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The inhabitants of the district of Columbia are social and hospitable. At Washington, respectable strangers, after the slightest introduction, are invited to dinner, tea, balls, and evening parties. Those at the house of the President of the United States, unite simplicity with the greatest refinement of manners. Tea parties have become very expensive, as not only tea, but coffee, negus, cakes, sweet-meats, iced-creams, wines, and liquors, are often presented; and, in a sultry summer evening, are found too palatable to be refused. In winter, there is a succession of family balls, where all this species of luxury is exhibited.
In the territory of Columbia, women have no reason to complain of the degradation to which they are exposed by the tyrant man. Free and innocent, they go where they please, both before and after marriage, and have no need to have recourse to dissimulation and cunning for their own repose, and that of their husbands.
Both sexes, whether on horseback or on foot, wear an umbrella in all seasons: in summer, to keep off the sun-beams; in winter, as a shelter from the rain and snow; in spring and autumn, to intercept the dews of the evening.
Persons of all ranks canter their horses, which movement fatigues the animal, and has an ungraceful appearance.
At dinner, and at tea parties, the ladies sit together, and seldom mix with the gentlemen, whose conversation naturally turns upon political subjects.
In almost all houses, toddy is offered to guests a few minutes before dinner.
Gentlemen wear the hat in a carriage with a lady, as in England. .
Any particular attention to a lady is readily construed into an intention of marriage.
Boarders in boarding houses, or in taverns, sometimes throw off the coat during the heat of summer; and in winter, the shoes, for the
? These observations of an intelligent foreigner may amuse the reader.
purpose of warming the feet at the firecustoms which the climate only can excuse.
In summer, invitation to tea parties is made verbally by a servant, the same day the party is, given. In winter the invitation is more ceremonious.
The barber arrives on horseback to perform the operation of shaving; and here, as in Europe, he is the organ of all news and scandal.
OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF THE
The President and Vice-president of the United States are elected for the term of four years, commencing on the fourth day of March, and necessarily remain at Washington during the session of Congress; but in the recess thereof, they retire to their usual place of residence. The President, when at the seat of government, lives in the house destined for him, which is furnished at the expense of the nation. The Vice-president, who is president of the senate, has no similar mark of distinction, but lodges at an inn, or private house, at his own expense, like other members of Congress. The yearly salary of the former is twenty-five thousand dollars; that of the latter, five thousand only; but he is not subject to any extraordinary expense, while the President, according to established custom, spends more than his salary in the expenses of his table.
In case of the death, resignation, or removal of the President from office, his powers devolve upon the Vice-president.
POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT.
1. The President is commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States, and also of the militia, when called into actual service.
2. He is authorised to require, when he thinks proper, the written opinion of any of the chief officers of the executive departments, upon any subject which has relation to the duties of their respective offices.
3. Except in cases of impeachment, he is authorised to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the United States.
4. He is empowered by and with the advice and consent of the senate, to make treaties, to appoint ambassadors, ministers, and consuls, judges of the supreme court, and all military and other officers, whose appointments are not otherwise provided by law. His appointment, or decision, must be approved by two-thirds of the senators present in Congress.
5. He has also power to fill up vacancies during the recess of the senate, which, during the next session, are submitted to their decision.
6. On extraordinary occasions, he may convene or adjourn either or both Houses of Congress.
7. He is authorised by usage, though not by the constitution, to suspend, annul, or revoke the powers of a minister, consul or other officer, without the advice of the senate, and even without giving any reason for such suspension or removal. The President him, self, or any other officer of the United States, may be removed from office for treason, bri