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position, and baving left New Orleans, crans was relieved of his command, and where he had been suffering from an Gen. Thomas was put in his place, in injury occasioned by a fall from his charge of the Army of the Cumberland; horse, he reached Louisville on the 18th Sherman was assigned to the command of October. The same day, he issued of the Army of the Tennessee; and a general order, assuming command of Burnside, (who was soon after succeed. the new “Military Division of the Mis- ed by Foster), to that of the Army of sissippi, embracing the Departments of the Ohio. The narrative of further opthe Ohio, of the Cumberland, and of erations against the rebels, as carried the Tennessee.” He also gave a stir forward vigorously and successfully unring notice that “the headquarters of Gen. Grant's direction, we defer to the the division will be in the field.” Rose following chapter.
GRANT'S CAMPAIGN: BATTLE OF CHATTANOOGA: SIEGE OF KNOXVILLE.
Bragg's investment of Chattanooga - Holds Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge - Expects to starve out
our men — Sherman's advance and Grant's orders — Plan to seize the hills in Lookout Valley - Success ful - Supplies obtained - Hooker and his force - Attacked by the enemy - Grant's plans against Bragg — Bragg's blunder in detaching Longstreet - Position of Grant's army and preliminary arrangements — The battle begun, November 23d, in fine style - Carried forward the next day with spirit and success — Various details - Grant's activity – The struggle of November 25th - Successes thus far - In the after. noon, the Ridge carried by storm - Extreme daring and gallantry of our men — Rebel panic - Bragg decamps hastily in the night - Retreats to Dalton -- Losses, etc. - Grant's dispatches characteristic - Burn. side in East Tennessee - Longstreet's march against him — Contests at several points - Burnside bosieged at Knoxville — Scarcity of supplies - Longstreet makes an assault, November 29th — Failure and consequent retreat - Sherman's advance — Burnside relieved of command - Gen. Grant's congratulatory order.
THE rebel commander, Bragg, after tanooga by a circuitous and difficult Rosecrans's retreat to Chattanooga, fol. road, over two ranges of mountains, by lowed closely on his steps, and invest- wagon transportation, upon which route ing the place, thought that his best the rebel cavalry had opportunity to plan was to starve Rosecrans out. Com-operate with advantage. Chattanooga munication by the river, and by the itself was well fortified and protected railroad on the southern bank to the from a direct assault, but the river becamp of Thomas, twenty-eight miles low was commanded by Bragg's troops distant, was interrupted by the posi- at Lookout Mountain and its vicinity. tion of Bragg's force; and hence it be- Bragg occupied not only the mountain came necessary to send supplies to Chat-I just named, but also the adjacent one,
PLAN TO OBTAIN SUPPLIES.
connecting Missionary Ridge, running on the right bank of the Tennessee, in a south-westerly direction directly in thirty miles below Chattanooga, and front of Rosecrans's camps, which were crossing at that point, he was to march thus freely exposed to view from the by the main wagon road through heights. A battery of rifle 24-pound. Whitesides to Wauhatchie. Palmer, ers was placed at a commanding point with the 14th corps, was ordered to of Lookout Mountain, from which, at a move to a point on the north bank op. distance between two and three miles, posite Whitesides. Then he was to shells were thrown into Chattanooga, cross, and follow in Hooker's track, without, however, doing any material holding and guarding the road in his damage. The rebels also held Lookout rear. Grant, who had reached Chatta. Valley on the westerly side of the nooga on the 23d of October, and as. mountains, where a creek of the same certained the critical condition of affairs name runs into the Tennessee. Bragg, there in regard to supplies, saw plainly looking to a speedy evacuation of Chat. that the rebels must be dislodged, and tanooga, for the want of food and for communications opened, or disastrous age, was so confident of success in the consequences would follow. Hence the starving out process, as to declare that movements, above noted, were urged he “held the enemy at his mercy, and forward, and an excellently contrived that his destruction was only a ques- plan of Gen. W. F. Smith, chief engition of time.” But the result showed, neer of Grant's army, having been as Pollard phrases it,“ how vain were adopted, speedy relief was looked for. the sanguine expectations and the swol. The plan was to take a force of about len boast of this ill-starred and unfortu- 4,000 men, proceed down the river to nate commander.”
Brown's Ferry, and seize the range of Gen. Sherman, previous to this, had steep hills at the mouth of Lookout Valbeen engaged in opening the line of ley; in this way, if the expedition were the Memphis and Charleston Railroad successful, Hooker's and Palmer's moveeastward towards Huntsville, with the ments would be facilitated and renderdesign of effecting a communication ed more secure, and the river would be o with Chattanooga. He was open for steamboats to Brown's Ferry
employed on this task, work. On the night of the 26th of October, ing resolutely in the face of the enemy 1,800 men, under Gen. Hazen, were eastwardly from Corinth, through Iuka; embarked at Chattanooga, in sixty pon. but when Grant took command, Sher- toon boats, in which they floated down man, in accordance with orders received the Tennessee with the curre from Grant, abandoned the railroad, the sharp bend of the river below Look crossed the Tennessee at Eastport, out Mountain, unobserved by three moved by the north bank to Stevenson, miles of pickets, until they reached the where he united with the right wing point proposed, Brown's Ferry, six miles of the Army of the Cumberland. Hook- by the river from Chattanooga. Land. er was ordered to move to Bridgeport, ing at two points, they seized the pickets, and obtained possession of the spurs Our loss, in these operations of the near the river. The remainder of the 27th, 28th, and 29th of October, in force, under Smith, who had marched opening communications on the south by the north bank, were ferried over side of the Tennessee, from Chattanooga before daylight, strengthening the party to Bridgeport, was reported to be–76 under Hazen. By ten o'clock, A.M., the killed, 339 wounded, and 22 missing; pontoon bridge, 900 feet long, was com- that of the enemy was supposed to be pleted ; the points occupied were well | about 1,500. entrenched; the artillery was put in In carrying out his plans, Grant's position so as to command the main next effort was to see if he could not l'oad from Chattanooga Valley to Look. drive out Bragg and the rebels entirely out Valley; and the rebel force between from the position they held on Lookout Lookout and Shell Mound, finding them. Mountain. He was not content with selves in a critical position, hastily re- simply relieving Chattanooga; a much treated behind the creek. Thus, Smith's greater work was before him, and he plan was thoroughly carried out, and devoted all his energies to its accomhenceforth Chattanooga was relieved of plishment. Happily, Bragg made a all fears of starvation.
great blunder, which proved of essential Hooker, on the 26th of October, cross- advantage to Grant's purposes. The ed the Tennessee, and occupied Lookout rebel general, thinking it good policy Valley, Geary holding the advance at to cut off Burnside in East Tennessee, Wauhatchie; while Palmer, following detached Longstreet from his army, in Hooker's rear as above noted, early in November, to attack Burnside formed a strong moving base for that and take Knoxville. This, of course, general's operations. The rebels were weakened Bragg materially, and enabl. chagrined at the success of the expedi- ed Grant so to arrange his movements tion under Smith, and were determined as to be almost certain of victory. if possible to retrieve their loss. Ac- Sherman, with his corps, was at Bridge cordingly, on the night of the 28th and port on the 14th of Norember, and was morning of the 29th of October, an at- quite ready to take his part in the work tack was made upon Geary's division to be done. Grant sent word to Burn. by two brigades, under Hood, of Long- side, explaining his purpose, and urging street's corps, and a desperate effort was him to occupy Longstreet at various made to cut off and capture Geary. Not points, and to draw him further and only was the attack a failure, but How. further away from Bragg, only taking ard's corps being moved rapidly to the right, both the rebels were repulsed versary, Longstreet,” on this occasion, gave it as his and the remaining crests lying west of
opinion, that' the bayonet charge of Howard's troops,
made up the side of a steep and difficult hill, over two Lookout Creek were seized and held hundred feet high, completely routing and driving the by our troops.*
enemy from his barricades on its top, and the repulse
by Geary's division, of greatly superior numbers, who * Gen. Thomas, in congratulating Hooker and his attempted to surprise him, will rank among the most troops on the “ brilliant success gained over his old ad- distinguished feats of arms of this war.”