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bery, or other high crimes and misdemeanours, for which they must previously be impeached and convicted.

All commissions are signed by the President and Secretary of State.

The national council is composed of these two officers, and the heads of the Treasury, War, Navy, and Post-office establishment.

..OF THE CONGRESS.

· The Congress of the United States, in whom all legislative powers are vested, consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

The members of the House of Representatives are chosen by the people every second year. They must have attained the age of twenty-five, and been citizens of the United States during the same space of time, and inhabitants of the State in which they are elected. The number of representatives, for the year 1815, is a hundred and eighty-seven, or one representative for every forty thousand persons; when the number shall amount to two

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hundred, it is so regulated, that there shall not be more than one for every fifty thousand persons.

Vacancies are filled by writs of election, issued by the executive authority.

The House of Representatives choose their Speaker and other officers, and have the sole power of impeachment. ...

The Senate is composed of two senators from each State, chosen by the legislature for the term of six years; and the seats are so vacated, that one-third are chosen every second year. A senator must be thirty years of age, nine years a citizen of the United States, and an inhabitant of the State in which he is elected.

The President of the Senate has no vote, unless the votes be equally divided.

The Senate has the sole power of trying all impeachments. In case of trial of the Chief Magistrate, the Chief Justice is to preside. . · Senators and members of the House of Representatives receive a compensation of six dollars per day during the session, besides travelling expenses, fixed at the rate of a day's pay for every twenty miles. .

JUDICIARY.

The Judiciary consists of a chief justice, an attorney-general, six associate judges, and forty-three district judges.

The salary of the chief-justice is four thousand dollars per annum; that of the associate judges, three thousand five hundred each; that of the district judges, from a thousand to two thousand dollars. ,

The Supreme Court has a clerk, and district attorney, and marshal in each State. In thirteen of the States there is also a commissioner of loans.

The secretary of the Treasury Department has a salary of five thousand dollars. There are five or six clerks, whose salary is from one to three thousand dollars. The Treasury Department has different divisions or offices; that of the Comptroller, Auditor, Treasurer, Register, and General Land Office. The first has fourteen clerks, whose salary is from seven hundred and fifty to sixleen hundred and fifty dollars. The second, thirteen clerks, whose salary is from six hundred to four

teen hundred and fifty dollars. The third, four, with a like salary. The fourth, sixteen clerks, with a salary from five hundred to sixteen hundred and ninety; and the last, ten, with a salary from eight hundred to sixteen hundred; besides an allowance for extra services.

The salary of the Secretary of the War Department is four thousand five hundred dollars. The number of clerks is fortythree, with a salary from three hundred and sixty-nine to two thousand dollars each.

The salary of the Secretary of the Navy is four thousand five hundred dollars.

The Post Master General has a salary of two thousand dollars. The number of clerks in this department is eighteen, with a salary from two hundred and thirty-six to sixteen hundred dollars each.

The salary of a Minister Plenipotentiary is nine thousand dollars a year, besides a similar sum for an outfit. The salary of a Secretary of Legation is thirteen hundred and fifty dollars.

American Consuls have no other compensation than the fees of office, and the com

mercial profits which it procures, except those of the Levant, and at Paris, and London, whose pay is two thousand dollars a year.

In the following Catalogue of Plants, etc. the generic Latin and English names are in Italic; the specific, in Roman print.

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