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ginia and Maryland, for the purpose of improving poor lands.
Castanea. Chesnut. Pumila, M. Dwarf
chesnut, or chinquapin. The more ignorant inhabitants of the woods believe that the fruit eaten as food will render barren women prolific. When boiled it is sweet and salutary.
Ceanothus. New Jersey Tea-tree. Ameri
canus. American red twig, or Carolina spiroea. With small white flowers.
During the American revolutionary war, the leaves were employed as a substitute for the tea of China, and it has very much the taste and flavour of the red, or Bohea species. It is still employed as an agreeable beverage by the poorer class of inhabitants of Jersey and Carolina. This plant also affords a dye of a cinnamon colour.
Cephalanthus. Button Wood. Occidentalis.
Globe flowering shryb, or pond Dogwood. In Massachusets, button bush. In New York, button-wood.
Flowers white, of a globular form. This shrub, which grows to the height of seven or eight feet, is easily propagated from the seeds and flowers the third year. A decoction of the leaves, applied externally, is said to be good for the palsy'
See Drayton's View of South Carolina.
Cercis. Judas Tree, or Red Bud. Cana
densis, L. American. Cratogus. Hawthorn. Coccinea, L. Great
American, or Scarlet-fruited hawthorn.Cordata, Ait. Maple-leaved.–Oxyacantha, L. Common white.
The three species are employed for hedges, but the last is generally preferred. Convallaria. Solomon's Seal. Majalis, L
May lilly, or lilly of the valley. Cornus. Dog-wood. Florida. Dog-wood,
cornel, or dog berry-tree.. Flowers greenish yellow. Berries red. The bark is employed as a febrifuge. It grows to the height of ten or twelve feet. The wood has a fine texture, and its cbarcoal is preferred for the composition of gun-powder. It is full of knots and excrescencies, which are useful in the mechanical arts. The young twigs are straight and smooth, and serve for distaffs. Chironia. Chironia. Angularis, L. Ame
rican, or angular-stemmed centaury. Flowers of a purple red colour. It is employed as a bitter for diseased stomachs,
Coreopsis. Tick-seed Sun Flower. Verticil
lata, L. Whorl-leaved tick-seed, or sun. flower.
The leaves are sometimes employed by the Indians to make a red dye. Çerasus. Cherry Tree. Virginiana, M. Vir
ginia cherry tree. Flowers white; berries red. The wood is employed for furniture, which has a fine appearance. Cunila. Cunila. Mariana, L. Mint-leaved
cunila, or dittany. Flowers red. A decoction of this plant is employed for colds and coughs. Chionanthus. Fringe Tree. Virginica, L.
Snow-drop, fringe, or paper-tree. It grows to the height of ten or twelve feet. The whiteness, and hanging position of its flowers, render it a great ornament. Cactųs. Cactus. Opuntia, L. Prickly
pear, or common Indian fig. · Flowers yellow. The berries, of a bright red, are eaten by children.
Dactylis. Cock's-foot Grass. Glomerata, L. Orchard, or round - headed cock's - foot grass.
This grass is supposed to be of European origin. It serves as an emetic for dogs and cats. Daucus. Carrot. Sylvestris, L. Wild
carrot. Diospyros. Persimon. Virginiana, L. Vir
ginia persimon-tree, or medlar, or date
Flowers pale yellow. Fruit of a bright yellow. A fine liquor is distilled from the ripe fruit, which is also employed to make beer. Mixed with flour, it gives an agreeable taste to bread. The juice of the unripe fruit is preferred to oak-bark for the purpose of tanning. In some places the inner bark of the persimon-tree is eaten with potatoes; and an infusion, or decoction, is employed as a gargle for a sore throat. Evonymus. Spindle Tree. Americanus, L.
American spindle-tree, or burning-bush. Euphorbia. Spurge. Corrollata, L. Coral
stalked spurge.-Hypericifolia. St. John's
wort leaved. Echium. Viper's Bugloss.
Species injured, and not determined.
Erysimum. Hedge Alustard. Officinale, L.
Domestic mustard. Flowers yellow, small. The seeds have a diuretic quality. Erigeron. Erigeron, or Flea-bane. Phila
delphicum, L. Sweet, or spreading fleabane.
The rays of the petals are of a fine blue colour. This , plant is employed as a remedy in calculous and nephritic disorders.
Fagus. Beach, Fagus Pumila. Chinquapin.
Fraxinus. Ash. Americana, or latifolia,
Red, or American ash. The wood of this tree, which grows to the height of thirty or forty feet, is employed for different purposes, and especially for carriage-wheels. The seeds and inner bark are diuretic.
Gleditzia. Monosperma. Water-locust.
Triacanthos. Honey, or sweet locust. The wood of both species is of an inferior quality. Gnaphalium. Cudweed, or Life-everlasting.
Dioicum, L. Common..