of words. and upon the inhabitants thereof, the people.
17 Then he said, What title is even all the words of the book 7 And he brake down the houses that that I see? And the men of which the king of Judah hath read: of the sodomites, that were by the the city told him. It is the sepulchre
17 Because they have forsaken house of the LORD, where the wo- of the man of God, which came me, and have burnt incense unto men wove hangings for the grove. from Judah, and proclaimed these other gods, that they might provoke 8 Aud he brought all the priests things that thou hast done against me to anger with all the works of out of the cities of Judah, and the altar of Beth-el. their hands; therefore my wrath defiled the high places where the 18 And he said, Let him alone; shall be kindled against this place, priests had burnt incense, from let no man move his bones. So and shall not be quenched.
Geba to Beer-sheba, and brake they let his bones nlone, with the 18 But to the king of Judah, down the high places of the gates bones of the prophet that came out which sent you to enquire of the that were in the entering in of the of Samaria. LORD, thus shall ye say to him, gate of Joshua the governor of the 19 And all the houses also of Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, city, which were on a man's left the high places that were in the As touching the words which thou hand at the gate of the city,
cities of Samaria, which the kings hast heard;
9 Nevertheless the priests of the of Israel had made to provoke the 19 Because thine heart was ten- high places came not up to the altar LORD to anger, Josiah took away, der, and thou hast humbled thyself of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they and did to them according to all the before the LORD, when thou heard- did eat of the unleavened bread acts that he had done in Beth-el. est what I spake against this place, among their brethren.
20 And he slew all the priests of and against the inhabitants ihere- 10 And he defiled Topheth, the high places that were there of, that they should become a which is in the valley of the chil. upon the altars, and burnt men's desolation, and a curse, and hast dren of Hinnom, that no man might bones upon them, and returned to rent thy clothes, and wept before make his son or his daughter to Jerusalem. me; I also have heard thee, saith pass through the fire to Molech. 21 And the king commanded the Lord.
11 And he took away the horses all the people, saying, Keep the 20 Behold, therefore, I will that the kings of Judah had given passover unto the LORD your God, gather thee unto thy fathers, and to the sun, at the entering in of the as it is written in the book of this thou shalt be gathered into thy house of the LORD, by the chamber covenant. grave in peace; and thine eyes of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, 22 Surely there was not holden shall not see all the evil which I which was in the suburbs, and such a passover, from the days of will bring upon this place. And burnt the chariots of the sun with the judges that judged Israel, nor they brought the king word again.
in all the days of the kings of Israel, 19 And the altars that were on nor of the kings of Judah; CHAPTER XXIII.
the top of the upper chamber of 23 But in the eighteenth year of
Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had king Josiah, wherein this passover gathered unto him all the made, and the altars which Ma- was holden to the LORD in Jerusaelders of Judah and of Jerusalem. nasseh had made in the two courts lem.
2 And the king went up into the of the house of the LORD, did the 24 Moreover, the workers with house of the LORD, and all the men king beat down, and brake them familiar spirits, and the wizards, of Judah, and all the inhabitants
and the images, and the idols, and of Jerusalem with him, and the Ver. 6. The grove: that is, the all the abominations that were spied priests, and the prophets, and all image mentioned chap. xxi. 7. - in the land of Judah, and in JeruThe people, both small and great: Ver. 9. See I Sam. ii. 36; Ezek. salem, did Josiah put away, that he and he read in their ears all the xliv. 10 - 14. The priests who might perform the words of the law, words of the book of the covenant had been guilty of those idolatrous which were written in the book that which was found in the house of practices, which were so expressly Hilkiah the priest found in the the LORD.
forbidden by God, necessarily found house of the LORD. 3 And the king stood by a themselves reduced to the lowest 25 And like unto him was there pillar, and made a covenant before state of misery on their altars being no king before him, that turned to the LORD, to walk after the Lord, destroyed, from the service of which the LORD with all his heart, and and to keep his commandments, they had made their gains. In with all his soul, and with all his and his testimonies, and his sta- this condition they appear to have might, according to all the law of
appealed to the compassion of their and those statutes, on their fulfil- brethren, and were accordingly to, sanctity by polluting it, Jer. vii. ment of which depended so many allowed a portion the sacred 31; xix. 6 - 11.- Ver. 13. ) Kings, glorious promises. Ver. 12. Ach- bread, though not permitted to xi. 7. - Ver. 15.] Kings, xii. bor, or Abdon. 2 Chron, xxxiv. approach the altar of the Lord. - 98 - 33. - Ver. 16. I Kings, xiii. 20- 26. - Ver. 20. Isa. Ivii. 1, 2. Ver. 10. Defiled: that is, deprived 2- 30.- Ver. 19. 2 Chron. xxxiv. Ver. 1. 2 Chron. xxxiv. 29 it of all appearance of, and pretence 6. - Ver. 21. 2 Chron. XXXV. ).
Moses ; neither after him arose kim became his servant three his officers, and the mighty of the there any like him.
years; then he turned and rebelled land; those carried he iuto captivi26 9 Notwithstanding the LORD against him.
ty from Jerusalem to Babylon. turned not from the fierceness of his 2 And the Lord sent against him 16 Aud all the men of might, great wrath, wherewith his anger bands of the Chaldees, and bands even seven thousand, and craftsmen was kindled against Judah, because of the Syriaus, and bands of the and smiths a thousand, all that of all the provocations that Ma- Moabites, and bands of the chil. were strong and apt for war, even nasseh had provoked him withal. dren of Aminon, and sent them them the king of Babylou brought
27 And the LORD said, I will re- against Judah to destroy it, accord- captive to Babylon. move Judah also out of my sight, as ing to the word of the LORD, which 17 And the king of Babylon I have removed Israel, and will cast he spake by his servants the pro- made Mattaniah his father's brother of this city Jerusalem, which ! phels.
king in his stead, and changed his have choren, and the house of 3 Surely at the commandment of name to Zedekiah. which I said, My name shall be the LORD came this upon Judah, to 18 Zedekiah was twenty and one there.
remove them out of his sight, for years old when be began to reign ; 28 Now the rest of the acts of the sins of Manasseh, according to and he reigned eleven years in JeJosiah, and all that he did, are all that he dill
rusalem: and his mother's name they not written in the book of the 4 And also for the innocent blood was Hamutal, the daugliter of Chronicles of the kings of Judah! that he sbedi, (for he filled Jerusa- Jeremiah of Libnah.
29 In his days Pharaoh-nechoh lemn with innocent blood,) which the 19 And he did that which was evil king of Egypt went up against the LORD would not pardon.
in the sight of the LORD, accordking of Assyria to the river Euphra- 51 Now the rest of the acts of ing to all that Jehoiakim had tes: and king Josiah went gainst Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are
done. him; and he slew him at Megiddo, they not written in the book of the 20 For through the anger of the when he had seen him.
Chronicles of the kings of Judah ? LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem 30 And his servants carried him 6 So Jehoiakim slept with his and Judah, until he had cast them in a chariot dead from Megiddo, fathers; and Jehoiachin his son out from his presence, that Zedekiah and brought him to Jerusalem, and reigned in his stend.
rebelled against the king of Babyburied him in his own sepulchre : 74 And the king of Egypt came lon. and the people of the land took Je- not again any more out of his land : hoahaz the son of Josiah, and for the king of Babylon had taken,
CHAPTER XXV. kuointed him, and made him king from the river of Ekipe unto the AND it came to pass in the ninth in his father's stead.
river Euphrates, all that pertained 31 Jehoahaz was twenty and to the king of Egypt.
month, in the tenth day of the three years old when he began to 8 Jehoiachin was eighteen month, that Nebuchadnezzar king reign; and he reigned three months years old when he began to reign; of Babylon came, he, and all his in Jerusalem: and his mother's and he reigned in Jerusalem three host, against Jerusalem, and pitched name was Hamutal, the daughter months: and his mother's name was against it and they built forts of Jeremiah of Libnah.
Nehushta, the daughter of Elpa- against it round about. 32 And he did that which was than of Jerusalem.
2 And the city was besieged unto evil in the sight of the LORD, ac- 9 And he did that which was evil the eleventh year of king Zede. cording to all that his fathers had in the sight of the LORD, according kiah. done. to all that his father bad done.
3 And on the ninth day of the 33 And Pharaoh-nerhoh put him 10 At that time the servants fourth month the fainine prevailed in bands at Riblah, in the land of of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the city, and there was no bread Hamath, that he might not reign came up against Jerusalem, and the for the people of the land. in Jerusalem; and put the land to city was besieged.
4 And the city was broken up, a tribute of an hundred talents of il And Nebuchadnezzar king of and ali the men of war fled by silver, and a talent of gold.
Babylon came against the city, and night by the way of the gate, be34 And Pharaoh-nechoh made his servants did besiege it.
tween two walls, which is by the Eliakim the son of Josiah king in 12 And Jehoiachin the king of king's garden; (now the Chaldees the room of Josiah his father, and Judah went out to the king of Ba- were against the city round about ;) turned his name to Jehoiakim, and bylon, he, and his mother, and his and the king went the way toward took Jehoahaz away: and he came servants, and his princes, and his
the plain. to Egypt, and died there.
officers; and the king of Babylon 5 And the army of the Chaldees 35 And Jehoiakim gare the took him in the eighth year of his pursued after the king, and oversilver and the gold to Pharaoh ; but reigo.
took him in the plains of Jericho: he taxed the land to give the
13 And he carried out thence all and all his army were scattered from money, according to the command. the treasures of the huuse of the him. ment of Pharaoh: he exacted the LORD, and the treasures of the 6 So they took the king, and silver and the gold of the people of king's house, and cut in pieces all brought him up to the king of Bathe land, of every one according to the vessels of gold which Solomon bylon to Riblah ; and they gave his taxation, to give it unto Pha
king of Israel had made in the tem- judgment upon him. raoh-nechoh.
ple of the LORD, as the LORD had 7 And they slew the sons of Zede. 36 4 Jehoiakim was twenty and said,
kiah before his eyes, and put out five years old when he began to 14 And he carried away all Jeru- the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound reign , and he reigned eleven years salem, and all the princes, and all him with fetters of brass, and carin Jerusalern: and his mother's the mighty men of valour, even ten ried him to Babylon. name was Zebudah, the daughter thousand captives, and all the 8 And in the fifth month, on of Pedajah of Rumah.
craftsmen and smiths: none re- the seventh day of the month, 37 And he did that which was mained, save the poorest sort of the (which is the nineteenth year of evil in the sight of the LORD, ac- people of the land.
king Nebuchadnezzar king of Ba. cording to all that his fathers had 15 And he carried away Jehoia- bylon,) came Vebuzar-adan, capdone.
chin to Babylon, and the king's tain of the guard, a servant of the CHAPTER XXIV. mother, and the king's wives, and king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem:
9 And he burnt the house of the IN his days Nebuchadnezzar king Ver.). 2 Chron. xxxvi. 6; LORD, and the king's house, and of Babylon came up, and Jehoia- Dan. i. l; Jer. xxv. 12. The date all the houses of Jerusalem, and
of these events is the period ex- every great man's house burnt he Ver. 26. God would not spare the tending from about the year 607 with fire. guilty nation for the piely of its before Christ, to the year 599,- 10 And all the army of the Chalsovereign. Sin had too generally Ver. 3. Manasseh 's sins completed dees, that were with the captain of infected the people to allow of their the weight in the scale of iniquity. being freed from the punishment His name stands for the long list 15. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 10; Esther, justly due to their crimes. - Ver. of the rebels against God, whose ii. 6; Jer. xxii. 24. - Ver. 17. 29. 2 Chron xxxv. 20. This was iniquities were punished in the See chap. xxiii. 34; Jer. xxxvii. ; about the year 610 before Christ. desolation of the kingdom.- Ver. 7. Chron. iii. 15; 2 Chron. xxxvi. Ver. 8). Jehoahaz, or Shallum, 1 See Jer. xxxvii. 5-7. - Ver. 8. 4-l. - Ver. 20. Ezek. xvii, 13. Chron. til. 15; Jer. xxii. 11. - Jehoiachin: called also, Jeconiah. This was about the year 593. Ver. 32. See chap. xxi. 2). - Ver. -Ver. 12. See Jer. lii. 28.- Ver. Ver. I. 2 Chrou. Xxxvi. 17; 34. 2 Chron. XXXVI. 1. See also 13. Isa. xxxix. 6; Dan. v. 2; Jer. Jer. xxxiv. 2; xxxix. 1 ; lii. 4; chap. xxiv. 17. of this book, and XX. 5. Ver. 14. Jer. xxiv. 1; Ezek. xxiv. ). The year 590.Dan, i. 7.
lii. 28; 1 Sam. xiii. 19-29. Ver Ver. 3. The year 588. -Ver. II.
the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about.
11 Now the rest of the people that toere left in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzar-adan, the captain of the guard, carry away.
12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vine-dressers and husbandmen.
13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea, that was in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon.
14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the suffers, and the spoonis, and all the vessels of brass, wherewith they ministered, took they away.
15 And the fire-pans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away.
16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.
17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it was brass; and the height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegraDates upon the chapiter round about, all of brass : and like unto these had the second pillar with wreathen work.
18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city:
20 And Nebuzar-adan, captain of the guard, took these, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah:
21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah, in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.
22 And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.
23 And when all the captains of the armies, they and their inen, heard that the king of Babylon had inade Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Janzaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.
24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Pear not to be the servants of the Challees: dwell in the land,
and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.
25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that islimael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.
26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldecs.
27 And it came to pass, in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judab), in the twelfth mouth, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon, in the year that he began to reign, did lift up the head of Jehoi. achin king of Judah out of prison :
28 And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon;
29 And changed his prison-garments: and he did eat bread continually before him all the days of his life
30 And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life. 26. Jer. xliii. 4-7. - Ver. 27. Jer. lii. 31. The year 562. Ver. 30. Thus was Judab enslaved among a heathen people, and its king, the anointed ruler of a chosen people, fed in miserable dependance from his conqueror's table. Such are the humbling effects of that sin to which the madly proud votaries of the world are so willing to live in bondage.
Jer. xxxix. and lii.-Ver. 12. Jer. 21. 7; lii. 16. - Ver. 16. 1 Kings, cii. 15-47.-Ver. 17. Jer. lii. 21.
- Ver. 18. 1 Chron. vi. 14-
THE FIRST BOOK OF THE CHRONICLES. This and the following book were known among the Jews by the name of diarizs, or journals, and originally
formed but one connected work. It is generally believed that the materials of which they are composed were derived from the ancient national chronicles, referred to in the first and Second Book of Kings; and that they were compileif by Ezra, assisted probably by Haggai, and Nehemiah, and others of his inspired contemporaries, The object for which they were written was the preservation and arrangement of the numerous genealogies of the tribes and families, into which the chosen people were dividert; and on the clearness and accuracy of which depended many of the prophecies respecting the promised Messiah, the settlement of possessions on the return from Babylon, and other circumstances of great national importance. But they are not to be considered as mere tables, or as ouly containing repetitions of details already given: though the substance of their historical contents are the same as that of the preceding books, some valuable additions are made to the narrative, and the whole is disposed in such a manner as to shew how each tribe had signalized itself, so as to claim a distinct memorial.
10 And Cush begat Nimrod : he 18 And Arphaxad begat Shelah, CHAPTER 1.
began to be mighty upon the earth. and Shelah begat Eber. ADAM, Sheth, Enosh,
11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, 19 And unto Eber were born two 2 Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and sons; the name of the one was 3 Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Naphtubim,
Peleg, (because in his days the 4 Noah, Shem, Ham,and Japheth. 12 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, earth was divided,) and his bro
5 The sons of Japheth; Go- (of whom came the Philistines,) ther's name was Joktan. mer, and Magog, and Madai, and and Caphtorim.
20 Anel Joktan begat Almodad, Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, 13 And Canaan begat Zidon his and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveti, and Tiras. first-born, and Heth,
and Jerah. 6 And the sons of Gomer; Ash- 14 The Jebusite also, and the 21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, and chcraz, and Riphath, and Togar. Amorite, and the Girgashite,
15 And the Hivite, and the 22 And Ebal, and Abimael, and 7 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, Arkite, and the Sinite,
Sheba, and! Tarshish, Kittim, and Do- 16 And the Arvadite, and the 23 And Ophir, and Havilah, and daniin.
Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Jobnb. All these were the sons of 8. The sons of Ham; Cush, 17 The sons of Shem; Elam, Joktan. and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and 24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,
9 And the sons of Cush: Seba, Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Havilah, and Sabta, and and Gether, and Meshech.
under his sway. - Ver. 17. Huz Raamal, and Sabtecha. And the
and Hul. &c. were the nephews of sons of Raamah; Sheba, and De- them became the father of one dis- Shem, but called sons according to dan.
tinet portion of the world.-Ver. 10. the customs of antiquity. - Ver. 19.
Began lo be mighly : that is, began See Gen. xi. 7. - Ver. 24. The Ver. 4. The three sons of Noah to exercise authority over his fellow. name of Shem is repeated to show are mentioned, because each of men, who had gradually fallen how Abraham was descended from