Critical Americans: Victorian Intellectuals and Transatlantic Liberal Reform
Univ of North Carolina Press, 2009年1月5日 - 400 頁
In this intellectual history of American liberalism during the second half of the nineteenth century, Leslie Butler examines a group of nationally prominent and internationally oriented writers who sustained an American tradition of self-consciously progressive and cosmopolitan reform. She addresses how these men established a critical perspective on American racism, materialism, and jingoism in the decades between the 1850s and the 1890s while she recaptures their insistence on the ability of ordinary citizens to work toward their limitless potential as intelligent and moral human beings.
At the core of Butler's study are the writers George William Curtis, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, James Russell Lowell, and Charles Eliot Norton, a quartet of friends who would together define the humane liberalism of America's late Victorian middle class. In creative engagement with such British intellectuals as John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Matthew Arnold, Leslie Stephen, John Ruskin, James Bryce, and Goldwin Smith, these "critical Americans" articulated political ideals and cultural standards to suit the burgeoning mass democracy the Civil War had created. This transatlantic framework informed their notions of educative citizenship, print-based democratic politics, critically informed cultural dissemination, and a temperate, deliberative foreign policy. Butler argues that a careful reexamination of these strands of late nineteenth-century liberalism can help enrich a revitalized liberal tradition at the outset of the twenty-first century.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
1 Victorian Duty American Scholars and National Crisis
2 The War for the Union and the Vindication of American Democracy
3 The Liberal High Tide and Educative Democracy
4 Liberal Culture in a Gilded Age
5 The Politics of Liberal Reform
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A. V. Dicey Ameri American liberals Anglo-American antislavery Arnold Atlantic Britain British liberals Bryce Cambridge Carlyle Carlyle’s CEN Papers Charles Eliot Norton Civil country’s critical cultivation culture Curtis Curtis’s CWJSM decades democracy democratic Dicey discussion duty E. L. Godkin earlier Easy Chair efforts ELG Papers Emerson England Essays explained friends George William Curtis Gilded Age Gilded Age Letters Gladstone Goldwin Smith Harper’s Monthly Harper’s Weekly Harvard Higginson HNMM ideal imperial insisted intellectual Irish James Russell Lowell James Turner January John journalism JRL Papers July Leslie Stephen liberal reformers Lincoln literary literature Lowell Lowell’s magazine Mill Monthly moral Morley Nation nineteenth century Orations and Addresses party political popular government principles public opinion race racial readers Republican Review role scholars sense slavery slaves social society stance suffrage Thomas Hughes tion transatlantic liberals TWH’s Union United University William Writings wrote York